Jurnal Sains Peternakan Nusantara

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EISSN: 28079361
Total articles ≅ 16

Latest articles in this journal

Jaya Abadi, Zulfanita Zulfanita, Roisu Eny Mudawaroch
Jurnal Sains Peternakan Nusantara, Volume 2, pp 13-27; https://doi.org/10.53863/jspn.v2i01.440

Abstract:
This study aims to determine: 1) laying hens at the Berkah Telur Makmur Association. 2) the factors that affect the production of laying hens in the Berkah Telur Makmur Association. 3) efficient use of production factors in laying hens at the Berkah Telur Makmur Association. This research uses descriptive basic method. The research location is the Berkah Telur Makmur Association of Purworejo. Determination of the research location is done by purposive sampling method. The sample in this study were 50 farmers. Sampling was done by using saturated sampling technique. Data analysis uses factors of production, feasibility and allocative efficiency. The results of data analysis show that the value of the R/C ratio is Rp. 1.35 indicates that laying hens at the Berkah Telur Makmur Association is feasible. The value of capital productivity is 35.49% higher than the prevailing interest rate, so it is feasible to operate. The average income of respondent farmer's labor productivity is Rp. 2,183,415.91/HKO is greater than the applicable labor costs so it is feasible to work. The results of data analysis showed that laying hens at the Berkah Telur Makmur Association was feasible. The factors of layers, the amount of feed, OVK, and labor had a significant effect on egg production of laying hens in the Berkah Telur Makmur Association, while the cage area factor had no significant effect. While the variable amount of feed is efficient, the variable number of layers and labor is not efficient. Variables of cage area and number of OVK are not efficient. Keywords: Layers, Feasibility, Production Factors, Allocative Efficiency
Amam Musholihah, Zulfanita Zulfanita, Roisu Eny Mudawaroch
Jurnal Sains Peternakan Nusantara, Volume 2, pp 28-43; https://doi.org/10.53863/jspn.v2i01.454

Abstract:
This study aims to determine: 1) production costs, revenues, income and profits of laying hens at the Berkah Telur Makmur Association in one production period and 2) factors influence the profit of laying hens at the Berkah Telur Makmur Association in one production period. This study used a descriptive method with the research location at the Berkah Telur Makmur Association of Purworejo. The sample in this study were 50 farmers. Sampling was done by using saturated sampling method. Data analysis uses production costs, revenues, incomes, profits and profit factors. The results of data analysis showed that the laying hens business in the Berkah Telur Makmur Association was profitable. Factor that has a significant effect of laying hens is the price of electricity and water. Keywords: Laying, Income, Profit Factor
Novi Rubiyanti, Zulfanita Zulfanita, Rinawidiastuti Rinawidiastuti
Jurnal Sains Peternakan Nusantara, Volume 2, pp 54-64; https://doi.org/10.53863/jspn.v2i01.472

Abstract:
The Kaligesing goat is very popular among breeders because it is one of the strains of the Ettawa Peranakan (PE) family which has advantages in adaptability, high production and reproduction. The marketing of the Kaligesing Goat does not only occur in the animal market, but there are also buyers who come to the farmer's house. Merchants who are involved in marketing the Kaligesing Goat will form a marketing channel. The length of the marketing channel will affect the cost, margin and share of the price received by the Kaligesing Goat breeder (farmer's sahre). Research was carried out in August at Pandanrejo, Kaligesing, Purworejo. The purpose of this research is to know: (1) marketing pattern of Kaligesing goat; (2) the magnitude of the cost and the margin of each marketing channel; (3) knowing the large portion of the price received by Kaligesing goat breeder. This study involves qualitative descriptive methods. Research results are described in a descriptive way. The object of this study is a Kaligesing goat breeder who belongs to a small farm group in Pandanrejo, Kaligesing, Purworejo. The sampling technique used was the saturated sampling for the breeder and snowball sampling for the traders. The variable of this study is the pattern of marketing channels, the cost and margin of marketing of each marketing channel and the share of the price the breeder receives. Research shows that there are three marketing channel of Kaligesing goat in Pandanrejo: (1) breeder - consumer (2) breeder - traders - consumer (3) breeder - traders - retailers - consumer. The marketing channel that has the highest cost is channel III. The lowest margin is on channel I and the highest on channel III. The price passage received by the Kaligesing goat breeder highest is on marketing channel 1, while the breeder' share lowest is on channel III. Keywords: Kaligesing goat, channel, margin, price
Iga Wahyuning Sedya, Rinawidiastuti Rinawidiastuti
Jurnal Sains Peternakan Nusantara, Volume 2, pp 44-53; https://doi.org/10.53863/jspn.v2i01.463

