Science and Education

Journal Information
ISSN / EISSN: 23118466 / 24144665
Total articles ≅ 655

Latest articles in this journal

Oksana Kravchenko, Iryna Reznichenko
Science and Education, Volume 2022, pp 60-70;

The national and patriotic education today is a powerful means of strengthening the unity and integrity of Ukraine. Today, more than ever, we need new approaches and new ways to cultivate patriotism as a feeling and as a basic trait of personality. In our opinion, one of such ways may be the use of digital technologies in the implementation of national and patriotic education of student youth, because this is one of the most important and sustainable trends in the educational process. The purpose is to study the possibilities of digital technologies as a means of forming a national and patriotic education of youth in a distance learning environment of higher education. Research methods are: theoretical, namely analysis of psychological and pedagogical sources on the research issues, generalization and systematization of data on the formation of national and patriotic education of youth in a distance learning environment; and empirical, namely questionnaires. The research sample was consisted of students of the 3-4 years of study of full-time education (70 people) of the Faculty of Primary Education and the Faculty of Social and Psychological Education of Uman State Pedagogical University named after Pavlo Tychyna. The study showed that student youth takes an active public position, i.e. speaks Ukrainian, wants to live and work in Ukraine, respects his/her homeland, its traditions, cultural and historical past, loves to travel; he/she is tolerant of people with special needs. Various forms of educational work of national and patriotic orientation at Uman State Pedagogical University named after PavloTychyna conducted by means of Information and Communication Technologies (ICT) were analyzed; online thematic lectures, educational classes, round tables, master classes, guest online meetings with famous researchers of Ukrainian historical heritage, online excursions-trips to historical places, virtual exhibitions of artistic creativity, participation in the national and patriotic student camp "Action", etc. proved the effectiveness of digital technologies as a means of forming national and patriotic education of youth.
Oleksiy Chebykin, Antonina Kichuk
Science and Education, Volume 2022, pp 22-29;

The article analyzes the problem of the uniqueness of psycho-emotional health of the individual during adoles-cence. The leading components of this phenomenon are outlined. The expediency of considering the construct "psycho-emotional health" as an independent subject of research is substantiated. Psycho-emotional health is understood by us as an integrative property of the individual that has lifelong (unparalleled) value due to the determinism of the search for meaning of life. It characterizes the personality as a whole, its psychological resourcefulness, determining the ability to develop own subjectivity in today's changing world. It has different rates of formation, quality scales, due to the indi-vidual's ability to self-development at different ages. This is especially evident in adolescence, when it is believed that all scientifically established dimensions of the emotional sphere of the human psyche become clear (self-creation of emotions; sign, modality, intensity of emotional experiences; available vector of emotional personal readiness; dimen-sion of emotional self-knowledge; ability to spiritual experiences). Construction of the construct "psycho-emotional health" creates an opportunity to fully comprehend it as a psychological phenomenon and personal property, which integrates all the established components of the emotional sphere - value-motivational, informative-reflexive. In addi-tion, we are talking about psycho-emotional health as a complex and, at the same time, holistic personal education that accumulates regulatory-adaptive and active potential. Psychological mechanisms of positive dynamics of psycho-emotional health of an individual are identification, emotional self-regulation, reflection, empathy, imitation, mental infection. The results of analytical work aimed at clarifying the component composition (axiological, cognitive-affective, conative-instrumental, social-determinative) and scales of levels of psycho-emotional health of the individual in adulthood (subjective - predictive-creative; personal - adaptive-program; social - similar-adaptive; individual – psy-cho-emotional ill health). The originality of the author's questionnaire and some parallel methods aimed at establishing links between students' psycho-emotional health and vitality, indicators of stress resistance, depression, and subjective feelings of loneliness are highlighted. The results of factor analysis, which determine the dynamics of the processes of self-knowledge, self-preservation, self-recovery and strengthening the psycho-emotional health of students, in particu-lar, in higher education are identified.
Anatoliy Chustrak
Science and Education, Volume 2022, pp 36-42;

