Enadakultura

Journal Information
ISSN: 19877323
Total articles ≅ 185

Latest articles in this journal

Tamar Makharoblidze
Published: 22 November 2022
Journal: enadakultura
Abstract:
Materials or any historical sources on the origin of the Georgian sign language (GESL) are not available. It is a natural language, but sign languages ​​are languages ​​of oral communication and obviously no textual records are obtained. Neither corpus of this language has yet been created. GESL is an original language that is under intense influence from two different languages -Georgian spoken language and Russian sign language (RSL). In the 50s of the last century, representatives of the Russian deaf community settled in Georgia. Presumably, for this time, an independent, natural local sign language already existed in Georgia with its grammatical structure. This is confirmed by the deep grammatical differences between the GESL and RSL. The paper lists the specific linguistic systemic differences between these languages. Further detailed studies of the GESL will most likely reveal many more distinguishing elements proving that this language is an independent, young language of natural origin and not a branch of RSL or Soviet sign language.
Sophio Mujiri
Published: 22 November 2022
Journal: enadakultura
Abstract:
The article discusses the influence of Jewish worldview, traditions, especially Jewish mysticism on the personality of Franz Kafka and his literary works. In his prose works and aphorisms written in the esoteric genre, Kafka made extensive use of plots and contexts from various variants of Kabbalah and Hasidic mysticism. In Kafka’s works, we find abundant “traces” of Kabbalah:motifs, themes and figures, as well as popular Hasidic legends, interpretations of ther Bible, sermons etc. This intertextual parallels point the reader to Kafka’s works is at a depth level that cannot be understand without decoding it. Kabbalistic subtext is especially felt in Kafka’s novel “Process”, sort stories “Before the Law” and “Transformation”. In these works, attempts to escape from life’s problems and sins, to find the true path, are brought to the fore.
Iagor Balanchivadze
Published: 22 November 2022
Journal: enadakultura
Abstract:
The article is about the peculiarities of understanding information text. How to identify the problem, implement an intervention to help correct the problems. The problem is relevant, because we are dealing with issues of raising the literacy level of pupils. To do this, let the pupils fall in love of reading, develop the ability to understand what they read, so that they can easily understand the informational text. For the latter, we should help pupils develop thinking skills. Let,s introduce the importance of thoughtful reading to the pupil and his parents. The aim of research is to improve the understanding of the informational text in the 3rd grade by using effective activities. The task of research is to reveal the causes and problems of existing difficulties, to find ways to solve and eliminate them. The main research question is: how to improve pupils’s reading and understanding of important information from informational text. For this purpose, I used the diagnostoc of pupils (at the beginnging and at the end), focus group of teachers and parents. At the diagnosis stage, we chekes the pupils’ ability to understand the informational text. We have planned appropriate interventions to overcome to problems. By using interventions, the result doubled almost everywhere, with consistent activities and methods, it was possible to make pupils fall in love with reading; The selected strategies helped the pupils to actively engage in the learning process and understand the read of text.
Nino Dzamukashvili
Published: 22 November 2022
Journal: enadakultura
Abstract:
The aim of our article is a brief literary analysis of The Boy in the Striped Pyjamas (2006) by the Irish writer John Boyne. We tried to show how well the text fits in the genre of fable as the author his work himself. Also, whether this genre is a good vessel to pour there Holocaust, one of the most dreadful events of the twenetieth century. We highlighted the narration technique of the writer- retelling the story in the third person, though it is read as if it were written by Bruno, a nine-year-old protagonist as every occurance in the book is seenand felt through him. Also, we underlined the double nature of the high rank Nazi officer’s family life; one decent, ordinary side and the other non-human, those two parts devided by the wires. We showed the parallels between the present work and other fable and also between other books about friendship. For the friendship between the two boys, Bruno and Shmuel is the brightest and the most humane spot which is above all kinds of wirefences. Also, proceeding from its pure tragical notes, we compared the book with ancint Greek tragedies.
Maria Burchak-Abramovichi
Published: 22 November 2022
Journal: enadakultura
Abstract:
The process of borrowing between languages has been going on since the languages themselves have existed. During its existence, the French language has been influenced by many languages. Recently, the number of borrowings from English, has increased considerably. This article deals with the influence of English on the French language, the question of lexical, syntactic and phonetic borrowings from the English language and the classification of borrowings.
Ekaterine Tophuria
Published: 22 November 2022
Journal: enadakultura
Abstract:
Proverbs are important part of culture in many different ethnos.Proverbs are cultural will and ancient heritage of every nation. Language is peoples’ treasure, which reveals national history, worldvision and way of living.Proverbs reveal all spheres of the nation’s such as work, belief, science etc.While exploring phrasal expressions the concept of culture is core item showing material or social reality of the nation. The concept of culture measures national activities when language reveals the national way of thinking.
Nino Birkaia
Published: 22 November 2022
Journal: enadakultura
Abstract:
