Journal of Comparative Policy Analysis: Research and Practice

Journal Information
ISSN / EISSN: 13876988 / 15725448
Published by: Informa UK Limited
Total articles ≅ 884

Latest articles in this journal

Journal of Comparative Policy Analysis: Research and Practice pp 1-29; https://doi.org/10.1080/13876988.2022.2135435

Abstract:
This article attempts to explain the evolution of minimum wage levels in three East Asian economies: Japan, South Korea, and Taiwan. A political-economic framework incorporating the levels of political competition and labor incorporation is suggested. With strong political competition and a lack of labor incorporation, South Korea exhibits the strongest minimum wage increase, followed by Taiwan with incorporated labor. Japan has the weakest minimum wage with uncompetitive politics and labor incorporation. The framework is supported by descriptive accounts of the three cases and supplemented by quantitative analysis. As a factor commonly viewed as less relevant for welfare development in the region, the impact of leftist governments is found to be conditional upon the level of political competition. This article contributes to the literature by providing a political-economic explanation of the minimum wage, as well as linking East Asia with the mainstream welfare state literature.
Jie Wang, Yating Wang, , Yunyu Fan,
Journal of Comparative Policy Analysis: Research and Practice pp 1-30; https://doi.org/10.1080/13876988.2022.2130252

Abstract:
This study examines the configuration of conditions that trigger pro-environmental policy agenda setting (PAS) in an uncertain social context. It discusses the suitability and explanatory power of Kingdon’s Multiple Streams Framework (MSF) in this context. It employs the MSF and implements a fuzzy-set qualitative comparative analysis on 25 pro-environmental cases in China. The results indicate that the seven solutions that could be recombined into three successful driven patterns may trigger the establishment of China’s pro-environmental policy agenda. China’s pro-environmental PAS does not require the complete collection of conditions for all three streams.
Journal of Comparative Policy Analysis: Research and Practice pp 1-29; https://doi.org/10.1080/13876988.2022.2110472

Abstract:
It is increasingly recognized that various competencies are needed for education systems in the developing world to succeed in fulfilling SDG4. However, reform efforts are often hampered by a lack of conceptual clarity regarding what these competencies are and how they matter. This article fills the gap by developing a comprehensive conception of policy capacity to explain the educational outcomes in two states in Brazil. The comparative case analysis reveals how variations in analytical, operational and political capacity are the differentiating factor behind their variegated reform effectiveness. While these findings put a cautionary note over the viability of copying policy interventions without considering their capacity underpinnings, they also show how a synergized combination of these three dimensions of capacity can lead to remarkable improvement of educational outcomes despite unfavorable socioeconomic conditions.
Journal of Comparative Policy Analysis: Research and Practice, Volume 24, pp 512-527; https://doi.org/10.1080/13876988.2021.1963635

Abstract:
This study examines the emergence of European regulations to govern the collaborative economy, a new sector of the economy made possible by digital platforms. The concept gained common usage among stakeholders and European officials, but only partially due to the efforts of ideational entrepreneurs to promote the concept. Contingent factors that were structurally embedded in the policy process also had an impact. Most notably, actions taken by authorities in other European Union institutions who were disengaged from the discourse had a major impact on the way the collaborative economy was defined. This study shows how competing institutional logics and turnover in personnel make it difficult for policy entrepreneurs to control the framing of a policy discourse in an environment with multiple actors.
, Alper Şükrü Gençer
Journal of Comparative Policy Analysis: Research and Practice, Volume 24, pp 452-472; https://doi.org/10.1080/13876988.2021.2004541

Abstract:
Why do some developing countries develop generous welfare state regimes (WSR), while others do not? Which factors lead to varieties in welfare regimes in developing countries? We explain the development of different welfare state regimes (WSR) in the Global South based on the findings of WSR classification. We conduct inductive typological theory on the basis of the structure-institution-agency (SIA) framework and use positive and negative cases selected through a Most-Different-Systems-Design. Our analysis shows that a developing country that satisfies three necessary but insufficient conditions (1. having implemented a prolonged ISI period, 2. having experienced organized contentious politics of the poor, and 3. having developed adequate state capacity) is anticipated to have developed a Populist Welfare State Regime that is more generous and extensive than other welfare state regimes in the Global South. This article contributes to the long-standing debates of Southern WSRs by taking a nuanced and interactive approach that considers the interactions among structures, institutions, and political agency.
Journal of Comparative Policy Analysis: Research and Practice, Volume 24, pp 490-511; https://doi.org/10.1080/13876988.2022.2041986

