Social Work in Public Health

Journal Information
ISSN / EISSN: 19371918 / 1937190X
Published by: Informa UK Limited
Total articles ≅ 1,368

Latest articles in this journal

, Fatih Budak, Servet Alp
Published: 27 December 2022
Social Work in Public Health pp 1-11; https://doi.org/10.1080/19371918.2022.2160855

Abstract:
The aim of this study is to examine the effect of the perception of distrust in the healthcare system on vaccine hesitancy and to determine the association between the sociodemographic characters of the participants and their perception of distrust and their vaccine hesitancy. The population consisted of individuals who were 20 years old and above and were residing in Turkey. A total of 986 people participated in the study. The data were collected through a questionnaire that was prepared on Google Forms. As a result of the regression analysis, distrust in the healthcare system explained 20.7% of total variance in vaccine hesitancy and an increase in the perception of distrust in the healthcare system statistically increased the vaccine hesitancy. In the study, it was also determined that the participants’ perceptions of distrust in the healthcare system caused statistically significant differences based on the variables of marital status, employment status, alcohol consumption, age, education level and income level. It was revealed that the participants’ perceptions of vaccine hesitancy caused a statistically significant difference only based on age and the frequency of applying to the health institution.
, Benjamin Kweku Lugu,
Published: 8 November 2022
Social Work in Public Health pp 1-17; https://doi.org/10.1080/19371918.2022.2135662

Abstract:
Though health insurance policies remain critical to eliminating healthcare access barriers, population-wide subscription in Ghana however remains unsatisfactory. Therefore, this study, while employing a questionnaire survey to elicit data (n= 312) analyzed via the structural equation modeling technique, investigates individual health insurance subscription underpinnings using the theory of planned behavior. The results of data analysis affirmed attitude, subjective norm and perceived behavior control as positively related to health insurance subscription. Similarly, results further revealed personal norm and descriptive norm as significantly related to intention, testifying to individuals’ subscription as not anchored on a single factor, but rather on a confluence of behavior-driven elements. The current study, in addition to affirming the TPB’s predictive potency, also enriches health insurance research, and underscores the much often-disregarded behavior constituents as imperative to health policy design and implementation. In view of the study results, implications for augmenting subscription, and suggestions for further research are subsequently delineated.
, , , Negar Yousefzadeh, Mohammad Hossein Dabbaghmanesh, Mehdi Mohammadi, Gul Muhammad Baloch
Published: 21 October 2022
Social Work in Public Health pp 1-12; https://doi.org/10.1080/19371918.2022.2135664

Abstract:
The aim of this study was to develop a valid and reliable elder self-neglect scale (ESNS) for field research on Iranian community-dwelling older adults. This mixed-method exploratory study was conducted in three stages: (1) item generation using literature review, (2) item reduction by expert panels, and (3) assessing the psychometric properties. In the third stage, the face, content, and construct validity (exploratory factor analysis) were performed on the first sample (n = 450), and the final 26-item scale was developed. After that, confirmatory factor analysis and reliability were assessed on the second sample (n = 250). Data were analyzed using IBM-SPSS v.23 and AMOS v.24. Exploratory factor analysis identified six factors with a total variance of 77.53%. The goodness of fit was indicated by Structural Equation Modeling. The Cronbach’s alpha was estimated at 0.85. The optimal cutoff point was 73. This scale with 26 items seems to be an effective tool in screening elder self-neglect.
Agnes Ebelechukwu Okafor, , Ijeoma Blessing Uche
Published: 21 October 2022
Social Work in Public Health pp 1-13; https://doi.org/10.1080/19371918.2022.2135663

Abstract:
This study examined the demographic and sociocultural influences on the level of exclusive breastfeeding (EBF) practices in Enugu state. The major instrument for data collection was a uniform set of structured questionnaire and in-depth interviews with the husbands, grandmothers/mothers-in-law, health workers, women leaders, and traditional/community leaders. Data were analyzed using frequencies, percentages and chi-squared test. Qualitative data were analyzed with ATLAS.ti. The study established that the prevalence level of EBF practice was relatively low (27%) in all the local government areas in the state. The result also showed that several sociocultural factors affected EBF practice. Some of them were: influence of TBAs (91%); poor nutrition in family menu (82%); campaign/marketing of artificial feed (78.3%), unfavorable conditions in the work place (66.8%); belief that lack of water can kill a baby (64.6%) and influence of grandmothers/mothers-in-law (64.2%). The results further revealed that age, occupation, parity, and educational qualification of the mothers influences the level of EBF practice. The findings also revealed that majority of mothers practice mixed feeding in the name of EBF practice. It is suggested that more efforts are needed in giving proper and adequate education and skilled counseling on EBF practice and sociocultural factors associated with the practice.
Published: 15 October 2022
Social Work in Public Health pp 1-11; https://doi.org/10.1080/19371918.2022.2134249

