Journal Health and Technology - Jht

Journal Information
EISSN: 27647625
Total articles ≅ 16

Latest articles in this journal

Sidney Sato Oku, , Francine Baldin Able, Fabiano Marcelo Nava, ,
Journal Health and Technology - Jht, Volume 2; https://doi.org/10.47820/jht.v2i1.28

Abstract:
The aim of this study was to evaluate the primary and secondary stability and success rates of narrow and extra-narrow implants as retainers’ mandibular overdentures. Twelve fully edentulous mandible patients participated of this split-mouth randomized controlled clinical trial. One narrow (G1: 3.5-mm) and one extra-narrow implant (G2: 2.9-mm) were placed in each patient. Data regarding anesthetics use, incision size, number of drills used, and surgery duration were obtained. Moreover, a satisfaction VAS (visual analog scale) questionnaire was answered by the surgeon to evaluate clinician satisfaction with respect to characteristics of the surgical procedure. The implants stability quotient (ISQ) was measured immediately after the implants placement (T0) and after four months of the surgical procedure (T4). Additionally, the success rates of the implants during the osseointegration period were recorded. Regarding the characteristics of the surgical technique, statistically significant difference between groups was found for incision length - which was significantly smaller for group G2 - and insertion torque - which was significantly greater for group G1 (P-value = 0.025 and 0.005, respectively). There was no statistically significant difference for ISQ values between T0 and T4 within the same group (G1, p=0.510 and G2, p=0.116). The implant success rate was 100% for both groups. Therefore, narrow, and extra-narrow implants showed good primary and secondary stability, as well as short-term implant success rates, without statistically significant differences between them, and thus seem to be suitable alternatives to retain immediately loaded mandibular overdentures.
JHT Journal
Journal Health and Technology - Jht, Volume 2; https://doi.org/10.47820/jht.v2i1.29

Abstract:
List of evaluators/reviewers of the papers.
Cleidelane Rocha Coelho, Carlos Danilo Cardoso Matos Silva, Marcus Vinicius Cardoso Matos Silva
Journal Health and Technology - Jht, Volume 1; https://doi.org/10.47820/jht.v1i4.24

Abstract:
O câncer de mama é o tipo de câncer que mais afeta as mulheres em todo o mundo. No Brasil, essa neoplasia é responsável por 28% dos novos casos anuais de câncer, estima-se que uma em cada dez mulheres desenvolverá essa patologia ao longo da vida e em 2021 a incidência foi de 66.280 casos e cerca de 18.068 óbitos, caracterizando-se como bem como um importante problema de saúde pública entre as mulheres. Assim, este estudo tem como objetivo geral elencar a importância da ressonância magnética e dos marcadores tumorais no prognóstico e estadiamento de pacientes submetidas ao tratamento neoadjuvante do câncer de mama. Para tanto, foi realizada revisão integrativa da literatura, utilizando as seguintes bases de dados: SciELO, PubMed e BVS, além de busca de dados epidemiológicos nos sites do INCA e DATASUS. foram verificados, nos estudos analisados ​​que a ressonância magnética é eficiente em fazer a avaliação após a terapia neoadjuvante, dependendo do subtipo de câncer de mama. O uso de contraste pode aumentar a eficácia da RM ao realçar os tecidos mamários normais e o parênquima mamário (BPE). A precisão da ressonância magnética varia de acordo com o subtipo de câncer de mama e a morfologia do tumor, sendo mais precisa na avaliação de tumores HER 2 positivos e triplo negativos. Os principais biomarcadores citados foram receptor de estrogênio (ER), receptor de progesterona (PR), HER2, Ki67, CA 12,5 e CA 19,9.
Leonardo Moraes Armesto, Thabata Roberto Alonso, Priscila Chaves Reis, Anna Vict´ória Garbelini Ribeiro, Giovana David, Jorge Freitas Baueb, Lucas Kawamoto Dela Torre, Juliana Bahov Shinnishi, Gabriela Furst Vaccarezza,
Journal Health and Technology - Jht, Volume 1; https://doi.org/10.47820/jht.v1i4.26