Abstract:
Eggs are livestock products that are easily contaminated by microbes either directly or indirectly with pollutants from soil, air, water and dust. Eggs if stored at room temperature only last 10-14 days, after that time the eggs undergo changes such as evaporation of water content through the pores of the egg shell which results in a decrease in egg weight, changes in chemical composition and the occurrence of dilution of egg contents. One of the efforts to extend the shelf life of eggs is to provide soaking treatment using citronella leaf extract. Citronella leaves are one of the plants that contain tannins. The most specific characteristic of citronella is antioxidants so that it can be used as a natural preservative to replace synthetic preservatives, because lemongrass contains active components such as geraniol and citranelol, these active components can play an active role so that citronella can be used as a natural preservative. This review aims to provide information and results of research that has been carried out using citronella leaf extract as a natural preservative for eggs by immersion treatment. The author reviews this article by conducting a literature study. The paper was obtained from Rani et al, (2021), the journal is a national journal. The literature was obtained from the online journal site google scholar with the keywords "eggs", "citronella extract", and "soaking". The addition of citronella leaf extract with different concentrations of 10, 20 and 30% and soaking time for 6, 12, and 24 hours. Soaking eggs using citronella leaf extract has a significant effect on the durability of eggs. Keywords: eggs, citronella extract, soaking
Bayu Laksono Aji, Rinawidiastuti Rinawidiastuti, Roisu Eny Mudawaroch
Jurnal Sains Peternakan Nusantara, Volume 2, pp 1-12; https://doi.org/10.53863/jspn.v2i01.436

Abstract:
This study aims to determine that the addition of Shrimp Waste Flour (SWF) can increase the productivity of mojosari ducks. The research was conducted at the mojosari laying duck farm in the Butuh village, District of Purworejo. The experimental livestock used were 60 mojosari ducks with 24 weeks years old, the cattle were placed in 20 colony cage plots, each cage plot filled with 3 ducks. The materials used are Shrimp Waste Flour (SWF) and complete feed. The feed treatment given to the ducks was as follows; P0, P1, P2, P3, P4 containing 0, 2, 4, 6, and 8% SWF, respectively. The method used in this study is the experimental method using a completely randomized design (CRD) consisting of 5 treatments and 4 replications in order to obtain 20 experimental units. Parameters observed were consumption of dry mater and crude protein, drinking consumption, average daily growth of duck, hen day product, conversion and feed efficiency. The data obtained were analyzed using the Analysis of Variance (ANOVA) test, if there is a difference, then the Duncan New Range Test (DMRT) test with a significance level of 5%. The results showed that shrimp waste flour had a significant effect (P<0.05) on consumption dry mater as much as 128.04 g; 121.47 g; 134.96 g and 135.66 g. Consumption crude protein had a significant effect (P<0.05) as much as 14.29%; 14.88%; 15.47%; 10.06% and 16.65%. Drinking water consumption had a significant effect (P0.05) of 2.23 g; 2.18 g; 1.76 g; 0.94 g and 1.52 g. Hen day product had unsignificant effect (P>0.05) with a percentage of 49.7%; 53.87%; 54.76%; 57.74% and 49.41%. The feed conversion value had unsignificant effect (P>0.05) with a value of 4.53; 4.05; 4.05; 4.51 and 4.24. Feed efficiency was unsignificantly different (P>0.05) with a percentage of 20.74%; 23.23%; 23.58%; 23.12% and 20.86%. Shrimp waste flour had a significant on consumption of dry mater, crude protein and drinking water, but has unsignificant on average daily growth of duck, hen day product, conversion and feed efficiency. Keywords: Shrimp waste flour, productivity, mojosari duck
Yopi Ilyas Pratama, Firgian Ardigurnita, Putri Dian Wulansari
Jurnal Sains Peternakan Nusantara, Volume 1, pp 21-28; https://doi.org/10.53863/jspn.v1i01.203

