Cognizance Journal of Multidisciplinary Studies

Journal Information
EISSN: 09767797
Published by: Zain Publications
Total articles ≅ 56

Latest articles in this journal

Ali Shakir Mahmood, Munthir Bahir Tuieb, Ahmed Abd Ali Abdulkadhim
Cognizance Journal of Multidisciplinary Studies, Volume 2, pp 1-8; https://doi.org/10.47760/cognizance.2022.v02i11.001

Abstract:
As in last few years, quantum cryptography appears to overcome the current challenges of time and quality of the encryption systems and offer new fields of cryptography. This paper briefly introduces the quantum cryptography from the basic ideas, theoretic foundation, as well as analyses some innovative papers where used quantum theory in the field of cryptography especially for image encryption. Formerly, current work illustrates the accomplishments of quantum cryptography in image encryption methods and its upcoming progress schemes. Conclusively, its motivation to make a general view that represents a new trend in cryptography scheme can be developed on the benefits of the quantum cryptography.
Ali Fahem Neamah, Mohammed Ibrahim Mahdi
Cognizance Journal of Multidisciplinary Studies, Volume 2, pp 9-16; https://doi.org/10.47760/cognizance.2022.v02i11.002

Abstract:
For the purpose of forecasting meteorological time series, a number of established methodologies have been presented (analog techniques, neural networks, etc.). However, when dealing with multivariate time series that are spread spatially, the aforementioned approaches do not take into consideration all of the information that is accessible. In this research, we tackle the challenge of using Bayesian networks to provide accurate weather predictions. This research aims to offer the Bayesian network (BN) model as a means of estimating dustfall based on atmospheric ensemble forecasts. The following categories of data were collected and analyzed for this study: mean temperature, mean humidity, mean rainfall, mean wind speed, and maximum and lowest dustfall. Between the years 2021 and the beginning of 2022, the Iraqi agency for Meteorology and Seismology collected the data on the weather. The values available are month averages. The structure and parameters of the Bayesian network were learned with the help of these data. Through the use of dynamic Bayesian networks, inference in the Bayesian network was able to assist in anticipating the maximum and minimum dustfall that will occur in the following months. The model demonstrated an overall precision of 75% and 89.0% in predicting the maximum amount of dustfall, respectively.
Queenie Elyza G. Salinas, Bernardita I. Tiamzon
Cognizance Journal of Multidisciplinary Studies, Volume 2, pp 14-87; https://doi.org/10.47760/cognizance.2022.v02i10.003

Abstract:
Parents’ love is unconditional, truly selfless, and unending. It always protects, always hopes, and is always proud. Parenting life seems to be challenging, but despite all this, having children to nurture and a family to lean on is somehow fulfilling. This study explored the lived experiences of parents of learners with intellectual disabilities. The researcher conducted a virtual face–to–face interview to describe their parenting day–to–day experiences, challenges, and coping mechanisms as parents of learners with intellectual disability. Limitations to examining the phenomenon are observed in this study. Six (6) parents of learners with intellectual disabilities were interviewed virtually, and the data gathered was transcribed using thematic analysis. The themes derived from this study were: Journey to Acceptance, The Art of Being Selfless, and The Key to Successful Co-Parenting. The exploration of themes described meaningfully and inspirationally the parents' journey when raising a child with an intellectual disability. Data gathered was supported by related literature and studies and the theoretical perspectives involving Parent Development Theory (PDT) and Lazarus and Folkman's stress and coping theory. The insights gained in this study will contribute to further parenting studies and special education and general education research. The findings of this study may enlighten parents of learners with intellectual disabilities, special education teachers, general education teachers, social workers, and others in support of awareness advocacy on the wonderful journey of parenting experiences, challenges, and coping mechanisms when raising a child with intellectual disability.
Frederick Edward T. Fabella
Cognizance Journal of Multidisciplinary Studies, Volume 2, pp 5-13; https://doi.org/10.47760/cognizance.2022.v02i10.002

Abstract:
This study was conducted to ascertain whether a relationship exists between perceived self-efficacy and preference to pursue an Overseas Filipino Worker (OFW) career. The New General Self-Efficacy Scale was used to measure perceived self-efficacy. The level of preference to pursue an OFW career was measured using the OFW Career Preference Questionnaire - a researcher-made instrument. 153 college students from the Province of Rizal, Philippines volunteered to take part in this study. An online Google Forms version of both questionnaires was administered on the respondents. Pearson r computation of the scores from both research instruments yielded a low negative relationship between self-efficacy and respondents’ preference to pursue an OFW career.
O.H. Egbo, H.O. Elimian
Cognizance Journal of Multidisciplinary Studies, Volume 2, pp 1-4; https://doi.org/10.47760/cognizance.2022.v02i10.001

