Advances in Psychology
ISSN / EISSN: 21607273 / 21607281
Published by: Hans Publishers
Total articles ≅ 2,406
Latest articles in this journal
Advances in Psychology, Volume 13, pp 826-832; https://doi.org/10.12677/ap.2023.133100
Self-determination theory is a new cognitive theory of motivation. Unlike previous motivation theories, self-determinism pays more attention to the quality of motivation than the quantity of motivation. It divides motivation into two categories: autonomous motivation and controlled motivation. Both belong to a one-dimensional continuum, on which there are five different types of motivation from low to high according to the autonomy of motivation. Many studies have verified the effects of different motivation types and their differences. In terms of application, autonomous support has been proved to be an effective way to promote motivation internalization. In the future, more localization research should be carried out to enrich the applicability of autonomous- controlled motivation and expand the application research of autonomous-controlled motivation.
Advances in Psychology, Volume 13, pp 819-825; https://doi.org/10.12677/ap.2023.133099
Objective: To explore the relationship among negative emotion, emotion regulation self-efficacy and prosocial behavior. Methods: The negative emotion subscale in the positive and negative emotion Scale, the negative emotion self-efficacy management subscale in the Emotion Regulation Self-efficacy Scale (revised Chinese version) and the emotional emotion subscale in the prosocial behavior tendency scale (revised Chinese version) were used to launch questionnaires on social networking sites. Finally, 494 valid questionnaires were collected. Results: 1) Negative emotions had no effect on prosocial behavior; 2) There was a significant positive correlation between emotional regulation self-efficacy and prosocial behavior; 3) Self-efficacy of emotion regulation positively predicts prosocial behavior.
Advances in Psychology, Volume 13, pp 877-884; https://doi.org/10.12677/ap.2023.133106
The widespread absence of mental health education in rural areas is negatively nourished by the external environment such as economic development, scientific and technological progress, family and school education, and threatened by the continuous depletion of internal psychological resources, and the problems of left-behind teenagers and children emerge one after another. Through case analysis, this paper makes an in-depth analysis of the external and internal reasons for the damage to the mental health of Xiao S, the protagonist of the case, in the process of growing up, reveals the psychological dilemma faced by left-behind children at present, and puts forward positive countermeasures. Starting from the macro-linkage of home, school and society, the environmental threats encountered by left-behind young children are regulated and controlled, and efforts are made to create a cradle suitable for their healthy growth; we should actively empower and develop psychological resources from the micro-level of individual cognition, emotion, will, behavior, interpersonal relationship and personality, so as to provide direction suggestions for the development of rural mental health education and explore the path for its smooth implementation.
Advances in Psychology, Volume 13, pp 868-876; https://doi.org/10.12677/ap.2023.133105
Willpower is one of the key factors in determining individual achievement. Previous studies have shifted from descriptions of willpower inhibitory control and resources to exploration of cognitive processes, behavioral strategies and skills. However, no unified model has yet considered the various mechanisms of willpower comprehensively. According to the existing theory and research, this paper constructs an integrated model of willpower mechanism, and divides the inhibition control, value evaluation, continuous investment and automatic response mechanism in the process of willpower based on the clarity of goals and the integration of completion deadlines, in order to explain the action process of willpower under the same framework and promote people’s understanding and application of willpower. In the future, it is urgently necessary to carry out multi-dimensional basic and applied research into the deep mechanism and specific strategies of willpower.
Advances in Psychology, Volume 13, pp 842-851; https://doi.org/10.12677/ap.2023.133102
Objective: To explore the role of self-compassion in the relationship between self-esteem and subjective well-being of college students, so as to provide practical suggestions for improving the subjective well-being of college students. Methods: A survey of 814 college students was conducted using the Self-Esteem Scale, Self-Compassion Scale and Subjective Well-Being Questionnaire to examine the relationship between subjective well-being and self-esteem and self-compassion, as well as the mediating role of self-compassion between self-esteem and subjective well-being. Results: 1) Self-esteem was significantly positively correlated with self-compassion (r = 0.688, p < 0.001) and subjective well-being (r = 0.729, p < 0.001), and self-compassion was significantly positively correlated with subjective well-being (r = 0.698, p < 0.001). 2) The Bootstrap test results show that the direct effect of self-esteem on subjective well-being [1.031, 95%CI (0.901, 1.161)], the indirect effect mediated by self-compassion is [0.571, 95%CI (0.468, 0.678)]. Conclusion: The results show that self-esteem, self-compassion and subjective well-being are positively correlated, and self-compassion partially mediates the relationship between self-esteem and subjective well- being.
