International Journal of Advanced Health Science and Technology

Journal Information
ISSN / EISSN: 28293037 / 28086422
Total articles ≅ 77

Latest articles in this journal

Sri Banun Titi Istiqomah
International Journal of Advanced Health Science and Technology, Volume 2; https://doi.org/10.35882/ijahst.v2i6.197

Abstract:
Acupressure is one of physiotherapy by putting pressure and stimulating acupuncture points (acu points) on the body which aims to stimulate or stimula therapeutic points using the fingers. Baihui point (GV 20) is located on the head, the point of intersection of the median line of the head and the line connecting the apex of the left and right auricles. This point is innervation of the ophthalmic branch n. trigeminal and branch n. occipital. This study was to determine the effect of giving acupressure with 2 fingers tap at the Baihui point on autistic toddlers who do therapy at BundaQu Holistic Care & SPA. This study applied a combination of quantitative and qualitative approaches. A quantitative approach is applied to determine whether there is a correlation or influence of the independent variable on the dependent variable. this study applied a Single Case Experimental Design with the A-B-Follow up paradigm. Based on statistical tests, the results obtained p value of 0.00 in autistic toddlers who received treatment. It means that there is an effect of pressurizing two fingers 10 times with an interval of 12 times per day on the Baihui point (GV 20). Furthermore, it can also have an effect on the ability of social interaction in the form of eye contact, mastery of emotional control and a decrease in repetitive behavior in toddlers with autism symptoms. In this case, it is necessary to have the parent’s active role, support willingness, motivation and patience in carrying out routine activities.
Siti Maemonah, Siti Maimuna, Kusmini Suprihatin, Dony Sulystiono, Fathimath Shifaza
International Journal of Advanced Health Science and Technology, Volume 2; https://doi.org/10.35882/ijahst.v2i6.175

Abstract:
Children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) often have difficulty controlling emotions, difficulty maintaining attention, relatively poor memory, and difficulty in speaking. Attention, memory, and speech are parts of cognition. During the covid-19 pandemic, individuals with autism feel more stressed because they have lost their routine. This type of research is quantitative descriptive with a cross sectional approach. The sampling technique is purposive sampling. The number of samples used were 59 ASD children aged 5-11 years. Emotional data was collected using the Positive and Negative Affect Schedule for Children, Short Form/PANAS-C-S scale, attention data was collected using the inattention subscale of the Swanson, Nolan, and Pelham scale, version IV (SNAP-IV), memory data was collected using the Observer questionnaire. Memory Questionnaire-Parent Form (OMQ-PF), and speech data were collected using the speech subscale of ATEC. The data obtained were analyzed descriptively. The results showed the average positive emotion (PA) of children with ASD = 18.20; negative emotional level (NA) = 12.42; emotion (PA + NA) = 5.78; inattention = 24.80; memory = 83.51; and speech = 26.71. The mean of positive emotions in ASD children is lower, negative emotions are higher, and overall good emotions are lower than normal children aged 8-11 years. The mean inattention score in children with ASD was included in the criteria for severe attention deficit symptoms. The mean memory of ASD children is lower than normal children aged 5-16 years. The average speech score of children with ASD is lower than the score normally achieved by normal children. The emotions and cognition of children with ASD during the covid-19 pandemic were lower than normal children. Efforts are needed to increase positive emotions and improve cognitive function which include: attention, memory, and speech in ASD children with various therapies that are suitable for each individual.
Aulia Rahman, Wiwit Sepvianti, Serafica Btari Christiyani Kusumaningrum, Arum Sari, Mohd Nazil Salleh
International Journal of Advanced Health Science and Technology, Volume 2; https://doi.org/10.35882/ijahst.v2i6.174

