Biosaintropis (bioscience-Tropic)

Journal Information
ISSN / EISSN: 23382805 / 24609455
Total articles ≅ 75

Latest articles in this journal

Muhammad Rizza Pahlevi, Hesti Kurniahu
Biosaintropis (bioscience-tropic), Volume 7, pp 84-93; https://doi.org/10.33474/e-jbst.v7i2.478

Abstract:
Cayenne pepper is a cultivated plant that is susceptible to flooding caused by poor drainage systems on agricultural land. Plants are more sensitive to flooding in the generative phase. The generative phase of the plant begins when it is approaching the flowering process until it bears fruit. The objectives of this study to examined the impact of cayenne pepper cultivar selection and repeated flooding on the average flowering time, fruiting time and the percentage of fruit loss. Three types of cayenne pepper cultivars were used, namely Mhanu XR, Sret and Cakra Hijau. Repeated flooding treatments were flooding 1 time, 2 times, 3 times and control without flooding. The data were analyzed using a two-way ANOVA statistical test. The results indicated that cultivar selection had a significant influence on the average flowering time, fruiting and fruit loss percentage. Meanwhile, repeated flooding and interaction between cultivars and repeated flooding had no significant effect on flowering time, fruiting and the percentage of fruit loss. The conclusion shows that the three cultivars of cayenne pepper have different responses to repeated flooding on the parameters of the time of flowering, fruiting and the percentage of fruit loss with the most adaptive cultivar, namely Cakra Hijau. The Cakra Hijau cultivar can be a good candidate in poor drainage than the Mhanu XR and Sret cultivars.
Riadul Jannah, Ari Hayati, Tintrim Rahayu
Biosaintropis (bioscience-tropic), Volume 7, pp 1-8; https://doi.org/10.33474/e-jbst.v7i2.305

Abstract:
Ethnobotany is a botanical science that studies the use of plants in the needs of daily life and tribal customs. The use of plants as traditional medicine (herbal) has been known for a long time by the people in Desa Jagalan. This study aims to identify medicinal plants, utilization of medicinal plants, and reproduction of medicinal plants by the people of Jagalan Village, Kwanyar District, Bangkalan Regency. This research was conducted in May-2019 using qualitative methods. Qualitative methods are used to collect data through interviews. Respondents were selected using purposive sampling, namely community members who knew about medicinal plants, especially for parents with an age range (35-80 years). Research shows the average data of respondents encountered 150 respondents. There are 14 types of medicinal plants used in Jagalan Village, namely Bingbuluh (Belimbing wuluh), jeih (ginger). Kencur (kencor), Sere (Sirih), Molabek Temulawak), Moereng (Temuireng), Binahong, Meronggih (Kelor), Konyek (turmeric), Mores (Soursop), Jembuh (Guava), Orange Porot (Lime), Kodduk (Noni), Blimbing (Starfruit). Reproduction is divided into two parts, namely asexual and sexual, bingbuluh, merongguh, gembuh, orange porous, mores, codduk, and blimbing including the generative and vegetatf reproduction, jihor, kencor, molabek, moereng, binahong, and konyek including rhizoma reproduction (rhizome, live root) is a stem that grows horizontally in the soil resembling roots and then in sere including artificial vegetative reproduction by grafting and ducking.
Lukky Jayadi, Sandry Kesuma
Biosaintropis (bioscience-tropic), Volume 7, pp 126-132; https://doi.org/10.33474/e-jbst.v7i2.483

Abstract:
The use of hand antiseptics in the form of preparations among the community has become a lifestyle. Several hand antiseptic preparations can be found in the market. How to use it is to be dropped on the palm of the hand, then flattened on the surface of the hand. Alcohol is widely used as an antiseptic to disinfect surfaces and clean skin, but not for wounds. Alcohol as an antiseptic has bactericidal activity, works against various types of bacteria, viruses and fungi. This study aims to make an antiseptic with lime and aloe vera extracts that can kill the fungus candida albicans. In this study, the pH of the preparation was measured, the pH was 5 and for determining the specific gravity, the specific gravity was 0.9736 g/ml. The test is carried out using the percentage kill method at two contact times, namely 30 and 60 seconds. The percentage kill results for antiseptic preparations with lime and aloe vera extracts at the two contact times were 99.9% percentage kill. There is an impact of using an antiseptic with an active ingredient of alcohol with the addition of lime and aloe vera extracts on pH, specific gravity and fungal killing power. Keywords: Antiseptic, Lime, Aloe Vera, Candida Albicans
Sri Sulastri, Anisa Zairina, Agus Sukarno
Biosaintropis (bioscience-tropic), Volume 7, pp 77-83; https://doi.org/10.33474/e-jbst.v7i2.477

