Annals of Public Health
Articles in this journal
Published: 10 March 2022
Annals of Public Health, Volume 1; https://doi.org/10.55085/aph.2022.630
This study sought to assess the level of knowledge, attitude, and practice (KAP) toward COVID-19 among Bangladeshi students. An online-based cross-sectional study was conducted in late April 2020 among 904 Bangladeshi students using a Snowball sampling technique. Data collected were analyzed using descriptive statistics, independent sample t-tests, and analysis of variance (ANOVA) test. Multiple linear regression was employed to calculate the associations between KAP scores and other demographic variables. The mean COVID-19 knowledge score was 14.45 (SD: 1.72; range: 7-17), indicating a moderate level of knowledge. The mean scores for attitudes and practices were 2.45 (SD: 1.13; range: 0-6) and 4.58 (SD: 0.71; range: 1-5), indicating negative attitudes and reasonable practices toward COVID-19, respectively. Students enrolled at the undergraduate level or higher and from urban areas were associated with higher knowledge and practice scores. Students who read scientific articles as their main source of COVID-19 information were more knowledgeable than their peers. Students who participated in online training/courses about COVID-19 were significantly associated with higher KAP scores. The negative attitude of students reported in this study indicates the need for government and policymakers to ensure more targeted awareness campaigns are implemented to enhance public confidence and participation in COVID-19 preventive measures.
Published: 25 January 2022
Annals of Public Health, Volume 1; https://doi.org/10.55085/aph.2022.592
For decades, the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC) has been vulnerable to disasters. The most dangerous Nyiragongo volcanic eruption posed a threat to the country, particularly the city of Goma. The explosions on 22 May 2021 caused unfathomable damages, with loss of lives, properties, and the destruction of homes, displacing thousands of people, with thousands of children being left vulnerable as a result. Furthermore, it charred health and school infrastructures and decimated crops, an issue in the population where the COVID-19 has exacerbated the existing fragile health system. Importantly, these eruptions posed a challenge when DRC struggled to end COVID-19 and Ebola through surveillance, preventive measures, and vaccination. It is doubtless that priorities of the emergency have interrupted the surveillance system, thus increasing exposure to the COVID-19 and Ebola transmission. It is critical to provide basic needs to victims of the Nyiragongo volcanic eruptions in the aftermath of such a disaster. Local and global humanitarian organizations are needed to assist residents in relocating. Furthermore, appropriate and adjusted mitigation strategies will significantly prevent Ebola, COVID-19, and other infectious diseases. In this paper, we discuss the impacts of the volcanic eruption on population health and Ebola preparedness and response in the context of the global COVID-19 outbreak in the Democratic Republic of the Congo.
Annals of Public Health; https://doi.org/10.55085/aph.2022.665
Annals of Public Health; https://doi.org/10.55085/aph.2022.663
Introduction: COVID-19 pandemic imposed a massive impact on constrained healthcare resources especially Intensive Care Units beds. Nevertheless, few studies have explored direct medical costs of ICU admissions and the financial burden associated with them. Aim: Our aim is to estimate the average direct medical cost of COVID-19 admitted to ICU per patient and per diem as well as the associated financial burden. Methods: A stochastic financial model was developed in accordance with Kuwait Task Force guidelines for COVID-19 management in ICU. Results: Our results showed the average cost of COVID-19 patients admitted in the ICU per patient and per diem to be 16,471 KWD (53,354 USD) and 1,643 KWD (5,422 USD) respectively. While the financial burden over one fiscal year amounted to 15,795,830 KWD (52,126,239 USD). Conclusion: This estimate can guide policy makers, researchers and financial analysts to follow a data driven decisions in planning and budgeting healthcare resources for this concurrent event or similar future events.
Annals of Public Health, Volume 1; https://doi.org/10.55085/aph.2022.617
Annals of Public Health, Volume 1; https://doi.org/10.55085/aph.2022.609
Annals of Public Health, Volume 1; https://doi.org/10.55085/aph.2022.637
Annals of Public Health, Volume 1; https://doi.org/10.55085/aph.2022.585
Background: Nowadays, with regard to the availability of medicines and populations’ increased knowledge of medical sciences, self-medication has increased which is a challenging issue for the healthcare system. This study aimed to examine the prevalence of self-medication, comprehensively at a global level. In addition, effective factors in this regard, including the motives of self-medication, diversity of medicines used, the supply resources, and type of the resulted disease were evaluated.Materials: English language articles published during 2000-2018 were systematically searched in Embase, PubMed, Web of Science, and Scopus to find relevant research. Studies that met the inclusion criteria were evaluated independently by two researchers the relevant articles were examined based on the prevalence of the phenomenon and factors such as setting of study, common reasons for self-medication, and common drugs used.Results: From 951 primarily revealed articles, 69 papers were entered for the final analysis. Overall, 41620 individuals were included in the selected papers, 67% of whom (N=27890) had at least one experience of self-medication. Among the continents, Europe (Eastern) had the highest incidence rate of self-medication (74%, 95% CI, 56%-86%). In terms of supply resources, 71% of the subjects purchased drugs from pharmacies (95% CI, 61-80%). Regarding the condition that led to self-medication, 48% of the patients turned to self-medication due to neurological problems (95% CI, 40-55%). Among the causes of self-medication, “a previous history” and “minor nature of the disease” were the most common reasons for self-medication.Conclusion: According to the results of the study, the mean incidence of self-medication was higher in Eastern Europe and Asian countries, compared to other parts of the world. This could be a considerable note for policy-makers of this field. In general, self-medication can lead to short and long-term harmful consequences for the society and the healthcare systems, resulting in huge costs for countries.