International Journal of Integrated Health Sciences

Journal Information
ISSN / EISSN: 23021381 / 23384506
Total articles ≅ 128

Latest articles in this journal

Sheila Rafifah Yuliantoputri, Melati Sudiro, Arif Dermawan, Lina Lasminingrum, Sally Mahdiani
International Journal of Integrated Health Sciences, Volume 10, pp 94-101;

Objective: To determine the validity and reliability of the Indonesian version of Patient Allergic Rhinitis Questionnaire as a screening tool for AR and the prevalence of AR in a class of 2018-2019 medical students of Universitas Padjadjaran, Indonesia.Methods: A cross-sectional descriptive study was performed during the period November-December 2021 on a class of 2018-2019 medical students of Padjadjaran University. The Indonesian version of the pre-validated Patient Allergic Rhinitis Questionnaire was distributed online. Allergic rhinitis was determined from history taking by identifying a history of a previous diagnosis of AR and/or 2 or more symptoms (watery runny nose, sneezing, nasal congestion, itching, or conjunctivitis) for more than 1 hour on most days.Results:. The validity of the Indonesian version of the Patient Allergic Rhinitis Questionnaire was good with a 0.895 Cronbach's Alpha coefficient, reflecting a reliable questionnaire. The prevalence of AR was 35.8% with most were female (69.2%). There were 59.9% of respondents who had a history of allergy in their parents. The most common symptom was nasal congestion (85.7%) and the moderate-severe persistent (49.2%) was the most common ARIA-WHO classification. Dusty places (92.1%) were the most common cause of symptoms. The most common comorbidity was rhinosinusitis (35%). The mean symptom severity score was 6.7. Conclusions: The Indonesian version of the Patient Allergic Rhinitis Questionnaire is valid and reliable as a screening tool for AR. The prevalence of AR in this study is quite high, with moderate-severe persistent as the most prominent classification.
Yusuf Hanafi Lubis, Ivena Hotmarina Septiani Nainggolan, Linda Mutiara Harahap, Risna Risna, Sashi Pangestuty
International Journal of Integrated Health Sciences, Volume 10, pp 82-87;

Objective: To identify the impact of bullying behavior on the mental health of students who are victims of bullying. Methods: This was a cross-sectional descriptive quantitative study on 105 students in Medan Perjuangan district from November - December 2021. Sampling was performed using accidental sampling techniques on students living in the study area. A questionnaire was used to collect data and analysis was performed using univariate analysis with an estimated value of 95% confidence of 5%. Results: More than 70% of respondents received some forms of bullying such as body shaming, intelligence discrimination, and parental work shaming, discrimination based on their religion and beliefs, and abusive words. More than 60% of students were also discriminated, ridicule, and subjected to physical violence. About 50% of respondents were also bullied based on their financial, racial/ethnicity, and skin color traits and received physical abused. Conclusion: There is a link between mental health conditions and bullying behavior in students who are victims of bullying.
Rita Diana, Yuliana Livi Andam Putri
International Journal of Integrated Health Sciences, Volume 10, pp 75-81;

Objective: To analyze the hunger level of toddlers under 2 years old using the Under-two Children Hunger Index (CHI). Methods: This study used secondary data from the Indonesian Basic Health Survey 2018. This study focused on the development of measurement for under-two children hunger index (CHI) using six indicators of the prevalence of chronic energy deficiency in pregnant women; the prevalence of risk height of pregnant women; the prevalence of under-two children who never being breastfeed; the prevalence of malnutrition for under-two children; the prevalence of wasting for under-two children; and the prevalence of stunting for under-two children. These six indicators were weighted differently and were calculated using the Principal Component Analysis (PCA) method.Results: The calculation of CHI using loading factors as weighted indicators has a higher precision with the percentage of 94.12 percent. With a 2018 CHI score of 46.40, Indonesia is at a serious CHI level. From the 34 provinces in Indonesia, 47.06% of provinces are at an extremely alarming level, 8.82% are at an alarming level, 17.65% are at a serious level, 17.65% are at a moderate level, and 8.82% are at a low level. Efforts can be performed by the government to increase the CHI based on the 6 indicators mentioned above.Conclusion: Based on this analysis, 25 provinces need attention in terms of the CHI level with six, three, and sixteen provinces suffered from a serious, alarming, and extremely alarming levels of CHI, respectively. Nevertheless, CHI is dynamic and should be updated annually to assess the province’s achievement in eradicating hunger. This time-series data is very important to evaluate government programs and programs to accelerate the eradication of under-two children's hunger should focus on the six indicators in this study.
Indira Prawita Martani, Firman Sitanggang, Ni Margiani, I Gde Widiana, Made Asih, I Made Ayusta
International Journal of Integrated Health Sciences, Volume 10, pp 88-93;

