Sepa: Jurnal Sosial Ekonomi Pertanian Dan Agribisnis

Journal Information
ISSN / EISSN: 18299946 / 26546817
Total articles ≅ 201

Latest articles in this journal

Roza Dewi Tambunan, Nurliza Nurliza, Eva Dolorosa
SEPA: Jurnal Sosial Ekonomi Pertanian dan Agribisnis, Volume 19, pp 1-10; https://doi.org/10.20961/sepa.v19i1.44482

Abstract:
This study aimed to formulate a strategy for developing paddy agribusiness in Sanggau Regency West Kalimantan using a SWOT analysis of 8 respondents who were considered experts. The results of the analysis show that the strengths in formulating a strategy are the existence of a Regional Regulation (Perda); The disadvantages are the low ability, skills, and knowledge of farmers; The opportunity is that the government facilitates farmers or farmer groups who want to sell their crops; the threat is the climate. An alternative strategy that can be taken is to increase the rice planting area and production, develop markets in the border region and the outside regency, and create synergies between farmers, entrepreneurs, and the government
Raja Nammy Petrus Purba, Dewi Kurniati, Anita Suharyani
SEPA: Jurnal Sosial Ekonomi Pertanian dan Agribisnis, Volume 19, pp 21-30; https://doi.org/10.20961/sepa.v19i1.51260

Abstract:
Spinach is one of the agricultural commodities that is widely cultivated in Pontianak City. North Pontianak District is a center for growing spinach in Pontianak City with a planted area of 216 (ha) and production of 8,006 (ku) or around 76% of the total spinach production in the Pontianak City. There are two types of spinach that are most commonly cultivated in Siantan Hilir Village, North Pontianak District, namely spinach (Amaranthus tricolor). The purpose of this study was to analyze the pattern of marketing channels, marketing margins, farmer's share and efficiency of spinach marketing channels in Siantan Hilir Village, North Pontianak District, Pontianak City. The results indicate that there are 4 marketing channels of spinach. The lowest marketing margin value of spinach and the highest farmer's share is in channel 1, while the lowest margin and farmer's share are also found in channel 1. The most efficient marketing efficiency value of spinach is found in channel 3 which is 2.70 %, meanwhile, the most efficient marketing channel is in channel 2 with an efficiency value of 2.58%.
Kustiawati Ningsih, Sustiyana Sustiyana
SEPA: Jurnal Sosial Ekonomi Pertanian dan Agribisnis, Volume 19, pp 114-126; https://doi.org/10.20961/sepa.v19i1.55830

Abstract:
To meet the family's food needs during the Covid-19 pandemic, the farmer households of Blumbungan Village do farming from home, one way is to use their yard by cultivating vegetables. Vegetable cultivation in the yard has a strategic role to increase the diversity of food consumption patterns and increase the nutrition of farmer households, and is expected to be able to meet the needs of vegetables at the household level while at the same time assessing the high aesthetic value. The purpose of this study was to examine in depth the analysis of the food security of farmer households during the Covid-19 pandemic through farming from home (farm from home). The research method uses descriptive analytical method, by determining the sample by quota, namely the number of 30 farmer households in Blumbungan Village, Larangan District, Pamekasan Regency. Data analysis was carried out descriptively and equation analysis of Food Expenditure Proportion (PPP), Energy Consumption Level (TKE), and quadrant analysis. The results showed that the household food expenditure of farmers was greater than the non-food expenditure. The degree of food security of farmhouses based on the proportion of expenditure and the level of energy consumption is in the category of food insecurity at 43.33%, food shortages at 50% and food insecurity at 6.67%. So it can be concluded that farming from home through corn farming, use of yard land and livestock has a role in the degree of food security of farmers' households.
Andhatu Achsa, Rian Destiningsih, Dian Marlina Verawati, Dinar Melani Hutajulu
SEPA: Jurnal Sosial Ekonomi Pertanian dan Agribisnis, Volume 19, pp 82-91; https://doi.org/10.20961/sepa.v19i1.53642

