Jurnal Inovasi Ilmu Sosial Dan Politik (jisop)

Journal Information
ISSN / EISSN: 26561565 / 26568209
Total articles ≅ 61

Latest articles in this journal

Theresia Octastefani, Bayu Mitra A. Kusuma, Niko Pahlevi Hentika
Jurnal Inovasi Ilmu Sosial dan Politik (JISoP), Volume 4, pp 9-23; https://doi.org/10.33474/jisop.v4i1.15014

Abstract:
The Indonesian constitution has stated that natural resources must be utilized for the people’s benefit. But the people’s interests are often defeated by the elite. The long-term goal of this research is not to close the mining area and its activities, but to ensure that the exploration and exploitation process that has already started must prioritize ecological balance and disaster resilience. Using a qualitative method and a descriptive approach, this study analyzes the role of the government, corporation, and local communities in the framework of resources governance in order to strengthen the advocacy of civil society who are often marginalized in the existence of extractive industries. The results of the study show that the gold mining activity is contrary to the forestry law where the existing rules have been liberalized by selling state assets to private companies; the lack of added value for local communities such as limited job vacancies; the occurrence of environmental damage around the gold mining area where this area is actually a protected forest and a natural barrier from the threat of a tsunami disaster; and even though mining companies have claimed that their activities are environmentally friendly, in fact disasters are starting to appear.
Anisha Primadita Rudyana, Najamuddin Khairur Rijal
Jurnal Inovasi Ilmu Sosial dan Politik (JISoP), Volume 4, pp 82-93; https://doi.org/10.33474/jisop.v4i1.15956

Abstract:
Environmental issues have become one of the global problems with a high degree of urgency. The province of Bali is one of the absolute highlights with evidence of a poor water quality index. In studying international relations, global problems can be solved through diplomatic instruments by interested countries. Uniquely, footage of phenomena in the field shows that there are non-governmental actors, namely business people, trying to solve environmental problems to lead to world peace. This study aims to examine 4Ocean's efforts to mitigate plastic waste in the waters of Bali. The author uses business track diplomacy to analyze the actions of 4Ocean. As a result, several measures have realized 4Ocean's efforts to carry out business line diplomacy in mitigating plastic pollution in Bali's waters. First, 4Ocean has sought to implement a sound business model by turning profits into reforestation operations. Second, 4Ocean has carried out plastic pollution operations in Bali as a whole, including river, coastal, and ocean operations. Third, 4Ocean has attempted to validate environmentally friendly products with B Corp, GOTS, and Green Circle Certified certifications.
Ahmad Irfan Fauzi, Meidi Kosandi
Jurnal Inovasi Ilmu Sosial dan Politik (JISoP), Volume 4, pp 94-106; https://doi.org/10.33474/jisop.v4i1.15896

Abstract:
This article discussed the contestation of ideological interests between the state, Hizbut Tahrir Indonesia (HTI), and Nahdlatul Ulama (NU) in the case of the disbandment of HTI in 2017. The disbandment of HTI explained the existence of pro and contra groups and the attraction of ideological interests. This research was qualitative research with observation and interview methods. The research results proved that there were conflicting and conflicting interests between the interests of the state, HTI, and NU. The state interests were the interests of the Pancasila ideology and public security. NU rejected the caliphate because it was interested in defending the "Islam Nusantara" ideology. NU's success in encouraging the government was influenced by the issues' relevance and the condition of the political structure of Joko Widodo's government for the 2014-2019 period. The polarized condition of the government's political structure in the Jokowi versus Prabowo group influenced the decision to disband HTI because NU was identified with moderate Islam that supported Jokowi. Hence, NU's bargaining power with the Jokowi government was more substantial than HTI.
Hengki Hayatullah, Nur Hidayat Sardini
Jurnal Inovasi Ilmu Sosial dan Politik (JISoP), Volume 4, pp 107-117; https://doi.org/10.33474/jisop.v4i1.15928

