ISSN / EISSN: 19075987 / 26151790
Published by: FK Universitas Hang Tuah
Total articles ≅ 121
Latest articles in this journal
Denta, Volume 16, pp 67-73; https://doi.org/10.30649/denta.v16i2.2
Background: Composite resin is a dental filling material that has several mechanical properties, one of which is surface hardness. Surface hardness can increase due to several factors such as smoking habits. Filter cigarette is the second most common type of cigarette in Indonesia and electric cigaretteis the third most common type of cigarette in Indonesia. Both types of cigarettes can affect the surface hardness of the composite resin due to a decrease in the pH of saliva produced from cigarette smoke. Objective: This study aimed to determine the difference in surface hardness of thecomposite resin after exposure to filter cigarette smoke and electric cigarette. Methods: 27 samples of nanohybrid composite resin were divided into three groups. Group 1 as a control group was immersed in artificial saliva and was not exposed to cigarette smoke, group 2 wasthe group that was treated with filter cigarette smoke and group 3 was the group that was treated with electric cigarette. Furthermore, the groups were tested for surface hardness using a Vickers hardness tester. Results: The surface hardness test of the composite resin showed an increase in the control group and a decrease in the treatment group, with the highest decrease in the filter cigarette smoke treatment group. The results of the paired t-test and one-way ANOVA test showed that the p-value was >0.00 so there was no difference between the pre-test and post-test mean differences in each group and there was no difference between the mean of each group Conclusion: There was no difference before and after exposure to filter cigarette or electric cigarette smoke.
Denta, Volume 16, pp 59-66; https://doi.org/10.30649/denta.v16i2.1
Background: Coronavirus, or SARS-CoV2, is one of the main pathogens that attack the human respiratory system. The coronavirus disease caused by SARS COV2 represents the causative agent of a potentially fatal disease of global public health concern. West Sumatra is in the top 10 provinces that contributed the most COVID-19 cases in Indonesia. 1st According to the official website of the Health Padang City Service on September 22, 2020, 2385 confirmed COVID-19 people, 1426 people recovered from COVID-19, and 53 people died. The high incidence of positive cases of Covid-19 in Padang is due to a lack of public knowledge and adherence to government-mandated health practices. Dental care places have a risk of COVID-19 infection due to aerosols generated during procedures, handling of sharp objects, and the proximity of dentists to patients. Dentistry students must have an awareness of deep knowledge, a better understanding, and must be updated with the practice of adapting to identify possible COVID-19 infections. Objective: The aim is to increase awareness about COVID-19 among undergraduate dentistry students at the Baiturrahmah Faculty of Dentistry, Padang. Methods: This type of research is called descriptive research. The target population of this study was undergraduate dentistry students in 2017, 2018, and 2019, with a sample of 175 people. This research was conducted online in the city of Padang using Google Forms Media for distributing questionnaires. When the research was carried out in September 2020. Results: The results showed that as many as 99.4% of respondents had good knowledge awareness about COVID-19, 0.6% awareness of bad knowledge, 97.7% of respondents got the first information about COVID-19 through the media, 56% of respondents got the latest Covid information via the internet, only 11.4% of respondents are taking Covid-19 courses, and 5.1% are still taking courses until now. The method of data analysis in this study used the SPSS program with univariate and bivariate analysis. The processed data is presented in table form. Conclusion: Students have awareness about COVID-19.
Denta, Volume 16, pp 81-89; https://doi.org/10.30649/denta.v16i2.4
Background: Hospitals need to manage document systems well. Dr Ramelan Navy hospital only 15% of the training materials have been documented. Knowledge of basic infection control programs only reached 57.2% and effective communication reached 56%. Objective: The purpose of this study is to analyze the factors causing the documentation of training materials under the standard, to determine solutions to improve the documentation of training materials to reach the standard and to develop an activity plan in overcoming the problem of documentation of training materials that have not reached the standard. Methods: This study uses the analytical observational method. The method used is the Problem Solving Cycle (PSC) approach. Data obtained through interviews, observations, and documentation in several departments and work units, then processed through a number of stages in overcoming the problem of documentation of training materials. Problems are solved by using a problem solving cycle approach with five stages of problem analysis, strategy design, development strategy, implementation, monitoring, evaluation and feedback. Solution of problems with the development of knowledge modules in hospital management information system. Results: The results at the strategy development stage of the development of the module named E-Knowledge was developed using the Sprint method with five stages of map, sketch, divide, prototype and test. Conclusion: E Knowledge increase knowledge and improve personnel performance.
