Journal of Laparoendoscopic & Advanced Surgical Techniques

Journal Information
ISSN / EISSN: 10926429 / 15579034
Total articles ≅ 4,500

Latest articles in this journal

Jae Hun Chung, Cheol Woong Choi, Su Jin Kim, Sun-Hwi Hwang,
Journal of Laparoendoscopic & Advanced Surgical Techniques; https://doi.org/10.1089/lap.2022.0454

Abstract:
Background: Duodenal stump leakage (DSL) is a serious complication after gastrectomy. In this study, we developed a novel prevention technique using a falciform ligament patch (FLP) to prevent DSL among high-risk patients after gastrectomy. Materials and Methods: From January 2019 to July 2021, 14 patients who were judged to be at high risk for DSL during preoperative examinations or surgery were included in this retrospective study, and the FLP was applied to the duodenal stump. The falciform ligament was separated from the liver after duodenal transection during gastrectomy; the end part was used to cover the duodenal stump and was fixed using nonabsorbable polypropylene sutures. Results: In total, 14 patients who underwent FLP had one or two risk factors that were identified: 5 patients, gastric cancer duodenal invasion; 4 patients, gastric outlet obstruction (GOO); 1 patient, cancer involving the distal resection margin; 1 patient, duodenal gastrointestinal stromal tumor involving the distal resection margin; 1 patient, gastric cancer duodenal invasion and GOO; and 2 patients, cancer involving the distal resection margin and GOO. FLP construction was successful, and no patient developed complications of DSL. The average hospital stay was 11.9 days, and the patients were discharged without any morbidities after surgery. Conclusions: Therefore, the FLP can be used to prevent DSL among high-risk patients after gastrectomy.
Jessica E. Wahi, Tyler Warmack, Robert Barghout, Kareem Kashif, Luis E. Rosario, Jennifer Davies, Stephen W. Unger, Devendra Joshi,
Journal of Laparoendoscopic & Advanced Surgical Techniques; https://doi.org/10.1089/lap.2022.0408

Abstract:
Background: Common bile duct (CBD) stones associated with cholecystitis can be treated by single-stage CBD exploration at the time of cholecystectomy or a two-stage approach with endoscopic stone extraction before or after cholecystectomy. The ideal management remains a matter of debate. The aim of this study is to analyze our outcomes with transcystic laparoscopic common bile duct exploration (LCBDE). Material and Methods: A retrospective review of patients who underwent transcystic LCBDE between 2015 and 2019 was performed. Results: A total of 106 patients underwent transcystic LCBDE over 5 years. We performed 1192 laparoscopic cholecystectomies with cholangiograms from March 2015 to December 2019. Fifteen patients had a preoperative endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP) for CBD stones seen on magnetic resonance cholangiopancreatography that during laparoscopic cholecystectomy with intraoperative cholangiogram (IOC), there were stones and/or sludge found in the CBD, which required clearance through a transcystic approach. Of the 91 patients who did not have a preoperative ERCP, clearance of the CBD was successful through a transcystic approach in 78 patients (86%). In the 13 patients that intraoperative clearance was not achieved (n = 13, 14%), a postoperative ERCP was performed. A total of 28 patients underwent either pre- or postoperative ERCP (n = 28, 26%). Choledochotomy was not performed in any of the patients. The mean operative time was 127 minutes (127 ± 48). The mean hospital length of stay (LOS) was 4 days (3.9 ± 2.8) with a median LOS of 3 days. Complications observed include wound infection (n = 2, 2%), pancreatitis after ERCP (n = 1, 1%), pneumonia (n = 1, 1%), and right hepatic duct injury (n = 1, 1%). Conclusion: Transcystic LCBDE is an effective and safe option for treatment of CBD stones. While a transcystic approach does not guarantee clearance of the CBD, it avoids the morbidity associated with a choledochotomy and can often prevent patients from having to undergo an additional procedure.
Ciro Esposito, Rachele Borgogni, Giuseppe Autorino, Mariapina Cerulo, Roberto Carulli, Giovanni Esposito, Fulvia Del Conte, Maria Escolino
Journal of Laparoendoscopic & Advanced Surgical Techniques; https://doi.org/10.1089/lap.2022.0231

