Gaia - Ecological Perspectives for Science and Society

Journal Information
ISSN: 09405550
Total articles ≅ 2,165

Latest articles in this journal

Parto Teherani-Krönner
GAIA - Ecological Perspectives for Science and Society, Volume 31, pp 185-186; https://doi.org/10.14512/gaia.31.3.11

Abstract:
Ein kulturökologischer Blick auf aktuelle Diskurse zum Thema Ernährung und Ernährungsempfehlungen zeigt Schwachpunkte. Noch immer mangelt es an ganzheitlichen Sichtweisen, die sowohl ökologische Kriterien als auch sozio-kulturelle Kontexte im Blick haben.
, Anita Engels, Birgit Mack, , Christina Camier
GAIA - Ecological Perspectives for Science and Society, Volume 31, pp 158-166; https://doi.org/10.14512/gaia.31.3.6

Abstract:
During the Covid-19 pandemic, many people have changed established routines in everyday life, often involuntarily. Some of these changes implied a lowering of carbon emissions. Will this behavior change lead to sustainable habits that extend beyond the pandemic? Recapitulating conditions of behavior change, we suggest policy measures that could support a lasting adoption of low-carbon habits.In the course of the COVID-19 crisis, there were a number of behavioral adaptations to the extraordinary conditions that temporarily reduced individual carbon footprints. The question is whether these short-term changes will evolve into sustainable behavioral habits and how to support these changes through policy measures. During the three waves of the pandemic, there has been an increase in surveys as well as in social science studies and research in Germany and other countries on the topic of behavioral changes due to the pandemic. The paper recapitulates what is known about behavior change from psychology and sociology, and synoptically summarizes the preliminary findings from the empirical studies conducted so far. The emphasis will be on the behavioral changes, with a focus on mobility and work routines, as witnessed in Germany. However, the insights from Germany may also shed a light on similar processes in other countries.
Michaela Thorn, Thomas Schulz, Ralph Wilhelm
GAIA - Ecological Perspectives for Science and Society, Volume 31, pp 190-192; https://doi.org/10.14512/gaia.31.3.13

Abstract:
Die Steigerung der Energie- und Ressourceneffizienz gilt als Schlüssel für eine erfolgreiche Klimaschutzpolitik. Die Wirksamkeit von Effizienzmaßnahmen wird in vielen Bereichen allerdings durch Rebound-Effekte infrage gestellt. Forschungsprojekte einer sozial-ökologischen Fördermaßnahme des Bundesministeriums für Bildung und Forschung (BMBF) zur umfassenden Untersuchung von Rebound-Effekten haben die bisher vorwiegend ökonomischen Forschungsansätze deutlich erweitert und zeigen neue Perspektiven auf. Sie liefern neue Erkenntnisse über Rebound-Effekte und Maßnahmen zu ihrer Eindämmung.
GAIA - Ecological Perspectives for Science and Society, Volume 31, pp 146-150; https://doi.org/10.14512/gaia.31.3.4

Abstract:
Digitalization can be a promising tool in the fight against climate change. Besides influencing greenhouse gas emissions and mitigation strategies, digitalization affects matters of climate justice, including the way the impacts of global warming and the co-benefits of climate protection are distributed. For example, to advance fair benefit sharing of digital climate technologies, the decentralization of technological development must be initiated, and rules for fair competition must be established. Political action and the shaping of digitalization are necessary to govern the societal implications of these urgent developments.
GAIA - Ecological Perspectives for Science and Society, Volume 31, pp 175-177; https://doi.org/10.14512/gaia.31.3.8

Abstract:
Achieving sustainable and equitable futures requires a sense of what those futures might look like, and how to get there. Participatory scenario planning (PSP) explores diverse future scenarios in a stakeholder-engaged process of knowledge co-production. PSP makes use of different methods to identify relevant stakeholders, create a set of scenarios, and explore ways to connect those future visions to the present.
Mareike Schauß, ,
GAIA - Ecological Perspectives for Science and Society, Volume 31, pp 167-174; https://doi.org/10.14512/gaia.31.3.7

