Journal of Agribusiness and Community Empowerment (jace)

Journal Information
ISSN / EISSN: 26552965 / 26554526
Total articles ≅ 52

Latest articles in this journal

Yulistriani Yulistriani, Hasnah Hasnah
Journal of Agribusiness and Community Empowerment (JACE), Volume 5, pp 108-116; https://doi.org/10.32530/jace.v5i2.491

Abstract:
Pembangunan berkelanjutan menjadi isu penting di setiap sektor termasuk sektor perkebunan. Keberlanjutan kebun plasma sering mengalami permasalahan setelah lepas dari perkebunan besar pengelolanya. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk melihat bagaimana modal sosial berperan dalam keberlanjutan pengelolaan perkebunan kelapa sawit rakyat pasca plasma. Metode yang digunakan dalam penelitian ini adalah metode survey melalui wawancara mendalam dengan Ketua KUD Lubuk Karya dan 10 orang anggotanya koperasi yang dipilih secara purposive sampling. Hasil wawancara ditabulasi dan diinterprestasikan. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa modal sosial berperan penting dalam keberlanjutan perkebunan pasca lepas dari plasma. Dapat disimpulkan bahwa modal sosial yang paling beperan dalam keberlanjutan perkebunan paca plasma adalah modal rasional terutama pada aspek saling percaya diantara anggota. Komunikasi, tranparansi dan aliran informasi antar aktor melahirkan hubungan positif jangka Panjang. Walaupun manajemen kebun sudah berganti dengan petani pengelola yaitu petani KUD tidak mempengaruhi keberlanjutan, karena transfer ilmu dan informasi masih tetap dilakukan melalui pemeliharaan hubungan sosial atau modal sosial.
Rika Hariance, Melinda Noer, Endrizal Ridwan, Hasnah Hasnah
Journal of Agribusiness and Community Empowerment (JACE), Volume 5, pp 69-76; https://doi.org/10.32530/jace.v5i2.518

Abstract:
Pada masa lalu keterikatan petani dengan koperasi di Indonesia sangat kuat, namun sejak perubahan peraturan pada masa reformasi membuat ikatannya melemah, petani enggan tergabung dalam koperasi. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengidentifikasi faktor-faktor yang mendorong petani kebun teh rakyat di Kabupaten Solok bergabung dalam koperasi KPTO Sebelas Jurai Saiyo disaat keyakinan petani terhadap koperasi mengalami kemunduran. Koperasi ini dipilih karena dalam 10 tahun telah berhasil menghasilkan teh berkualitas premium yang diekspor sebanyak 156 ton, selain itu koperasi ini juga berhasil meraih sertifikat fairtrade. Survey dilakukan kepada 30 orang anggota koperasi, kemudian data dianalisis menggunakan metode deskriptif kualitatif. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa faktor pendorong petani untuk tergabung dalam koperasi adalah karena adanya jaminan harga, pemasaran yang jelas dan adanya bantuan sarana produksi. Maka dengan demikian, dapat diketahui bahwa untuk meningkatkan kepercayaan petani pada koperasi, koperasi harus mampu menyediakan akses terhadap sarana dan prasarana produksi, memberikan jaminan pasar dan harga yang lebih tinggi dibandingkan dengan yang bukan anggota koperasi.
M. Bayu Fathar Hayatullah, Roza Yulida, Cepriadi Cepriadi
Journal of Agribusiness and Community Empowerment (JACE), Volume 5, pp 77-86; https://doi.org/10.32530/jace.v5i2.424