Abstract:
Bacterial contamination in blood product was still a problem in Indonesia. Various studies to improve the safety of blood product by inhibiting the bacterial growth in blood product was developed. Chalcone, is one of the natural compounds that has ability to inhibit the bacterial growth, so it can be possible to use that compound for anti-bacterial use in the future. This study aim is to evaluate the anti-bacterial activity of novel synthesis chalcone (E)-1-(4-hydroxyphenyl)-3-phenylprop-2-en-1-one against S. epidermidis and S. aureus isolated from packed red cell blood product. A novel chalcone was synthesized by Claisen-Schmidt Methods while anti-bacterial activity test was done by Agar Diffusion Methods. Chalcone that has been synthesized then characterized by Fourier Transform Infra-Red (FTIR) Methods and Gas Chromatography – Mass Spectrometry (GC-MS). Chalcone was synthesized through a condensation reaction between an aldehyde (benzaldehyde) and ketone (acetophenone) with NaOH as alkaline catalyst. The results from sedimentary analysis using FTIR showed an absorption of the C=C group in the typical medium of chalcone compounds, at the wave number of 1516.96 cm-1. The results of GC-MS characterization resulted a GC chromatogram with one peak with time of retention (tR) 19.68 minutes and relative purity 100%. MS mass spectrum shows that the molecular ion (M+) of this compound was detected at 224 which equivalents to the molecular weight of the chalcone compound. Anti-bacterial test showed that the synthetic chalcone compound with 5% concentration had an inhibitory ability of 56.02% on S. epidermidis and 54.10% on S. aureus, while 2.5% chalcone concentration had an inhibitory ability of 29.17% on S. epidermidis and 50.45% on S. aureus, and 1.25% chalcone concentration had inhibitory ability 0% on S. epidermidis and 37.27% on S. aureus.
Juliana Christyaningsih, Melina Sari, Rihlah Sa'Idah
International Journal of Advanced Health Science and Technology, Volume 2; https://doi.org/10.35882/ijahst.v2i6.179

Abstract:
Diabetes is a major public health problem. For diabetics, diet shows great potential in controlling blood glucose levels by practicing regular eating patterns, either snacking between meals. Then, it’s important to consume foods with a low glycemic index, meanwhile fulfill daily protein and fiber intake. This study aims to identify organoleptic tests, along with analysis of fiber and protein levels from the best organoleptic test results. This type of research was a pre-experimental design on 3 groups velva. Organoleptic tests were performed on 25 trained panelists using purposive sampling. Analysis technique uses kruskall wallis and mann whitney test. Also, laboratory tests for fiber and protein levels. The results of this study are diabetics have a daily calorie requirement of 1,500 kcal. Moreover, 150 kcal is required for one snack, 7.5 g of protein and 2.5 g for fiber is needed. In addition, based on the results of the organoleptic test, the best velva is formulation 3 (KN 03). The average value obtained from 25 panelists is 3.38. The fiber content contained in the formulation 3 velva is 3.19 g/100 g. Meanwhile, the protein content per 100 g is 8.68 g. The conclusion of this study is that diabetics can consume velva at a rate of 1 cup (100 g) with 151.9 kcal calories per snack consumption to meet 10% of their daily fiber and protein needs. The implication of this research is to find the best velva formulation with high fiber and protein levels for diabetics
Mardiani Mardiani, Maksuk Maksuk, Husni Husni, Widia Lestari
International Journal of Advanced Health Science and Technology, Volume 2; https://doi.org/10.35882/ijahst.v2i6.172

Abstract:
Musculoskeletal complaints are the most common complaints experienced by nurses in health services. This condition is caused by several factors including nurses' work attitude, length of work, work shifts, and type of work. The purpose of this study was to analyze the effect of giving muscle stretching exercises to reduce musculoskeletal complaints in nurses at Bengkulu City Health Services. This study was a quasi-experimental research design with a pre and post-test approach with a control group design. The population of this study were nurses in Bengkulu City health services. The sampling method was consecutive sampling. The research sample was 60 respondents divided into 30 respondents in the treatment group and 30 respondents in the control group. The analysis used Paired sample t-test and an independent sample t-test with 0.05. The results of the analysis showed a significant 2-way p-value of 0.000 <0.05, so there was a significant difference between the control and treatment groups. So, it can be concluded that there was a decrease in musculoskeletal complaints in nurses at the Bengkulu City Health Center after being given the Workplace Stretching Exercise (WSE) intervention which was more effective in the treatment group than in the control group.
Rendy Dwi Sutrisno Putra
International Journal of Advanced Health Science and Technology, Volume 2; https://doi.org/10.35882/ijahst.v2i6.177