Abstract:
Background: Indocyanine green (ICG) is a fluorescent dye used for several indications in adult surgery, and, more recently, adopted also in the pediatric patients. This study aimed to review the literature published on the use of ICG near-infrared fluorescence (NIRF) in pediatric urology, to address its shortcomings and disadvantages and to detect the future perspectives. Materials and Methods: An electronic literature search of PubMed on all studies reporting use of ICG-NIRF in pediatrics was performed. We included only studies reporting ICG-NIRF application in minimally invasive surgery (MIS) for pediatric urology indications. Results: Forty-two articles reporting MIS procedures performed using ICG-NIRF in children were obtained, but only 15 studies that focused on urological applications of ICG-NIRF in children were included in this review. The included studies described use of ICG-NIRF for kidney malformations such as duplex system, kidney tumors, renal cysts, ureteral pathology, bladder malformations, varicocele, and lymph node sampling in tumors. The pediatric urological applications in which ICG-NIRF provided significant advantages included partial nephrectomy, lymphatics sparing varicocele repair, and oncological procedures. The ICG-NIRF use was clinically safe, without reported adverse systemic reactions in all pediatric series. The main drawback of this technology is the need of specific laparoscopic equipment such as camera system, light sources, and telescopes or the da Vinci Xi Robot, with the software for ICG-NIRF, Firefly®, already integrated within. Conclusions: ICG-enhanced fluorescence-guided surgery is gaining growing popularity among pediatric surgeons due to the excellent results that have been published until now. ICG-NIRF technology has proven to be safe, easy to use, not time-consuming, cheap, and very effective to improve intraoperative view and surgical ability. Nonetheless, further evidence, including larger series, longer follow-up, and more specific assessments, is necessary to confirm the preliminary results and enlarge the applications.
, Semiu E. Folaranmi
Journal of Laparoendoscopic & Advanced Surgical Techniques; https://doi.org/10.1089/lap.2022.0348

Abstract:
Introduction: Surgical intervention is the definitive management for congenital diaphragmatic hernia (CDH) repair from 1902. Since this time, two mainstay approaches have been used, open and minimally invasive surgical (MIS) repair. An invasive laparotomy is used in around 91% of cases. So, this systematic review of the published literature will compare the surgical outcomes of open (CDH) repair vs MIS for CDH repair and will determine which approach is superior. Material and Methods: Our literature search across MEDLINE and EMBASE included articles from 2004 to 2022, incorporating pediatric CDH repairs, human subjects only, and English language articles. Primary outcomes analyzed were rate of recurrence, length of surgery, length of hospital stay, use of diaphragmatic patch, mortality, postoperative chylothorax, and extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) use postoperatively. Results: After application of exclusion criteria, 32 articles were reviewed. Comparison of MIS repair versus open repair had a rate of recurrence at 8.6% versus 1.6% (P < .00001). Length of hospital stay was 19.6 days versus 33.6 days (P = .0012), mortality rate at 4.6% versus 16.6% (P < .0001), patch repair required in 19.6% versus 55.4% (P = < .00001), and postoperative ECMO use of 3.7% versus 12.3% (P < .00001), respectively. Conclusion: MIS repair is associated with decreased length of hospital stay, reduced mortality rate, and postoperative ECMO usage. Hernia recurrence is still high among MIS repair groups compared to the open repair groups. Large, multicentered randomized control trials are recommended for further analysis to decipher the true superior surgical intervention.
Zach Rollins, Rafey Rehman, Ameer Al-Hadidi, Morta Lapkus, Nathan Novotny, Pavan Brahmamdam, Terrence Metz, Begum Akay,
Journal of Laparoendoscopic & Advanced Surgical Techniques; https://doi.org/10.1089/lap.2022.0243