Abstract:
Research on Hydroseeding in Indonesia is still limited. The application of this hydroseeding technique can be developed for landslide management. This study aims to analyze the percentage of growth (viability) and growth of Japanese grass (Zoysia japonica) planted on landslide soil media at various levels of slope. This research was carried out at the Central Laboratory and greenhouse of the Malang Agricultural Institute in March – July 2020. The soil media used was obtained from landslides in Ngantang, Malang Regency. A total of 5 kg of media was put in a plastic box. Then the box is placed on a shelf with a slope of 30o, 50o, and 70o. Japanese Grass Seeds obtained from the market are mixed with compost, soil conditioner, guar gum, water to form a Hydroseeding formula. The formula is then sprayed onto the growing media. The results showed that the application of hydroseeding with Japanese grass seed (Z. japonica) on media placed with a slope of 70o could potentially be used as a formula for the revegetation process of landslide-affected land. The hydroseeding treatment at this slope resulted in the highest seed viability and growth rate. Thus, Japanese grass (Zoysia japonica) has the potential to be used as a pioneer plant in land reclamation.
Thatit Nurmawati Nurmawati, Anita Rahmawati, Firda Mutiara
Biosaintropis (bioscience-tropic), Volume 7, pp 105-112; https://doi.org/10.33474/e-jbst.v7i2.480

Abstract:
The world health organization recommends the use of traditional medicines for chronic and degenerative diseases in maintaining health and helping to improve their safety and efficacy. The Yakon (SS) tubers contain FOS (Fructooligosaccharides) as a lowering of blood sugar levels. The purpose of this study was to determine blood sugar levels after treatment with boiled Yakon tubers (SS). This type of research is an experimental design with a pre-post test with a control-group design. The independent variable is the boiled water of Yakon tubers, the dependent variable is blood sugar levels. The samples were divided into 2 groups: the treatment group of boiled Yakon tuber (Smallanthus s) dose 1 (350 mg/kg/BW) and dose 2 (700 mg/kg/BW), the control group. Each group consisted of 6 rats. Mice were conditioned to hyperglycemia by being given a high-glucose diet for 9 weeks. Blood sugar measurement using Gluco-D, data analysis used is Paired Sample T-Test, Independent, Sample T-Test, and One Way Anova. The results showed that treatment dose 1 experienced an average decrease in blood sugar levels by 158.5 mg/dl (p 0.004) and dose 2 by 161.17 mg/dl (p 0.001). The results of the study were the control group and treatment 1 (Sig.2-tailed) = .000 (0.05) and the control group with treatment 2 (Sig.2-tailed) = .000 (0.05) While the comparison results showed that there was a difference between the control group with treatment group 1, and control group with treatment 2 respectively (Sig.2-tailed)=0.000, =0.05. The results of this study indicate that there is an effect of boiled water from Yakon tubers. The Yakon tuber boiled water can be implemented as an alternative in the management of blood sugar in conditions of diabetes mellitus.
Fernanda Desmak Pertiwi, Firman Rezaldi, Ranny Puspitasari
Biosaintropis (bioscience-tropic), Volume 7, pp 57-68; https://doi.org/10.33474/e-jbst.v7i2.471

Abstract:
Telang flower (Clitoria ternatea L.) is a plant that has antibacterial properties. The chemical content contained in it which is antibacterial is flavonoids, alkaloids, tannins, saponins and terpenoids. Staphylococcus epdiermidis is one of the bacteria that causes various infections including mild skin infections accompanied by abscess formation. This study aims to test the activity of the telang flower by maceration using 70% ethanol as a solvent. For antibacterial testing with the disk diffusion method. Extracts are made in various concentrations of 10%, 15%, 20%. The positive control used was Chloramphenicol. The results of this study were the average inhibition zone of the telang flower extract against Staphylococcus epidermidis bacteria was 2.31 mm at a concentration of 10%, 3.05 mm at a concentration of 15%, and 6.2 mm at a concentration of 20%. These results indicate that the telang flower extract has antibacterial activity against Staphylococcus epidermidis bacteria, although the inhibition produced is not strong. At a concentration of 20% telang flower extract had the greatest inhibition on the growth of Staphylococcus epidermidis bacteria than the concentrations of 10% and 15%.
Arbaul Fauziah
Biosaintropis (bioscience-tropic), Volume 7, pp 34-45; https://doi.org/10.33474/e-jbst.v7i2.466

