Journal of Prevention, Diagnosis and Management of Human Diseases

Journal Information
EISSN: 27991202
Published by: HM Publishers
Total articles ≅ 22

Latest articles in this journal

Swapan Banerjee
Journal of Prevention, Diagnosis and Management of Human Diseases pp 1-9; https://doi.org/10.55529/jpdmhd.31.1.9

Abstract:
Two or more miscarriages or biochemical pregnancy losses are treated as recurrent pregnancy loss (RPL). Conditions like immune deficiency, thrombophilia, endocrine dysfunction, and obesity have all been linked to an increased likelihood of miscarriage. There is currently no documented treatment for repeated miscarriages; hence, diet and drug aspects must be implemented nationally or internationally. Databases like Google Scholar, the Directory of Open Access Journals (DOAJ), Semantic Scholar, etc., were used to find publications relevant to this study's objectives. From the Indian perspective, a pregnant woman's daily calorie intake should increase by 350, with an additional 9.5 g of protein in the second and 22.0 g in the third trimester. Prenatal folic acid supplementation has been linked to managing proper birth weight and reduced rates of congenital disabilities. During pregnancy, a woman's ideal weight gain is around 10 kilograms, which is the case for women who eat healthily. Limiting salt intake is necessary to prevent hypertension or preeclampsia during pregnancy. Coffee, tea, and other caffeinated drinks should be used in moderation. Vegetables like papaya, cabbage, pumpkin, milk derivatives, sugar cane, and fruits like bananas, mangoes, pineapple, avocados, etc., are the most taboo foods in developing countries like India and Africa. The widespread avoidance of these foods during pregnancy can be attributed to myths that they contribute to foetal obesity, evil eye, abortion, and other delivery difficulties. In rural India, pregnant women are primarily not adequately informed about the significance of eating a healthy, well-rounded diet. To ensure maternal dietary diversity, even modest; well-targeted awareness-raising programs should go a long way. Hence expected mothers should get compulsory nutritional guidance on what to eat and how much from experts like dietitians, physicians, or other experienced mothers through personal meetings or social media platforms to minimize recurrent pregnancy loss.
Mahesh Gawade, Pratiksha S. Thokal, Rushikesh Salve, Sarthak Vitonde
Journal of Prevention, Diagnosis and Management of Human Diseases pp 1-5; https://doi.org/10.55529/jpdmhd.26.1.5

Abstract:
Coronary heart disease (CHD) is also known as Atherosclerosis. Is the primary cause of heart disease & stroke. In western countries 50% causes of death is due to heart disease. There are some environmental factors and genetic factors causes Atherosclerosis. In 1949 Atherosclerosis was added to “International classification of Diseases”. In United States about 1 in 4 death is due to heart disease. Atherosclerotic is a chronic inflammatory process which results in the formation of plaque in the artery which restricts blood flow and lead to thrombosis.
Aijaz Ahmad Lone
Journal of Prevention, Diagnosis and Management of Human Diseases pp 1-10; https://doi.org/10.55529/jpdmhd.25.1.10

Abstract:
Hiking is one of the most accessible physical activities, carried out for recreation, pilgrimages, educational Field Trips. Security agencies patrols and has aesthetic value. The subtle distinction between Hiking and trekking is that of duration only. Hiking involves long walks along the trail for a single day mostly, while Trekking is done for a number of consecutive days and nights. These strolls have significantly become first line of defense in keeping lifestyle diseases including obesity, hypertension, diabetes, and fatty liver at bay. Patients with non-alcoholic fatty liver disease by brisk walks have not only shown weight loss, but also reduction in higher levels of the liver enzymes like Alanine transaminase (ALT), Serum glutamic pyruvic transaminase (SGPT), and Serum glutamic oxaloacetic transaminase (SGOT). Regular walking has substantiated the increase in High-density lipoprotein (HDL) and decrease in low-density lipoprotein (LDL). Scientists investigate the links between walking and lifestyle diseases to guarantee its health benefits. Subsequently practice should be carried forward to ensure health benefits and research should seek to understand as to how Trekking and life style diseases are interlinked.
Mohanad Yahya Almhanna, Husam Ghazi Alanbari, Mahdi Jawad Saeed
Journal of Prevention, Diagnosis and Management of Human Diseases pp 1-5; https://doi.org/10.55529/jpdmhd23.1.5