Abstract:
Introduction: Massive splenomegaly in children can complicate minimally invasive splenectomy. Splenic artery embolization (SAE) before splenectomy has been shown to decrease splenic volume, reduce intraoperative blood loss, and decrease conversion rates in laparoscopic surgery. Our objective was to review our recent experience with immediate preoperative SAE in massive splenomegaly for pediatric patients using both laparoscopic and robotic techniques. Materials and Methods: We retrospectively reviewed preoperative SAE outcomes in pediatric patients with massive splenomegaly undergoing minimally invasive splenectomy between January 2018 and July 2021. Results: Four patients, 3 female, ages 5–18 years, had SAE immediately before minimally invasive splenectomy. Two cases were completed robotically, one laparoscopically, and one laparoscopic case required conversion to open. SAE time ranged from 69 to 92 minutes. Time between embolization and surgical start ranged from 26 to 56 minutes, with operative times from 153 to 317 minutes. Estimated blood loss ranged from <10 to 150 mL. Mean length of stay was 3.5 days (range 2–6). Postoperative complications included one patient with ileus and another with concurrent gastritis and urinary tract infection. Splenic size comparisons were difficult to perform due to morselization of the spleen; however, excised spleen weights, measurements, and surgeon's impression suggested decreased size of the spleen after SAE. There were no transfusions, postembolization complications, or deaths. Conclusion: SAE subjectively appears to decrease splenic distension, which should allow for easier manipulation and possibly better visualization of splenic hilar vessels during minimally invasive surgery. Immediate preoperative SAE is safe and feasible and should be considered in pediatric patients with massive splenomegaly.
Zhen-Xin Chen, Feng-Shun Pang, Jing-Bao Chen, Jie-Min Deng, Ying Cao, Xiao-Bo Zhang, Zhan-Hong Lin, Bei-Yuan Cai, Li-Ming Yang, You Qin
Journal of Laparoendoscopic & Advanced Surgical Techniques; https://doi.org/10.1089/lap.2022.0456

Abstract:
Background: The transoral endoscopic thyroidectomy by vestibular approach (TOETVA) has been developed for papillary thyroid carcinoma (PTC) treatment with satisfactory results. However, there were few malignant thyroid nodules ≥2 cm in previous studies of TOETVA. Therefore, we conducted this study to evaluate the results of treatment by TOETVA for PTC with tumor size ≥2 cm. Materials and Methods: The clinical characteristics and surgical outcomes of 10 PTC patients with tumor size ≥2 cm who underwent TOETVA in our center from June 2018 to August 2021 were, respectively, reviewed. Results: All 10 included PTC patients successfully underwent TOETVA and the mean tumor size was 2.5 ± 0.5 cm. The mean number lymph nodes dissected was 9.6 ± 2.9, and 3.1 ± 3.3 positive lymph nodes were discovered. Postoperatively, transient hypoparathyroidism was recorded in 2 patients (20%), transient recurrent laryngeal nerve injury was noted in 1 patient (10%), transient superior laryngeal nerve injury was noted in 1 patient (10%), and numb chin was identified in 1 patient (10%). The postoperative complications aforementioned recovered within 6 months. During a median follow-up of 23.8 ± 13.1 months, no other complications or tumor recurrence were found. Conclusions: TOETVA is feasible for PTC patients with tumor size ≥2 cm and satisfactory short-term surgical outcomes have achieved in this study. We suggested that experienced surgeons can gradually expand the indications for TOETVA.
, Aekkaphod Liwattanakun, Ekkapak Sriussadaporn, Palin Limpavitayaporn, Chatchai Mingmalairak
Journal of Laparoendoscopic & Advanced Surgical Techniques; https://doi.org/10.1089/lap.2022.0407

Abstract:
Background: Laparoscopic cholecystectomy (LC) is one of the most common abdominal operations. The difficult cases are still challenging for surgeons. There had been many studies providing several preoperative models to predict difficult LC or conversion. Randhawa's scoring system was a simple and practical predictive model for clinicians. The modification was reported to be more preferable for delayed LC. This study aimed to confirm the advantage of modified predictive model in larger sample size. Materials and Methods: This retrospective cohort study reviewed medical records of patients who underwent LC since January 2017 to December 2021. The difficulty of operation was categorized into three groups: easy, difficult, and very difficult. Multivariate analysis was performed to define significant factors of very difficult and converted cases. The predictive scores were calculated by using the original Randhawa's model and the modification, then compared with actual outcome. Results: There were 567 cases of delayed LC in this study, with 44 cases (7.8%) converted to open cholecystectomy. Four factors (previous cholecystitis, previous endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography, higher ALP, and gallbladder wall thickening) for very difficult group and five factors (previous cholecystitis, previous cholangitis, higher white blood cell count, gallbladder wall thickening, and contracted gallbladder) for conversion were significant. The modification provided the better correlation and higher area of receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve comparing with the original model. Conclusion: The modification of Randhawa's model was supposed to be more preferable for predicting the difficulty in elective LC. Thai Clinical Trials Registry No. 20220712006.
, Oliver Muensterer
Journal of Laparoendoscopic & Advanced Surgical Techniques; https://doi.org/10.1089/lap.2022.0240

