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Diffuse reflection and reciprocity-protected transmission via a random-flip metasurface

Hongchen Chu, Xiang Xiong, Ya-Jun Gao, , Hao Jing, Cheng-Yao Li, , ,

Abstract: Rough surfaces lead to diffused light in both reflection and transmission, thereby blurring the reflected and transmitted images. Here, we merge the traditionally incompatible diffuse reflection and undistorted transmission by introducing the concept of random-flip metasurfaces made of randomly flipped components. These metasurfaces have a globally random phase in reflection that leads to diffuse reflection, while the local space inversion and reciprocity principle ensure distortion-free transmission. Notably, the metasurface reflects like a rough surface yet transmits like a smooth one in a broad spectrum. On the basis of complementary random arrays of gold nanorods, we verified this functionality by both optical spectroscopy and imaging experiments over a broad range of frequencies from the visible to the infrared regime. This feature, which originates from breaking the phase correlation between reflection and transmission by the metasurface, could enable a range of new optical materials and display technology.
Keywords: rough surface / spectroscopy and imaging / metasurface / diffuse reflection / functionality / flip / reflection and transmission / optical

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