Adsorption Science & Technology
ISSN / EISSN: 02636174 / 20484038
Published by: Hindawi Limited
Total articles ≅ 2,317
Latest articles in this journal
Adsorption Science & Technology, Volume 2022, pp 1-11; https://doi.org/10.1155/2022/3697662
The present research work is aimed at developing a nickel alloy (Ni-Cr) matrix hybrid nanocomposite comprising 5wt, 10wt, and 15wt of alumina nanoparticles (Al2O3) size of 50nm with stable weight percentage (5wt) of titanium dioxide (TiO2) nanoparticle via vacuum die casting process for an automobile brake pad application. The deliberation of multireinforcement surface on nickel alloy matrix tribological performance was evaluated by constant sliding distance (200m) on dry sliding condition via rotating pin on disc apparatus with different loading conditions of 10N, 30N, 50N, and 70N under the sliding velocity of 0.25m/sec, 0.5m/sec, and 0.75m/sec, respectively. The influences of alumina and titanium dioxide nanoparticles in the nickel alloy matrix resulted in the thermal conductivity increasing by 18 compared to unreinforced nickel alloy. After temperature drop, the coefficient of thermal expansion for nickel alloy hybrid composite decreases progressively with increased reinforcement content as 10wt Al2O3/5wt TiO2. Further inclusion of both Al2O3 and TiO2 in nickel alloy was increased nominally. The thermal adsorption characteristic on composites mass loss was decreased while temperature increased from 28C to 1000C.
Adsorption Science & Technology, Volume 2022, pp 1-12; https://doi.org/10.1155/2022/1946955
The environmental pollution caused by organic dyes has damaged serious harm to human life. Hence, a series of Zr-Mg composite oxide nanoclusters with different metal ratios were synthesized by solvothermal method for adsorption of malachite green in aqueous solution. The optimal adsorbent with Zr/Mg metal molar ratio of 1 : 2 presented good adsorption performance, which adsorption capacity reached 12647.60 mg/g, and removal rate of malachite green reached more than 99%. These adsorbents were characterized by X-ray diffraction, Fourier-transform infrared spectra, nitrogen adsorption-desorption, scanning electron microscope, transmission electron microscope, and other methods. Influence of initial concentration of malachite green solution, pH, adsorption temperature, and contact time on absorption efficiency was investigated through batch experiments. Pseudo-second-order kinetic model can well describe the adsorption kinetic data. The three-parameter Sips isotherm model was more suitable for predicting the experimental results than Langmuir and Freundlich, and the adsorption process was endothermic.
Adsorption Science & Technology, Volume 2022, pp 1-15; https://doi.org/10.1155/2022/1019746
SF6/N2 gas mixture decomposition components can reflect the operation status inside GIS, and be used for fault diagnosis and monitoring inside GIS. NF3 and N2O are the characteristic decomposition components of SF6/N2 mixed gas. In order to find a potential gas sensitivity material for the detection of NF3 and N2O. This paper investigated the adsorption properties of NF3 and N2O on Al- and Ga- doped graphene monolayers based on density functional theory. Through the analysis of adsorption distance, charge transfer, adsorption energy, energy band structure, etc., the results indicated that the adsorption effect of Al- and Ga-doped graphene to NF3 and N2O are probably good, and these nanomaterials are potential to apply for the monitoring of GIS internal faults.
Adsorption Science & Technology, Volume 2022, pp 1-14; https://doi.org/10.1155/2022/2548390
To investigate the effect of analytical particle size on pore structure, mesopore (2-50nm) and micropore (2nm) characteristics of high volatile bituminous coal and anthracite with different particle size were determined using low-pressure N2/CO2 adsorption analyses. Mesopore structure parameters in the two coals increase with decreasing particle size, which are attributed to the opening of closed mesopores during the pulverization process. The closed mesopores with different pore size ranges are opened with a certain percentage in high volatile bituminous coal, but opened irregularly in anthracite during pulverization. Micropore structure parameters of the two coals show different variations with decreasing particle size, which are not related to the reconstituted micropore structure. Mineral matter contributes more mesopores than organic matter in anthracite and exerts the negative effect on micropore in the two coals. An evolution model is established to elaborately describe the change of pore structure during the pulverization process, where mineral matter plays a mediating role in the effect of particle size on pore structure.
