Management & Sustainability: An Arab Review
Latest articles in this journal
Management & Sustainability: An Arab Review; https://doi.org/10.1108/msar-06-2022-0028
Purpose: In light of the role of religious coping as an alleviation mechanism, the COVID-19 pandemic presents a potential opportunity to build on the literature related to religious coping in a new context. Hence, the study aims to examine the potential role of religious coping in enhancing consumer well-being (CWB) during the pandemic.Design/methodology/approach: A quantitative approach has been employed, with the use of web surveys, to investigate the relationship between CWB and religiosity among a global sample.Findings: Results showed that religiosity has a significant positive impact on satisfaction with life among females only. On comparing between Arabs and non-Arabs, there was a significant positive relationship between religiosity and satisfaction with life among Arabs.Originality/value: The main contribution of this paper is extending the religiosity and spirituality literature by studying the potential role of religiosity in improving individual well-being during a novel contextual pandemic situation, an area that is still underresearched in the literature.
Management & Sustainability: An Arab Review; https://doi.org/10.1108/msar-06-2022-0024
Purpose: The current study is exploring factors affecting social and sharing behavioral intentions. The paper proposes a new theory, the consumer social behavior theory, which aids in understanding social behaviors. This is through the convergence of the theory of planned behavior (TPB) and norm activation theory (NAT) to foster the understanding of sharing and social behaviors. Religiosity, as a cultural and psychological factor, along with five major predictors of sharing practices are also incorporated. These predictors are economic benefits, sustainability, enjoyment, trust and difficulties in sharing practices.Design/methodology/approach: The current study takes a new route through proposing a new theoretical contribution and developing a new theory termed consumer social behavior theory (CSBT) to be commonly used in social behavioral contexts.Findings: The CSBT is an output of integrating two prominent theories in pro-social and pro-environmental contexts. It is found that integrating both theories help in thoroughly examining behavioral intentions. Religiosity is found to significantly impact intentions towards social behaviors, yet no study examined its role in sharing and social behaviors contexts.Originality/value: This study is contributing to and enriching the sharing economy research domain through new theoretical developments. A theory adaptation for TPB and NAT was conducted to advance a thorough understanding of sharing and social behavioral intentions. This work is considered the first of its kind to develop an integrated view for sharing and social behaviors.
Management & Sustainability: An Arab Review; https://doi.org/10.1108/msar-06-2022-0029
Purpose: The main aim of this study is to integrate the theory of planned behavior (TPB) to examine consumers' intention to advocate for sustainable brands, whilst incorporating the moderating role of pro-environmental self-identity. Consumer sustainability orientation is also added as an antecedent for attitudes to determine the degree to which consumers' personal convictions and attitudes toward sustainability impact their attitude toward sustainable brands. The importance of using the TPB to study online brand advocacy lies in the accumulated evidence that shows that this theory is useful in explaining most kinds of social behaviors.Design/methodology/approach: Quantitative research with the use of web-surveys is employed to test the research hypotheses with a total sample size of 536 respondents. Millennials have been chosen for the current paper to be studied.Findings: Results of the study showed that attitudes, subjective norms, and perceived behavioral control (PBC) were positively related to consumers' advocacy intentions. The findings of this study demonstrated that the TPB is applicable to measuring consumers' advocacy intentions. In addition, the results indicated that two dimensions of sustainability orientation, economic and social orientation, are significant predictors of attitudes. The study also found that pro-environmental self-identity does not moderate the relationship between the TPB core components and online brand advocacy.Originality/value: This study is considered the first to employ the TPB as a theoretical foundation to test the antecedents of online brand advocacy (OBA) in relation to sustainable brands with the inclusion of consumer sustainability orientation as a predictor of attitudes with respect to the three dimensions of sustainability and the moderating effect of pro-environmental self-identity.