It is known that positive emotions improve health and prolong a person's life, increase immunity and prevent the development of depression. The psychoemotional state worsens, concentration decreases, negative thinking prevails with a lack of energy; there is weakness, apathy, loss of self-confidence. The article presents certain theoretical and empirical results of research that reveal some positions of psychoemotional energy potential (PEEP) of a person based on psychophysiological data. In order to control and regulate the human physical well-being, the studies of changes in PEEP along with other indicators (vital capacity, heart rate, oxygen saturation, strength, weight change) of middle-aged people before and after exercise have been shown. The importance of PEEP management as an indicator of a person's physical well-being is emphasized, which in most cases is not taken into account. In order to train, work and “live at full capacity” you need not only to load yourself as much as possible, but also to be able to “zone out” and fully recover. It is revealed that psychoemotional energy potential activates a person's physical well-being. Emotional-motivational and energy-active components of different order are important features of PEEP. It is shown that taking into account the available data on changes in PEEP indicators allows regulating the general physical well-being of a person in the training process. It is established that the creation of certain conditions of human activity and training process, such as: optimization of physical activity; coping with stress and negativity through gymnastics, meditation, breathing exercises and relaxing techniques; normalization of sleep; healthy vitamin food and creativity that adds positive emotions, significantly increase PEEP physical well-being. Recommendations for PEEP stimulation are also provided.
Science and Education, Volume 2022, pp 5-13;

The article is devoted to the substantiation of the model of psychological support for elderly people who are in dif-ficult life circumstances due to the quarantine restrictions. The views of scientists on the development of personality in elderly and the specifics of psychological support of the individual in difficult living conditions are analyzed and sum-marized. The patterns of mental development, mechanisms of personality development in elderly, elder person`s leading activity, mental neoplasms, features of the social situation of development are characterized; attention was focused on the features of aging personality. The essence, purpose and means of psychological support were analyzed. The need for a systematic analysis of scientific knowledge on the problem of psychological support of the elderly during quarantine was stated. The study is based on the personal-communicative approach, according to which a personality is the subject of interpersonal communication and conscious activity, that forms a dynamic unity, a system of various interconnected mental processes and properties. Psychological support is considered as a process (creation of conditions and opportuni-ties that will promote a personality`s development) and the result (social situation of development, which corresponds to the age and individual features). It was emphasized that the psychological support of the elderly should be related, first-ly, to the impact on their ability to analyze and evaluate life events and everything what happens to them, to adjust and update the meaning of their lives; secondly, to the organization of their own living space and time, regulation of their emotions and experiences; thirdly, to interpersonal communication, establishing and maintaining the necessary contacts with other people. Principles of the support were identified. Means (physical activity, intellectual activity, art, self-suggestion, religious preferences, interaction etc.) of the support were defined. Factors (natural, anthropogenic and social environment; biological, social and psychological properties of the elderly) of the support were also defined. Methods (information and training) of the support were identified. Circles of interaction of an elderly person (immedi-ate family and friends; acquaintances, relatives, persons who provide the elderly with certain professional services on a regular basis; various members of society with whom the elderly meet periodically) were identified. The model of psy-chological support for the elderly during quarantine was created. The main stages of such support were specified (study Psychology - Education Science and Education, 2022, Issue 1 13 of psychological characteristics of the elderly, individual characteristics of those people who around and features of interaction between them; development and implementation of various means of influencing the elderly and those around them; the study of the effectiveness of the impact program).
Boris Dolinsky, Bozhena Bukhovets, Galina Dishel
Science and Education, Volume 2022, pp 54-60;