Abstract:
Tujuan penelitian ini adalah (1) Mengetahui karakteristik dari petani sagu di Desa Tanjung. (2) Mengetahui peran kearifan lokal dan bentuk kearifan lokal yang masih ada di Desa Tanjung dalam menangani kebakaran lahan gambut. (3) Mengetahui upaya-upaya yang dilakukan untuk mempertahankan kearifan lokal dalam menjaga kelestarian lahan gambut. Metode penelitian yang digunakan adalah metode survey dengan bantuan kuisioner yang telah disiapkan. Populasi pada penelitian ini berjumlah 120 orang petani dengan sampel berjumlah 30 orang petani. Teknik pengambilan sampel yang digunakan adalah teknik Purposive Sampling. Analisis data yang digunakan adalah analisis deskriptif untuk menjawab tujuan penelitian. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan karakteristik petani sagu dan peran kearifan lokal di Desa Tanjung berjalan dengan baik. Kearifan lokal yang terdapat didalamnya mulai dari proses budidaya tanaman sagu hingga penanganan kebakaran lahan gambut, serta berbagai upaya yang dilakukan guna mempertahankan kearifan lokal mulai dari apek ekologis, sosial budaya dan ekonomi.
Rapindo Sibarani, Cepriadi Cepriadi, Kausar Kausar
Journal of Agribusiness and Community Empowerment (JACE), Volume 5, pp 87-95; https://doi.org/10.32530/jace.v5i2.471

Abstract:
Petani bisa mengoptimalkan hasil pertaniannya dan meningkatkan usahataninya diperlukan peran penyuluh untuk menyampaikan edukasi serta bimbingan pada petani supaya petani bisa menggarap lahan dan menghasilkan hasil pertanian yang optimal sehingga petani bisa sukses dalam usaha taninya. Untuk meningkatkan usaha taninya petani membutuhkan peran penyuluh pertanian. Penyuluh pertanian adalah agen perubahan yg langsung berhubungan dengan petani. Fungsi utama penyuluh mengubah sikap petani melalui pendidikan non formal sehinga petani mempunyai kehidupan yg lebih baik secara berkelanjut, penyuluh melakukan perubahan sikap petani, sehingga mereka dapat memperbaiki cara bercocok tanamnya, lebih beruntung usaha taninya serta lebih layak hidupnya dan menjadi petani yang berdaya. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk menganalisis pengaruh peran penyuluh terhadap keberdayaan petani. Penelitian ini dilaksanakan di Desa Belading Kecamatan Sabak Auh Kabupaten Siak. Responden dalam penelitian ini adalah petani padi sawah yang bergabung dengan kelompok tani sebanyak 50 sampel. Untuk menjawab tujuan penelitian ini menggunakan analisis regresi linier berganda. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwah peran penyuluh berpengaruh nyata terhadap keberdayaan petani padi sawah di Desa Belading baik secara simultan maupun secara parsial.
Sischa Febriani Yamesa Away, Darnetti Darnetti, Roni Afrizal
Journal of Agribusiness and Community Empowerment (JACE), Volume 5, pp 96-107; https://doi.org/10.32530/jace.v5i2.496

Abstract:
PT Citra Nusantara Mandiri (PT. CNM) Solok menjadi satu-satunya produsen benih jagung hibrida di Sumatera Barat. Perusahaan ini juga bekerjasama dengan PT. Pertani (Persero) sebagai pemasar produk dan pemulia sebagai penyedia calon benih jagung hibrida. Tujuan penelitian ini 1) Menganalisis tahapan pascapanen 2) Menganalisis pemanfaatan penanganan pascapanen pada kegiatan sortasi benih jagung hibrida, dan 3) Menghitung dan membandingkan rasio hasil pada kegiatan sortasi benih jagung hibrida. Kegiatan penelitian ini dilakukan di PT CNM Solok, dilakukan selama dua bulan terhitung sejak tanggal 20 Februari hingga 19 April 2021. Penelitian ini menggunakan data primer dan sekunder. Analisis data terkait dalam penelitian ini dilakukan dengan metode deskriptif kualitatif. Berdasarkan penelitian yang telah dilakukan maka ditemukan bahwa: 1) Pascapanen jagung hibrida di PT Citra Nusantara Mandiri kota Solok sudah sesuai dengan standar operasional perusahaan. Hal ini dapat dibuktikan dengan kelengkapan tahapan pascapanen yang dilakukan dalam penanganan jagung hibrida di perusahaan; 2) Pemilahan limbah yang digunakan oleh perusahaan untuk dijual sebagai pakan ternak dengan metode tender; 3) dan rendemen benih jagung hibrida di PT CNM Solok mencapai 85%, dimana hasil pada beberapa kegiatan meliputi ekstrak 40%, dan ayakan 98%.
Kausar Kausar, Zaleha Zaleha, Yulia Andriani
Journal of Agribusiness and Community Empowerment (JACE), Volume 5, pp 47-57; https://doi.org/10.32530/jace.v5i1.449