Denta, Volume 16, pp 103-108; https://doi.org/10.30649/denta.v16i2.7
Background:Uremic stomatitis is a rare oral manifestation of chronic and acute kidney disease. The incidence of uremic stomatitis is low, especially because process disease develops gradually over years and occurs in advanced renal failure. This disease is associated with high levels of blood urea. There are four forms of uremic stomatitis that have been identified, namely ulcerative, erythemopultaceous, hyperkeratotic and hemorrhagic. Usually the lesions were seen on buccal mucosa, dorsal or ventral surface of tongue, gingiva, lips and floor of mouth. Purpose: To discuss the challenges in treating uremic stomatitis patient with poor systemic condition. Case: A 73 year old male patient was referred from cardiology department to oral medicine department because there were painful lesions on lips, tongue, palate and buccal mucosa. He was a chronic kidney disease patient whose laboratory results showed high urea and creatinine values. Case management: The Patient was given oral hygiene instruction to clean his teeth and tongue with a gauze soaked in NaCl at least three times a day, compressing the lips and rinse with chlorine dioxide based mouthwash (Oxyfresh®, USA) three times a day. The improvement of oral lesions were not significant because the blood urea and creatinine value were still high. Conclusion: Management of uremic stomatitis needs multidisciplinary teamwork in order to achieve the kidney function and other comorbidities improvement as well as oral lesions to improve the quality of life.
Denta, Volume 16, pp 90-95; https://doi.org/10.30649/denta.v16i2.5
Background: Cleft palate of the new-born infants with or without cleft lip, are recognized to be at risk of feeding difficulties, making it difficult to maintain adequate nutrition, and also interfere the speech function and the parents also their psychological growth. Purpose: Surgical closure of the cleft lip may be accomplished shortly after birth to relieve the parents’ anxiety as long as the general rules “ triple tens ” ( more than : 10 week of age, 10 pounds of body weight, 10 grams of haemoglobine ) that is frequently used in determining optimum timing for lip closure must be fulfilled. Case Report: Female baby at age 5 days, who was referred to pediatric dentistry clinic dr. Ramelan Naval Hospital Surabaya with parents complaining that their baby was born with cleft lip and palate and could not drink breast milk, easily choked, so they had to depend on the sonde. Case management: A maxillary feeding plate (=MFP) was made to close the cleft palate and regenerate the function of chewing and swallowing so that the infant obtains good nourishment and gain body weight until the palatal cleft closure operation. Conclusion: After the closure, her mother and family are psychologically able to prepare comprehensive protection for the child so that they too feel comfortable and confident. Smile can represent 80% of communication. When children feel comfortable because they can freely smile, this smile can attract other people to make it easier to adapt and socialize.
Denta, Volume 16, pp 109-114; https://doi.org/10.30649/denta.v16i2.8
Background: Nylon thermoplastic has been widely used as denture base material because of its esthetic property, high flexibility, and flexural strength. It is very important to maintain the removable dentures’ cleanliness, which is frequently done with the chemical technique by immersing the denture in a solution. The composition of malic acid and citric acid from pineapple peel extract has antibacterial and antifungal properties, so it can be used not only as a denture cleanser but also affect the flexural strength of denture base material. Objective: To determine the effect of pineapple peel extract as a denture cleanser on the flexural strength of nylon thermoplastic denture base material. Method: This is experimental laboratory research with a post-test-only group design using 36 samples, namely 18 Valplast samples and 18 Lucitone FRS measuring 64mm X 10mm X 2.5mm divided into 4 groups (Valplast control, Valplast experiment, Lucitone FRS control, and Lucitone FRS experiment). The samples were treated by immersing them in sterile distilled water as control, and in 3.5% pineapple peel extract for 15 minutes 3 times a day for 10 days as treatment. Flexural strength measurement using Universal Testing Machine. The data obtained were analyzed by the One Way ANOVA test. Result: There was a decrease in flexural strength in the Valplast and Lucitone FRS groups immersed in 3.5% pineapple peel extract. Lucitone FRS groups had higher flexural strength than Valplast’s. Conclusion: There is a decrease in flexural strength of nylon thermoplastic denture base after being immersed in 3.5% pineapple peel extract.
Denta, Volume 16, pp 96-102; https://doi.org/10.30649/denta.v16i2.6
Background: Fibrous epulis was the most frequent non-plaque-induced gingival lesions categories from biopsied cases included hyperplastic lesions, malignancies and benign neoplasms.Because the lesion is nonspecific and histology is the foundation of a more precise diagnosis, dentists may have difficulty identifying fibrous epulis from other disorders. Furthermore, the recurrence rate is significant, thus long-term follow-up is required for fibrous epulis after therapy. Purpose: to report the therapy of fibrous epulis and the follow up after eight months. Case: A 30-year-old nonsmoker healthy man presented with a 3-month history of an enlarging mass on the anterior left mandible gingiva. A clinical diagnosis was fibrous epulis in generalized periodontitis stage III grade C. Case Management: After evaluation of initial therapy, complete excision with a surgical blade and curettage of the lesion were planned for the lesion therapy. Histopathology finding confirm the prior clinical diagnosis of fibrous epulis. Eight months following surgery, the gingiva around the region had a healthy and desirable shape with no signs of recurrence. The patient's surgical recovery was good. Conclusion: Within the limitations of this case study, complete excision and curettage of the fibrous epulis lesion are the preferred treatments because of its high recurrence rate. The histopathologic examination is crucial for determining the final diagnosis, and long-term follow-up is essential.