In the clinical picture of children with cerebral palsy, along with motor disorders, there is a lack of cerebral circu-lation. It is advisable to develop programs using the method of kinesiotaping to regulate cerebral hemodynamics in physical rehabilitation. The purpose of the study is to theoretically substantiate and develop a program of physical edu-cation and sports rehabilitation for children with cerebral palsy in the form of spastic hemiparesis, using the method of kinesiotaping. Research methods and results: theoretical analysis of literature sources; experiment, instrumental (Transcranial Doppler Ultrasound of cerebral vessels), mathematical data processing. Seventy one children aged 4 years with cerebral palsy in the form of spastic hemiparesis took part in the observational experiment. Considering the analy-sis of cerebral hemodynamics on the indicators of linear blood flow velocity in the respective vessels of the subjects, attention was drawn to the fact that before rehabilitation between the studied indicators of the subjects of control group (CG) and main group (MG) was not observed (p>0.05). In CG after rehabilitation the following was increased: common carotid arteries - by 28.60%, internal carotid arteries - by 20.0%, vertebral arteries V3 - by 25.70%, anterior cerebral arteries - by 28.6%, middle cerebral arteries - by 25.70%, posterior urinary arteries - by 25.7%, vertebral arteries V4 - by 22.90%. The practical effectiveness of the proposed program is proved by quantitative changes (at the level of p<0.05) of the studied indicators. The developed system of kinesiotaping in the program of physical education and sports rehabilitation of children with cerebral palsy was aimed at improving the indicators of cerebral hemodynamics, due to the method of applying tape and its therapeutic properties. Based on the generalization of the obtained data, the efficiency of implementation and rational orientation of the implemented system of physical education and sports reha-bilitation for children with cerebral palsy in the form of spastic hemiparesis, using kinesiotaping techniques to improve cerebral hemodynamics.
Lesia Rutian
Science and Education, Volume 2022, pp 48-54;

Diagnostic analysis of domestic violence against women showed that this problem should be considered as a sci-entific concept. The attitude of society representatives to the manifestations of domestic violence against women was revealed. Their awareness of the essential characteristics of the studied phenomenon is described; availability of moti-vation to struggle against domestic violence; the real state of formation of professional knowledge and skills, ways to prevent domestic violence against women. The purpose of the article is to substantiate the organizational and substan-tive conditions for the prevention of domestic violence against women (informational and explanatory social and psy-chological work with perpetrators; interdepartmental interaction in socio-psychological work with victims of domestic violence; actualization of legal competence of victims of domestic violence through non-formal education). The struc-ture of socio-pedagogical prevention of domestic violence against women is determined, which consists of components such as: organizational, procedural, rehabilitation; criteria (managerial, activity, preventive) and indicators (organiza-tional component: detection of an act of violence, notification to law enforcement agencies, notification to the Depart-ment of Labor and Social Protection, decision-making on further work; procedural component: first aid, referral of vic-tims to qualification services, work with offenders, rehabilitation component: the formation of legal competence, the formation of reflection, work with a psychologist / a social worker) socio-pedagogical prevention of domestic violence against women. The methodological basis of the study are methods that have been selected to know a woman's own self; which allowed women to find out the level of their motivation, awareness, literacy in order to form in them the goal of eliminating domestic violence against women. It should be noted that the questionnaire guaranteed complete confidentiality to the respondents, which allowed women to have less pain and to answer the proposed questions hon-estly. It was concluded that interdepartmental cooperation of all institutions is necessary for the systematic prevention of domestic violence against women. Effective interdepartmental interaction aims to solve the problem of violence against women more effectively; it is one of the main functions of this mechanism. All institutions of interdepartmental interaction (i.e. local communities at all levels) must maintain effective coordination with each other. It is the coordination of actions that becomes the basis for reflecting more effective interdepartmental interaction. The use of public insti-tutions of general information will help to create clear and effective criteria for monitoring and assessing the state of work of public institutions in the fight against domestic violence against women.
Olena Kosyanova, Olha Radchenko
Science and Education, Volume 2022, pp 13-21;

