Public Integrity

Journal Information
ISSN / EISSN: 10999922 / 15580989
Published by: Informa UK Limited
Total articles ≅ 857

Latest articles in this journal

, Alex K. Liou
Published: 29 November 2022
Journal: Public Integrity
Abstract:
The COVID-19 pandemic has been a major public governance issue in the United States since 2020. Public officials at all levels of government have provided important policies to control the spread of the pandemic and reduce its impact to society. This paper examines public value and ethical challenges that are related to the government’s pandemic responses. The paper first provides a review of value and ethical studies in public administration and public health crisis. It then examines value concerns and ethical challenges in COVID management and policy cases and the influence of political polarization to the value challenges. The paper concludes with discussions about the pandemic’s comprehensive challenges to the traditional professional management and suggestions of public value studies and trainings.
Published: 29 November 2022
Journal: Public Integrity
Abstract:
Throughout the COVID-19 pandemic, politicization of public health policy has loomed over the governmental response in the United States. The scope of politicization is underscored by instances of political pressures faced by public employees across state and local government. Observation of such instances prompts questions regarding the implications of highly politicized crisis on public personnel systems. Using systematic qualitative content analysis of data from syndicated news articles, this study identifies publicized instances of adverse personnel actions experienced by public employees during the first six months of the COVID-19 pandemic. Following the identification of publicized instances, this study also explores legislative trends focusing on public personnel systems during highly politicized emergency conditions. Results outline the positional roles subject to adverse actions, along with traits of legislative activity changing public personnel systems in the states identified. Implications of the study and considerations for future research are then discussed.
Lim Mengzhen, Yongchy Sin, Wan Munira Wan Jaafar, Azlina Mohd Khir, Hanina H. Hamsan, , , Pei Boon Ooi, Derek Lai Teik Ong, Chu Sun Ong
Published: 28 November 2022
Journal: Public Integrity
Abstract:
One of the main challenges developing nations face is curbing bribery. While there are many efforts to curb bribery, most focused at macro level, such as law, while little has been examined at the micro level, e.g., individual behavior and intention. Those who did investigate at the micro level tend to focus on the recipients rather than the ones giving the bribe. We explored eight factors that influence Malaysian young adults’ bribe giving intention based on the Reasoned Action Approach (RAA). A total of 345 respondents (Mage = 20.68, SD = 2.01, 189 are females) completed questionnaires about all RAA variables. Partial Least Squares Structural Equation Modelling (PLS-SEM) was carried out using smartPLS3.0 to analyze the result. The result revealed that out of the eight variables, four variables—Instrumental attitudes, Experiential Attitudes, Parents’ descriptive norms and Capacity—explain 74% of the variance in bribe giving intention. An important take-away is that young adult’s perception of whether their parents gave or did not give bribes in a given situation is important in influencing their bribe giving intention. Bribe giving prevention messages must be targeted explicitly toward parents, where they play a crucial role in curbing this dishonesty.
Oscar Bulaong, , Ronald U. Mendoza
Published: 18 November 2022
Journal: Public Integrity
Abstract:
Martial Law exacerbated cronyism and oligarchy by concentrating political power into the hands of one political clan. Technocratic industrial policy combined with political anti-oligarch rhetoric spurred the rationalization and liberalization of different economic sectors. Some traditional business oligarchs were quickly displaced by a new cohort of business leaders with strong ties to the Marcos administration. This was the basic recipe for malgovernance and one of the deepest economic implosions faced by the Philippines in the early-1980s that eventually led to the dictator’s removal via the 1986 EDSA revolution. While institutional reforms and subsequent economic recovery has been achieved by post-EDSA Presidents, economic and political governance challenges persist as the risks of cronyism and oligarchy only evolve over time. Reformists appear to have liberalized the economy and spurred economic growth, but they have made little progress to liberalize the political system. The tendency for political clans to concentrate power remains. This underpins the reform agenda to continue to rebalance economic and political power in favor of stronger inclusion and competition, in turn supporting inclusive development.
, Aurora Becerra, Seongdeok Oh
Published: 2 November 2022
Journal: Public Integrity
Public Integrity, Volume 24, pp 535-549; https://doi.org/10.1080/10999922.2022.2120292

Abstract:
In 2020, the world witnessed the worst pandemic in more than a century that continues to impact and stigmatize minorities and immigrants disproportionately. During this time Asian Americans in the United States (US) have been subject to racist tropes, xenophobic attacks, and widespread hate crimes. The xenophobia and racism experienced by this group are not new, as demonstrated in this study. The injustices experienced by Asians in the US are embedded within the historical, social, political, and cultural structures that discriminate and are present throughout minority history. Unfortunately, scholars in the US Public Administration often underutilize a historical lens to study oppression, racism, and xenophobia. This essay provides key historical accounts of how Asian Americans experience othering while at the same time are perceived as model minorities. We will examine the history of “otherness” experienced by Asian Americans in the US from two key lenses: (1) disease and the other (2) labor and immigration policies.
, Kirk A. Leach
Published: 1 November 2022
Journal: Public Integrity
Abstract:
Over the last few years, the disciplines of public administration (PA) and nonprofit management (NP) have actively contributed to the discourse surrounding the importance of documenting and underst...
Published: 1 November 2022
Journal: Public Integrity
Abstract:
The dominant discourse of corruption (the idea that corruption is cancer, a social disease) has legitimized a particular and simplified overview of a rather intricate phenomenon. Thus, the strategies and instruments to deal with the disease have been a priority of several international organizations, creating a real anti-corruption industry with its own priorities, prognosis, and language. The instruments and policies created through this industry are proposed to several countries (basically developing ones) to face the malady they suffer. This dominant discourse has been crucial in creating a practical and political language that determines how corruption is conceived and treated through national and international policies. In this article, we seek to deconstruct the concept of corruption to identify several hidden dichotomies and contradictions, some of them already identified by different research projects which depart from the dominant discourse. Hence, five aporias are proposed to deconstruct the anti-corruption discourse. These aporias have been studied by different disciplines which have analyzed corruption. Each aporia shows critical contradictions endogenous to the dominant discourse urging to open its instruments and prognosis to further and thoughtful debate.
Published: 1 November 2022
Journal: Public Integrity
Abstract:
Medical research involving US active duty, reservist, and veteran populations can and should improve. Because the US healthcare system is accountable to active duty personnel, reservists, and veterans (ADRV), the US healthcare system must partner to improve healthcare and medical research. Aiming to summarize current issues and opportunities for ADRV research infrastructure alongside healthcare, an exploratory literature review was conducted. Additionally, a broad analysis of search utilizing Cochrane, Google Scholar, and PubMed from the years 2001 to 2021 was undertaken. There are opportunities to refine biomedical, social-behavioral, health service research (HSR), and other research portfolios involving ADRV. There are urgent and serious opportunities to improve the rigor and quality of research. Additionally, there is a clear need for coordinated implementation and translation of research. In this attention to research involving ADRV, the US government, public health, non-profit organizations, private industry, and individuals are birds of a feather. Advancing efforts for research improvement should be handled together.
Published: 1 November 2022
Journal: Public Integrity
Abstract:
One of the most studied examples of street-level bureaucrats (SLBs) or frontline workers in public administration is police officers (see Maynard-Moody & Musheno, 2022 for the classic example). Uns...
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