Journal of Small Business & Entrepreneurship

Journal Information
ISSN / EISSN: 08276331 / 21692610
Published by: Informa UK Limited
Total articles ≅ 1,006

Latest articles in this journal

, Azize Nafa, Hugues Fortin, Marie-Andrée Leduc
Published: 26 December 2022
Journal of Small Business & Entrepreneurship pp 1-23; https://doi.org/10.1080/08276331.2022.2150594

Abstract:
Résumé De manière agrégée, les PME sont de grandes consommatrices d’énergie et ont des impacts environnementaux considérables au niveau mondial. Malgré cela, elles attirent encore peu l’attention des chercheurs et des responsables des politiques publiques. Pourtant, sans leur contribution, l’atteinte des cibles nationales en matière énergétique et environnementale est improbable. En ce sens, il devient essentiel de mieux comprendre ce qui les incite à devenir plus mature au niveau énergétique. La présente étude adopte une analyse multiniveau en considérant les aspects individuel, organisationnel, contextuel pour identifier les déterminants de la maturité énergétique des PME. Une étude menée auprès de 409 PME québécoises permet d’établir que ce sont les facteurs organisationnels intangibles qui sont les principaux déterminants de la maturité énergétique dans les PME québécoises. Les facteurs contextuels n’ont pas d’influence et un seul facteur individuel, l’âge du dirigeant, exerce une influence limitée. Cette reconnaissance de la prépondérance des facteurs organisationnels intangibles est un apport aux écrits sur le sujet qui ne font pas cette distinction lorsqu’ils considèrent les freins et accélérateurs des pratiques d’efficacité énergétique. Cela procure aussi un enseignement pratique important: l’acquisition de compétences et d’attitudes proactives dans les PME envers l’efficacité énergétique est un levier d’action à prioriser.
, Antoine Renucci
Published: 26 December 2022
Journal of Small Business & Entrepreneurship pp 1-26; https://doi.org/10.1080/08276331.2022.2150952

Abstract:
Venture capitalists and business angels can provide startups with many important resources. However, previous research has mainly focused on the value-adding side of investors while ignoring the value-exploiting side of entrepreneurs. This study examines how entrepreneurs evaluate and respond to investors’ non-financial support. We use a combination of inductive and deductive thematic analysis to analyze 19 semi-structured interviews with Vietnamese entrepreneurs. We find that entrepreneurs assess investors’ inputs based on the startup’s resource acquisition strategy, either in terms of how these inputs fit into the firm’s current resource gaps or in terms of how they lead to revisions in the firm’s strategy. Three factors can influence the resource-acquisition strategy: entrepreneurs’ resource preference, the firm’s stage of development, and its operating environment. We identify a psychological factor that shapes the post-evaluation response of entrepreneurs, i.e. their belief about the fixed/growth nature of investor abilities. In case investors’ inputs do not match or modify the current resource-acquisition strategy, founders who believe that investors’ abilities are fixed tend to adopt a rejection and avoidance response. In contrast, founders who view investor abilities as a malleable quality seek to improve investors’ understanding about their business and increase their motivation to help the company.
Published: 19 December 2022
Journal of Small Business & Entrepreneurship pp 1-22; https://doi.org/10.1080/08276331.2022.2154054

Abstract:
RÉSUMÉ Les recherches sur les organisations créatives portent généralement sur des grandes organisations et peu d’attention est porté aux petites organisations. Cette recherche propose une contribution au champ du management des organisations créatives en poursuivant l’objectif: comprendre comment s’organise le travail créatif dans les petites organisations créatives. Nous mettons au jour deux manières dont ces organisations structurent le travail créatif. Nous avons mené 11 études de cas auprès de petites agences de publicités au sein desquelles 35 entrevues semi-structurées ont été réalisées avec des travailleurs créatifs et des gestionnaires. Trois agences étudiées adoptent ce que nous appelons l’organisation du travail flexible qui implique que les travailleurs créatifs assument les tâches de gestion de projet et les tâches créatives. Les huit autres agences étudiées structurent le travail créatif selon une organisation du travail spécialisé. Dans ces agences, des gestionnaires de projet gèrent les projets et les travailleurs créatifs effectuent uniquement du travail créatif. Ce deuxième modèle s’apparente à la structure qu’on trouve chez les grandes organisations, mais les mécanismes mis en place au sein même des organisations sont différents. Alors que les grandes organisations misent sur des communautés de pratique, les petites organisations mettent l’accent sur une gestion personnalisée des travailleurs.
, Celso Augusto de Matos, Wagner Junior Ladeira, William Carvalho Jardim, Marcelo Gattermann Perin
Published: 30 November 2022
Journal of Small Business & Entrepreneurship pp 1-24; https://doi.org/10.1080/08276331.2022.2145787

Abstract:
Information technology (IT) has impacted firms in different industries. IT adoption is just as impactful for small and medium enterprises (SMEs). Despite the number of studies investigating outcomes and IT adoption, there is a lack of consensus regarding the most relevant factors associated with IT adoption by SMEs (e.g. drivers and IT adoption). The study investigates the main antecedents, outcomes, and moderators of IT adoption by SMEs. A meta-analysis was conducted, integrating the findings from 59 studies. Data were analyzed by integrating meta-analysis and regression approach (MASEM). The results showed that the dimensions of TAM (usefulness and ease of use) and perceived compatibility have the strongest correlations among the nine antecedents. The findings indicated that resources and market turbulence were the main predictors of IT adoption in SMEs when testing only the direct relationships (MASEM). IT adoption significantly impacted outcomes, and SMEs from countries with low uncertainty avoidance presented stronger effects of IT adoption on firm outcomes. This research contributes to the literature by (i) addressing prior studies’ conflicts about antecedents and outcomes of SMEs IT adoption, (ii) integrating different theoretical approaches, and (iii) generating insights for managers and public policy institutions responsible for the survival and development of SMEs.
Published: 21 September 2022
Journal of Small Business & Entrepreneurship pp 1-21; https://doi.org/10.1080/08276331.2022.2124815