Abstract:
Carpal tunnel syndrome (CTS) is a neurological disorder that affects nerve transmission across the wrist joint. It varies from mild to severe cases that may impair normal physical activity. Migraine is another syndrome of variable presenting headache associated in most cases with one or more aura features. The aim of this study: is to find out whether there is any correlation between CTS and the occurrence of migraine. Patients and method: 217 patients with migraine were included in the study. A nerve conduction study (NCS) was done to prove CTS's presence. Results: In 93 patients, they were found to have carpal tunnel syndrome, which was statistically significant. Conclusion: there is a strong correlation between the CTS and the occurrence of migraine.
Tolulope G. Daini, Obafemi A. Solesi, Helen N. Adetoyi, Olatunde O. Solaja, Abiodun S. Abiodun
Journal of Prevention, Diagnosis and Management of Human Diseases pp 6-10; https://doi.org/10.55529/jpdmhd23.6.10

Abstract:
Viral hepatitis B has been classified as being a prevalent infection that is caused by the infection of hepatitis B virus (HBV), resulting in acute and chronic liver diseases globally. The World Health Organization (WHO) reported that the number of people exposed to the Hepatitis B virus is about 2 billion global population and two hundred and forty million of the world population are chronic carriers. This work is on screening of blood for possible hepatitis B infection among the donors at State Hospital, Ijaye, Abeokuta, Ogun State, to determine the prevalence of such cases. The study was conducted from August 2021 through January 2022 at State Hospital, Ijaye, Abeokuta, Ogun State, South-west Nigeria. Two hundred (200) adults that were voluntary blood donors in the age range of 20 to 50 years old were selected for the study. And, two mililitres of blood samples were collected from each donor using vacutainer tubes and allowed to clot at 25 °C. A 50 µl serum of each blood sample was then pipetted from the vacutainer tube for analysis using the Lab ACON HBsAg Test strip. Positive samples to the HBsAg Test strip were further tested, using the primary. confirmatory test: Chemiluminescence Immunoassay (CLIA) using the ARCHITECT HBsAg Qualitative Confirmatory assay. Twenty-seven samples originally tested positive for HBsAg, and twenty-two were confirmed HBsAg-positive using Chemiluminescence Immunoassay (CLIA), giving an overall prevalence of 11%, this being considered greater than the threshold of 7 % rated as HBsAg in an adult population, the study sample indicated an endemic population.
Tolulope G. Daini, Obafemi A. Solesi, Helen N. Adetoyi, Olatunde O. Solaja, Abiodun S. Abiodun
Journal of Prevention, Diagnosis and Management of Human Diseases pp 6-10; https://doi.org/10.55529/jpdmhd.23.6.10

Abstract:
Viral hepatitis B has been classified as being a prevalent infection that is caused by the infection of hepatitis B virus (HBV), resulting in acute and chronic liver diseases globally. The World Health Organization (WHO) reported that the number of people exposed to the Hepatitis B virus is about 2 billion global population and two hundred and forty million of the world population are chronic carriers. This work is on screening of blood for possible hepatitis B infection among the donors at State Hospital, Ijaye, Abeokuta, Ogun State, to determine the prevalence of such cases. The study was conducted from August 2021 through January 2022 at State Hospital, Ijaye, Abeokuta, Ogun State, South-west Nigeria. Two hundred (200) adults that were voluntary blood donors in the age range of 20 to 50 years old were selected for the study. And, two mililitres of blood samples were collected from each donor using vacutainer tubes and allowed to clot at 25 °C. A 50 µl serum of each blood sample was then pipetted from the vacutainer tube for analysis using the Lab ACON HBsAg Test strip. Positive samples to the HBsAg Test strip were further tested, using the primary confirmatory test: Chemiluminescence Immunoassay (CLIA) using the ARCHITECT HBsAg Qualitative Confirmatory assay. Twenty-seven samples originally tested positive for HBsAg, and twenty-two were confirmed HBsAg-positive using Chemiluminescence Immunoassay (CLIA), giving an overall prevalence of 11%, this being considered greater than the threshold of 7 % rated as HBsAg in an adult population, the study sample indicated an endemic population.
Mohanad Yahya Almhanna, Husam Ghazi Alanbari, Mahdi Jawad Saeed
Journal of Prevention, Diagnosis and Management of Human Diseases pp 1-5; https://doi.org/10.55529/jpdmhd.23.1.5

Abstract:
Carpal tunnel syndrome (CTS) is a neurological disorder that affects nerve transmission across the wrist joint. It varies from mild to severe cases that may impair normal physical activity. Migraine is another syndrome of variable presenting headache associated in most cases with one or more aura features. The aim of this study: is to find out whether there is any correlation between CTS and the occurrence of migraine. Patients and method: 217 patients with migraine were included in the study. A nerve conduction study (NCS) was done to prove CTS's presence. Results: In 93 patients, they were found to have carpal tunnel syndrome, which was statistically significant. Conclusion: there is a strong correlation between the CTS and the occurrence of migraine.
Amr Mohamed Mounier Elsofy
Journal of Prevention, Diagnosis and Management of Human Diseases pp 8-13; https://doi.org/10.55529/jpdmhd.22.8.13

