Jurnal Berkala Kesehatan

Journal Information
ISSN / EISSN: 24773190 / 25416472
Total articles ≅ 117

Latest articles in this journal

Firdha Yuserina, Sukma Noor Akbar, Meydisa Utami Tanau, Rahmiyati Rahmiyati
Jurnal Berkala Kesehatan, Volume 8, pp 84-91; https://doi.org/10.20527/jbk.v8i2.12910

Abstract:
The Teaching and Trip Community is a community in the fields of education, literacy, and service. The problem is the inability to adapt to the pandemic situation so that community activities decline. Environmental issues in the form of high waste production and the characteristics of the community who want to follow the trend can be a momentum for the sustainability of the community. The community needs external parties to collaborate to run it. Therefore, researchers want to conduct zero waste training to improve pro-environmental behavior while driving community activities. The training consisted of providing material on community adaptation during a pandemic, pro-environmental behavior, and zero waste. The training consisted of 3 meetings with a duration of 100-120 minutes for each meeting. The success of this program will be measured quantitatively through comparison of pre-test and post-test scores and qualitatively through observation and interviews. The participants are 18 members of the community. Based on the comparison of pre-test and post-test results, 14 of 18 participants experienced an increase in their results. Participants experienced an increase in knowledge after being given training and became more aware of the concept and implementation of zero waste for the community and society.
Nur Fauzia Asmi
Jurnal Berkala Kesehatan, Volume 8, pp 140-148; https://doi.org/10.20527/jbk.v8i2.14654

Abstract:
Food handlers such as food traders have an important role in food processing because they can transmit disease through food. Food vendors provide personal hygiene such as using mouth coverings, aprons, desserts and coverings in preparing food can trigger events such as diarrhea, poisoning, etc. The purpose of this study was to determine the relationship with the implementation of personal hygiene, such as mouth coverings, use of aprons, food tongs and head coverings in food procesing. The type of research used is observational analytic with a cross sectional study approach. The population in this study were food traders in the Pasir Gombong area with a total sample of 64 people selected based on the lemeshow formula using simple random sampling technique. Data analysis used is chi-square. The results of this study indicate that there is a significant relationship between knowledge and personal hygiene using mouth coverings (p-value 0.005) and aprons (p-value 0.032) and no significant relationship between knowledge and the use of food tongs and head coverings with their p-value 0.111.
Dewi Andika, Haryanto Haryanto
Jurnal Berkala Kesehatan, Volume 8, pp 92-99; https://doi.org/10.20527/jbk.v8i2.13375

Abstract:
Hospital facilities, such as delivery rooms, can potentially cause nosocomial infections caused by germs, one of which is through the spread of germs in the air. Various factors, such as temperature, humidity, lighting, and occupancy density, can affect the presence of airborne germs. This study aimed to determine the quality of airborne germ numbers in the delivery room and the effect of occupancy density and physical environment on airborne germ numbers. The method used is the univariate analysis and Spearman’s Rank test. This type of research includes descriptive research with laboratory tests, using data from examining air germ numbers. The tools used are MAS 100 NT and ThermoHygrometer. The average result of the number of airborne germs was 202.08 CFU/m3. Temperature and humidity obtained an average of 23.53°C and 65.68%. The analysis results of occupancy density and airborne germs are p=0.742; rho = 0.071, room temperature and air germs, namely p = 0.806; rho=-0.053, room humidity and air germs, namely p=0.284; rho=-0.228. The factors in this study showed an insignificant relationship to airborne germs (p value> 0.05).
Ida Ayu Anom Rastiti, Ida Ayu Suptika Strisanti, Ni Komang Sri Ariani
Jurnal Berkala Kesehatan, Volume 8, pp 116-123; https://doi.org/10.20527/jbk.v8i2.14384