Abstract:
The conflict in the plantation sector involving the community and the company in the Senama Nenek Village occurred because of a dispute of an area of ??± 2,800 hectares which had been acknowledged by both parties, the people of Grandma Senama Village and PTPN V Sei Kencana. This difference in opinion caused the public to make complaints to local governments. This study aims to overcome plantation conflicts and describe plantation conflicts that occur between the people of Senama Nenek Village and PTPN V Sei Kencana. The key informants of this study found 16 people consisting of 12 key informants from the community and 4 key informants from stakeholders. This study uses a qualitative descriptive analysis with triangulation. Based on the results of the study, it was found that the parties involved in mapping the plantation conflict consisted of the Senama Nenek Village government, the Tapung Hulu District Government, the Kampar Regency and Riau Province Plantation Service, the Kampar Regency, and Riau Province Land Agency, the Kampar Regency Government, the Kampar Regency DPRD. , the Regent of Kampar, the Regional Government of Riau Province, the Governor of Riau, the Ministry of SOEs, and the President of the Republic of Indonesia. The plantation conflict that occurred among the community, company, and local government is related to the use of custom land covering an area of ??2,800 ha. Both parties continue to carry out activities even though they recognize each other's land ownership. Lately, the warring parties have returned to normal because the disputes between the parties can be resolved thanks to the leadership of the Ninik Mamak figures and the group board from the company.
Vonny Faradila G, Ernoiz Antriyandarti, Isti Khomah
Journal of Agribusiness and Community Empowerment (JACE), Volume 5, pp 21-36; https://doi.org/10.32530/jace.v5i1.376

Abstract:
This analysis of the supply of onion in Brebes Regency is done using the methods of descriptive and analytic, and secondary data time series for 21 years (1998-2018). This study also utilizes the analysis of multiple linear by entering the model analysis of the distributed lag model with adjustment Nerlove (Partial Adjustment Model). The supply function is estimated with the approach of total production. The results of the multiple linear regression analysis obtained the factors that affect positively to the offer of onion in Brebes Regency is a vast harvest of onion in year t, the number of onion production in year t-1, the price of onions in year t-1, the price of garlic in year t-1, the average rainfall in year t, and interest rate in year t. The factor that negatively affects the offer is the price of urea fertilizer in year t. The most influential factor to the offer of onion in Brebes Regency is a vast harvest of onion in year t with the standardized regression coefficient of 0,889. The elasticity of supply for the area variable harvesting onions in year t is positive and is elastic with E>1, namely 1,328 for the short-term and 1,832 for the long term. Elasticity is inelastic with E value<1 is a variable amount of production in the previous year i.e. 0,275 short-term and 0,379 long-term prices of garlic in the previous year with a value of 0,105 short-term and of 0.145 long-term, the price of onions in the previous year with a value of -0,143 short-term and -0,197 the long term, the interest rate in year t, namely 0,136 and 0,188, and the average rainfall in year t with the value of -0,218 short-term and -0,301 the long term.
Syahilla Amami, Roza Yulida, Yulia Andriani
Journal of Agribusiness and Community Empowerment (JACE), Volume 5, pp 58-68; https://doi.org/10.32530/jace.v5i1.419

