Journal of Dental Problems and Solutions
Published by: Peertechz Publications Private Limited
Total articles ≅ 131
Latest articles in this journal
Published: 14 December 2022
Journal of Dental Problems and Solutions, Volume 6, pp 055-061; https://doi.org/10.17352/2394-8418.000118
Routine screening for infectious dental foci prior to elective heart valve replacement may help prevent postoperative Prosthetic Valve Endocarditis (PVE), a potentially fatal complication. This systematic review assesses the effect of routine screening for infectious dental foci on the incidence of postoperative PVE. The Cochrane Library, PubMed and EMBASE databases were all searched for relevant primary studies. The GRADE system was used to rate the studies. Three primary studies with a very low level of evidence were included in the review. No significant difference was found between the incidence of PVE in groups with or without routine screening for infectious dental foci prior to heart valve replacement. The results of this review do not support or disprove the need for preoperative screening for infectious dental foci to prevent PVE in patients undergoing heart valve replacement. Further research is necessary.
Published: 9 December 2022
Journal of Dental Problems and Solutions, Volume 9, pp 045-054; https://doi.org/10.17352/2394-8418.000117
Hinduism is one of the world’s most populous religions. A matter in everyday dentistry is the use of products and materials that could limit dental treatment options because of religion. Menopause is a specific and critical period in a woman’s life when dental restorations or other dental procedures are needed. Some menopausal women face difficulty when performing dental care due to restrictions concerning their religion or vomiting symptoms. Religion and a hypersensitive vomit reaction in menopause may prevent the dental provider from choosing extended or complicated dental, mainly prosthodontic, treatment plans including bone grafts and dental implants, and consequently, these parameters can affect menopausal women’s quality of life. The purpose of this article is to review the current literature and to report a case of a 60-year-old Hindu menopausal woman, partially edentulous with an exaggerated vomiting reaction, focusing on successful clinical management using a simple but effective table salt technique for the gag reflex and proper fixed and removable prostheses design, as also to discuss how Hinduism affects the dental treatment plan, especially prosthodontic, because some products and their consistency used in dental implants and prosthodontics, are usually not acceptable due to this religion, affecting also menopausal womens’ quality of life. Because of the shift of population globally, the scientific community faces patients of different religions, faiths, traditions, and beliefs, and has to adjust socially to new conditions.
Published: 10 November 2022
Journal of Dental Problems and Solutions, Volume 9, pp 042-044; https://doi.org/10.17352/2394-8418.000116
All countries use the First-to-File system. An inventor may feel very tense about the time race and the physical and cyber security of his intellectual properties. Biomedical researchers and inventors are particularly vulnerable since most of them may not possess enough IT knowledge to maintain cyber security. An Intellectual Property Safe System to protect the initial draft and/or prototypes is suggested.
Published: 18 October 2022
Journal of Dental Problems and Solutions, Volume 9, pp 035-041; https://doi.org/10.17352/2394-8418.000115
Recommendations to obtain the best bonding to silica-based ceramics are to prepare its surface by hydrofluoric-acid HF etching and regular application of a silane. This study investigated how the HF-etching followed by ultrasonic water bath cleaning or by an additional phosphoric acid treatment impacts the adhesion properties of a resin (G-CEM LinkForce®) with a lithium disilicate glass-ceramic (IPS Emax Press, Ivoclar Vivadent). Comparison is based on results obtained with HF etching and direct silane application. After HF-etching, a water ultrasonic bath (4 minutes), and a final air drying, the scratch test critical load increases (+ 46%) thanks to chemical bonding. Additional tests are presented including heat treatments (at 85 °C before and after silanization). If HF-etching is followed by phosphoric acid treatment and drying of silane at 85 °C, scratch test critical load increases (+ 42%) due to mechanical bonding. Similar adhesion properties are obtained with two opposite protocols.
