Journal Information
ISSN / EISSN: 24145076 / 26176688
Total articles ≅ 282

Latest articles in this journal

Ruhangiz Mammad Aliyeva
Self-education is aimed at heights and perfection, self-education puts simpler issues. An impulsive person with an explosive character gets used to not yelling, self-control helps – this is self-education. A calm and adequate person teaches himself/herself wisdom – this is self-education. The child teaches himself/herself not to lie and not to fight – this is self-education. A young graduate of the conservatory willingly performs transitions masterfully day after day – this is self-improvement. Self-education is the first step towards self-development. Self-education is one of the very necessary links of a single complex of intellectual labour. This type of activity, which includes the elements of independent activity, has been the centre of attention in all structures and stages of social life as a means of improving a person's socio-political and professional-specialization training and acquiring knowledge, it has always engaged people with progressive views and has been highly valued based on its usefulness “coefficient”. It is necessary to perform the opposite operation in the mental work process. In addition to giving these operations a great place in training, the teacher should also take care of their formation in students. Insufficient development of students’ analysis-composition activities negatively affects not only the depth of their knowledge, but also the level of their skills. The purpose of the article is to examine the high demands placed on school preparation in the era of scientific and technical progress, in a situation where information is growing rapidly. In addition to arming the young generation with scientific knowledge, the school should teach them to acquire independent knowledge, free work habits, intellectual work culture, independence of thought, self-education habits, and better prepare for independent work activities. This is one of the important directions of educational reforms.
Shahla Suleymanova
This article notes that the purposeful, organized organization of didactic games in elementary grades is of great importance for the development of artistic creative abilities of younger schoolchildren. Also, the issues of using effective ways for the development and formation of talented, artistically creative children in this area were brought to attention. In this case, didactic games were shown by teaching under create conditions for the development of artistic and aesthetic taste, positive moral qualities, physical health, aesthetic education, and worldview in other students. Children with special talents are a national treasure for the future of every country. For this, it is acceptable to use a number of methods and ways to detect children with special creativity. In the learning process, interaction with students, their involvement in active interactive training, assessment of creative products, individualization of interactive learning methods, training tools, enrichment in content and form are of great importance. At this time, it was pointed out that there are ample opportunities to develop useful personalities for society by timely discovering the potential in them. The important importance of the correct writing of the scenarios of didactic games, the correct conduct of the distribution of roles, the need to reveal in advance what artistic creative abilities the students have, the pedagogical and psychological foundations in this direction are shown. The article examines that didactic games are of particular importance in teaching the subjects “Azerbaijani language”, “Life science”, “Fine arts”, “Music”, especially in primary school. In the course of teaching these subjects, along with the development of artistic creative abilities in younger schoolchildren through the correct selection of topics and the organization of didactic games on national and moral values, they acquire such moral qualities as patriotism, humanity, friendship, companionship, collectivism. It is true that didactic games are educational in nature. According to the direction studied in the article, along with the educational aspects of didactic games, it also plays a role as a tool in revealing the talent qualities of young schoolchildren. The purpose of the article is to mentions the didactic game scenario with the participation of students who have the ability to draw, recite poetry, and act in the direction of the formation of national and moral values. It was shown with examples what roles should be given to students, in what direction their talents should be revealed, it was noted that the measurement of the talents level of students studying in primary grades, starting from a young age, the development of artistic creative abilities is important for the future development of talented young people. Development of scenarios for the organization of didactic games, taking into account their age and individual characteristics, the correct development of the pedagogical, psychological foundations for this work is to achieve the disclosure of students’ artistic creative abilities. It is the clarification of ways, directions for revealing the artistic creative abilities of students by organizing didactic games in elementary grades of general education schools. It is also to achieve the progress of talented students in this regard, starting from an early age.
Luka Basanets, Tetiana Maslova
The article draws attention to the need to study and master the concepts "form ‒ form creation" in the art of painting, relying on their unique importance in the process of creating an artistic image. Analysing the current state of the problem, and understanding its role in the future professional activity of artist-pedagogues, we are forced to state that this important section of art pedagogy still remains outside the boundaries of professional attention, despite the active request of student youth. However, we admit that the interest in studying the "form ‒ form creation" expressed by the students of the Faculty of Arts and Graphics as well as the impossibility of its implementation in the educational process depend not only on the professional wishes of teachers and students, but also on the lack of software, the shortage of special literature and the laboriousness of extracting necessary data from its volume, and, most importantly, ‒ on the difficulty of assimilating material during independent study. Similar factors forced the authors of the article to compile and offer a shortened version of the textual information from theoretical provisions and examples of form creation in the world art of painting, giving further analysis of the quality of its perception by the student audience. For the practical implementation of the event, a number of milestone topics were developed, which made it possible to create a certain methodical course for solving strategically selected issues.