Adsorption Science & Technology, Volume 2022, pp 1-14; https://doi.org/10.1155/2022/5059757
The inaccurate calculation of the gas lost is the principal cause of inaccurate determinations of the coalbed methane content via air reverse circulation sampling (ARCS). The positive pressure environment has a significant impact on gas desorption during the sampling process. To obtain the gas desorption mechanism of coal particles under positive pressure, positive pressure desorption experiments were conducted on coal samples with different particle sizes under different adsorption equilibrium pressures using a self-designed positive pressure desorption experimental device. And a positive diffusion model for coal particles was established, in which the diffusion coefficient was calculated based on the results of the positive desorption experiments. The diffusion model was then used to simulate the diffusion capacity of coal particles and compared with the test data. The results show that the responses of the positive pressure desorption and atmospheric pressure desorption to the adsorption equilibrium pressure are similar. The gas desorption velocity increases as the adsorption equilibrium pressure increases. Positive pressure can effectively inhibit gas desorption. The initial gas desorption velocity decreases as the positive pressure and coal particle size increase. Concurrently, the entire sample desorption process during ARCS can be divided into three stages: a slow desorption stage, an accelerated desorption stage, and an atmospheric desorption stage. The relationship between the diffusion coefficient and the positive pressure exhibits an exponential distribution, and the positive pressure diffusion model can describe the gas diffusion from coal particles well. The results of this study could help to establish a gas loss compensation model for the ARCS process.
Adsorption Science & Technology, Volume 2022, pp 1-18; https://doi.org/10.1155/2022/7813513
In this study, neem biomass (a mixture of neem leaf and bark), obtained from the matured neem tree, which is an eco-friendly and low-cost material was selected as a bioadsorbent to remove lead metal ion (Pb2+) from aqueous solutions. Neem biomass-based bioadsorbent having a carboxylic group was prepared by activation using chemical modification by NaOH and citric acid with a very simple method. The optimal activation conditions were determined as 37 min, 120°C, in 0.73 M citric acid, with a sample/acid ratio of 1/100 (mass/volume). To determine the basic properties such as chemical structure, porosity, and surface properties of the neem biomass (NB) and chemically modified neem biomass (CMNB), they were characterized by BET, FTIR, SEM, XRD, and pHpzc methods. It was observed that activation has improved the adsorption capacity of the NB and also caused a more amorphous structure. The effects of adsorption parameters such as pH (2–7), contact time (10–110 min), initial Pb2+ ion concentration (100–300 g/L), and bioadsorbent dosage (01–1.1 g/L) on percentage removal of Pb2+ ion were studied. Maximum removal of Pb2+ ion (97.29%) was recorded at 0.9 g/L bioadsorbent dosage, 50 min contact time, pH of 6, and initial metal ion concentration of 100 mg/L. Kinetics and isotherm studies showed that the adsorption mechanism of Pb2+ ion using CMNB follows pseudosecond-order while isotherm studies fit with both models but, relatively, Freundlich model better fit having a little higher . The outcome specifies that the modified bioadsorbent can be utilized as a good and low-cost alternative for the treatment of effluent containing lead (II) ions in water.
Adsorption Science & Technology, Volume 2022, pp 1-50; https://doi.org/10.1155/2022/3030519
The production of biofuels has had a great impact on climate change and the reduction of the use of fossil fuels. There are different technologies used for the separation and production of biofuels, which allow having compounds such as ethanol, methane, oxygen, and hydrogen, one of these promising technologies is the Pressure Swing Adsorption process (PSA). The objectives of this article focus on the production and purification of compounds that achieve purities of 99.5% bioethanol, 94.85% biohydrogen, 95.00% medical oxygen, and 99.99% biomethane through the PSA process; also, a significant review is contemplated to identify the different natural and synthetic adsorbents that have greater adsorption capacity, the different configurations in which a PSA operates are studied and identified, and the different mathematical models that describe the dynamic behavior of all the variables are established that interact in this PSA process, parametric studies are carried out in order to identify the variables that have the greatest effect on the purity obtained. The results obtained in this review allow facilitating the calculation of parameters, the optimization of the process, the automatic control to manipulate certain variables and to achieve the rejection of disturbances to have a recovery and production of biofuels with a high degree of purity.