Abstract:
A room is said to be feasible if the temperature and humidity of the room are in accordance with existing provisions. Thermohygrometer is a tool used to monitor the condition of the room. The thermoygrometer used must be traceable for its measurement results using certain media. The climatic chamber is a device that provides the desired climate regardless of the external environment. There are several systems that can be used to control temperature and humidity, one of which is the PID (Proportional Integral Differential) control system and Fuzzy Logic. This climatic chamber has been tested at temperature measuring points of 25°C, 30°C, 35°C, and humidity of 50% RH, 60% RH, 70% RH then the measurement results are compared with a calibrated thermohygrometer. The measurement results at 25°C have a response time of 7 minutes 30 seconds and an overshoot of 0.1°C, at a temperature of 30°C it has a response time of 5 minutes 15 seconds and an overshoot of 0.1°C, at a temperature of 35°C it has a response time of 5 minutes 30 seconds. and 0.2°C overshoot. At humidity 50%RH it has a response time of 13 minutes 30 seconds, at humidity 60%RH it has a response time of 12 minutes, at humidity 70%RH it has a response time of 6 minutes. The measurement results show that fuzzy logic control has more advantages than PID control. Fuzzy logic control has a faster response time to setpoint than PID control and fuzzy logic control has smaller overshoot than PID control
Shinta Wurdiana Rhomadona, Dianita Primihastuti
International Journal of Advanced Health Science and Technology, Volume 2; https://doi.org/10.35882/ijahst.v2i6.184

Abstract:
The importance of breastfeeding has strong evidence[1]. But in reality, there are many obstacles in its implementation[2]. Data shows that exclusive breastfeeding in Indonesia is 89.4% (2020). Physical factors due to complications or fatigue after giving birth also have an impact on breast milk production, so mothers tend to fail to exclusively breastfeed[3][1]. A non-pharmacological method that can reduce postpartum stress, increase comfort and body fitness so as to help stimulate breast milk production is the herbal steam bath.[4]. This is a culture of local wisdom that is still preserved in various parts of Indonesia as a therapy for postpartum mothers. The purpose of this study was to analyze the effect of herbal steam bath on breast milk production for postpartum mothers in Surabaya. The design of this study was a quasi-experimental (two group pre-post test design). This research was conducted on postpartum mothers in Surabaya. The study was conducted for 6 months. Determination of the sample using purposive sampling technique. The treatment group was given intervention for 1 week as much as 2x, namely Herbal Steam Bath for 5-20 minutes. Endorphin massage was performed in the control group for 1 week with a frequency of 2 times/week for 20 minutes. Each group was given a pre-test and post-test to determine the production of breast milk with indicators of increased baby weight, increased frequency of urination and defecation. Data analysis with independent T-test and Mann Whitney. The results showed that there was a significant effect of herbal steam baths on increasing breast milk production with a value of = 0.012 or <0.05. There was a significant difference in milk production in the treatment group compared to the control group with a value of = 0.004 or <0.05. Conclusion: By doing of herbal steam baths it can increase milk production.
Rifqi Athawirya, Siti Mardiyah, Sudirman Sudirman, Fitrotin Azizah, Aini Ahmad
International Journal of Advanced Health Science and Technology, Volume 2; https://doi.org/10.35882/ijahst.v2i6.189