Inesa Kyrylenko
Relevance of research. Under conditions related to the reformation of the national education system in general and in the field of art in particular, when priority cultural values and ideals are being reassessed and rethought, it is becoming necessary to turn to those historically formed pedagogical traditions of choreographic education and culture, which, on the one hand, must be preserved, and on the other hand, adapted to the new conditions of the Ukrainian cultural, economic and political reality. The purpose of the article is to analyse the peculiarities of the development dynamics of the Ukrainian choreographic culture and education. These research methods are used: general scientific (analysis, synthesis, systematisation, comparison, generalisation, comparison) in order to clarify the historiography of the problem under study; historical (historical-structural, historical and genesis-based, historical-diachronic, criterial-complex) ensured the development of the research structure; made it possible to reveal the origins of the development of choreographic education and culture. The content of the study and its results. The article examines the peculiarities of the development of the Ukrainian choreographic culture and education in the context of general cultural trends of a certain era. Special attention is paid to the national cultural tradition, the spiritual sphere of society, the change of the general cultural paradigm, the functions of choreographic education and culture. It is noted that the problem of the dynamic development of modern dance art is closely related to the incessant civilisational and socio-cultural progress, the change in the format of psychological and pedagogical approaches, methods and means of choreographic education. The domestic system of choreographic education was formed in the process of long-term acculturation. The specificity of dance education lies in its bicentricity: it is equally closely connected with the educational sphere and with the artistic and performing practice of art. The reformation and development of modern stage choreography took place through the dialectical denial of academic traditions and the construction of new choreographic forms. Under conditions of the cultural and philosophical era of postmodernism, the phenomenon of modern stage choreography is considered as a stylistic reflection of the artistic trends of synthesis.
Evgeny Grigoryev, Liudmyla Rusalkina
The current stage of development of Ukraine's international relations with other countries requires a revision of the foreign language teaching process in higher school. Special emphasis should be paid to the effectiveness of foreign language learning. The expansion of international contacts highlights the need for training a specialist who can communicate with representatives of other countries not only at the domestic level, but also in professional activities. First of all, this concerns specialists in those professions in which there is intercultural communication (international internships, participation in international conferences). The English learning process of many Ukrainian medical colleges and universities is mainly based on non-authentic materials. Few studies have been conducted to explore the implications of authentic and non-authentic materials in learning English for Specific Purposes (ESP), for medicine in particular. The current study explores students’ perception of these resources in learning medical English. In order to optimize the learning process, a comparative analysis of English language manuals for medical professionals was made. The data were obtained on the basis of a questionnaire filled out by medical students of two universities. The students were required to assess different aspects of both authentic and non-authentic materials. The ultimate goal of the analysis is to determine the educational efficiency of the afore-mentioned textbooks and the students’ motivation for English learning. Analyzing the effectiveness of training future medical specialists for professional communication, the following methods were used: descriptive, statistical and empirical methods: observation, testing, and questionnaires. The findings showed that the participants had positive attitudes toward using authentic resources and that they preferred them to non-authentic ones. Authentic resources provide a beneficial effect on the development of students’ language skills in their professional area. The prospects of further studying in the in-depth analysis of different ways of optimizing English language proficiency.
Nataliia Malinovska
Article substantiates the need to ensure high – quality training of the future teachers of the preschool education institutions (hereinafter-PEI) for health-saving professional activities. The relevance of awareness by higher education applicants of the value-motivational attitude to the problem of health preservation, the formation of their readiness for health-saving activities in the educational process of Health has been outlined. The formation of future the preschool education specialists’ readiness to implement the health paradigm in working with preschool children involves mastering first of all the content component of the discipline "Theory and Methodology of Physical Education and Valeological Education", as well as the skills and abilities of organizing one of the types of health – saving technologies-physical culture and health. The essence of the concepts of "Health-Saving Technologies", "Physical Culture and Recreation Technologies", their impact on children’s health and features of use have been revealed. It is emphasized that a necessary component of Physical Culture and Recreation Technology is the use of both individual physical exercises and their complexes. The expediency of introducing Physical Culture and Recreation Technologies in the educational process of Health has been determined, which should provide comfortable conditions for the development of children’s movements and prevent negative impacts on the health of the stressful environment. Modern requirements for Physical Culture and Recreation Work, which is the basis for the rational organization of the motor regime, have been taken into account. Article describes the organizational and pedagogical conditions for the use of Physical Culture and Recreation Technologies in the professional activities of future educators. It is noted that the requirements of the modern market environment for the competitiveness of a specialist are not only a high level of students’ assimilation of theoretical material and practical work skills, but also the development of personal qualities. Examples of the use of individual research tasks (IRT) focused on the activation of educational activities of higher education applicants, the transformation of passive assimilation of knowledge into their active application in quasi-professional and real situations of educational activity are positioned. It is established that mastering the knowledge, skills and abilities of future educators to design and apply Physical Culture and Recreation Technologies will contribute to the formation of health-saving competence in preschool children.