Abstract:
One of the most frequent health issues that people deal with on a daily basis is headache. As they interfere with daily tasks and reduce productivity, headaches require significant treatment. Because of this, community service implementers are willing to provide counseling and acupressure training to the residents of Peken Hamlet, Renon Urban Village, in order to help them deal with their headaches. The two essential components of this community contribution are acupressure training and education. After doing the community service, the knowledge of the participants was assessed using a questionnaire to compare their knowledge before and after the activity. The results of a Wilcoxon signed rank test showed that there had been a statistically significant improvement in the participants' understanding of acupressure with a p-value of 0.05. The median knowledge score on acupressure for headaches increased from pre-program (Md = 5.00) to post-program (Md = 10.00). After receiving instructions and training, participants' knowledge of acupressure for treating headaches is thought to have increased. The society will benefit much from this exercise, especially those who frequently suffer from headaches. Participants can practice the simple acupressure technique at home before choosing to take medication because it has no adverse effects. Keywords: Headache, acupressure, health education
Lena Rosida, Oski Illiandri, Siti Kaidah, Juhairina Juhairina, Muhammad Bari NurQaedi, Kanessha Winola Sunata
Jurnal Berkala Kesehatan, Volume 8, pp 76-83; https://doi.org/10.20527/jbk.v8i2.11958

Abstract:
Cork fish (Channa sp) is one of the freshwater fish that is useful for maintaining health and can be made in the form of fish crackers. One of the micro-business groups that make cork fish crackers is the Sumber Rezeki Banjarmasin Entrepreneurial Group. This entrepreneurial group developed the manufacture of non-Monosodium Glutamate (MSG) cork fish crackers. Based on the results of an interview with the head of the Sumber Rezeki Banjarmasin Entrepreneurial group, information was obtained that the North Kuin community's interest in these non-MSG crackers was still low because the crackers without MSG were less delicious than those containing MSG. The existence of this opinion can cause their enthusiasm and commitment to maintain products without MSG will decrease and it can even cause them to follow other cracker products that use MSG. Therefore, the Community Serviceteam provided a solution in the form of strengthening commitment and counseling about the dangers of using excessive MSG and the importance of fish consumption for health. This Community Service activity is carried out in 2 ways, namely psychological assistance and health education. Psychological assistance through focus group discussions (FGD) can increase the number of participants who believe they want to continue the non-MSG cracker business from 50% to 90%.
Mahardika Primadani, Surahma Asti Mulasari, Sunarti Sunarti
Jurnal Berkala Kesehatan, Volume 8, pp 100-107; https://doi.org/10.20527/jbk.v8i2.14024

Abstract:
Diabetes Mellitus (DM) is a chronic disease as a metabolic disorder described by an increase in glucose levels above the average. 80% of the prevalence of DM, most of them are type 2 DM. Self-care is one of the important things that people with DM must do to prevent complications. The purpose of this study is to determine the role of family support on self-care behavior in patients with Type 2 DM. The method used is a full text critical review in English on the PubMed, Scopus, Web of science and Google Scholar databases with research subjects with type 2 DM. There are 7 articles that meet the inclusion criteria related to the topic. Analysis of 7 articles showed that family support could improve self-care behavior of patients with type 2 diabetes. Having family support will make type 2 DM sufferers have a higher level of adherence in controlling blood sugar.
Panji Sananta, Haidar Abror Firladi, Dhelya Widasmara, Eka Noviya Fuzianingsih
Jurnal Berkala Kesehatan, Volume 8, pp 124-131; https://doi.org/10.20527/jbk.v8i2.14608