Abstract:
Hypertension is the number one cause of death worldwide, however, this occurrence can be prevented if proper follow-up is performed. One way to improve the accuracy of follow-ups is through tools that enable constant update and monitoring of hypertensive patients. Therefore, the objective of this study reflects on the application of a standard operating procedure that allows such actions to be performed ensuring that providing care needs to be continuous and the data has to be updated in order to have a better treatment plan for each patient enrolled in the Basic Health Unit. Thus, this article is based on an integrative review on tools for continuity of care for hypertensive patients. In this way, 95 articles were selected within the theme, and after applying the exclusion and inclusion criteria, only 20 were analyzed. The studies were published in journals with high to medium impact factors, recognizing the degree of relevance of the theme studied. One of the major issues currently existing for the effective monitoring of hypertensive patients is the lack of accurate tools that have practical application and that allow the primary care team to effectively monitor patients registered in their territory. Thus, the literature review supported this study to direct the understanding about problems inherent to hypertension in primary health care, supporting the argument and allowing new ways to monitor hypertensive patients so that future problems due to this chronic disease can be prevented.
, Maria De Lourdes Alves Lima Zanatta, Marcos Vinicius Viana da Silva, Jose Everton Da Silva
Journal Health and Technology - Jht, Volume 1; https://doi.org/10.47820/jht.v1i4.25

Abstract:
LGBTQIA people, all around the world, experience violence, discrimination, and rights violations almost daily. In the field of human rights and healthcare more specifically, trans people have unique health risks and they face further rights violations, public shaming, and institutional violence when trying to navigate through an essentially cisgender healthcare system. On that account, this research aims to explore transgender persons’ right to access health care (or lack thereof) in South Africa and possible remedies in the African human rights system. The methodology employed consists of a brief review of literature, a qualitative design based on multiple sources, and theoretical reasoning embedded in the larger framework of human rights, more specifically a human rights-based approach to health care. The goal is to employ a somewhat innovative human rights-based approach to health care access and to analyse which international responsibilities the Republic of South Africa has regarding the health rights of transgender persons. Both the advantages and limits of international adjudication and advocacy on behalf of trans people in the African system are also discussed.
Cristiano Salles Rodrigues, ,
Journal Health and Technology - Jht, Volume 1; https://doi.org/10.47820/jht.v1i4.21

Abstract:
The current context of medical activity demands from obstetricians a broad understanding of the scientific and technological advances. The objective of this article is to reveal the historical evolution of medical practices and technology in a particular field of health, namely the health of the fetus and the medical practices of its follow-up, in the face of the enormous technological advances that have occurred in the supply of cross-cutting technologies with potential use in this particular field. The methodology used was a non-systematic bibliographic review carried out in scientific journals in the medical field, and for the interpretation of the material collected, the approach of sectoral innovation system was adopted, which can be defined as a network of agents that interact in a specific technological field. The main results of the research show that over the centuries, with the advancement of technology, new equipment has been proposed to eliminate the limitations of interobserver interpretation, thus allowing new multicenter randomized studies. Furthermore, it has become clear that the health crisis caused by the Coronavirus limited, broke, and disrupted face-to-face care in all medical fields and served as a springboard for accelerating the use of electronic systems and artificial intelligence in medical care. And finally, it can be observed that the process of technological diffusion encounters several tensions between those who defend remote prenatal care and those who have aversion or distrust towards modernization, excessive medical conservatism, lack of regulation on the subject, and ethical issues that limit its advances.
Geraldo Medeiros Junior
Journal Health and Technology - Jht, Volume 1; https://doi.org/10.47820/jht.v1i3.18