Abstract:
The focus of this research is mapping the pattern and structure of provincial economic growth in Java with the Klassen typology approach, the potential of provincial food commodities in Java with the Static location quotient (SLQ)- Dynamic location quotient (DLQ) approach, and identifying the level of accessibility of provinces in Java with the Connectivity quotient CQ approach. Food commodities in this case include rice, corn, soybeans, peanuts, green beans, cassava, sweet potatoes. The results show that (1) DKI Jakarta occupies the position of quadrant I; (2) potential rice , corn and mung bean commodity in Central Java Province, , soybean commodity in East Java Province, peanut commodity in DIY, cassava commodity in West Java Province, as well as potential sweet potato commodities in the Provinces of Central Java and East Java; (3) furthermore, the high level of accessibility in four provinces in Java Island and the rest, namely Banten and East Java Provinces are classified as low accessibility levels.
Abyan Rai, Ahmad Faisal
SEPA: Jurnal Sosial Ekonomi Pertanian dan Agribisnis, Volume 19, pp 72-81; https://doi.org/10.20961/sepa.v19i1.53322

Abstract:
Abundant natural resources become a great potential for the Indonesian agricultural sector if they are managed properly. A large contribution from the agricultural sector is highly dependent on its superior commodities. However, liberal international trade creates a real challenge for leading commodities in the agricultural sector to have high competitiveness, at least in the ASEAN region. This study aims to analyze the export competitiveness of Indonesia's leading agricultural sector commodities and analyze the potential for improvement. The commodities analyzed were coffee, pepper, palm oil, tea, and tobacco. The data used is data on export conditions in 2019. The analysis is carried out using Revealed Comparative Advantage (RCA), Revealed Comparative Trade Advantage (RCTA), and Porter's diamond. The results of the analysis show that Indonesia's leading commodities have competitiveness in the global market and rank at the top in ASEAN based on RCA. RCTA shows that Indonesia's tea and tobacco commodities are not yet competitive in the global market. Porter's diamond shows that the competitiveness of Indonesia's leading agricultural commodities has the potential to be developed.
Ahmad Zainuddin, Intan Kartika Setyawati, Illia Seldon Magfiroh, Rena Yunita Rahman, Dudi Septiadi
SEPA: Jurnal Sosial Ekonomi Pertanian dan Agribisnis, Volume 19, pp 60-71; https://doi.org/10.20961/sepa.v19i1.53148

Abstract:
Garlic is one of the main staples contributing to the biggest inflation in Indonesia because domestic prices tend to increase. On the other hand, imports of Indonesian garlic have an increasing trend even during the Covid-19 pandemic. This will certainly affect the supply of garlic farmers. The purpose of this study was to determine the response of garlic farmers to changes in domestic and import prices during the Covid-19 pandemic. This study was used secondary data in the form of annual time series data with a period of 30 series, from 1990 to 2020. In this study, an attempt has been made to examine the supply response of garlic farmers in Indonesia by using Error Correction Model (ECM). The results showed that the Covid-19 pandemic caused garlic farmers to be very responsive to domestic prices, but not responsive to import prices. Therefore, high prices are also an incentive for farmers to increase their income of garlic farmers.
Bambang Arita, Andri Amaliel Managanta, Ita Mowidu
SEPA: Jurnal Sosial Ekonomi Pertanian dan Agribisnis, Volume 19, pp 105-113; https://doi.org/10.20961/sepa.v19i1.55116

Abstract:
Corn is an important food commodity after rice. Corn is used as food, animal feed, and industrial raw materials. The increase in harvested area is due to the increase in demand for corn from year to year. This study aims to determine the relationship between farmer characteristics and the success of corn farming and how much income is corn farmers in Dataran Bugi Village Tojo District Tojo Una-Una Regency. This study uses a survey method with descriptive correlational analysis. The results showed that land area and social capital are important factors in increasing the production and income of corn farmers in Dataran Bugi Village Tojo District Tojo Una-Una Regency. The average cost incurred by corn farmers is IDR 3,905,567/growing season and the average farmer income is IDR 14,912,433/growing season. Corn farming in Dataran Bugi Village is feasible with an R/C Ratio of 4.82
Siska Handayani, Oktorinda Ekasa Putra
SEPA: Jurnal Sosial Ekonomi Pertanian dan Agribisnis, Volume 19, pp 92-104; https://doi.org/10.20961/sepa.v19i1.54352