Abstract:
ABSTRAK Kefir merupakan sebuah produk olahan dalam bentuk minuman dari suatu fermentasi susu menggunakan starter berupa butir atau biji kefir (kefir grain/kefir granule) yaitu butiran-butiran putih atau krem yang memiliki kandungan Streptococcus sp, Lactobacilli dan beberapa jenis ragi atau khamir nonpatogen. Bakteri tersebut memiliki peran dalam pembentukan asam laktat, sedangkan khamir menghasilkan alkohol dan CO2. Tujuan penelitian ini adalah untuk mengetahui pengaruh kombinasi susu sapi dan tepung mocaf pada kefir dan menentukan formulasi kombinasi susu sapi dan tepung mocaf paling optimal. Penelitian ini dilakukan secara experimental menggunakan Rancangan Acak Lengkap (RAL) dengan 4 perlakuan dan 6 ulangan. Perbandingan antara susu sapi dan tepung mocaf adalah 100:0, 90:10, 80:20, 70:30. Parameter yang dianalisis meliputi pH, Kadar air, total padatan dan propert fisik. Hasil yang diperoleh dianalisis menggunakan uji analisis variasi ANAVA. Hail uji pada pH dan kadar air mengalami kenaikan sedangkan total padatan mengalami penurunan. Kesimpulan pada penelitian Kefir dengan kombinasi susu sapi sangat berpengaruh nyata (p<0,01) terhadap nilai pH, kadar air dan total padatan. Nilai pH mengalami kenaikan dikarenakan tingginya pati pada tepung mocaf. Peningkatan nilai kadar air dan penurunan total padatan disebabkan banyaknya air pada larutan mocaf. Hasil uji pada properti fisik ini tidak memiliki perbedaan hal ini dikarenakan tepung mocaf memiliki warna putih, aroma netral, dan rasa netral. Kata Kunci: Kefir, Tepung Mocaf, Susu Sapi, Susu Fermentasi ABSTRACT Kefir is a processed product in the form of a drink from a fermented milk using a starter in the form of kefir grains or seeds (kefir grain/kefir granule), namely white or cream granules containing Streptococcus sp, Lactobacilli and several types of non-pathogenic yeast or yeast. These bacteria have a role in the formation of lactic acid, while yeasts produce and CO2. The purpose of this study was to determine the effect of the combination of cow's milk and mocaf flour on kefir and to determine the most optimal combination of cow's milk and mocaf flour. This research was conducted experimentally using a completely randomized design (CRD) with 4 treatments and 6 replications. The ratio between cow's milk and mocaf flour is 100:0, 90:10, 80:20, 70:30. Parameters analyzed include pH, moisture content, and total solids. The results obtained were analyzed using the ANOVA variation analysis test. The test results on pH and water content increased while total solids decreased. The conclusion in the study of Kefir with a combination of cow's milk was very significant (p<0.01) on the pH value, water content and total solids. The pH value increased due to the high starch in mocaf flour. Increase in the value of water content and decrease in total solids due to the amount of water in the mocaf solution. The test results on this physical property have no difference, this is due to the white color of mocaf flour, neutral aroma, and neutral taste. Keywords: Kefir, Mocaf Flour, Cow's Milk, Fermented Milk
Vian Dwi Chalisty
Jurnal Sains Peternakan Nusantara, Volume 1, pp 29-36; https://doi.org/10.53863/jspn.v1i01.187

