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Cause Analysis of Type IV Cracking of Main Steam Pipe of Ultra Supercritical Unit

Yao Xu, Sciprofile linkShaohua Yin, Sciprofile linkChunpo Tang, Long Zhou
IOP Conference Series: Materials Science and Engineering , Volume 730; doi:10.1088/1757-899x/730/1/012014

Abstract: In order to explore the cause of cracking of the main steam pipe of an ultra-supercritical unit, A series of corresponding physical and chemical tests for crack failure pipelines. Including chemical composition analysis, room temperature tensile test, high temperature tensile test, impact test, bending test of HAZ(Heat Affected Zone)and base metal, it's also including metallographic observation and section scanning electron microscopy analysis of crack tip, overall force analysis of pipeline, etc. The results show: Failure crack has obvious characteristics of crack type IV. for example, a large number of creep holes appear in the fine-grained region of the HAZ, Creep holes accumulate, grow up, and form microcracks. In addition, the stress analysis shows that the outer arc side of the pipe is subjected to large tensile stress. In conclusion, the pipe cracking failure is caused by the combination of tensile stress and type IV crack.
Keywords: stress / creep / Steam / pipe / Supercritical / holes / Ultra / crack failure

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