Published: 18 October 2022
Journal of Dental Problems and Solutions, Volume 9, pp 028-034; https://doi.org/10.17352/2394-8418.000114
Introduction: Class II malocclusion is one of the most prevalent malocclusions. The Class II malocclusions are caused due to forwardly placed maxilla, the backward position of the mandible, or a combination of both these factors. This disparity in skeletal base growth and position can be corrected during growth spurts using functional and fixed functional appliances. Description: An adolescent boy with Class II division 1 malocclusion, retrusive mandible, and increased overjet was treated with a pre-adjusted edgewise appliance (0.022-slot Gemini 3M -MBT prescription) along with a fixed functional appliance, Forsus TM Fatigue Resistant Device. The Skeletal age of the patient assessment using Hand wrist radiograph and CVM showed a major part of the adolescent growth spurt to be completed. Pre-treatment and post-functional cephalograms were traced and superimposed to compare changes in the skeletal base and dental structures. Result: The Class II molar and canine relationships were corrected to class I and the mandible showed forward positioning leading to correction for the skeletal base to class I. The facial profile showed marked improvement to an orthognathic pleasing profile. Conclusion: The purpose of this case report is to emphasize on use of fixed functional appliances in the treatment of adolescents with skeletal base discrepancies like Class II division 1 malocclusion. Intervention with fixed functional appliances at the appropriate skeletal age can prevent the need for extractions or other surgical procedures that may be needed to correct the malocclusion.
Published: 23 September 2022
Journal of Dental Problems and Solutions, Volume 9, pp 025-027; https://doi.org/10.17352/2394-8418.000113
Nowadays, the process of transferring intra-oral information from the dental office to dental laboratories has been a current reality in dentistry. The number of advantages presented in this process include work accuracy, patient acceptance, a transfer, and storage information facility, three-dimensional visualization, and an increase in time efficiency .
Published: 17 August 2022
Journal of Dental Problems and Solutions, Volume 9, pp 020-024; https://doi.org/10.17352/2394-8418.000112
Introduction: External resorptions often occur as a lesion of inflammatory origin. The origin of the process begins on the side of the root cementum and goes towards the pulp of the tooth. The changes consist of the pathological loss of root cement, dentin, and bone surrounding the tooth. The dynamics of the process are enhanced by inflammatory or necrotic pulp changes. Aims: This study aimed to present contemporary views on the resorption of external tooth roots and the possibility of their treatment. Material and methods: The technique of observation and clinical and radiological diagnostics were used by the case-by-case method Result: Endodontic treatment was undertaken, consisting of chemo-mechanical preparation of the canal system and simultaneous obturation of the gutta percha canals with the AH + sealant and the BL thermal system. Conclusions: The applied treatment inhibited the progression of the resorption and led to the healing of periapical periodontitis.
Published: 4 August 2022
Journal of Dental Problems and Solutions, Volume 9, pp 017-019; https://doi.org/10.17352/2394-8418.000111
Published: 30 July 2022
Journal of Dental Problems and Solutions, Volume 9, pp 012-016; https://doi.org/10.17352/2394-8418.000110
Background: Poor oral health among the elderly has been measured in terms of tooth loss, dental caries, high prevalence rates of periodontal disease, xerostomia, and oral precancer/cancer around the world. Aim: The study's goal is to see how posterior occluding pairs and the total number of natural teeth in the mouth affect everyday activity in the elderly. Materials and methods: It was cross-sectional research with 300 participants drawn from a physiotherapy hospital by convenience sampling. The participants were asked about their age, gender, cigarette usage, oral hygiene practices, regularity of use, type of materials utilized, quality of life dental health and other xerostomia symptoms. The oral influences on the daily performance index were used to measure the effects on daily performance. The number of NT and POPs was counted during a clinical evaluation. Results: The studied population's general average age was 63.81 4.50, with no statistically significant differences between men and women. Overall, the research sample had a mean number of NT of 24.76 7.21, with men having 25.90 6.29 and women having 23.32 8.03. Conclusion: The number of NT and POPs was discovered to be important determinants of daily performance among the geriatric population.
Published: 5 May 2022
Journal of Dental Problems and Solutions, Volume 9, pp 006-011; https://doi.org/10.17352/2394-8418.000109
Phytotherapy is the study of the use of extracts from the natural origin as medicines or health-promoting agents. Plant products have long been used in dentistry as part of various dental materials right from impression materials to eugenol, which forms an integral part of the dental clinic. The use of herbs in dental practice is not limited to only material sciences. A single herb shows a variety of effects like anti-inflammatory, antibacterial, antifungal activity, and many more. Hence the incorporation of these herbs in dental practice will prove to be a valuable adjunct to dental treatment.