Abstract:
Synovial haemangioma is a rare clinical condition which refers to abnormal proliferation of blood vessels in the synovia membrane of a joint. This usually arises in tendon sheaths, synovial membranes of joints or bursae. The lesion is a benign vascular neoplasia was first described by Bouchut in 1856 that occur most frequently around the knee. Trauma has been reported as an Aetiological factor in the formation of post traumatic synovial haemangioma in young adults. The granulation tissues formed following minor trauma to muscle and joint may cause proliferation and infiltration endothelial tissues and subsequently enlarges and grows into vascular tumours. Post traumatic Synovial haemangioma of the elbow usually mimics other lesions as bursitis. This case was an incidental finding of synovial haemangioma of the elbow following trauma in a young adult.
Published: 30 September 2022
Cognizance Journal of Multidisciplinary Studies, Volume 2, pp 89-99; https://doi.org/10.47760/cognizance.2022.v02i09.005

Abstract:
Introduction: Globally, youths are at risk of engaging in drug abuse. In Uganda, the prevalence of drug abuse among youths is 70.1% which is a lot higher than that of East Africa which is approximated at 45.5%. The study examined the factors influencing drug abuse among the youth in Kisenyi slum of Kampala district. It specifically assessed the relationship between socio-cultural factors, economic factors, and individual factors on drug abuse among youth. Methods: The study adopted a cross-sectional survey design in which a quantitative data collection approach was applied. Questionnaires were used to collect data from 239 youths. Data was cleaned, coded and entered into SPSS software for analysis. The results generated were in the form of descriptive statistics, Pearson chi-square analyses and binary logistics regressions. Results: The study found that the following factors had a statistically significant relationship with drug abuse in Kisenyi slum; religious service attendance (AOR=0.12; 95%CI=0.02-0.68; p=0.03*), family structure (AOR=20.04; 95%CI= 1.75-29.66; p<0.001*), family member smoking cigarettes/tobacco (AOR=0.83; 95%CI= 0.21-3.35; p=0.001*), a friend who drinks alcohol (AOR=1.21; 95%CI= 0.50-2.95; p=0.050*), a friend who smokes cigarettes/tobacco (AOR=0.47; 95%CI= 0.06-3.75; p=0.003*), television watching (AOR=3.56; 95%CI= 1.19-10.71; p<0.001*), social media access (AOR=1.51; 95%CI= 0.51-4.42; p=0.002*), type of house lived in (AOR=3.64; 95%CI= 0.91-14.5; p<0.001*), source of livelihood (AOR=0.88; 95%CI= 0.06-13.39; p=0.014*), drug availability (AOR=0.18; 95%CI= 0.03-1.20; p=0.029*), cost of drugs (AOR=5.92; 95%CI= 1.81-19.40; p<0.001*), perceptions on drugs (AOR=0.70; 95%CI= 0.17-2.88; p=0.002*), and convenience in talking (AOR=1.41; 95%CI= 0.48-4.15; p=0.002*). Conclusion: It can be concluded that socio-cultural, economic and individual factors have a statistically significant influence on drug abuse among youths in Kisenyi Slum, Kampala district. The study recommends engagement of religious leaders to include drug abuse and its effects in their sermons, regular police patrols to remand street children, rolling out business, technical vocational education and training (BITVET) to provide skills to youths, support youth businesses with seed capital and identification of youth champions to sensitize youths on drug abuse, its dangers and how to overcome addiction.
Khangelani Shoko, Greanious Alfred Mavondo, Francis Farai Chikuse, BenjaminI Benjamini
Published: 30 September 2022
Cognizance Journal of Multidisciplinary Studies, Volume 2, pp 58-88; https://doi.org/10.47760/cognizance.2022.v02i09.004

Abstract:
Introduction: The study analysed the trajectories and dimensions of social support intervention to the elderly people in the Cheshanga rural area of Mberengwa District in Zimbabwe after observations of the plight of marginalised population in the Cheshanga rural area compounded by high incidences of migration outflows, drought, poverty, HIV/AIDS pandemic and the massive unemployment. Method: Qualitative approach with a phenomenological perspective carried out in-depth analysis of the phenomenon on 10 elderly people. Data analysis adapted grounded theory approach specifically open, axial and selective coding technique. Results: Social support to the elderly was tangible support from their offspring revealing a yawning gap on the other types of social support like companionship, financial, instrumental and emotional support necessary to reduce morbidity and mortality rates among old people. Conclusion: Interventions from other support groups must address psychological, emotional, physical and behavioural distress among old people to improve the well-being of the elderly people.
Published: 30 September 2022
Cognizance Journal of Multidisciplinary Studies, Volume 2, pp 43-57; https://doi.org/10.47760/cognizance.2022.v02i09.003