Abstract:
Introduction: Congenital partial duodenal obstruction (CPDO) is a rare type of intestinal obstruction, including webs and stenoses. Treatment has usually been operative by laparoscopy or laparotomy. Some have proposed endoscopic treatment due to a higher surgical risk in patients with CPDO. However, restenosis seems to be frequent after simple balloon dilatation. Material and Methods: We report on a patient with CPDO and complex esophageal atresia in whom we used a gastrojejunal tube to keep the lumen open after endoscopic balloon dilatation over a guidewire. Results: Follow-up endoscopy showed no evidence of restenosis. During the third endoscopy, the opening could be dilated to 15 mm without any complications and the gastrojejunal tube was removed. Since then, there were no clinical signs of obstruction, and no further endoscopic intervention was necessary. Discussion and Conclusion: Using a gastrojejunal tube after endoscopic balloon dilatation of a duodenal web may lower the risk of restenosis. This technique should be considered in patients with comorbidities and considerable surgical risk that have a gastrostomy in place.
, Giuseppe Portale, Antonio Mazzeo, Ylenia Camilla Spolverato, Chiara Cipollari, Flavio Frigo, Valentino Fiscon
Journal of Laparoendoscopic & Advanced Surgical Techniques; https://doi.org/10.1089/lap.2022.0452

Abstract:
Purpose: Left hemicolectomy is the standard surgical operation for a variety of colonic diseases, both benign and malignant. When colonic resection is extended, relocation of the small bowel loops can be difficult. Several techniques have been described to reposition the small intestine. Welti's technique consists in the passage of the entire small bowel to the left side of the abdomen, below the descending colon that is positioned on the right side. Methods: We retrospectively evaluated 23 patients who underwent extended left hemicolectomy and reconstruction according to the Welti's technique at our hospital. We assessed the recovery of intestinal function and the length of hospital stay; in the mid-term follow-up we searched for episodes of acute or chronic intestinal obstruction. Results: Median operative time was 215 minutes; median resumption of gas and stool emission were, respectively, 3 days (interquartile range [IQR]: 2–6) and 4 days (IQR: 2–9) after surgery. Median hospital stay was 8 (IQR: 5–37) day. After a median follow-up of 15 months (IQR: 3–132) we did not observe any episode of acute or chronic bowel obstruction. Conclusions: Welti's technique is safe and does not cause a delay in resumption of bowel functions or a delayed hospital discharge; it is a useful technique that the colorectal surgeon can use when needed.
, Selim Tamam, Cem Azili, Siyar Ersoz, , Ali Ekrem Unal, Salim Demirci
Journal of Laparoendoscopic & Advanced Surgical Techniques; https://doi.org/10.1089/lap.2022.0427

Abstract:
Background: Cardiopulmonary complications and liver dysfunction are also specific complications and problems associated with laparoscopic surgery. The main causes of postoperative liver dysfunction, which may often occur after laparoscopic surgery, include carbon dioxide pneumoperitoneum and ligation of the aberrant left hepatic artery. Hepatic steatosis may develop as a natural consequence of neoadjuvant therapy, although rarely, owing to chemotherapy. Nathanson retractor may cause a prolonged elevation in liver enzymes of these patients compared with those who do not receive neoadjuvant therapy. Materials and Methods: The data of 151 patients who underwent laparoscopic radical gastrectomy between January 2017 and January 2022 for histologically proven primary gastric cancer in our clinic were retrospectively reviewed. Results: The mean length of hospital stay was 6.21 days. The mean time normalization of the aspartate aminotransferase (AST) value was 2.45 ± 1.83 (range, 0–12) days postoperatively. The analysis of the correlation between the preoperative and postoperative 1-day values of alanine aminotransferase (ALT) and AST revealed a significant difference between the preoperative and postoperative 1-day median values of both parameters (P < .001). Each one unit increase in ALT led to an increase of 0.338 days in the length of intensive care stay and an increase of 0.345 days in the overall length of hospital stay. As the time to normalization of the AST value increased, the length of both intensive care stay and hospital stay increased. Each one unit increase in AST resulted in an increase of 0.316 days in the length of intensive care stay and an increase of 0.376 days in the overall length of hospital stay. Conclusion: Alternative retraction methods can be used safely in laparoscopic surgery for gastric cancer patients receiving neoadjuvant therapy. We are of the opinion that the Nathanson retractor should be used only during dissection of the relevant regions to shorten the intraoperative intermittent release or the time of use.
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