Journal of Physics: Condensed Matter
ISSN / EISSN: 09538984 / 1361648X
Published by: IOP Publishing
Total articles ≅ 38,320
Latest articles in this journal
Published: 5 May 2023
Journal of Physics: Condensed Matter, Volume 35; https://doi.org/10.1088/1361-648x/acbad6
High boron content transition metal (TM) borides (HB-TMBs) have recently been regarded as the promising candidate for superhard multifunctional materials. High hardness stems from the covalent bond skeleton formed by high content of boron (B) atoms to resist deformation. High valence electron density of TM and special electronic structure from p-d hybridization of B and TM are the sources of multifunction. However, the reason of hardness variation in different HB-TMBs is still a puzzle because hardness is a complex property mainly associated with structures, chemical bonds, and mechanical anisotropy. Rich types of hybridization in B atoms (sp, sp2, sp3 ) generate abundant structures in HB-TMBs. Studying the intrinsic interaction of structures and hardness or multifunction is significant to search new functional superhard materials. In this review, the stable structure, hardness, and multifunctionality of HB-TMBs are summarized. It is concluded that the structures of HB-TMBs are mainly composed by sandwiched stacking of B and TM layers. The hardness of HB-TMBs shows a increasing tendency with the decreasing atom radius. The polyhedron in strong B skeleton provides hardness support for HB-TMBs, among which C2/m is the most possible structure to meet the superhard standard. The shear modulus (G 0) generates a positive effect for hardness of HB-TMBs, but the effect from bulk modulus (G 0) is complex. Importantly, materials with a value of B 0/G 0 less than 1.1 are more possible to achieve the superhard standard. As for the electronic properties, almost all TMB3 and TMB4 structures exhibit metallic properties, and their density of states near the Fermi level are derived from the d electrons of TM. The excellent electrical property of HB-TMBs with higher B ratio such as ZrB12 comes from the channels between B–B π-bond and TM-d orbitals. Some HB-TMBs also indicate superconductivity from special structures, most of them have stronger hybridization of d electrons from TM atoms than p electrons from B atoms near the Fermi level. This work is meaningful to further understand and uncover new functional superhard materials in HB-TMBs.
Published: 28 April 2023
Journal of Physics: Condensed Matter, Volume 35; https://doi.org/10.1088/1361-648x/abd99d
The strongly correlated magnetic systems are attracting continuous attention in current condensed matter research due to their very compelling physics and promising technological applications. Being a host to charge, spin, and lattice degrees of freedom, such materials exhibit a variety of phases, and investigation of their physical behavior near such a phase transition bears an immense possibility. This review summarizes the recent progress in elucidating the role of magnetoelastic coupling on the critical behavior of some technologically important class of strongly correlated magnetic systems such as perovskite magnetites, uranium ferromagnetic superconductors, and multiferroic hexagonal manganites. It begins with encapsulation of various experimental findings and then proceeds toward describing how such experiments motivate theories within the Ginzburg–Landau phenomenological picture in order to capture the physics near a magnetic phase transition of such systems. The theoretical results that are obtained by implementing Wilson’s renormalization-group to nonlocal Ginzburg–Landau model Hamiltonians are also highlighted. A list of possible experimental realizations of the coupled model Hamiltonians elucidates the importance of spin–lattice coupling near a critical point of strongly correlated magnetic systems.
Journal of Physics: Condensed Matter, Volume 35; https://doi.org/10.1088/1361-648x/acbc02
Nonlinear Hall effect (NLHE), a new member of the family of Hall effects, in monolayer phosphorene is investigated. We find that phosphorene exhibits pronounced NLHE, arising from the dipole moment of the Berry curvature induced by the proximity effect that breaks the inversion symmetry of the system. Remarkably, the nonlinear Hall response exhibits central minimum with a width on the order of the band gap, followed by two resonance-like peaks. Interestingly, each resonance peak of the Hall response shifts in the negative region of the chemical potential which is consistent with the shift of valence and conduction bands in the energy spectrum of monolayer phosphorene. It is observed that the two peaks are asymmetric, originated from anisotropy in the band structure of phosphorene. It is shown that the NLHE is very sensitive to the band gap and temperature of the system. Moreover, we find that a phase transition occurs in the nonlinear Hall response and nonlinear spin Hall conductivity of the system under the influence of spin–orbit interaction, tuned by the strength of interaction and band gap induced in the energy spectrum of monolayer phosphorene with broken inversion symmetry.