Objective: To assess the correlation between the Alpha-fetoprotein (AFP) level and characteristics of liver lesions listed in the abdominal computed tomography (CT) scan scores in hepatocellular carcinoma. Methods: This was a retrospective analytic observational study with a cross-sectional design conducted at Sanglah Hospital in January 2017–January 2021. Subjects were patients diagnosed with hepatocellular carcinoma based on clinical and laboratory features. Samples were taken by consecutive sampling. The results of the abdominal CT scan were read by two radiologists with a predetermined abdominal CT scan scoring system. The AFP level data were taken at a maximum of 5 days before an abdominal CT scan was performed. Results: A total of 64 subjects were included in this study. The mean serum AFP level was 1,000 IU/mL (range 0.54–61830 IU/mL). The mean abdominal CT scan score by examiner one was 10.093±5.59, while the examiner two provided a score of 10.281±5.45. The difference in mean CT scan scores between the two examiners was very low and insignificant (mean difference score -0.188; 95% CI -1.894–1.519). The rho Spearman value was 0.918 (p<0.001) between serum AFP levels and abdominal CT scan scores. In the partial correlation, the value of r=0.678 (p<0.001) was obtained after controlling for body mass index (BMI), age, and sex variables. Conclusions: There is a strong positive correlation between serum AFP levels and abdominal CT scan scores in hepatocellular carcinoma patients. Further research is needed with a prospective design to reduce research bias.
Omo Irinmwinuwa, Emeka Ifediba, Joseph Oyindamola, Onyenmechi Johnson Afonne
International Journal of Integrated Health Sciences, Volume 10, pp 65-74;

Objective:To evaluate the haemopoietic effects of Justicia secunda leaf ethanol, n-hexane, ethyl acetate, and n-butanol extracts in mice and compare these effects with the effects of standard antianaemic agents. Methods: Sixteen groups of mice, six in each group, were used for the study. Anemia was induced in Groups 1 to 12 using 20 mg/kg i.p. phenylhydrazine (PHZ) daily for 2 days, followed by either ethanol, n-hexane, ethyl acetate or n-butanol extracts for 6 days. Groups 13 and 14 were induced for anemia and then received 200 mg/kg ferrous sulphate and vitamin B12 for 6 days. Group 15 (positive control) received 20 mg/kg PHZ i.p. only, while group 16 (negative control) was untreated. Blood was collected from the retro-orbital plexuses of the mice into EDTA-containing bottles on the 7th day and analyzed for hemoglobin (Hb) level, packed cell volume, mean cell hemoglobin concentration, and mean cell volume. Red blood cell, white blood cell, and platelet counts were also measured. Results: The ethanol leaf extract of J. secunda significantly increased the hematological parameters of mice compared to the positive and negative controls (p < 0.05). However, the n-hexane, ethyl acetate, and n- butanol extracts showed greater hemopoietic effects (p < 0.001) than the ethanol extract and standard antianemic drugs. The extract of J. secunda leaf tended to stimulate erythropoiesis comparable to the standard antianemic drugs, especially the n-hexane. Conclusion:Justicia secunda leaf extracts exert hemopoietic actions in mice, while the n-hexane extract shows greater haemopoietic activities than ferrous sulphate and vitamin B12.
Musokeri Tatenda Lewis, Wani Mena,
International Journal of Integrated Health Sciences, Volume 10, pp 51-58;

Objective: To determine the prevalence of diabetic retinopathy and its association with hypertension, age, gender, and fasting blood glucose level. Methods: This retrospective study assessed the prevalence of diabetic retinopathy with its associated risk factors on 135 diabetic patients, aged 18 years and above, visiting the Highland Eye Clinic Mutare, Zimbabwe. Data were collected on the age, sex, and type of retinopathy. Based on the identified retinopathy, subjects were divided into no retinopathy, non-proliferative diabetic renopathy, and proliferative diabetic retinopathy groups. Analysis were then performed using multivariate and univariate regression analyses to test the association between the presence of retinopathy and several risk factors, and results were presented in percentages, with P< 0.05 considered to show statistical significance.Results: The average age of the subjects this study was 60.8 ± 14 with female subjects constituted more than half of the total number of subjects (58.5%). Forty four percent were overweight (BMI 25-30), 34.8 % were obese, and the overall prevalence of diabetic retinopathy was 31.1% (non-proliferative diabetic renopathy, 20%; proliferative renopathy, 11.1%). The proportion of subjects with retinopathy increased with duration of DM, being 23.3% in those with a DM duration of less than 10 years and 46.6% in those with a DM duration of more than 10 years. Age and hypertension were significantly associated with the presence of diabetic retinopathy (P< 0.05) in univariate analysis, but no association was identified between retinopathy and fasting blood glucose (chi-square test, P =0.0965) Conclusion: The prevalence of diabetic retinopathy (DR) is high (31.1%), Non-proliferative DR is more common than the proliferative (DR). There is a strong association between diabetic retinopathy, hypertension, and age.
Suresh Kotwal, Garima Charak, Sudeep Kumar, Sudhanshu Shekhar, Kasturi Lal Gupta
International Journal of Integrated Health Sciences, Volume 10, pp 59-64;