Abstract:
Irrigation management is strongly influenced by socio-economic conditions and community institutions that use and are located in the Irrigation Area (IA). In Batang Tabik IA, although the water is quite large upstream, downstream the water is very small, even some of the farmers' land cannot be planted with rice, thereby reducing land productivity and farmers' income. In this condition, the role of farmers in irrigation management is very much needed to meet the water needs for their farming. This study attempts to describe and analyze the socio-economic dynamics and farmer institutions in Batang Tabik IA. This analysis can be a guide for efforts to increase the role of farmers in irrigation management. This study used a case study method with 84 samples of farmers from Nagari Sungai Kamuyang, Andaleh and Mungo. This research shows that mutual cooperation and irrigation management in Batang Tabik are still lacking, which can be seen from the large amount of garbage found in the canal and illegal collection in the canal. The average income of farmers in 1 planting season for one ha of land is Rp. 8,325,000 to 12,465,000. The majority of Water-Using Farmers' Association (WUFA) in Batang Tabik are less active and have not collected water fees, besides that (WUFA) do not have AD/ART, programs, work plans and  operations. It is necessary to enforce regulations regarding waste and illegal water collection. In addition, efforts to improve irrigation techniques, revitalization and (WUFA) development are needed to increase the role of farmers
Tisa Nur Khasanah, Sri Marwanti, Aulia Qonita
SEPA: Jurnal Sosial Ekonomi Pertanian dan Agribisnis, Volume 19, pp 50-59; https://doi.org/10.20961/sepa.v19i1.52848

Abstract:
The research aims to determine the amount of costs, revenues, profits, and business efficiency, determine the conditions of internal factors and external factors, develop alternative development strategies, and determine strategic priorities that are suitable for developing UKM Gethuk Take. The basic method of research is descriptive analytical method. The method of determining the location is purposive. Determination of key informants is done puposive. The analysis method used is (1) analysis of costs, revenues, profits, business efficiency (2) IFE and EFE matrices (3) IE and SWOT matrices (4) QSP matrix. The results showed that the total costs incurred by UKM Gethuk Take in December 2020 IDR 146,528,402.78 with fixed costs IDR 4,127,902.78 and variable costs IDR 142,400,500. Receipts IDR 176,622,00. Profit IDR 30,093,597.22. Business efficiency is 1.26 meaning UKM Gethuk Take is already efficient in running its business. The main internal factors that influence business conditions are that the capital is carried out independently (strengths) and the management of marketing management is less than optimal (weaknesses). The main external factor affecting business conditions is the proximity to tourist attractions (opportunities) and the Covid-19 outbreak has reduced people's purchasing power and limited tourism activities (threats). There are 14 alternative strategies generated from the SWOT matrix. The strategic priority for the development of Gethuk Take is to maximize the use of all digital marketing by taking advantage of developments in information and communication technology.
Yeni Selfia, Nanik Hidayati, Abdul Majid, Mei Shinta Kussetyaning Hikmah
SEPA: Jurnal Sosial Ekonomi Pertanian dan Agribisnis, Volume 19, pp 43-49; https://doi.org/10.20961/sepa.v19i1.52832

Abstract:
The area of tobacco plantations owned by farmers in Wungurejo Village does not guarantee the high yields produced so that it greatly affects the household income of farmers. The purpose of this study was to determine how much tobacco farming contributes to farmers' household income and what are the driving and inhibiting factors for tobacco farming in Wungurejo Village. Determination of respondents was done by purposive sampling method amounted to 38 tobacco farmers. The research phase starts from the pre-field stage, the field work stage, and the data analysis stage. This study uses a descriptive qualitative and quantitative approach. The results showed that in general the total household income of tobacco farmers was 60.53% with a total income of > 5,000,000-7,500,000 per month. Tobacco farming income gave the largest contribution, namely 58.26% of the total household income. This shows that more than half of the household income of farmers in Wungurejo Village comes from tobacco farming. Factor driving farmers in the Wungurejo to run a tobacco farm is suitable climatic conditions, the status of private land ownership, and availability of labor. While the inhibiting factors experienced by farmers such as limited business capital, lack of understanding of farmers about tobacco cultivation, and the government has never held counseling on tobacco cultivation.
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