Advances in Psychology, Volume 13, pp 833-841; https://doi.org/10.12677/ap.2023.133101
Bibliotherapy is an effective way to alleviate college students’ psychological distress. Aiming at the current psychological situation of college students, this study explored the application path of bibliotherapy in college students’ mental health care from the perspective of reading behavior and cognition of Bibliotherapy. A total of 196 valid questionnaires were collected. Based on the survey of college students’ psychological status and reading behavior through questionnaires, this paper analyzes the advantages and current situation of bibliotherapy in college students’ group mental health care, and explores the application of bibliotherapy in college students’ mental health care from the aspects of establishing bibliotherapy activity groups, selecting bibliographic topics, exploring implementation forms, and evaluating implementation effects, which provides a new method for improving college students’ mental health.
Advances in Psychology, Volume 13, pp 812-818; https://doi.org/10.12677/ap.2023.133098
Based on the theory of cognitive behavior, this paper puts forward the positive significance of the theory to college students’ employment guidance. Taking a poor junior student majoring in rail transit in a vocational college as an example, in view of the unreasonable problems of employment cognition and employment concept, the cognitive behavior theory was used to make a case intervention. Through the analysis of this specific case, it shows the practical effect of adjusting and correcting the irrational employment view of college students under the guidance of cognitive behavior theory.
Advances in Psychology, Volume 13, pp 885-892; https://doi.org/10.12677/ap.2023.133107
To explore the mediating effect of coping styles in childhood psychological abuse and college students’ social anxiety, a total of 207 college students were selected as the research objects. The subjects were measured using the Child Psychological Abuse and Ignore Questionnaire, the Simple Coping Style Questionnaire, and the Leary Social Anxiety Scale. Results suggest: 1) Psychological abuse can directly predict social anxiety, and indirectly predict social anxiety through negative coping; 2) Negative coping style is the mediating variables of psychological abuse and social anxiety, in which the intermediary effect ratio is 30.17%. It suggests that coping style may play partial mediating effect on the relationship between psychological abuse and college students’ social anxiety.
Advances in Psychology, Volume 13, pp 852-860; https://doi.org/10.12677/ap.2023.133103
In recent years, as the significance of spirituality to society has been paid more and more attention, psychological research on spirituality has gradually increased, and at the end of the 20th century, some scholars tried to incorporate spirituality into the framework of intelligence, thus giving birth to a new concept of spiritual intelligence, and the overall picture of human intelligence became more integrity and clear. Although there were many controversies at the beginning of the birth of spiritual intelligence, with the attention of the academic community to the theory of spiritual intelligence, from the definition of mental intelligence to the measurement of spiritual intelligence, psychologists have made useful explorations, and the theory of spiritual intelligence has been improved, and it has also been widely used in practice, including applied research in the fields of personality, mental health, and human resource management. Based on the relevant research at home and abroad, this paper elaborates the concept, structure and empirical research of spiritual intelligence according to the research process of spiritual intelligence, and finally summarizes the problems of the current research in spiritual intelligence and discusses future research directions.
Advances in Psychology, Volume 13, pp 861-867; https://doi.org/10.12677/ap.2023.133104
The opening of the two-child policy has resulted in more non-one-child families, which makes their family and social relations more and more complicated. As two different aspects of interpersonal relations within and outside the family, sibling relationship and peer relationship have their similarities but also have differences. Based on previous studies at home and abroad, this study briefly summarizes the characteristics, theoretic mechanism and influencing factors of sibling relationship and peer relationship. In addition, the association between sibling relationship and peer relationship is discussed, and the influence mechanism of the former on the establishment and development of the latter, as well as an integrative model of them, is developed. Last, it emphasized that future studies should focus on sibling bullying and sibling abuse, compare the peer relationship between only-child and non-only-child, strengthen the two-way mechanism of sibling relationship and peer relationship, and explore specific measures such as training prevention and intervention.