Abstract:
Werden gesicherte Erkenntnisse sowie Unsicherheiten zum Thema Klimawandel in Schulbüchern adäquat kommuniziert und bilden sie den aktuellen Diskurs ab? Im Rahmen der Studie werden Klimawandelkapitel in Schulbüchern analysiert und Vorschläge zu Gestaltung und Struktur von Schulbüchern entwickelt.Uncertainties are transparently presented and communicated in the Assessment Reports from the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC). This study examines the extent to which textbooks reflect this discourse, in the sense of the Nature of Science. The aim is to identify the representation of both virtually certain findings and uncertainties on the topic of climate change in textbooks. For this purpose, climate change chapters in lower and upper secondary school geography textbooks were analyzed, using qualitative content analysis with deductive-inductive category formation according to Philipp Mayring. It was discovered that uncertainties are represented predominantly by linguistic means (e. g., subjunctive), while technical terminology (such as that of the IPCC) is hardly used. Similar results can be seen for virtually certain findings.
Hanna Sophie Mast
GAIA - Ecological Perspectives for Science and Society, Volume 31, pp 151-157; https://doi.org/10.14512/gaia.31.3.5

Abstract:
Building with timber promises many things at the same time: sustainability, economic efficiency, as well as innovative forms and building processes. However, it is disputable to what extent, and under which conditions, timber construction can be considered sustainable. The societal discourse in Germany and France is shaped by four competing visions that favor either 1. a positive CO2 balance, 2. a particularly time- and cost-efficient construction process, 3. the use of regional resources, or 4. the creation of uniquely designed buildings as the guiding principle of future timber construction.The construction industry is one of the biggest sources of greenhouse gas emissions. In view of resource scarcity, climate change, and rapid global population growth, the industry faces the urgent challenge of a sustainable transition. The renaissance of timber as a renewable, carbon-neutral construction material could pave the way for more sustainable modes of building. Taking France and Germany as examples, and based on a sociological discourse analysis, this paper reveals four different and conflicting sociotechnical imaginaries of the future built environment. The four imaginaries show specific characteristics depending on the respective national, political, and cultural contexts. Moreover, they include partially incompatible objectives and compete for discursive hegemony, and thus implementation. Scrutinizing the four competing visions and their approach to conflicts and scarcities raises profound questions about their political, technological, ecological, and social implications.
Rainer Quitzow, , Yana Zabanova
GAIA - Ecological Perspectives for Science and Society, Volume 31, pp 135-138; https://doi.org/10.14512/gaia.31.3.2

Abstract:
Economic disruptions caused by the war in Ukraine provide insights into how climate change may threaten global supply chains in a not-so-distant future. The EU is addressing strategic vulnerabilities, particularly in the sphere of fossil fuel supply, while seeking to maintain its climate ambition. However, the EU has failed to make more far-reaching changes to its economic model and relations with international partners. These are urgently needed to address the root causes of the current crisis.
Carlos Alvarez Pereira, Mamphela Ramphele
GAIA - Ecological Perspectives for Science and Society, Volume 31, pp 129-129; https://doi.org/10.14512/gaia.31.3.1

GAIA - Ecological Perspectives for Science and Society, Volume 31, pp 139-145; https://doi.org/10.14512/gaia.31.3.3

Abstract:
Games as a didactic tool (e. g., puzzles) are gaining recognition in environmental education to promote skill development, but also to develop a specific understanding of the natural world. However, a children’s puzzle containing representations of nature may unwillingly lead to “misconceptions” of biodiversity themes and processes, and an over-simplification of the relationship between people and nature. To solve this problem, positive connotations of biodiversity may prompt a conceptual change to a more nuanced, multifaceted conception of biodiversity.
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