The focus of the article is an attempt to understand the vision of history presented by John Paul II in his apostolic letter Euntes in mundum, published for the millennium of baptism of Kievan Rus’ (25 January 1988). The author intends to demonstrate that the Pope’s meditations about the past have a multi-level interpretation structure, support John Paul II’s theological and political teachings, and crystalise them in his reflections about political theology and the theology of history.