Abstract:
The Omani government’s current drive towards economic diversification is focused on the expansion of entrepreneurial activities to power the country’s socio-economic development. However, the participation rate of the indigenous population in such activities remains low. This paper studies the indigenous value system and behavioral mechanisms which drive rural entrepreneurship in Oman. A constant comparative method has been applied to face-to-face interviews with contemporary entrepreneurs - twenty participants from three rural localities. Based on the obtained data, three types of the entrepreneurial community’s orientations have been observed which are rooted in the interplay of three categories of values or drives. It has been found that: (1) cultural value orientations carry a significantly more profound importance to the entrepreneurs’ choices of either pursuing or abandoning entrepreneurial activities compared to economic or infrastructural factors; (2) the most influential drives are centred around the past and are fuelled by Islamic and Omani culture-specific values; and (3) random socio-cultural values need a systematized classification based on their time orientation and their sources of origin. The findings corroborate both existing community-led rural development theory and the theory of immobile resources. The findings can be generalizable to other GCC countries with shared demographic, political and socio-cultural features.
Published: 20 September 2022
Journal of Small Business & Entrepreneurship, Volume 35, pp 1-7; https://doi.org/10.1080/08276331.2022.2121517

Abstract:
L’inclusion financière figure parmi les principaux objectifs économiques de nombreux pays, et notamment des pays en développement, où les résultats des recherches s’accordent sur le lien direct ent...
Published: 20 September 2022
Journal of Small Business & Entrepreneurship, Volume 35, pp 8-13; https://doi.org/10.1080/08276331.2022.2120345

Abstract:
Financial inclusion is a key economic objective for many countries, particularly developing countries, where research findings agree that financial inclusion is directly linked to poverty. Accordin...
, Isiaka Akande Raifu, Alarudeen Aminu
Published: 15 September 2022
Journal of Small Business & Entrepreneurship pp 1-33; https://doi.org/10.1080/08276331.2022.2119739

Abstract:
Entrepreneurship has been identified as a panacea to abating the rising unemployment rate in MENA. However, the region’s institutional quality could influence whether entrepreneurship would generate/stall employment. Thus, we examined the role of institutional quality in the entrepreneurship-unemployment nexus for seven MENA countries using the dynamic ordinary least square method to analyse data covering the period, 2006-2019. The results show that opportunity-driven entrepreneurship and total-early-stage entrepreneurship have the potential to reduce unemployment while institutional quality seems to augment the unemployment-reducing effect of entrepreneurship. This implies that promoting entrepreneurship and strengthening the institutional apparatuses in the MENA region should be prioritised.
Published: 9 September 2022
Journal of Small Business & Entrepreneurship pp 1-24; https://doi.org/10.1080/08276331.2022.2116678

Abstract:
There is a tendency to imply most sport technology entrepreneurs are male, which is not always the case. Gender equality is becoming increasingly important in the sport and technology industry due to societal expectations and policy guidelines. Yet, most studies of sport technology entrepreneurs do not consider gender equality nor the role of femininity in sport technology entrepreneurship. This study adds to the existing literature by suggesting that femininity plays a key role in the success of female sport technology entrepreneurs particularly when they are using digital platforms for their business ventures. It is based on the individual differences theory of gender and information technology (IDTGIT) and gender entrepreneurship theory. Semi-structured interviews were conducted with twenty global female sport technology entrepreneurs that demonstrate that when faced with performance expectations regarding digital innovativeness, women tend to use their intuition, focus on opportunities and transform existing conditions. The findings indicate that women’s intuition and sensitivity navigates the gender inequality they face in the sport technology industry that can be used as a competitive advantage. The article discusses implications for digital platforms and sport entrepreneurship theory in terms of promoting more gender equality amongst sport technology entrepreneurs. This includes the recommendation that more consideration about gender characteristics be given when women sport technology entrepreneurs are developing digital platforms.
Published: 1 September 2022
Journal of Small Business & Entrepreneurship pp 1-22; https://doi.org/10.1080/08276331.2022.2111163

Abstract:
Although MSMEs are expected to benefit the most from participating in collaborative innovation, they often struggle to gain these benefits. This study contributes knowledge about how to reduce the barriers. Three regional innovation networks were studied primarily through semi-structured interviews. They were formal networks, and the tourism sector was the main industry. Data analysis followed the grounded theory. A hidden but essential practice of network orchestration is constructed, i.e. ‘member-care leadership.’ Involving the subpractices of empathizing, engaging, and supervising single members’ to increase value from participating in the network. In particular, member-care leadership enables MSMEs to prioritize and carry out network activities and innovation at and between network gatherings. The care subpractices are interdependent, dynamic, and relational. The practice triggered learning and innovation within the enterprises and increased the enterprises ‘of-gathering activity’, knowledge sharing, and performance at the network level. This suggests that innovation network literature should take a humanistic and relational approach to orchestration. The study also provides an understanding of how network-driven innovation involves multileveled and dynamic processes, with orchestration and activity at the enterprise and network levels and between these levels. A policy implication is that member-care leadership should be acknowledged and allocated human and economic resources.
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