Management & Sustainability: An Arab Review; https://doi.org/10.1108/msar-06-2022-0025
Purpose: This paper critically analyses major shifts in the UAE's public and economic policy, particularly examining the transition from oil dependency to diversification and then to sustainability and resilience. It aims to provide insight into the facilitators, inhibitors and future of sustainable development in the UAE.Design/methodology/approach: The paper reviews evidence on diversification resistance, the resource trap and sustainable development, and draws attention to the dynamics of policy reform in the UAE, especially after the COVID-19 pandemic.Findings: The findings of this study indicate that not all patterns of diversification result in sustainable development and resilient economies. The evidence also suggests that achieving sustainable and resilient growth does not necessarily come at the cost of economic prosperity. After decades of extraordinary diversification, the UAE's economic policy has undergone a paradigm shift. Years of fluctuating oil revenues, increasingly globalised markets, environmental obligations and significant recent structural changes in energy markets have paved the way for a new emphasis on sustainable diversification and economic resilience.Originality/value: The paper provides novel insight on the UAE's transition to a sustainable and resilient economy and contributes to the current public policy debate about the future of economic policies in the UAE on sustainable diversification initiatives and the trade-offs that emerge from embracing sustainable diversification and economic resilience goals.
Management & Sustainability: An Arab Review; https://doi.org/10.1108/msar-02-2022-0011
Purpose: The aim of this study is to explore the barriers and drivers of green supply chain management (GSCM) in Lebanese restaurants. The author of this paper classified the barriers and drivers as internal and external factors. This study further assesses the level of knowledge of GSCM in the Lebanese restaurant industry. In particular, the case of “Besten” is addressed to tackle the major drivers and barriers to adopting GSCM.Design/methodology/approach: This paper follows the pure qualitative research design as the design is based on an interview. Further, this paper adopts the interpretivism research. As for the research approach, this paper adopts the inductive approach. Regarding the research strategy (data collection method), this paper is a case study discussing the level of awareness of GSCM, the drivers, and the barriers to adopting GSCM by a Lebanese independent restaurant, “Besten.” As for the choice of research methodology, a qualitative interview is conducted with the owner of “Besten” restaurant, Mr. Omar El Mais, to discuss and try to figure out the main impediments and motivators of adopting GSCM at Besten.Findings: The study found that the major drivers of adopting GSCM in the Lebanese restaurant context, more specifically in Besten, are management's awareness, management mentality, gaining customers' trust and loyalty, the intention of going international, and market trends. The latter two drivers are specific to the Lebanese context and were not mentioned in previous research. As for the barriers, the major ones are the cost constraints, lack of Lebanese laws and regulations, the Lebanese economic crisis since 2019, and loss of funds to banks. The latter three barriers are specific to the Lebanese context and were not stated before in the literature.Research limitations/implications: Although the research is restricted to one case study, the research tackles and provides an in-depth understanding and elaboration of GSCM adoption, barriers, and drivers within one of the Lebanese independent restaurants as the topic has not yet been tackled within the Lebanese context. The results of this paper are specific to “Besten” and cannot be generalized.Practical implications: Policymakers and non - governmental organizations (NGOs) might benefit from the findings of the study and set the needed laws/regulations to promote GSCM. Policymakers and NGOs might benefit from the findings of this study and implement the needed awareness campaigns about GSCM to the concerned bodies. Further, restaurant owners/managers might benefit from this study and gain a better understanding and insight of the GSCM, GSCM's potential barriers, and drivers in case restaurant owners/managers would like to adopt GSCM in the future.Social implications: Awareness and adoption of the GSCM within the restaurant context is essential in saving the environment, reducing waste, and reducing harmful emissions.Originality/value: Despite the widespread literature about GSCM practices, the GSCM has not been tackled yet in the Lebanese context although the Lebanese context varies from other countries and what can be deduced from other countries regarding GSCM may not be adequate given the Lebanese complexities. The case study discussed in this research provides an in-depth understanding of this concept, GSCM's adoption, the internal and external drivers, and the internal and external barriers within one restaurant in the complex Lebanese restaurant context.