Objective: To assess knowledge and practices regarding menstrual hygiene and reproductive tract infection in adolescent girls in Doda District of Jammu and Kashmir Territories, India. Methodology: This cross-sectional study was performed on adolescent girls attending schools in Doda district of Jammu and Kashmir territories, India. Data were collected through interviews using a predesigned semi-structured questionnaire and results were analyzed using MS Excel. Results: A total of 450 adolescent girls from public and private schools of Doda district of Jammu and Kashmir were included in this study. Most participants were in the 14-16 years of age. The most common source of information about menstruation identified in this study was mother (56.2%), sister (13.1%), teacher (12.7%), and friends (9.6%). In terms of menstrual hygiene, 53.1% girls used sanitary pads, 24% girls used dry cloths/towel and 10.7% girls used homemade and sanitary pads during their menstrual period. About 42% of the participant were absent from school during their menses and most participants take daily bath during their menses. Conclusion: Awareness regarding menstruation and menstrual hygiene needs to be improved with the emphasize on providing accurate and adequate information on this topic to adolescent girls. Information and provision on affordable absorbent napkins or pads during menstrual period are also important for these girls.
Amaylia Oehadian, Afiati Afiati, Martina Sung, Kevin Yonatan Budiman, Fransisca Fransisca
International Journal of Integrated Health Sciences, Volume 10, pp 102-106;

Objective: To present a case of high-risk, stage four neuroblastoma in a 20-year-old woman who survived more than 21 months with the multimodal therapy. Methods: A case of high-risk, stage four neuroblastoma in a 20-year-old woman who survived more than 21 months with multimodal therapy is reported. The patient initially received neoadjuvant chemotherapy according to the Turkish Pediatric Oncology Group of Neuroblastoma, along with multiple doses of radiotherapy. After two cycles of induction chemotherapy, she successfully underwent tumor debulking surgery. Results: With the multimodal therapy, patient remains in complete remission state and stable disease of the remaining lesions is observed in this patient. Conclusions: Neuroblastoma is a rare disease in adults and associated with a high number of mortality. Early and accurate diagnosis and multimodality of treatments are important to achieve disease control. Long term follow up is necessary for such patients.
Dinesh Kumar, Preeti Sharma, Sudeep Kumar, Sumesh Prasad Sah, Manisha Arora, Shahid Iqbal, Pradeep Kumar
International Journal of Integrated Health Sciences, Volume 10, pp 1-6;

Objective: To explore the link between cigarette smoking and kidney function through renal parameter assessment. Methods: The present study was performed at the Department of Biochemistry Santosh Medical College, Ghaziabad, India, from September 2019 to April 2021. In this study, 140 subjects were included, out of which 35 were non-smokers, 35 smoked <5 cigarette per day, 35 smoked 5-10 cigarette per day, and the remaining 35 smoked more than 10 cigarettes per day. Results: Blood urea, serum creatinine, urinary albumin, and uACR levels were found to increase significantly (p<0.001) in smokers as compared to non-smokers. These increases were higher among chronic cigarette smokers (p<0.001) as opposed to mild and moderate smokers. In contrast, serum uric acid, e-GFR, and urinary creatinine levels decreased significantly (p<0.001) in smokers when compared to non-smokers, with a higher decrease observed in chronic cigarette smokers (p<0.001) as opposed to the mild and moderate cigarette smokers.Conclusion: Alterations in urinary albumin, serum urea, serum creatinine, urinary creatinine, and e-GFR are associated with the risk of renal dysfunction.
Sudeep Kumar, Jyoti Batra, Sumesh Prasad Sah, Dinesh Kumar, Shahid Iqbal, Manisha Arora, Shivani Sharma
International Journal of Integrated Health Sciences, Volume 10, pp 7-11;

Objective: To determine lipid profile, antioxidant vitamin (E and C), and malondialdehyde (MDA) levels, as well as superoxide dismutase (SOD) levels and paraoxonase 1 (PON 1) activities in alcoholic hypertensive patients. Methods: Five hundred subjects were selected for this study consisting of 250 normal healthy individuals and 250 alcoholic hypertensive subjects. Total cholesterol, triglyceride, and HDL levels were measured using the enzymatic method while the LDL and VLDL levels were calculated by Friedwald equation. The MDA level were measured using thiobarbiturate (TBA) and the Vitamin E and C were measured using the enzymatic method. The SOD and PON 1 activities were measured using phenyl acetate as the substrate. Results: Total cholesterol, triglycerides, LDL, VLDL, and MDA levels were found to be significantly high while the HDL and Vitamin E and C levels decreased among the alcoholic hypertensive subjects when compared to the control. Furthermore, significant decreases in SOD and PON 1 activities were also found among the alcoholic hypertensive subjects as compared to control. Conclusion: Alterations in lipid parameters, antioxidant vitamin levels, MDA level, SOD activities, and PON 1 activities are associated with hypertension that may be enhanced by alcohol intake, which may lead to the development cardiovascular disease.
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