Abstract:
This research objective was to examine the integrity of the election organizers by analyzing the factors that led to the issuance of the Constitutional Court Decision Number: 12/PHP.BUP-XIX/2021 regarding the recount of the 2020 Simultaneous Regional Head elections in Sekadau Regency. It was known that the lawsuit resulting from the recapitulation of votes was filed by the pair Rupinus-Aloysius as the incumbent. The pair received 56,479 votes or 49.2 percent. Meanwhile, the rival pair Aron-Subandrio received 58,023 votes or 50.8 percent. This research used a descriptive qualitative method through a case study approach, which examined a "single instrumental case". Data collection techniques were done through an informant interview (in-depth interview) and document studies. The data was obtained by taking directly from the sources of the General Election Commissions, The General Election Supervisory Agency (Bawaslu), and the Sub-district Election Committees of Sekadau Regency. The research results first showed the organizers' negligence factor during recapitulation by entering Form C. The results of KWK Holograms from 65 Polling Stations (TPS) in the Belitang Hilir Sub-district into one box must remain in the box at each Polling Station. Second, the Sekadau Technical Guidance Factor of General Election Commissions (Bimtek) for Commitment Making Officer was not optimal. The technical guidance focused on using the Recapitulation Information System (Sirekap) for two days. When the process/ stages were carried out without integrity, the election results were also not with integrity, i.e., it is due to the organizers' poor integrity.
Fajar Bangun Wiradani
Jurnal Inovasi Ilmu Sosial dan Politik (JISoP), Volume 4, pp 71-81; https://doi.org/10.33474/jisop.v4i1.15645

Abstract:
The research departed from the phenomenon of the elimination of elements of local culture in society. One of the causes was the current modernization and globalization of all aspects of life, including traditions and culture. The formation of noble values that were able to pattern the behavior of the Indonesian people was due to the decisive role of customs, which became a culture in people's lives. Although the customs and culture of each region were different, in general, they had the same essential values. Traditional and cultural philosophies that have developed in various parts of the Indonesian nation, on average, instill good and positive moral attitudes and behaviors. This research objective was to find the local wisdom values and the Ghofilinan tradition in the Katimoho Village community. This research was a qualitative method. Data were collected from primary and secondary sources. Primary sources were carried out by direct observation (natural observation). For in-depth review, interviews were carried out. Secondary data was obtained through literature study and village documentation. The research results concluded that the Ghofilin tradition had religious, social, historical, and economic values that coexisted with Islamic values. Islam is a religion with a set of values that have influenced the cultural patterns and traditions of the Katimoho Village community. The meeting of Islamic values with the local wisdom values in the Dzikrul Ghofilin tradition was a process of cultural acculturation. It made the socio-cultural aspects of the local community not necessarily eroded by Islamic teachings.
Supriyanto Supriyanto, Nurul Jannah Lailatul Fitria, Sahrul Hidayat
Jurnal Inovasi Ilmu Sosial dan Politik (JISoP), Volume 4, pp 24-34; https://doi.org/10.33474/jisop.v4i1.15649

Abstract:
The government has responsibility for public sector services. The public services are intended to provide convenience and assistance to the public regarding what they need and to achieve an objective. Public services must understand and meet the community's needs regarding services, goods, and administration that need to be carried out properly. The forms of service can be verbal or written, or direct action. The governments, both local and central governments, need to improve the quality of service delivery. Therefore, the Probolinggo City Government had a strategy of providing quality public services. This public service innovation was called the "Portal Emas". The Portal Emas concept is a public service by implements three service forms in a digital application. The author researched the implementation of the Portal Emas as an application for public sector services. The objective was to find out whether the Portal Emas applied values to state administration ethical principles or not. The research was conducted using descriptive qualitative methods. The data was obtained through literature research as the primary source. This research collected scientific research related to public sector services and forms of service, then connected it with the state administration's ethical principles to determine that public service programs have well met the public services indicators. Therefore, public services could be known through the Portal Emas in Probolinggo City under the state administration's ethical principles by implementing three service forms in the Portal Emas application.
Siska Andrianika, Agus Priyadi, Hasbi Thaufik Oktodila, Achmad Ichsan Nusapati
Jurnal Inovasi Ilmu Sosial dan Politik (JISoP), Volume 4, pp 46-62; https://doi.org/10.33474/jisop.v4i1.15822