Management & Sustainability: An Arab Review; https://doi.org/10.1108/msar-08-2022-0038
Purpose: This study carries out a systematic literature review (SLR) on responsible management education (RME). A total of 174 publications listed on the Scopus database addressing RME, published between 2007 and 2022 (inclusive), have been analyzed.Design/methodology/approach: The articles included in the study were searched based on relevant key terms in the title, abstract and author keywords associated with each publication. The analysis led to the identification of the most relevant sources, authors and publications that can be used to circumscribe RME. Selected studies were analyzed using the Bibliometrix R-tool.Findings: This study shows how three interrelated levels of analysis—namely, conceptual, intellectual and social—allow researchers to further organize the data to produce rich content for the RME. The contribution of this study is twofold: first, our values-based approach helps overcome the axiological ambiguity of the principles for RME (PRME), which invoke the importance of incorporating “the values of global social responsibility” (Principle 2) but fail to define and operationalize these values. Second, the authors provide a rationale and guidance for implementing values-based RME in business schools.Originality/value: This study offers a unique SLR on RME. It gives a clear picture of this field by talking about what has been done and what the future might hold for RME.
Management & Sustainability: An Arab Review; https://doi.org/10.1108/msar-04-2022-0021
Purpose: With less than ten years left to accomplish the United Nations (UN) Sustainable Development Agenda 2030, there is a pressing need to develop innovative sustainable methods and/or techniques that agriculture and food businesses can apply to improve natural resource efficiency. Therefore, the purpose of the current study is to review sustainable agriculture in one of the developing Arab countries by presenting a real-life example of a sustainable farm.Design/methodology/approach: The current study aims to showcase a sustainable farm in one of the developing Arab countries, utilizing a case study methodology. The case study methodology is particularly appropriate within the current research context to provide an in-depth and multi-faceted understanding of sustainable agriculture practices.Findings: The findings of the current study delineate the different dimensions of sustainable agriculture which includes water savings, less usage of artificial fertilizers, reduction of pesticides and use of renewable energy. In addition, the current study shows that the application of the different sustainable agriculture practices results in substantial savings on the economic levels as well as the environmental levels.Originality/value: There are two valuable outcomes from this research. The first is a framework for understanding the different dimensions of sustainable agriculture. The second outcome is highlighting various implications for sustainable entrepreneurs who wish to accelerate the transition to sustainable agriculture.
Management & Sustainability: An Arab Review; https://doi.org/10.1108/msar-06-2022-0027
Purpose: The purpose of this conceptual paper is to present a framework for the interplay between ethics education and consumer wisdom for future empirical research. The paper aims to conceptualize the influence marketing ethics education has on students as consumers, not as future marketing executives per se due to the little literature that exist in this direction. By tackling this research gap, this paper extends the understanding of the social cognitive theory. It examines the role marketing ethics education plays in enhancing students' moral attentiveness and ethical awareness, which consequently shape their consumer wisdom.Design/methodology/approach: The proposed conceptual framework is based on theoretically observing and analyzing the possible interrelations between ethics education and consumer wisdom.Findings: This research offers multiple research propositions to examine these interrelationships through future empirical research.Practical implications: The value of this paper lies in its potential importance for policymakers and marketing educators. Shedding light on this relationship is beneficial to educational institutions and the means by which courses' curricula are designed. Consequently, students will be equipped with the right foundation to become more ethical and wiser consumers.Originality/value: This conceptual paper extends the research in the field of consumer behavior and marketing education. It employs the reciprocal causation model of Bandura's (1986) social cognitive theory to consumer wisdom; a novel construct in the field of consumer behavior. This opens an array to understanding the potential role of ethics education as a potential antecedent in shaping consumer wisdom. The study also explores the prospective mediating role of moral attentiveness and ethical awareness to the conceptualized relationship.