Abstract:
Extracellular vesicles (EVs) are particles ranging from 30 to 5000 nm, considered mediators of intercellular communication and biomarkers of distinct types of diseases. EVs are released by most cells, including tumor cells. Therefore, research to better understand its role in the development and progression of neoplasms has been increasing every year. For such, these studies require high-tech equipment, available in highly complex research laboratories. This project sought to standardize dark-field microscopy (DFM) as a simple, effective, low-cost method to assist in research with EVs. Three samples were acquired, each one containing extracellular vesicles properly classified by size (400, 100, and 50 nm). Each one of them was analyzed by using the DFM to determine resolution capability and maximum magnification.
Fabiano de Abreu Agrela Rodrigues, Roselene Do Espírito Santo Wagner
Journal Health and Technology - Jht, Volume 1; https://doi.org/10.47820/jht.v1i3.17

Abstract:
Mental disorder is a dysfunction of brain activity that can affect an individual's mood, behavior, reasoning, learning, and communication. It is a silent disease that can be present at any stage of life. Its reflexes occur at the psychological level and may have physical symptoms, depending on the stage of the illness. Commonly associated with suffering are anxiety disorders, depression, panic syndrome, chemical dependency, bipolar disorder, and others. Each individual manifests his or her pathology in a unique way, and the management must also be personalized. The disorder has multiple causes, such as genetic inheritance, environment, culture, emotional impacts, traumas, phases of the life cycle, among other aspects. Therefore, its treatment requires a multidisciplinary team, with professionals such as psychologists, psychiatrists, speech therapists, and, in the school environment, when it comes to learning, a psychopedagogue, an extremely important professional for the student and his family. When the manifestation of the disorder happens in the school phase, teachers are key, since school is a very familiar environment and functions as the second home and family representation. Teachers have the possibility to observe and identify the student's problem; they spend many hours with the student daily, transfer knowledge, and identify the student's emotional state, attention focus maintenance, memory, engagement, motivation, mood and behavior changes. They are the first to notice learning difficulties or inability presented by some individuals when facing new situations, triggered by several factors
Alberto De Andrade Reis Mota, Gyzelle Pereira Vilhena Do Nascimento, Gabriel Martins Pereira
Journal Health and Technology - Jht, Volume 1; https://doi.org/10.47820/jht.v1i2.16

Abstract:
The present work consists of the study of Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM), with the objective of reporting the use of acupuncture as an alternative in the treatment of anxiety contextualizing it with public health, through a literature review in which articles from the last ten years were selected in reliable websites. Acupuncture and proved effective in all selected articles, avoiding the prolonged use of medications that may cause dependence, this practice allows the pharmaceutical professional to apply his area of activity to the patient so that they can use such therapy in their treatment.
Thais Da Silva Nunes, Felipe Cipriano de Oliveira, Milene Francfort Magalhães Miranda,
Journal Health and Technology - Jht, Volume 1; https://doi.org/10.47820/jht.v1i2.15

Abstract:
Introduction: Crossfit is a modality of physical strength and metabolic conditioning. It is known that diet and nutritional supplementation can interfere in the physical performance of practitioners. Objective: To quantify the use of nutritional supplements (protein, carbohydrate and micronutrients), as well as to evaluate the adequacy of the moment of consumption of the most cited supplement (pre, during or after training). Materials and Methods: 60 crossfit practitioners from three gyms located in the city of São Paulo were invited to participate. The research instrument was a questionnaire prepared by the researchers. Data were analyzed with descriptive statistics. Results: Among the participants (48% men and 52% women), 70% used supplements. The most consumed were protein supplements, mainly whey protein. Only 4.8% were on carbohydrate supplements and 3.2% on micronutrients. Most whey protein consumers reported using 1 (37.1%) or 2 (34.3%) scoops a day. One third (34.3%) of users reported consuming this supplement before training, followed by 25.7% who consumed it before and after training, and 14.3% who used it only after training. Discussion: Anaerobic muscle power activities involve higher protein turnover, which may explain the preference for protein supplements. Conclusion: Most of the research participants used nutritional supplements, and whey protein was the most cited. The doses stipulated on the product label were respected by most respondents, however, the timing of use and the type of supplement chosen in many cases were not suitable.
Back to Top Top