Journal of Physics: Condensed Matter, Volume 35; https://doi.org/10.1088/1361-648x/acbd0a
Phonon softening is a ubiquitous phenomenon in condensed matter systems which is often associated with charge density wave (CDW) instabilities and anharmonicity. The interplay between phonon softening, CDW and superconductivity is a topic of intense debate. In this work, the effects of anomalous soft phonon instabilities on superconductivity are studied based on a recently developed theoretical framework that accounts for phonon damping and softening within the Migdal–Eliashberg theory. Model calculations show that the phonon softening in the form of a sharp dip in the phonon dispersion relation, either acoustic or optical (including the case of Kohn-type anomalies typically associated with CDW), can cause a manifold increase of the electron–phonon coupling constant λ. This, under certain conditions, which are consistent with the concept of optimal frequency introduced by Bergmann and Rainer, can produce a large increase of the superconducting transition temperature
. In summary, our results suggest the possibility of reaching high-temperature superconductivity by exploiting soft phonon anomalies restricted in momentum space.
Journal of Physics: Condensed Matter, Volume 35; https://doi.org/10.1088/1361-648x/acbcb9
Dynamic properties of Majorana bound states (MBSs) coupled double-quantum-dot (DQD) interferometer threaded with ac magnetic flux are investigated, and the time-averaged thermal current formulas are derived. Photon-assisted local and nonlocal Andreev reflections contribute efficiently to the charge and heat transports. The modifications of source-drain electric, electric-thermal, thermal conductances (G, ξ, κ
e), Seebeck coefficient (S c), and thermoelectric figure of merit (ZT) versus AB phase have been calculated numerically. These coefficients exhibit the shift of oscillation period from 2π to 4π distinctly due to attaching MBSs. The applied ac flux enhances the magnitudes of G, ξ, κ e obviously, and the detailed enhancing behaviors are relevant to the energy levels of DQD. The enhancements of S c and ZT are generated due to the coupling of MBSs, while the application of ac flux suppresses the resonant oscillations. The investigation provides a clue for detecting MBSs through measuring the photon-assisted S c and ZT versus AB phase oscillations.
Journal of Physics: Condensed Matter, Volume 35; https://doi.org/10.1088/1361-648x/acbc5f
We study solitons in a zig-zag lattice of magnetic dipoles. The lattice comprises two sublattices of parallel chains with magnetic dipoles at their vertices. Due to orthogonal easy planes of rotation for dipoles belonging to different sublattices, the total dipolar energy of this system is separable into a sum of symmetric and chiral long-ranged interactions between the magnets where the last takes the form of Dzyaloshinskii–Moriya (DM) coupling. For a specific range of values of the offset between sublattices, the dipoles realize an equilibrium magnetic state in the lattice plane, consisting of one chain settled in an antiferromagnetic (AF) parallel configuration and the other in a collinear ferromagnetic fashion. If the offset grows beyond this value, the internal DM field stabilizes two Bloch domain walls at the edges of the AF chain. The dynamics of these solitons is studied by deriving the long-wavelength lagrangian density for the easy axis antiferromagnet. We find that the chiral couplings between sublattices give rise to an effective magnetic field that stabilizes the solitons in the antiferromagnet. When the chains displace respect to each other, an emergent Lorentz force accelerates the domain walls along the lattice.