Abstract:
Osteoarthritis is a chronic joint disease that causes pain, disability, and loss of function. More than 80% of cases of osteoarthritis affect the knee joint. The exact cause of knee osteoarthritis is still unknown, but it is generally associated with aging and obesity. This study aimed to determine the relationship between age and the severity of knee osteoarthritis. This research used a cross-sectional study involving patients who suffered from knee osteoarthritis. Data on gender and the severity of osteoarthritis was collected from medical records. The severity of knee osteoarthritis was assessed using the Kellgren-Lawrence system. The data was analyzed using the Spearman correlation. There were 3 patients (8.1%) in the category of late adulthood, 7 patients (18.9%) in the middle-aged category, 13 patients (35.1%) in the early-onset elderly category, and 14 patients (37.8%) in the elderly. Seven patients (23.7%) suffered from osteoarthritis grade 1, 13 patients (35.1%) had grade 2, 16 patients (43.2%) had grade 3, and one patient had grade 4. The Spearman test showed that there was no significant relationship (p>0.05) between age and the severity of knee osteoarthritis. According to the study's findings, there was no correlation between age and the severity of knee osteoarthritis in women and men patients at Baptis Hospital, Batu City.
Ilmidin Ilmidin, Nurul Syuhfal Ningsih
Jurnal Berkala Kesehatan, Volume 8, pp 132-139; https://doi.org/10.20527/jbk.v8i2.14647

Abstract:
According to the World health Organization (WHO) there are more than 134 million side effects that occur in process treatment of health care, because of the unsafe treatments , there are 2,6 million people dead. This study aims to analyse the patient safety culture of seven countries as well as Ethiopia, United States, Philippines, Indonesia, Ghana, Iran, and Republic of China. This study uses the literature study method. The researcher focuses on positive responses based on the results of HSOPSC of those countries. The result of study found that there were 37,74% of the lowest responses in Staffing dimension and the highest responses were around 75.95% in teamwork within unit. The conclusion of the study found that the patient safety culture were around 53,18% of all dimensions, the lowest dimension was in staffing management, non-punitive response to errors, and frequency of events reported.
Yustin Ari Prihandini, Cast Torizellia, Nurfitriliani Nurfitriliani
Jurnal Berkala Kesehatan, Volume 8, pp 108-115; https://doi.org/10.20527/jbk.v8i2.14139

Abstract:
Toddlers in South Kalimantan who experience nutritional problems on indicators of Weight/Height, namely underweight category, at a prevalence of 5.5% above national figure of 3.9%. Data from Guntung Payung Health Center in showed there 38% of under-fives with underweight nutritional status and 9% of very thin nutritional status. One of preventive measures for undernourished toddlers is provision of supplementary food containing high protein. Research sample was 38 toddlers with a history of getting supplementary food High Protein for 3 months selected using purposive sampling method. Nutritional status of children under five was obtained using anthropometric method. BB/TB was used in assessing nutritional status with target of wasting toddlers. Research method using cross-sectional with statistical test using paired t-test with a significance level of <0.05. The results showed an increase in percentage of children under five with normal nutritional status from 65.8% to 68.4%. After not receiving high protein supplementary food, percentage of children under five with normal nutritional status decreased to 63.2%. There was no significant difference in nutritional status of children under five years old based on BB/TB. In addition, there’s no difference between nutritional status of children under five after implementation of supplementary food Recovery and during study.
Ahmad Rasyid Ridha Ramadhan, Nurul Hidayah, Muhammad Husni
Jurnal Berkala Kesehatan, Volume 8, pp 149-156; https://doi.org/10.20527/jbk.v8i2.14718

Abstract:
Characterization of the Aedes aegypti larval container is an important factor influencing mosquito reproduction patterns and is an important aspect of integrated vector control. The study purpose to identify the characteristics and predict the risk of water reservoirs that have the potential as a breeding place for the Aedes aegypti mosquito. The study was using descriptive with a quantitative approach. It was conducted in the West Banjarmasin District which consisted of 9 villages (Kuin Selatan, Kuin Cerucuk, Belitung Selatan, Pelambuan, Belitung Utara, Telaga Biru, Telawang, Teluk Tiram, and Basirih). The population was all households in West Banjarmasin District with a total of 10.003 houses. A sample of 100 houses was taken using proportional random sampling. The results showed that 77.8% of households use tap water sources and there are 44,4% use dark colored containers. Most of the households have a water reservoir in the house (88.9%) and in Teluk Tiram Village about 66.70% of the households drain the water reservoir for more than 7 days. Concluded that the characteristics of most water reservoirs were tap water sources, dark in color, located inside the house, and cleaned more than 7 days with the highest risk value was 73.13%.
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