Management & Sustainability: An Arab Review; https://doi.org/10.1108/msar-06-2022-0026
Purpose: The purpose of this paper is to examine the impact of women as human capital on sustainable development in the Egyptian community factories. Presently, sustainability has become one of the targets all over the world , especially the Egyptian strategy that focuses more on women’s empowerment as human capital. There is a positive trend among organizations, governments and communities to focus more on the lead of sustainability in all our daily activities and business activities.Design/methodology/approach: Self-administered questionnaires were distributed to gather data from 100 engineers (50 women and 50 men) employees of Egyptian factories and industries located in Egypt. To analyze, the collected data, regression analysis and correlation coefficient were employed to examine the study objectives and questions. A statistical Package for Social Sciences has been used for data analysis.Findings: Results reveal that there is a direct positive relationship between women as a capital and sustainable development with its four interrelated pillars (economic, social, environmental and education) in a positive and significant way and the three factors of Human Capital (leadership and motivation, qualifications and satisfaction and creativity).Research limitations/implications: The findings only apply to the sample (engineering women, men) that has participated in the questionnaire in the Egyptian factories. More research would be recommended in terms of further research study, highlighting the role of women in other categories in the STEM field as they are the human capital crucial for sustainable development and highlighting its impact on the Egyptian sustainable strategy 2030.Practical implications: Although the Egyptian strategy reinforces gender equality and gaining more roles for women in the Egyptian community, there is still absence of women in factories and science. Based on the findings, there are three concerns that must be addressed: First, opportunities need to be embedded in the factories for more women, especially in engineering categories. Second, authorities must encourage human capital development for women. Third, there is a strong need to create responsible leadership between all human capitals which are especially important in areas of industry.Social implications: Egyptian factories need to support women’s enthusiasm for innovation, continuously advance science and engineering, foster a business environment that fosters the coexistence of science and technology, the economy and society, support enterprise transformation and optimize the industrial structure of Egyptian industry. Simultaneously, it should encourage and promote the transformation of female achievements and strengthen the role of women leadership enterprises in Egyptian society. In order to promote the ideas of women, more money must be spent on scientific research, human capital must be allocated more effectively and fresh momentum for sustainable economic growth must be generated. It must expand training investment, encourage high-quality human capital and remove the bottleneck.Originality/value: This paper is unique in presenting women as human capital in Egyptian society and reflects its impact on sustainable development pillars. Although much literature and study is dealing with the two topics of human capital and sustainable development separately or with links to other topics, they have not been dealt with together and there is a scarcity in the literature related to these topics focusing on women separately.
Management & Sustainability: An Arab Review; https://doi.org/10.1108/msar-02-2022-0014
Purpose: The study considers how entrepreneurship and its leaders need to adapt to address the sustainability challenge.Design/methodology/approach: It adopts a grounded theory style approach and is based on a case study derived from non-participant observation and secondary data.Findings: The research findings suggest that to address the sustainability challenge requires a new approach to entrepreneurship that is based on systems thinking and the principle of harmony. It suggests the need for less emphasis to be placed on “making as much money as possible” and that there should be broader focus on the development of community entrepreneurship and the creation of civic entrepreneurs.Research limitations/implications: The research introduces a new approach to entrepreneurship in order to address the sustainability challenge and this has implications for entrepreneurial leadership.Practical implications: The concept, known as Harmonious Entrepreneurship, requires the integration of the four main approaches to entrepreneurship (economic, eco, humane and social), abandonment of the Friedman (1970) mantra that the responsibility of business is to make as much money as possible and a change in the mindset and competence requirement of the entrepreneurial leader.Social implications: The findings imply the need to change the way entrepreneurship is taught and entrepreneurial leaders are trained and developed. Also they suggest the need to focus on community entrepreneurship and the creation of Civic Entrepreneurs.Originality/value: The article introduces a new, more holistic approach to entrepreneurship in order to address the sustainability challenge. It is based on a study of the vision and achievement of an Islamic entrepreneur and has implications for entrepreneurship, entrepreneurial leadership and entrepreneurship education and training. It will be of interest to entrepreneurship scholars, educationalists and those concerned with the promotion and development of entrepreneurship, as well as all agencies and individuals concerned with the future of the planet and its people. Recommendations are made for further research and verification.