Abstract:
The issue of the Regulation of the Minister of Education, Culture, Research and Technology of the Republic of Indonesia Number 30 of 2021 proves the seriousness of the government in dealing with sexual violence in universities. One form of prevention in this Ministerial Regulation is the establishment of a Task Force for the Prevention and Handling of Sexual Violence. This task force aims to be the main factor of dealing with various forms of sexual violence that can occur in universities, all includes prevention, reporting, to handling. Based on the importance of the existence of the task force, this study aims to analyze the effectiveness of establishing The Task Force of the Sexual Violence Prevention and Response in universities based on the Regulation of the Ministry of Education, Culture, Research, and Technology of the Republic of Indonesia in 2021. This study uses a mixture of quantitative and qualitative methods with data samples taken from the State University of Jakarta. This research data collection technique was carried out by distributing questionnaires and conducting a literature review using the theory of effectiveness and the use of law and the concept of roles. This research found that through quantitative research, there is significant correlation between the principles of the Sexual Prevention and Response, The Task Force’s main responsibility, and the objectives of this ministrial regulation. Through qualitative research, from the organizational component and the implimentation of gender-based regulation, this ministrial regulation is proven to be an effective regulation to handling sexual violence.
Febriansyah Febriansyah
Jurnal Inovasi Ilmu Sosial dan Politik (JISoP), Volume 4, pp 35-45; https://doi.org/10.33474/jisop.v4i1.15717

Abstract:
Vape or e-cigarettes emerged as a medical technology to help heavy smokers quit smoking or get rid of their addiction to tobacco cigarettes since tobacco cigarettes contain harmful substances that can cause many deadly diseases. In its development, vaping has transformed into a popular product which considered as a fashion or part of the lifestyle of young people. How did it happen? This conceptual article will answer this problem by using the desk study method and the Social Construction of Technology (SCOT) theory. This article finds that the relevant society or social group strongly influences the transformation or evolution of vaping. Vaping is interpreted as a fashion by the relevant community or social group. This interpretation continues to be negotiated in the social sphere so that some groups define vaping as a smoking technology in the future when tobacco cigarettes will be replaced by it. The author also sees the influence of consumerism culture under neoliberalism, which is the context in the construction of vapes.
Zusana Santi Naha Maramba Djua, Annisa Purwatiningsih
Jurnal Inovasi Ilmu Sosial dan Politik (JISoP), Volume 4, pp 63-70; https://doi.org/10.33474/jisop.v4i1.15509

Abstract:
According to Law Number 6 of 2014 concerning Villages, it is explained that Village is a legal community unit that has territorial boundaries authorized to regulate and manage government affairs. One of the government policies to make it easier for villages to manage their existing potential is that village governments are encouraged to have Village-Owned Enterprises (BUMDes). The success of Village-Owned Enterprises is on the shoulders of the government in the village itself. In the existing program implementation strategy, the village government must understand the local village situation and must be ready to improvise with any changes in the situation without ignoring the goals that have been previously set. A factor or variable does not determine the success of Village-Owned Enterprises. However, it is determined and influenced by various existing factors, such as the village government's need for a helpful policy strategy to succeed in an existing program. Implementing existing programs must be done professionally and transparently. The research method was descriptive qualitative using a purposive sampling technique. The research results proved that Village-Owned Enterprises has not been entirely successful because only a few programs have just been implemented. Additionally, the village government used several strategies, including program strategies, strategies for increasing supporting resources, and organizational strategies.
Kamalashan Vijayan, Saralah Devi Mariamdaran Chethiyar, Venothiney Dewi Muniandy
Jurnal Inovasi Ilmu Sosial dan Politik (JISoP), Volume 4; https://doi.org/10.33474/jisop.v4i1.13620

Abstract:
The Royal Malaysian Customs Department takes seriously the issue related to cigarette smuggling activities which due to the study conducted put the smuggled cigarette market and the sale of smuggled cigarettes in this country is the largest in the world. This study aims to examine the issues related to cigarette smuggling in Malaysia. The research methodology is to use the library research method. The findings of the study are based on previous studies. This study focuses on the factors of smuggling in Malaysia. The results of the study can list the main factors that contribute to the widespread smuggling of cigarettes in Malaysia. The findings of this study on the factor of cigarette smuggling can be used as a guide to further improve control and enforcement at the country's entrances. The implementation of research rpelated to the type and form of punishment that can be imposed on those convicted of smuggling prohibited goods, especially contraband cigarettes. The second is the formation of a police community consisting of the general public.
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