WORLDVIEW UNIVERSALS IN LITERARY TRANSLATION
- 1 August 2022
- journal article
- Published by South Ukrainian National Pedagogical University named after K. D. Ushynsky
- Vol. 2022 (35), 154-165
The article is devoted to the study of the peculiarities of rendering linguistic manifestations of worldview universals in English-Ukrainian literary translation. The fantasy genre as the material of the study proves to be the author’s embodiment of worldview universals, which, in their interaction and connection, set a holistic, generalized image of the human world. Worldview universals are categories that accumulate historically stored social experience. The system of worldview universals is the space in which a person of a certain culture evaluates, interprets and experiences the world, integrates all the phenomena of reality that appear in the sphere of his experience. It has been proved that the fantasy work of J. Rowling is represented by the opposition of the “good” and the “evil”, which are constituted by the realities of the magical world. The results of the structural-semantic analysis of the thematic groups of the worldview universals that create the philosophical concept of the fantasy work and the lexical units that actualize them made it possible to set the following groups of realities: onomastic realities, everyday realities, ethnographic and mythological realities, the realities of the state-administrative system and public life. The comparative analysis of the peculiarities of translation of the realities of the magical world suggests that the translator resorts to different translation techniques: actually descriptive translation, as well as various combinations of descriptive translation: transcription and descriptive translation in the translation commentary, transcription and descriptive translation in the text of the work, graphic transfer (preserving the original writing) and descriptive translation in the text of the work, calque translation and descriptive translation in the translation commentary.