Journal of Physics: Condensed Matter, Volume 35; https://doi.org/10.1088/1361-648x/acbc03
The adhesion problem of the liquid aluminum (Al) and solid surfaces in the production process has not been completely solved. In this paper, by performing the molecular dynamic simulations, we first establish models composed of liquid-Al/Al and liquid-Al/silicon (Si) systems, in which the region of solid temperature is from 100 K to 800 K. Then, the dependence between the adhesion force and the solid temperature is qualitatively investigated. The adhesion mechanism of liquid atoms is explored in terms of their diffusion behavior. The results show that there is an opposite effect of the temperature on adhesion properties between the liquid-Al/Al interface and the liquid-Al/Si interface. The thermal excitation effect induces enlargement of the probability of atomic collisions, which accounts for the increase of the adhesion force at the liquid-Al/Al interface. Conversely, the thermal excitation effect leads to the detachment of the atoms in contact with each other, which reduces the adhesion force at the liquid-Al/Si interface. Our findings reveal that the solid Al surface is aluminophilic but the solid Si surface is aluminophobic. In addition, the adhesion between liquid-Al and solid surfaces can be explained by the variation of the interfacial potential.
Journal of Physics: Condensed Matter, Volume 35; https://doi.org/10.1088/1361-648x/acbb4c
Local structures play a crucial role in the structural polyamorphism and novel electronic properties of amorphous materials, but their accurate measurement at high pressure remains a formidable challenge. In this article, we use the local structure of network-forming GeO2 glass as an example, to present our recent approaches and advances in high-energy x-ray diffraction, high-pressure x-ray absorption fine structure, and ab initio first-principles density functional theory calculations and simulations. Although GeO2 glass is one of the best studied materials in the field of high pressure research due to its importance in glass theory and geophysical significance, there are still some long-standing puzzles, such as the existence of appreciable distinct fivefold Ge coordination at low pressure and the sixfold-plus [6+]Ge coordination at ultrahigh pressure. Our work sheds light on the origin of pressure-induced polyamorphism of GeO2 glass, and the Ge polyhedral units may be the dominant species in the densification mechanism of network-forming glasses from tetrahedral to octahedral amorphous structures.
Journal of Physics: Condensed Matter, Volume 35; https://doi.org/10.1088/1361-648x/acbcb7
Time-dependent photoconductivity (PC) and PC spectra have been studied in oxygen deficient BaSnO3 thin films grown on different substrates. X-ray spectroscopy measurements show that the films have epitaxially grown on MgO and SrTiO3 substrates. While on MgO the films are nearly unstrained, on SrTiO3 the resulting film is compressive strained in the plane. Electrical conductivity in dark is increased in one order of magnitude for the films on SrTiO3 in comparison to the one on MgO. This leads to an increase of PC in the latter film in at least one order of magnitude. PC spectra show a direct gap with a value of
eV for the film grown on MgO while on SrTiO3 eV. For both type of films, time-dependent PC curves show a persistent behavior after illumination is removed. These curves have been fitted employing an analytical procedure based on the frame of PC as a transmission phenomenon showing the relevant role of donor and acceptor defects as carrier traps and as a source of carriers. This model also suggests that in the BaSnO3 film on SrTiO3 more defects are created probably due to strain. This latter effect can also explain the different transition values obtained for both type of films.
Journal of Physics: Condensed Matter, Volume 35; https://doi.org/10.1088/1361-648x/acb985
The first optimal—or ‘magic’—angle leading to the nullity of the Dirac/Fermi velocity for twisted bilayer graphene is re-evaluated in the Bistritzer–MacDonald set-up (Bistritzer and MacDonald 2011 Proc. Natl Acad. Sci. 108 12233–7). From the details of that calculation we study the resulting alterations when the properties of the two layers are not exactly the same. A moiré combination of lattices without relative rotation but with different spacing lengths may also lead to a vanishing Dirac velocity. Hopping amplitudes can vary as well, and curvature is one of the possible causes for their change. In the case of small curvature values and situations dominated by hopping energy scales, the optimal angle becomes wider than in the ‘flat’ case.