Abstract:
The aim of this study was to identifiy the stomata morphological characters of Pteridophyta in the ​​Parangkikis Pagerwojo Waterfall area, Tulungagung. The first step of stomata observation was preparation of the abaxial leaf slice. The preparation was carried out by the replica method. Stomata character studied include types and size of stomata, the number of stomata and epidermis cells, and value of the stomatal index. The result of this study showed that stomata types of Pteridophyta were polocytic and anomocytic. Of the 15 Pteridophyta species observed, the all of stomata type were polocytic, except Selaginella which had type stomata anomocytic. Stomata oval was found in Selaginella intermedia and Phymatosorus sp., slightly oval (kidney) was found in Asplenium apogamum, Dryopteris sp., Asplenium normale, Nephrolepis bisserata, Nephrolepis davallioides, Asplenium nidus, and Pteris longipinnula sp., spherical was found in Dicranopteris linearis, Cyclosorus arida, Goniophlebium percussom, and Goniophlebium manmiense, and nonconcave was found in Coniogramme fraxinea. Stomata size affected the number of stomata. If the size of the stomata was small, the number of stomata was increasing. The highest number of stomata was found in D. linearis, which was 362, while the least number of stomata was S. intermedia, which was 18. Data on the number of stomata and epidermal cells were used to determine the stomatal index. The highest stomata index was found in D. linearis, which was 22.05% and the lowest was C. fraxinea, which was 5.44 %.  Keywords: Anomocytic, Parangkikis, polocytic, Pteridophyta, stomata
Kholik Hidayatullah, Siti Alaa’, Hasmiyatni Hasmiyatni, Dian Wijaya Kurniawidi
Biosaintropis (bioscience-tropic), Volume 7, pp 119-125; https://doi.org/10.33474/e-jbst.v7i2.482

Abstract:
River water pollution levels can be analysed based on fluoride levels. Excessive fluoride levels will cause fluorosis of the bones. While fluoride deficiency will cause brittleness of teeth and thinning of bones. The purpose of this study was to determine the level of river water pollution based on fluoride levels in Mataram City. Fluoride levels were tested by adding a solution of zirconyl alizarin as a reagent and a solution of Na arsenite, which was then analysed by UV-Vis spectrophotometry with a wavelength of 535 nm. The results showed that the fluoride levels in the 7 tested samples met the fluoride quality standards. The highest fluoride content of river water in Mataram city is 1.046 mg/L, while the lowest is 0.213 mg/L. From this study it can be concluded that based from 7 points location water river sample in Mataram City are not polluted by fluoride.
Bela Novita Amaris Susanto, Nofri Zayani, Nindita Clourisa Amaris Susanto
Biosaintropis (bioscience-tropic), Volume 7, pp 94-104; https://doi.org/10.33474/e-jbst.v7i2.479

Abstract:
Bajakah tampala stem (Spatholobus Littoralis Hassk) has the potential to be used for health, especially to increase immunity. The results of the phytochemical screening test showed that the main ingredients of bajakah were saponins, flavonoids, and tannins. The study used an experimental design with a completely randomized design (CRD), which consisted of 5 treatments (dose) and 6 replications. The dose is aquadest (K1/control); 25 mg/kg (K2); 50 mg/kg (K3); 100 mg/kg bw (K4) and 30 mg/kg of brand X immunomodulatory drug (K2). Mice were injected orally with the treatment according to the prescribed dose for 30 days. On the 31st day, the mice were infected with Salmonella typhimurium bacteria. On the 32nd-34th day, physical condition and activity were observed. data on changes in physical condition and activity were processed by descriptive statistics. Batang bajakah tampala extract (Spatholobus littoralis Hask) can improve the immune system as seen from the behavior and external morphology of mice (Mus Musculus) exposed to salmonella typhimurium, especially at a dose of K4 (100 mg/kg bw). Keywords: Bajakah tampala, behavior, mice, salmonella typhimurium
Hatif Khusnin Nida', Nour Athiroh Abdoes Sjakoer, Nurul Jadid Mubarakati
Biosaintropis (bioscience-tropic), Volume 7, pp 15-26; https://doi.org/10.33474/e-jbst.v7i2.355

Abstract:
Flavonoids and quercetin are metabolite compounds contained in parasite plants. The role of the compounds is as an antioxidant that can protect cell damage from free radicals,for example liver. The presence of antioxidant can neutralize and protect the liver from free radicals. Liver is an organ that is vulnerable to damage caused by drugs or toxic chemicals because the liver is the center of metabolism in the body. Can be known with indicators of increasing level of SGOT, SGPT total bilirubin and histopathologic liver. The purpose of this study to determine the effect of the combination of extracts of tea parasite and mango parasite (EMBTBM) on levels of liver function in female rats (Rattus norvegicus) for 28 days. Data were analyzed using ANOVA version Jamovi 1.0.1.0.. The number of test animals is 20 female rats were divided into four groups, group 1 as a control, group 2,3,4 as a treatment. The treatment groups was given EMBTBM with different doses of 250 mg/kgBW, 500 mg/kgBW and 1000 mg/kgBW. Based on the research results show that a significant value difference between the group was p> 0,05. Therefore EMBTBM given to female rats for 28 days with a dose of 250 mg/BW, 500 mg/kgBW and 1000 mg/kgBW in the treatment group all dose were not significantly different compared with controls. So that the level of liver function in female rats was safe (not toxic) and has no effect on liver histopathology of female wistar rats.Keyword: Subchronic, Extract and liver function
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