Abstract:
The content of heavy metals in poultry and local (free range) chickens raised within Gwagwalada Area Council of Abuja, Nigeria was investigated. The poultry chickens were obtained from poultry farms while the local (free range) chickens were bought from the natives within the study area. Samples were prepared by wet digestion method using nitric acid and the heavy metals determined by flame atomic absorption spectrophotometry (FAAS). The mean concentration (μg/g dry weight) of heavy metals in the Poultry chickens were 3.68 ± 0.86, 0.58 ± 0.36, 0.78 ± 0.02, 4.79 ± 1.27, 77.40 ± 66.44, 2.09 ± 0.54, 1.44 ± 0.82 and 68.99 ± 23.90 for Pb, Cd, Ni, Cu, Fe, Co, Mn and Zn respectively. Also the heavy metal contents in the local chickens were 2.01 ± 1.25, ND, 1.07 ± 0.30, 3.00 ± 1.24, 108.88 ± 73.41, 1.36 ± 0.46, 13.44 ± 6.14 and 75.49 ± 24.02 μg/g dry weight for Pb, Cd, Ni, Cu, Fe, Co, Mn and Zn respectively. A Pearson correlation analysis on the heavy metals in the chicken meat revealed positive strong correlations between Zn/Fe (r = 0.867), Zn/Mn (0.764), Zn/Cu (r = 0.591), Mn/Cu (r = 0.657) and Fe/Cu (r = 0.598) at p < 0.01 significant level. This is not unusual as Fe, Cu, Mn and Zn are essential elements and constitute part of expected components of the chicken. The human risk assessment conducted on the chicken samples revealed that Estimated Daily Intake (EDI) and Target Hazard Quotient (THQ) were in the safe levels, indicating that the exposure of adult population to individual heavy metals through consumption of poultry and local (free range) chickens will not pose adverse health effects. However, the Hazard Index (HI) value for the poultry chicken is suggestive of potential adverse health effect on the consumers. Also, the HI value of local (free range) chickens cannot be ignored because the accumulation of heavy metals in the human body over time can cause serious health effects.
Colleen Rakabopa, Zar Gomo, Greanious Alfred Mavondo, Cuthbert Musarurwa
Published: 30 September 2022
Cognizance Journal of Multidisciplinary Studies, Volume 2, pp 1-24; https://doi.org/10.47760/cognizance.2022.v02i09.001

Abstract:
Reference intervals for markers of renal function are critical in determining the point estimates for renal disease intervention before and during disease management. Estimates of glomerular function are becoming more practical than the traditional methods beset by insensitivity and high mean errors during estimation. Current tests for renal function tests diagnose renal insufficiency when less than a third of the nephrons are remaining in the both kidneys. Serum cystatin C and derived serum cystatin based estimated glomerular filtration rate are critical as a comparative determinant of values to distinguish diseased from health individuals being important markers for renal function which need to be diagnosed before the renal mass has been irreversibly diminished. However, reference intervals for the protein are not yet established amongst black in Southern Africa and it is necessary to determine these as it appears their usage in renal function estimation is becoming a viable alternative to traditional renal function markers.
Calleta Gwatiringa, Lebitsi Maud Modiba, Greanious Alfred Mavondo
Published: 30 September 2022
Cognizance Journal of Multidisciplinary Studies, Volume 2, pp 25-42; https://doi.org/10.47760/cognizance.2022.v02i09.002

Abstract:
The need to create a harmonized process of handling mental health issues cropping up during the perinatal period in Zimbabwe cannot be over emphasized. The number of pregnant women needing perinatal management is growing. The number of trained midwifery nurse practitioner is also growing contributed from different nursing schools meaning different practice methodologies necessitating national guidelines to be adopted. A search of the literature revealed that the British Columbia guidelines provided a framework which could be adopted and adapted for use in the formulation of best practices guidelines to advance collaborative and supportive care as it applies to perinatal health care and client-centred childbirth. The guidelines were premised on the inkling that the use of the ideal strategy and a coordinated approach results in appropriate identification and effective management of mental pathology. The framework and the resultant guidelines, were able to guard against disturbances in the mental wellbeing of the women, whilst excluding the presence of mental disorders. The pillars of the framework we adopted to address dimensions namely: of instruction and avoidance, assessment and the verdict, therapy and self-administration, adapting and backup linkages. The adopted framework facilitates recognition, diagnosis, management and keeping track of ladies with identified mental health challenges. These were conceptualized as recognition, diagnosis, management and follow-up, giving a more promotive and preventive flair to the Zimbabwean perinatal mental health guidelines. Therefore, the theoretical framework for guidelines in mental health views mental stability is an interconnected quadlet of recognition of the tell-tail signs of the disease, diagnosis of the condition, management of the disease and follow-up of the those who have been successfully managed for possible relapses.
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