Abstract:
Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui pengaruh penambahan molases, Lactobacillus plantarum, Trichoderma viride, dan campurannya terhadap komposisi kimia silase total campuran hijauan. Penambahan molases sebanyak 4% (w/w), L. plantarum sebanyak 0,1% (v/w), dan T. viride sebanyak 0,1% (v/w). Setiap perlakuan dibuat 3 kali ulangan kemudian difermentasi selama 21 hari secara anaerobik. Variabel yang diamati adalah kandungan bahan kering, bahan organik, protein kasar, serat kasar, lemak kasar dan bahan ekstrak tanpa nitrogen. Data yang diperoleh dianalisis dengan rancangan variabel secara Completely Randomized Designs pola searah. Apabila terdapat perbedaan yang nyata karena perlakuan, dilanjutkan dengan uji rata-rata antar dua perlakuan dengan uji Duncan’s New Multiple Range Test. Penambahan molases saja maupun campuran molases dan L. plantarum/ T. viride tidak berpengaruh pada kandungan bahan kering dan bahan ekstrak tanpa nitrogen (P>0,05). Silase total campuran hijauan dengan penambahan L. plantarum, T. viride maupun campuran keduanya memiliki kandungan protein kasar yang rendah. Penambahan campuran molases dan T. viride menunjukkan kandungan serat kasar paling rendah sebesar 28,65% BK. Kandungan lemak kasar dengan penambahan campuran molases dan L. plantarum, campuran molases dan T. viride, serta campuran ketiganya menunjukkan hasil yang lebih tinggi (P<0,05). Penambahan molases atau sumber karbohidrat mudah larut merupakan suatu keharusan untuk menghasilkan silase total campuran hijauan yang baik, ditunjukkan dengan peningkatan kandungan protein kasar, menekan kehilangan bahan kering dan bahan organik serta menurunkan kandungan serat kasar.
Panji Prasetyo
Jurnal Sains Peternakan Nusantara, Volume 1, pp 37-44; https://doi.org/10.53863/jspn.v1i01.178

Abstract:
Abstrak Tujuan penelitian ini adalah untuk mengetahui pengaruh penggunaan tepung buah jambu biji merah dalam ransum terhadap konsumsi protein, kecernaan protein dan retensi nitrogen pada ayam broiler. Ayam broiler umur 16 hari unsex sebanyak 120 ekor dengan bobot rata – rata 389,33 ± 7,9 g. Dua puluh unit petak kandang dengan masing-masing unit berisi 6 ekor ayam. Penelitian ini menggunakan rancangan acak lengkap dengan 5 perlakuan dan 4 ulangan : T0 (kontrol): ransum tanpa penggunaan tepung buah jambu biji merah; T1: ransum dengan penggunaan tepung buah jambu biji merah 1,7%; T2: ransum dengan penggunaan tepung buah jambu biji merah 3,4% ; T3: ransum dengan penggunaan tepung buah jambu biji merah 5,1%; T4: ransum dengan vitamin C 500 ppm. Data yang diperoleh dianalisis menggunakan prosedur analisis ragam dengan uji F pada taraf 5 % dan apabila hasil analisis menunjukkan pengaruh perlakuan yang nyata akan dilanjutkan dengan uji wilayah ganda Duncan. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan rata-rata konsumsi protein selama penelitian untuk T0, T1, T2, T3 dan T4 berturut-turut adalah 15,53; 20,52; 21,55; 16,61 dan 20,67 g/ekor/hari, untuk rata-rata kecernaan protein 58,46; 54,26; 55,94; 56,90 dan 56,24 % dan untuk rata-rata retensi nitrogen 1,29; 1,34; 1,35; 1,53 dan 1,38 g. Rata-rata bobot badan hidup ayam broiler selama penelitian adalah 813,40; 841,08; 922,50; 853,95 dan 781,20 g/5 minggu. Hasil analisis menunjukkan bahwa penggunaan tepung buah jambu biji merah tidak berpengaruh nyata (P>0,05) terhadap konsumsi protein, kecernaan protein dan retensi nitrogen ayam broiler. Kesimpulan penelitian ini adalah penggunaan tepung buah jambu biji merah dalam ransum ayam broiler belum berpengaruh terhadap konsumsi protein, kecernaan protein dan retensi nitrogen. Kata kunci : jambu biji merah, vitamin C, ayam broiler Abstract The aim of the research was to know the utilization of red guava fruit meal in the diet on protein consumption, protein digestibility and nitrogen retention of broiler. The material used was broiler chickens at 16 days old unsex ammount 120 with average weight 389,33 ± 7,9 g. Twenty unit cages with each unit placed 6 broiler chicken. Research was used completely randomized design with 5 treatments and 4 replications: T0 (control): rations without red guava fruit meal, T1: ration with red guava fruit meal 1,7%, T2: ration with red guava fruit meal 3,4%, T3: ration with red guava fruit meal 5,1% and T4: ration with Vitamin C 500 ppm. The data obtained were analyzed using various analytical procedures F-test with level 5% and if the result of the analysis show that the real effect of treatment will be followed by Duncan's test with SAS program version 9.0. The results showed an average consumption of protein during the study for T0, T1, T2, T3 and T4, respectively, 15,53; 20,52; 21,55; 16,61 and 21,77 g / bird / day, for average protein digestibility was 58,46; 54,26; 55,94; 56,90 and 56,24% and for the average nitrogen retention of nitrogen retention during the study was 1,29; 1,34; 1,35; 1,53 and 1,38 g. The average live weight of broilers was 813,40; 841,08; 922,50; 853,95 and 781,20 g / 5 weeks. The results showed that the use of red guava fruit flour had no significant effect (P> 0,05) on protein intake, protein digestibility and nitrogen retention of broiler chickens. The conclusion of this study is the use of guava fruit powder in broiler rations not affect the protein intake, protein digestibility and nitrogen retention. Key words: red guava, vitamin C, broiler chickens
Nursamsi, Andi Kusmayadi, Putri Dian Wulansari
Jurnal Sains Peternakan Nusantara, Volume 1, pp 13-20; https://doi.org/10.53863/jspn.v1i01.202