Abstract:
Fish is a food that is in great demand by many people. Fish are also easily damaged. Therefore, some fishermen use formalin as a preservative for their caught fish. However, the use of formalin in food is prohibited and is considered dangerous because it can cause health problems. Hence, the use of natural preservatives is an alternative. The combination of banana peel vinegar and NaCl salt used banana peel vinegar can inhibit the growth of microbes in the fish body. Furthermore, if it is combined with the addition of NaCl, it can reduce the water content in the fish body so that microbes cannot grow and reproduce. The purpose of this study was to obtain an effective concentration of preservatives from the combination of banana peel vinegar and NaCl. This type of research is experimental with 4 treatments 9:1, 7:1, 4:1, and 3:1. Each treatment was repeated 6 times. 24 samples of fish that have been treated are left for 12 hours at room temperature which represents the time fishermen catch fish until they come to shore. The results of this study showed that the durability of fresh fish in 4:1 treatment got a value of 6.95, categorized as fresh fish. It means that the combination of banana peel vinegar and NaCl salt at a concentration of 4:1 is effectively used as a fish preservative. The results of the oneway ANOVA test showed that there was an effect of the combination of banana peel vinegar and NaCl salt on the freshness of the fish.
Fadia Rakhmalia, Anik Handayati, Evy Diah Woelansari, Mohd Nazil Salleh
International Journal of Advanced Health Science and Technology, Volume 2; https://doi.org/10.35882/ijahst.v2i6.181

Abstract:
Gastritis is an inflammatory disease that can last for a long time. Helicobacter pylori infection is known as the main cause of peptic ulcer and the most common cause of gastritis. Helicobacter Pylori infection will cause mononuclear (MN) and polymorphonuclear (PMN) cell infiltration and will increase the production of proinflammatory cytokines in the gastric mucosa compared to non-Helicobacter Pylori gastritis. Helicobacter Pylori with histopathological examination diagnosis. This type of research is descriptive observational with purposive sampling data collection technique at the Anatomical Pathology Laboratory Installation, RSPAL dr. Ramelan Surabaya. The data used are the results of a biopsy of 60 samples that were determined as gastritis with histopathological examination of the identification of Helicobacter Pylori bacteria in gastric tissue classified by the level of bacterial density using The Updated Sydney System, as well as haemogram data for complete blood examination to further calculate the neutrophil lymphocyte ratio (NLR). The data were processed using descriptive statistical tests to determine the average neutrophil lymphocyte ratio (NLR). Based on the statistics of the r-Spearman test, the density of Helicobacter Pylori, (Pν = 0.000) below < 0.005 indicates that there is a strong relationship between the neutrophil lymphocyte ratio (NLR) and the density of Helicobacter Pylori bacteria.
Heriza Syam, Andini Fitriani, Wa Ode Hajrah, Siti Masitoh, Jehanara Jehanara
International Journal of Advanced Health Science and Technology, Volume 2; https://doi.org/10.35882/ijahst.v2i6.183

Abstract:
The increase in life expectancy in Indonesia has implications for the increase in the population of postmenopausal women. Menopausal women experience hormone deficiencies that cause complaints of vaginal atrophy, hot fluses, weight gain, bone pain, depression and others, which affect women's quality of life. This is supported by the results of research by Ruri Yuni, et al (2014) which states that 69.6% of menopausal women's quality of life is affected by menopausal syndrome. The purpose of the research: to determine the correlation of social support to the quality of life of women in dealing with menopausal life in the Puskesmas Pondok Bambu II Village. Research method: quantitative, with a cross sectional analytic design. The sample of this study was 45-55 years old postmenopausal women who had a family/husband in Puskesmas Kelurahan Pondok Bambu II area are 47 people. This research uses Purposive Sampling Technique. The results: from 47 respondents, menopausal women with social support with good quality of life were 20 respondents (76.9%), compared to menopausal women who received social support but had poor quality of life by 6 respondents (23.1%). The results of the Chi-Square test obtained p value of 0.003 which means that there is a relationship between social support and the quality of postmenopausal women.Conclusion Our study confirms the differences Quality of life of postmenopausal women between social support and non-social support. The impact of educational level, occupation and income and knowledge about menopause as predictors of a better quality of life in postmenopausal women.
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