Abstract:
Background and aim: A one-step prostate-specific antigen (PSA) test was studied in a large population to improve the convenience and lower the cost of prostate cancer (PC) screening. The PSA rapid test kit aids in the diagnosis of PC by detecting human PSA in serum or plasma at or above a threshold level of 4 ng/mL. The aim of this study is to screen PC using a Quick One-Step PSA Test. Materials and Methods: Between July 2020 and August 2021, at National institute of urology and nephrology, Cairo, Egypt, Male attendees were offered PC screening utilizing the PSA quick test. A total of 305 men's blood samples were tested. The test was interpreted by two independent observers. Following that, the remaining serum samples were examined using a standard quantitative technique. Results: Of 305 participants, 118 had a PSA value of less than 4 ng/mL, and 55 presented a PSA value higher than 4 ng/mL. A total of 63 participants had a PSA value between 4 and 10 ng/mL. A total of 12 participants presented a PSA value > 10 ng/mL; 10 was judged as positive. The intensity of the color reaction was implying a strong positive correlation between the two methods (correlation test: P< 0.0001). Conclusion: The one-step test is a good preliminary screening method from which positive results may be quantified to provide a semi-quantitative estimate of the degree of PSA rise. The test is inexpensive, easy to do, and provides results in a timely manner.
Amr Mohamed Mounier Elsofy
Journal of Prevention, Diagnosis and Management of Human Diseases pp 1-7; https://doi.org/10.55529/jpdmhd.22.1.7

Abstract:
Background and aim: Male urethral stricture is still regarded as one of the most common and perplexing urological problems. Dilation, endoscopic urethrotomy, and urethroplasty are all options for treatment, however internal optical urethrotomy has a faster recovery time, less scarring, and a decreased risk of infection. The purpose of this study was to see how effective internal optical urethrotomy was in treating patients with urethral stricture. Materials and Methods: Between August 2020 and May 2021, the author at National institute of urology and nephrology, Cairo, Egypt, conducted this research. Internal ocular urethrotomy was used to treat a group of 18 male patients aged 22 to 51 who had urethral strictures. The follow-up time was between one and two months. The outcome was given a good, fair, or bad rating. Results: 44.44 % of the 18 patients were between the ages of 45 and 51. Trauma was the most common cause of stricture in 8 (44.4%) of patients, and poor urination was the most common presenting symptom in 6 (33.3%). The bulbous urethra was found to be the most common region of restriction in 9 (50%), followed by the penile urethra in 6 (33.3%) cases. The overall response rate was good in 12 individuals (66.7%). Only urethral hemorrhage was observed in 2 (11.1%) of the patients after surgery, with no additional significant problems. Conclusion: Internal optical urethrotomy is a dependable and effective procedure in treating urethral stricture.
Amr Mohamed Mounier Elsofy
Journal of Prevention, Diagnosis and Management of Human Diseases pp 8-13; https://doi.org/10.55529/jpdmhd22.8.13

Abstract:
Background and aim: A one-step prostate-specific antigen (PSA) test was studied in a large population to improve the convenience and lower the cost of prostate cancer (PC) screening. The PSA rapid test kit aids in the diagnosis of PC by detecting human PSA in serum or plasma at or above a threshold level of 4 ng/mL. The aim of this study is to screen PC using a Quick One-Step PSA Test. Materials and Methods: Between July 2020 and August 2021, at National institute of urology and nephrology, Cairo, Egypt, Male attendees were offered PC screening utilizing the PSA quick test. A total of 305 men's blood samples were tested. The test was interpreted by two independent observers. Following that, the remaining serum samples were examined using a standard quantitative technique. Results: Of 305 participants, 118 had a PSA value of less than 4 ng/mL, and 55 presented a PSA value higher than 4 ng/mL. A total of 63 participants had a PSA value between 4 and 10 ng/mL. A total of 12 participants presented a PSA value > 10 ng/mL; 10 was judged as positive. The intensity of the color reaction was implying a strong positive correlation between the two methods (correlation test: P< 0.0001). Conclusion: The one-step test is a good preliminary screening method from which positive results may be quantified to provide a semi-quantitative estimate of the degree of PSA rise. The test is inexpensive, easy to do, and provides results in a timely manner.
Back to Top Top