Abstract:
ABSTRAK Kefir merupakan produk olahan susu yang difermentasi oleh sejumlah bakteri penghasil asam laktat (BAL). Kefir mempunyai arom khas asam sebagai hasil dari proses fermentasi, aroma khas asam tersebut kurang disukai oleh masyarakat, oleh karena itu dilakukan inovasi dengan penambahan pandan wangi untuk menetralisir aroma khas dari kefir. Tujuan pada penelitian ini adalah untuk mengetahui pengaruh penambahan Infusa Daun Pandan Wangi (Pandanus amaryllifolius Roxb.) terhadap kefir susu sapi ditinjau dari pH, kadar air, total padatan dan properti fisik. Penelitian ini menggunakan Rancangan Acak Lengkap (RAL) dengan 4 perlakukan dan ulangan sebanyak 6 kali dengan perlakuan penambahan infusa pandan wangi yang berbeda yaitu : P0 tanpa penambahan infusa daun pandan wangi, P1 penambahan infusa daun pandan wangi sebanyak 5%, P2 penambahan infusa daun pandan wangi sebanyak 10%, P3 penambahan infusa daun pandan wangi sebanyak 15%. Hasil penelitian menunjukan bahwa penambahan infusa daun pandan wangi sebanyak 5%, 10%, dan 15% tidak merubah pH, kadar air, dan total padatan pada kefir susu sapi. Penambahan infusa daun pandan wangi mencapai titik optimal pada 15% yang menghasilkan nilai pH sebesar 4,72, kadar air sebesar 87,18%, total padatan sebesar 12,81%. Pada pengamatan sensori perubahan yang terjadi cendung pada aroma. Kata kunci : kefir, susu sapi, , infusa daun pandan wangi, pH, kadar air, total padatan, properti fisik, RAL. ABSTRACT Kefir is a product that is fermented by bacteria lactic acid (BAL). Kefir has a characteristic sour smell as a result of the fermentation process, the public was dislike the smell, therefore to reduce the smell innovations of kefir are made with the addition of pandan wangi leaf to neutralize the smell of sour from kefir. The purpose of this study was to determine the effect of adding Pandan Wangi Leaf Infusion (Pandanus Amaryllifolius Roxb.) to cow's milk kefir in terms of pH, water content, total solids and physical properties. This study used a completely randomized design (CRD) with 4 treatments and 6 replications with the addition of different pandan wangi leaf infusion treatments, there are: P0 without the addition of pandan wangi leaf infusion, P1 adding 5% pandan wangi leaf infusion, P2 adding pandan wangi leaf infusion as much as 10%, P3 addition of pandan wangi leaf infusion as much as 15%. The results showed that the addition of pandan wangi leaf infusion as much as 5%, 10%, and 15% did not change the pH, water content, and total solids in cow's milk kefir. The addition of fragrant pandan leaf infusion reached the optimal point at 15% with the result is pH value of 4.72, water content of 87.18%, total solids of 12.81%. On physical property the dominantly change is the smell from the kefir. Key words : kefir, cow's milk, , pandan wangi leaf infusion, pH, water content, total solids, physical property, CRD
Adi Fathul Qohar, Eko Hendarto, Munasik, Nur Hidayat, Bahrun, Harwanto, Nunur Nuraeni
Jurnal Sains Peternakan Nusantara, Volume 1, pp 1-12; https://doi.org/10.53863/jspn.v1i01.201