The article considers the research results of psychological features of regulation of activity and socio-psychological adaptation of managers with various levels of neuroticism. A hypothesis was put forward before starting work regarding the influence of neuroticism on the components of socio-psychological adaptation in people working in the field of management and their correlations. A common set of methods was chosen for the study: a method for diag-nosing socio-psychological adaptation (Diamond R. E., 2004), a method for diagnosing self-assessment of mental states (Eysenck H., 1963), a method for diagnosing the level of neuroticism (Wasserman L. I., 1987), a method for measuring rigidity (Eysenck H., 1965), a method for express diagnosis of neurosis (Hess H., Heck K., 1975). These methods made it possible to identify and quantify the level of neuroticism among respondents and the characteristics of their psycho-logical state, including the level of adaptation, self-acceptance, acceptance of other people, emotional comfort, internali-ty, the desire to dominate, anxiety, aggressiveness, frustration, rigidity, etc. It was found that the level of neuroticism really has an impact on the characteristics of socio-psychological adaptation and its components after analyzing and comparing the results. It was revealed that with an increase in the level of neuroticism, there is a deterioration in the psychological regulation of activity and socio-psychological adaptation of the individual. It can be seen from the re-search results that respondents with high neuroticism have an increased level of anxiety, frustration, aggression and rigidity, as well as tension and difficulty in adapting. Such people do not fully accept themselves and others, have a worse level of emotional comfort, they have an increased level of desire to dominate; they more often attribute responsibility for the results of their activities or the situation around them to other circumstances or a “decision” of fate. Respondents with a low level of neuroticism have the best indicators of psychological regulation of their activities and socio-psychological adaptation.
Taras Osadtsiv, Tetiana Tokar, Alina Zhaylo
Science and Education, Volume 2022, pp 42-47;

The results of study of features of sporting activity in ballroom dance are presented in the article. The issues of control of technical training of dance couples are considered. The aim is to analyses the modern state of issue of control of technical training of sportsmen’s in ballroom dance. The group of theoretical and empiric methods was used in the study.Pedagogicalsupervisionsof 24 trainingsessions wereconducted,of which 14 – in Latin American and 10 – in Euro-pean programs in 6 clubs of sporting (ballroom) dances of Lviv, with pairs by age 12–13.A survey of 10 choreographers and 6 judges of the Highest National Category in dance sports showed that high achievements in ballroom dancing at the present stage is impossible without objective control over the physical, technical and functional training of dance couples without physiological mechanisms and patterns of control of motor actions of dancers, which requires the de-velopment of new approaches to the whole educational and training process. The conducted analysis of the dance move in Europe and Ukrainehas shown that a single control system in ballroom dance, which would take into account the evaluation of dance techniques, is just being formed. It was found that the control of technical readiness in the perfor-mance of dances of both Latin American and European programs should take into account a large number of compo-nents: the relative position of body parts, the specifics of weight distribution of the sportsman, tempo-rhythmic charac-teristics of each dance, timeliness, balance. The results of the study complement some provisions of sportsmen’stheory of training aged 12 - 13 years; they can be used in the practice of teachers-choreographers in ballroom dancing.
Oleksander Ievtushenko
Science and Education, Volume 2022, pp 29-35;

Greco-Roman wrestling places high demands on functional training, which determines the further success of tech-nical and tactical training of athletes. The aim is to determine the features of the functional state of the cardiorespiratory system of Greco-Roman wrestlers at the stage of preliminary basic training in the preparatory period. The study used theoretical research methods (theoretical analysis of scientific and methodological literature) and empirical: computer rheography (this device is intended to determine the functional state of the cardiovascular system), computer spirography (this device is intended to determine the functional state of the respiratory system), and mathematical methods statistics. The mean value of vital capacity in the group of wrestlers at the beginning of the study was 2.40 ± 0.04 l, which was 80.78 ± 1.85% of the appropriate values and showed reduced ability to external respiration and chest rigidity. The detailed distribution of Greco-Roman wrestling according to the forced vital lung capacity in relation to the normative values showed that this indicator in the norm was in 26% of subjects, in the conditional norm – in 41%, in 36% of subjects – in a slight decrease. Reduced ones compared to normal stroke volume (45.70 ± 1.41 ml) indicated a decrease in myocardial contractility, and proper values of minute volume of blood circulation were achieved due to increased heart rate, which is not a rational adaptive response in the state peace of mind. Functional training is an im-portant component of the preliminary basic training; the program of its improvement in Greco-Roman wrestling in the preparatory period is an urgent scientific and practical task of modern sport, and the indicators of physical fitness are a prerequisite for developing a program of improvement.
Olena Kosyanova, Kateryna Kyrychenko, Minka Kiminchizhy
Science and Education pp 49-56;

Наука і освіта. Науково-практичний журнал Університету Ушинського.
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