The purpose of the present paper is to explore some key poetological categories of the postmodern novel. It discusses the premises that led up to the birth of the postmodern era as well as aesthetic and philosophical peculiarities of the postmodernist paradigm. The paper focuses on such postmodernist narrative strategies as metafictional techniques, double/triple coding, the use of simulacra, intertextuality, deconstruction, eclecticism etc. Iconoclastic and irreverent, the postmodern novel is by definition a radical experiment that emerges when a writer feels the customary tropes of fiction have been exhausted. For the postmodernist, the well-worn genre of the novel is insufficient and no longer capable of conveying the imagination of the writer or the magnitude of historical events. Postmodern fiction is a product of the post-World War II period. It can be viewed as an extension of rather than a decisive break or deviation from modernism, the defining literary movement of the twentieth century. Like the modern novel, the postmodern novel is subversive; that is, it counters traditional notions of plot, narrative, chronology, and character development. Postmodern novels are often described as self-reflexive — that is, they center on the nature of fiction itself and are written as though fiction is independent of society, reality, and any realm outside itself. Postmodernist novelists focused on fiction as a self-sustaining universe of its own. Postmodernist fiction encompasses forms as wide-ranging as North American metafiction, Latin American magic realism, the French New New Novel, concrete prose and science fiction. Their common denominator is its ability to thrust its own ontological status into the foreground and to raise questions about the world (or worlds) in which we live.
Nino Jokhadze
Published: 22 November 2022
Journal: enadakultura
Abstract:
The novel "The Time of the Hero" by the Peruvian Nobel laureate, Mario Vargas Llosa, is the firstborn of the Latin American Boom. Vargas Llosa, the last representative of the Boom, broke the model of naturalistic representation of description and gained an aesthetic independence stimulated by the European experience and the discovery of innovative forms of narration. Three worlds are depicted in his works: a logical world, a game between fiction and reality, and reality that turns into fiction, into literary creation. His narrative is characterized by technical experiments, complex syntax and different forms of narration, which are manifested in the variety of narrative focus, the breakdown of chronology, interior monologue, the manner of urban narration and the ambiguous character of the characters, which are clearly expressed in his first novel “The Time of the Hero”. His style is also called Vargas Llosa’s style. Vargas Llosa offers us a space where the lexical heritage of Peru can be seen in different registers of the language: everyday colloquial vocabulary, regionalisms and slang. Using modernist techniques, Vargas Liosa blurs the boundaries between fiction and everyday life and turns this mixture into a new reality. As was typical of the Latin American Boom, “The Time of the Hero” represented a departure from traditional literature. Latin American writers of the previous generation used simple artistic forms to present realistic and social aspects, but Mario Vargas Llosa chose innovative forms and structures of narration to present the mentioned circumstances, he used the voices of the characters to give the story an intimate and psychological look. Using modernist techniques, the author wants to show us the inner world of the characters, their thoughts and feelings, which consists in jumping from one place to another, from one moment to another, from one character to another. That is why the description of naturalistic language of the characters and their sexual inclinations gains fundamental importance from the point of view of the technique. Vargas Llosa wanted to express the disorganization and spontaneity of the human mind in the narrative, that's why he jumps from topic to topic by means of strange connections and allows the reader to be the co-author of the narrative, because according to the author, the work takes its finished form only in the reader's mind. By bringing to the fore the various problems of the characters, such as the level of education, customs, vocabulary, violent treatment, manners, symbolism, existential crisis, etc., the author further increases the level of reality and allows the reader to easily perceive the objective reality.
Yelena Etaryan
Published: 22 November 2022
Journal: enadakultura
Abstract:
The paper attempts to present the translation techniques used by the translator with the help of the comparative analysis of the original text and its translation, on the basis of the Armenian translation of the novel "The Tin Drum" by Günter Grass. In our theoretical reflections on translation techniques, we draw on A. Nazaryan, G. Baghdasaryan, L. Barchudarov and V. Komissarov. The following transformations are analyzed in detail in this academic article: adaptation, compensation, concretization, conversion and amplification.
Nanuli Talakhadze
Published: 22 November 2022
Journal: enadakultura
Abstract:
The work investigates the Georgian political emigration and the so-called Soviet dissidents’ communication possibilities and ways of implementation in the media. Specifically, we were interested in the pluralistic immigrant press (“Chveni drosha”, “Iveria”, “Tavisuflebis tribuna”, “Gushagi”) operating in contrasting media fields and so-calles illegally printed in the one party ideological media (“Oqros satsmisi”, “Saqartvelos moambe”, 1975-1976) invironment in Soviet georgia. With the forms of mutual cooperation of self-publishers and their contribution to the breakdown of the Soviet System. We have studied extensive empirical material, relevant sources, newspaper publications, scientific articles and using the historical-comparative and content analysis method of research, we have putlined conspiratorial connections, mutual influence and political ties of dissident and immigrant media in the context of the historical-political reality of the marked period, as well as jounnalistic discourse and Pecularities of value visions. The research showed that even in the 70s and 80s of the XXth century, the historical goal – the restoration of Georgia’s complete independence and the main principle –“no coopereration with the Soviet authorities” remained unchanged for Georgian political immigrants. In achieving the goal, they saw dissidents as their main allies and associates, and, on the contrary, dissidents who tries to attract the attention of the political circles and media of the democratic countries of the world, in this regard they also hoped for the support of immigrants, who managed to expose the communist regime not only through diplomatic methods, but also through journalism. The Georgian emigrant and dissident press, which was saturated with anti-Soviet narrative, turned out to be a joint opposition platdorm that contributed to the objective information of the society and the breakdown of the Soviet system.
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