Abstract:
ABSTRAK Penelitian dengan metode eksperimental yang bertujuan untuk mengkaji pengaruh kombinasi dosis pemupukan kompos organik dan penambahan azolla terhadap pertumbuhan rumput raja (Pennisetum purpureophoides). Penelitian telah dilakukan pada tanggal 1 April sampai 30 September 2020 terletak di lahan pertanian, Desa Beji, Kecamatan Kedungbanteng, Kabupaten Banyumas. Percobaan menggunakan rancangan acak lengkap pola faktorial dengan faktor pertama adalah dosis pupuk kompos organik yakni 10, 20, dan 30 ton ha-1, dan penambahan azolla yakni 10, 20, 30 persen dari faktor pertama sehingga dihasilkan 9 kombinasi perlakuan. Setiap kombinasi perlakuan diulang sebanyak 3 kali sehingga menghasilkan 27 satuan percobaan. Tanaman rumput raja pada pemotongan kedua ditanam pada lahan seluas 400 meter persegi dengan jarak tanam 80 x 40 cm. Pupuk kompos organik yang digunakan berasal dari kotoran sapi potong yang telah selesai proses pengomposan, dan azolla berasal dari lahan persawahan. Parameter penelitian yang diukur adalah tinggi tanaman, dan diameter batang yang diukur pada hari ke 14, 28, dan 42 hari. Data yang telah diperoleh kemudian dianalisis menggunakan analisis variansi (ANOVA) dan dilanjutkan dengan uji orthogonal polinomial. Hasil menunjukan bahwa pemberian dosis kompos berpengaruh sangat nyata (P<0,01) terhadap tinggi tanaman dan diameter batang, sedangkan pemberian pupuk azolla juga berpengaruh sangat nyata (P0,05). Pemberian dosis pupuk kompos organik dapat digunakan untuk mencapat pertumbuhan rumput raja yang terbaik sebesar 30 ton ha-1 dan penambahan azolla sebesar 30 persen dari dosis pupuk organik. Kata kunci: Azolla, Kompos, Pertumbuhan, Rumput Raja ABSTRACT Research with experimental method aims to examine the effect of combination dose of organic compost fertilization and the addition of Azolla on the growth of king grass (Pennisetum purpureophoides). From April 1 to September 30, 2020, research was conducted on agricultural land, Beji Village, Kedungbanteng District, Banyumas Regency. The experiment used a completely randomized design with a factorial pattern with the first factor being the dose of organic compost, namely 10, 20, and 30 tons ha-1, and the addition of Azolla, namely 10, 20, 30 percent of the first factor, resulting in 9 treatment combinations. Each treatment combination was repeated three times to produce 27 experimental units. The king grass plant in the second cutting was planted on ??400 square meters with a spacing of 80 x 40 cm. The organic compost used is derived from beef cattle dung that has finished the composting process, and Azolla comes from rice fields. Research parameters measured were plant height and stem diameter measured on days 14, 28, and 42 days. The data that had been obtained were then analyzed using analysis of variance (ANOVA) and continued with the orthogonal polynomial test. The results showed that the dose of compost had a very significant effect (P<0.01) on plant height and stem diameter, while the application of Azolla fertilizer also had a very significant effect (P0.05). Dosage of organic compost can be used to achieve the best king grass growth of 30 tons ha-1 and the addition of Azolla by 30 percent of the dose of organic fertilizer. Keywords: Azolla, Compost, Growth, King Grass
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