Abstract:
The purpose of this study was to examine the impact of socioeconomic factors on fruit and vegetable consumption in the households of Pakistan. Secondary data were used from a national-level survey, i.e. “Household Integrated Income and Consumption Survey” (HIICS) 2015–2016 published by the Pakistan Bureau of Statistics. A total of 11,187 households were included in the final analysis. Quantile regression models were applied to investigate the association between socioeconomic factors and the consumption of fruit and vegetable. More than half of the households in the sample did not meet the World Health Organization’s (WHO) recommended criteria for fruit and vegetable consumption, which is 400 g/day/capita. According to the quantile regression model, household income is an important factor in increasing fruit and vegetable intake because an increase in income leads to a greater likelihood of spending on healthy and nutritious foods. The increased consumption of fruit and vegetable was caused by the household head’s high education, which created multiple resources to increase income. Households in two provinces, i.e. Khyber Pakhtunkhwa and Baluchistan, have a greater impact on fruit and vegetable consumption than other provinces due to natural resource availability. Household size and dependency ratio hurt the consumption of fruit and vegetable because women and children are not able to do work. These results are very useful because a better understanding of the socioeconomic characteristics associated with fruit and vegetable intake could improve the effectiveness of policies aimed at increasing fruit and vegetable consumption and reducing the risk of chronic diseases.
, Aral Surmeli, Filiz Sever, Isil Maral
Published: 15 October 2022
Social Work in Public Health pp 1-9; https://doi.org/10.1080/19371918.2022.2134251

Abstract:
Pandemics are amongst the most destructive disasters to have afflicted humankind through history. These disasters entail a disproportionate effect on refugee populations, who are already in a state of high vulnerability. This study aims to assess the perception of risk of COVID-19 in the refugee populations in Turkey, in addition to evaluating anxiety levels during the pandemic. The participants of this study were refugees enrolled in a local nonprofit organization in Istanbul. They were asked to complete questionnaires which asked about COVID-19 and any self-protection measures. The questionnaire also incorporated the General Anxiety Disorder-7 screening test. In this young, male and mostly unemployed population, knowing someone who experienced COVID-19 was associated with a greater likelihood of compliance with hygiene and physical distancing measures. Anxiety levels were above 29%, and the highest scores were in the age group between 25 and 55 years. We argue that comprehensive public health measures against COVID-19 should include focused interventions for refugee populations that take the extra vulnerability (health, financial, and other) into account.
Published: 13 October 2022
Social Work in Public Health, Volume 37, pp 796-804; https://doi.org/10.1080/19371918.2022.2134250

Abstract:
Many factors affect the caregiver burden. However, there is no clear information about whether older patients’ self-efficacy levels affect the caregiver burden. This study was carried out to determine the relationship between the self-efficacy of older patients and the caregiver burden in Turkey. This cross-sectional and correlational study was conducted at a university hospital with a sample of patients and their family caregivers. The population of the study consisted of 163 older patients and their caregivers. Data were collected using the demographic data form, Self-Efficacy Scale, and Burden Interview. The self-efficacy of older patients was found to be the strongest predictor of the caregiver burden. Other significant predictors of the caregiver burden were the caregiver’s degree of kinship with the patient, marital status of the caregiver, and the patient’s duration of illness. This study determined that the predictor variables explained 28% of the total variance. The addition of applications that increase patient self-efficacy to the scope of the programs aimed at reducing the caregiver burden will increase the effectiveness of the programs.
, , Hyesook Jeon, Jinyung Kim, Serim Lee
Published: 13 October 2022
Social Work in Public Health pp 1-13; https://doi.org/10.1080/19371918.2022.2134252

Abstract:
The outbreak of COVID-19 impacted numerous people globally, but most notably affected adolescents negatively by contributing to the increase in their use of media and smartphones and therefore their susceptibility to smartphone addiction. Based on the social-ecological model, this study seeks to identify the individual-, family-, and school-level factors of smartphone addiction through two groups of users: a first group whose smartphone usage time increased after the outbreak of COVID-19, and a second group whose usage time did not. Based on the data collected from 360 Korean adolescents aged 15 to 18, results reveal that personal-level factors (i.e., gender, depressive symptoms, self-control, and cyberbullying victimization) are associated with smartphone addiction. For the group whose smartphone usage time increased after the outbreak, economic status, academic performance, and academic year were related to smartphone addiction. Based on these findings, the study makes specific guidelines and suggestions on addressing the smartphone addiction among Korean adolescents.
Published: 27 September 2022
Social Work in Public Health pp 1-13; https://doi.org/10.1080/19371918.2022.2128138

Abstract:
Emotional stress is a common problem for many professionals in dementia care. Although a plethora of quantitative studies have examined the factors that affect care professionals’ emotional stress, little qualitative research has provided in-depth understanding of professional stress experiences. To magnify the voices of professionals who share their experiences of stress in caring for older adults with dementia, a qualitative interpretive meta-synthesis of five qualitative studies was conducted. Guided by Pearlin’s stress process model, four themes were identified: (1) emotional attachments to older adults with dementia; (2) difficulties in dementia care; (3) stressful working environment; and (4) conflicts with family members of older adults with dementia. Findings further highlighted that professionals’ genuine concern for the well-being of older adults with dementia reinforced the perception of stressors identified in each of the preceding themes. These results could inform the improvements of emotional support for care professionals in practice and policy arenas.
Published: 22 September 2022
Social Work in Public Health pp 1-14; https://doi.org/10.1080/19371918.2022.2127434

Abstract:
Although extensive documentation of the health disparities experienced by Native American peoples exists, little research explores experiences of members of non-federally recognized tribes who receive health care outside of the Indian Health Services (IHS) system. Additionally, positive factors that influence relationships between health care providers and tribal members are understudied and are needed to promote health care access. A qualitative descriptive methodologic approach was used to conduct semi structured life history interviews with 31 women who identified as members of a state-recognized, Gulf South Native American tribe. Results identified the following important themes: Do Participants Have a Regular Provider, Personal Relationship With Provider, Feel Provider Cares, Provider Addresses Concern, and Respect for Traditional or Holistic Medicine. These findings suggest health care providers play an important role in impacting the health care experiences of Native American tribal members. Implications for trainings for health care providers are discussed.
Back to Top Top