Denta, Volume 16, pp 74-80; https://doi.org/10.30649/denta.v16i2.3
Background: One of the causes of dental caries is Streptococcus mutant bacteria which has the ability to change the sugar content of food waste into lactic acid as the initial process of caries. One of the efforts to overcome dental caries is to use natural ingredients such as nutmeg. Every part of nutmeg has active substances that are efficacious as antimicrobial, antibacterial, antioxidant, antifungal and anti-inflammatory. Pulpam, seeds and fuli of nutmeg showed as potential extracts in inhibiting the growth of Streptococcus mutans. Objective: This study aimed to analyze methanol extracts from pericarpium, pulpam, fuli and nutmeg seeds against the growth of Streptococcus mutans bacteria that causes dental plaque. Methods: The research was conducted by diffusion method using BHI agar media and incubated anaerobically at 37°C for 24 hours. Results: The results of the calculation of the average diameter of the inhibition zones from the extract of fuli, seeds, pulpam and pericarpium of the nutmeg plant were 19.00 mm, 25.33 mm, 15.66 mm, 22.66 mm, and 21.83 mm, respectively. Data analysis using ANOVA (one way) showed that there were significant differences in all groups at p<0.05. The results of the LSD test showed that there were significant differences in all treatment groups. Conclusion: Methanol extract from fruit and fruit parts of nutmeg showed the ability to inhibit the growth of bacteria that cause dental plaque.
Denta, Volume 16, pp 27-32; https://doi.org/10.30649/denta.v16i1.5
Background: The number of cleft lips or palatal cases is still very high in Indonesia, the growth of cleft lips or palatal cases was 1: 700. This prevalence varies for each region in Indonesia. The condition and composition of saliva in children affect the condition of dental caries, including protein statherin, histatin -1, and calcium minerals. Statherin has the strongest interaction with calcium hydroxyapatite, Histatin-1 has an antimicrobe and antifungal effect and calcium is an imported mineral component The purpose of this study was to analyze the children's saliva of cleft lips with or without cleft palatal non- syndromic against the risk of caries. Material and Method: This study used an Observational Analytic method with a Post Test Only Control Group Design. Saliva samples were taken by the pipetting method, saliva samples were taken from 20 children with cleft lips with or without palate and 20 normal children, aged 3-17 years, with good general health. Analysis levels of Statherin, Histatin-1, and Calcium minerals used the ELISA Method. Statistical analysis used ANOVA. Result and Discussion: The results showed that the average level of statherin for children with a cleft lip was 0.65 µg / ml, whereas for normal children was 1.1 µg / ml, the results of the analysis of histatin-1 salivary protein showed an average of 0.86 ± 0.50 at cleft children and 1.01 ± 0.71 for normal children, mean calcium levels in saliva for cleft children is 1.09 ± 0.09 mmol / L and normal children were 1.34 ± 0.13 mmol / L. ANOVA analysis for the three salivary components were found to be p = 0.001, which means that there were significant differences between the average levels of statherin, histatin-1, and calcium in cleft lips children with or without cleft palate and normal children. Conclusion: The levels of statherin, histatin-1, and salivary calcium can be early diagnostic risk dental caries in children with cleft lips/palate nonsyndromic, to optimize management of preventing dental caries on clefts cases.
Denta, Volume 16, pp 33-41; https://doi.org/10.30649/denta.v16i1.6
Background: The prevalence of tooth extraction was 7.29% according to RISKESDAS 2018. Post-tooth extraction will cause injury and bone resorption. Scaffold material combination of hydroxyapatite gypsum puger (HAGP) and aloe vera (AV) can be used for preservation of extraction socket. Objective: To analyze fibroblast and type 1 collagen cells in the extraction socket after being induction by a combination of hydroxyapatite gypsum puger scaffold and aloe vera. Materials and Methods: Making a combination of gypsum puger hydroxyapatite scaffold and aloe vera, divided into four groups, namely negative control, aloe vera scaffold, HAGP scaffold, and HAGP+AV scaffold. Extraction of the mandibular 1st molar in Wistar rats, the application on the extraction socket was waited for 3, 5, 7, and 14 days. Preparation of preparations using Hemaktocillin Eosin staining method. Results: LSD test on the HAGP+AV scaffold group between days 3 and 5, days 3 and 7, days 3 and 14, days 5 and 7, days 5 and 14, days 7, and 14 were obtained (p=0.000), this shows a significant difference between the treatment groups. The results of type 1 collagen in the HAGP+AV scaffold group between days 3 and 14 were obtained (p=0.005) showing a significant difference. Each group on day 14 showed the highest number of fibroblast and type 1 collagen cells. Conclusion: The combination of HAGP+AV+gelatin scaffold can increase fibroblast cells and type 1 collagen after tooth extraction. The socket healing process is getting faster on day 14.