Abstract:
Comparative policy analysis is at the heart of research that attempts to understand how policies travel. Most of the literature on policy transfer had been developed using the empirical background of policies migrating within the Global North or from there to developing countries. Studying policies that migrate within the Global South is relevant from a theoretical perspective, insofar as it allows us to identify new dynamics, agents and mechanisms involved in policy transfers. This article analyzes two Brazilian policies that have been diffused around the globe: The Family Allowance Program and the Food Purchase Program. This research explores how these policies have been internationalized and what conditions have facilitated this process. To explain this movement, we combine the study of individuals, domestic and international organizations, political structures and change. We argue that individuals have been fundamental to internationalizing Brazilian policies. They have benefitted from both national and international structures and organizations that have facilitated the diffusion of policies that they have promoted abroad. This study relies on field work carried out in Brazil, Chile and Italy. We use a process-tracing strategy to reconstruct the pathways of diffusion.
Journal of Comparative Policy Analysis: Research and Practice, Volume 24, pp 430-451; https://doi.org/10.1080/13876988.2021.1919515

Abstract:
This article illustrates an analytic eclectic value of structure, institution and agency (SIA) framework in comparative public policy. It engages and utilizes certain structural, institutional and agential perspectives from past literature to specify how elements of their causal properties coexist as part of a more complex argument. It argues that desired or preferred policy and/or institutional outcomes are most likely when multiple structural and institutional complementarities (from structures and institutions to agents) and multiple structural, institutional and agential enabling conditions accompany one another in motivating and empowering actors (from agents to structures and institutions) to engage in purposeful agential actions.
Journal of Comparative Policy Analysis: Research and Practice, Volume 24, pp 473-489; https://doi.org/10.1080/13876988.2021.2013714

Abstract:
Agents, acting strategically as institutional entrepreneurs, utilise narratives that resonate with both the structure and institutions to promote change. The hypothesis in this article holds that if they intend to be successful, agents must behave strategically by taking into account the different policy domains and the dominant ideas therein. At the same time, the narratives of the institutional entrepreneur should take into careful consideration the various enabling conditions that may occur at multiple levels. The use of narratives are compared for two reforms – the “Jobs Act” and the “Buona Scuola – Good School” – formulated by the Italian government between 2014 and 2015.
Journal of Comparative Policy Analysis: Research and Practice, Volume 24, pp 415-429; https://doi.org/10.1080/13876988.2022.2045867

Abstract:
A growing number of political and policy scientists have utilized institutional theory to explain how the purposeful actions of agents shape and are shaped by structural, institutional, and agential factors. Most current studies, however, have conflated and/or combined the fundamental concepts of structure, institution, and actor, overlooking how their interactions shape policy and institutional outcomes. Furthermore, such research lacks an approach that allows a more comprehensive means to integrate the various dimensions of such interactions. By studying these distinct but interdependent causal factors through an integrative approach, we provide a richer, more comprehensive understanding of contingent conditions, agency, and outcomes.
, Mehmet Fuat Kina, Ali Bargu
Journal of Comparative Policy Analysis: Research and Practice pp 1-35; https://doi.org/10.1080/13876988.2022.2098721

Abstract:
Social assistance programs and the related literature are proliferating globally. This article conducts a critical systematic review of the literature with objective and transparent selection criteria and illustrates two major shortcomings: First, the literature is largely descriptive and impact-oriented as analytical studies on the determinants/causes of social assistance programs are relatively under-examined. Second, it identifies a gap in the literature, which emanates from the relative under-examination of political, and especially contentious political, factors in scholarly analyses of determinants/causes of social assistance programs in comparison to structuralist, institutional, and ideational approaches.
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