Adsorption Science & Technology, Volume 2022, pp 1-10; https://doi.org/10.1155/2022/1853758
Developing innovative technology for removing methylene blue (MB) from water is essential since the widespread discharge of MB from industrial effluents causes problems for humans and the environment. In this study, we conducted the adsorption method, a simple technique that utilizes an adsorbent. Chitosan is cross-linked with zeolite as a promising adsorbent material and environmentally friendly. For the characterization, FTIR, SEM-EDS, DLS, and pHzpc were analyzed. It was discovered that the removal percentage reached 97 with an adsorption capacity of 242.51mg/g for 60 minutes at pH 10. The adsorption isotherm and kinetic model were investigated. As a result, the Freundlich model and pseudo-second-order model were fitted to the adsorption process. Moreover, the effect of other ions was investigated for 5 minutes of mixing time. The results showed that the removal percentage increased in the presence of H2O2 ion. Contrary to sodium chloride, glucose, and citric acid ions, the effectiveness of H2SO4 as a desorbing agent was 99.65 for 30 minutes at 45C.
Adsorption Science & Technology, Volume 2022, pp 1-14; https://doi.org/10.1155/2022/3631584
The Ag/MgO/biochar nanostructures were fabricated using a solvent-free ball milling process as an effective adsorbent. Development of functional materials capable of completely removing organic pollutants from water and their adequate adsorption present challenges. The addition of MgO nanoparticles diffused equally on biochar surfaces in the biochar matrix, according to various characterization data. In decomposing biochar and compressing MgO, powdered metal enhanced mesopores and macropores of nanocomposites. XPS analysis indicates the potential synthesis of modified biochar nanocomposites. Adequate amounts of MgO added to biochar improved the ability of the nanocomposites to remove methylene blue (M.B.) through photosynthesis and adsorption. Photocatalytic analysis was carried out for the proposed novel composites to remove tetracycline (T.C.) subjected to different conditions. The photodegradation efficiency was found 80.26 for TC concentration, 50ppm, H2O2 of 100mM pH: 5-6 of Ag/MgO/biochar (0.01g) at 25 temperature. Treatment of various organic wastewaters by metal oxide/biochar nanocomposites with strong adsorption and photocatalytic degradation capabilities is made possible by this research.
Adsorption Science & Technology, Volume 2022, pp 1-11; https://doi.org/10.1155/2022/5323021
Energy is the foundation of national economic and social development. With the rapid development of the global economy, energy shortage has become an urgent problem for countries to solve, and it has gradually become a bottleneck restricting Chinese current and future development. The ecological environment pollution is caused by the development and utilization of traditional energy. The problem is getting worse. How to develop and utilize clean energy while improving the environment and reducing pollution has become one of the important issues that countries need to solve urgently. Biomass energy (referred to as biomass energy) is widely distributed, renewable, and easy-to-use green energy, and its effective development and utilization is of great strategic significance for driving the development of emerging energy industries, preventing global warming, and promoting the establishment of a circular society. Therefore, it is of great scientific, economic, and social significance to develop and utilize biomass energy efficiently, relieve the pressure of energy demand, improve the environment of the ecosystem, and ensure regional economic development. For this reason, this paper designs energy complementation and bidirectional coupling between gas-electric systems, highly nonlinear operation characteristics of gas network components, gas network pipeline leakage failure modes, and multiple failure modes of compressor stations and carries out probabilistic risk assessment of gas-electricity integrated energy system.