Abstract:
Peatland fire is a condition where peatland is hit by fire, causing damage that causes economic and environmental losses. One of the efforts to prevent peatland fires is through social capital. The purpose of this study was to find out the programs carried out by the government with the Fire Care Community (MPA) in peatland management and to analyze the social capital of the community in efforts to prevent peatland fires. This research was conducted in Kundur Village, Tebing Tinggi Barat District, Meranti Islands Regency. The number of respondents in this study was 60 people obtained using the purposive sampling method. The data that has been obtained is then analyzed using qualitative methods with descriptive analysis and quantitative analysis with average analysis. The results of the study show that the programs carried out by the government and the community are establishing a Fire Care Community (MPA), processing peat water to obtain clean drinking water through the Pamsimas program, the government also socializing fire prevention which is one of the efforts to prevent land fires. peat in Kundur Village, and the Sago-Based Pilot Project program. The analysis of social capital shows that MPA members are still not optimal in implementing ancestral values ??in Kundur Village, for example, it can be seen that in terms of interests there are still some MPA members who prioritize personal interests, compared to common interests in efforts to overcome land fires in the village. Kundur, for example, when the meeting schedule was held, some MPA members were not present and preferred to work taking care of their agricultural land. Furthermore, there are still MPA members who feel they have been treated unfairly in giving their opinions, and finally the lack of proactive action by MPA members in carrying out programs related to efforts to overcome land fires in Kundur Village.
Alifinda Candy Wicaksono, Vi’In Ayu Pertiwi, Setiyo Yuli Handono
Journal of Agribusiness and Community Empowerment (JACE), Volume 5, pp 37-46; https://doi.org/10.32530/jace.v5i1.456

Abstract:
The covid-19 pandemic had made the tourism sector managed by BUMDes Raharjo experience a decrease in the number of tourists. In 2020 also BUMDes Raharjo suffered losses in the form of debts to strawberry farmers so that employees were temporarily not given any salaries. The number of youth working in BUMDes decreased from 15 people in 2019 to 8 people in 2020. In 2021, only 5 young men remained in BUMDes Raharjo. This is due to the lack of youth trust in BUMDes. In addition, youth satisfaction also affects the confidence of youth. Satisfaction is related to the spirit and loyalty that youth give to BUMDes. This study aims to analyze the effect of satisfaction on the confidence of pandan village youth to BUMDes Raharjo. The research was conducted at BUMDes Raharjo located in Pandan Hamlet, Pandanrejo Village, Bumiaji Subdistrict, Batu City in May-June 2021. Research conducted using a quantitative approach. The population studied in this study was the youth of Pandan Hamlet aged 16 to 30 years. The sampling method used is accidental sampling.  The data analysis methods used in this study are simple linear regression and partial test (T-test) through SPSS applications. The dependent variable is youth trust. The independent variable is youth satisfaction. The results showed satisfaction had a positive and significant effect on confidence in the T-test.
Josephine Jessica, Rosnita Rosnita, Yulia Andriani
Journal of Agribusiness and Community Empowerment (JACE), Volume 5, pp 8-20; https://doi.org/10.32530/jace.v5i1.361

Abstract:
In carrying out their farming activities, farmers are strongly influenced by their own characteristics and the information they receive. Information relating to the improvement of oil palm farming is obtained by farmers by communicating with actors who act as sources of information. Subaryadi is the central actor who is often contacted by other farmers to get information related to oil palm farming in Surya Indah Village. This study aims to identify farmers characteristics and analyze the role of opinion leader. This study used a survey method and the sampling used a random sampling technique with a total sample of 33 oil palm farmers. The farmer characteristics were analyzed descriptively, while the role of the SB actor as an opinion leader used a likert scale.The results showed that the characteristics of farmers with the largest percentage were in productive age (54-60 years old on average) with an equivalent high school education level, 4 ha of land area, and high cosmopolitan. Farmers actively participate in extension activities with high accuracy of information channels and complete sources of information. Actor SB carry out his role as opinion leader when implementing thereplantingprogram with a value of 3.33.
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