Hanna Podosynnikova
The article deals with one of the current problems related to modern foreign language and culture teaching methodology – the development of pre-service English teachers’ critical reading skills on the material of authentic publicistic texts from the Internet editions. Particularly, the notions of critical thinking and critical reading are defined. Various points of view in the psychological and pedagogical literature concerning the concept “critical thinking” are described; the key features of critical thinking in the educational dimension are outlined. The attention is focused on theoretical methodological background of developing pre-service English teachers’ critical reading skills on the material of authentic publicistic texts taken from the Internet editions. The main methodological types of reading are outlined, the peculiarities of critical reading as compared to analytical reading are revealed. The critical reading skills are considered. The main stages of developing critical thinking skills in correlation with building up critical reading skills are characterized. It is substantiated that the potential of authentic publicistic texts from the Internet editions in developing pre-service English teachers’ critical reading skills is considerable. It is determined that the main goal of developing pre-service English teachers’ critical reading skills on the material of authentic publicistic texts from the Internet editions is to expand students’ cognitive skills and competencies to solve social, scientific, practical and professional problems effectively. The article considers the strategies of forming pre-service English teachers’ critical thinking skills on the material of authentic publicistic texts from the Internet editions that are annotating, pre-scanning, contextualization, putting questions, reflexion, outlining and summarizing, evaluating statements, comparing and contrasting of thematically relevant texts, etc. The teaching techniques of developing critical thinking skills in the process of teaching critical reading to pre-service English teachers are offered.
Marianna Ruchkina
The functioning of any industry is impossible without constant development and improvement, which, in turn, leads to the introduction of changes. Effective functioning of any organization is impossible without systematic and long-term development, in which the process of managing organizational changes plays the main role. Some changes directly depend on decisions made in an organization, others are related to decisions made from outside, and completely other decisions are only predicted. All changes that were planned or not planned necessarily have consequences for an educational institution. The purpose of the study is the theoretical justification of the management of an educational institution under conditions of changes, the identification of factors inhibiting the process of their implementation. The research methods used are as follows: analysis, generalization, systematization, questionnaire. It was revealed that the characteristics of change management in educational organizations are: peculiarity of educational change; differences between educational changes; components of the educational process; functions particularity of innovative management of education. The study of educational changes is carried out with the help of special methods, including: the method of groupings, the method of modeling a management system of educational innovations at different levels, the method of ranking, the method of analogy in the field of innovations in education and their management. These types of educational changes have been identified: pedagogical, technical-technological, economic, social, institutional, political-managerial. Factors inhibiting the process of implementing changes in educational institutions were studied, namely: the qualitative and quantitative composition of the teaching staff, the number of participants in the educational process, the desire of the head of an educational institution to implement changes, the level of financial support of an institution. The following factors for the effective implementation of changes in educational institutions have been determined: psychological and financial stimulation of a team, motivation of the head of an educational institution and teachers, visualization of changes, constant monitoring, analysis of the implementation of changes and formation of a collective vision. The reasons that hinder the effectiveness of implementing changes in educational institutions are: lack of experience in implementing changes, low level of competence of the head of change management and inconsistency of changes with the requests of education users, external factors that affect institution's activity as a whole.
Oleksandra Morhun
The article focuses on the study related to linguocultural competence of future translators of the Chinese language, its structural elements and factors of its development. The concept "competence" has been analysed and clarified within the framework of training future translators of the Chinese language in high school. It has been found out that linguocultural competence is part of the spectrum made of basic competences that should be formed and developed in order to fully achieve academic success. The pedagogical phenomenon "competence" is interpreted as a quality-resultative integrated characteristic of the individual, which is identified at the end of the study through the knowledge, skills and experience accumulated in the process of profession-oriented training and the ability to use them in practical activities. It has been proved that the “criterion” is the key phenomenon of the quality assessment in education system. The author defines the criteria and indicators for assessing the linguocultural competence of students, as well as the levels of this competence proficiency in the Chinese language. The criteria for assessing the linguocultural competence of students is associated with the reflection degree of the object’s properties integrity which ensures its existence; with a criterion for evaluating activity results the content of which is revealed due to certain markers (indicators); with a feature on the basis of which an assessment is made, which is specified in indicators. The structure of the linguocultural competence of future Chinese translators has been determined. The criteria and indicators of the linguocultural competence of future Chinese translators have been presented: cultural-educational competency (with indicators: philosophical-cultural, Confucius-oriented), literary-artistic competency (with indicators: folkloric-ethnographic, lyrical-prosaic), comparative-cultural competency (with indicators: educational-cultural, national-cultural), professional-communicative competency (with indicators: linguistic-communicative, translation- and activity-oriented).
Mehriban Oktay Mammadova
Modern globalization, the development of the mother tongue in the world, the improvement of its norms of speech culture does not only serve the purpose of raising the level of this language use. The increasing expansion of the international integration environment, the borderless dissemination of information, the expansion of inter-country public, social, cultural, and economic relations make the strategic opportunities of the language take a new dimension. Speech culture, being the most important and leading part of the general culture of people, is one of the components. In addition to the culture of speech, writing is included in this concept alongside culture. A person who acquires such a high quality is a social member of the society. Speech culture is a practical field of linguistics, language as a means of communication learns how to use it. Therefore, speech culture is not considered a theoretical, but a practical field of linguistics. That is, speech culture, first of all, as a means of communication through language of philology, the rules of use, the field studied on the basis of science is required. At the same time, ıt is used to express the quality of this or that speech manifestation depending on a concept. This is the speech of every representative of the people, it is a different use of the means of communication, it is the speech of different people.
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