Bread melanoidins as potential new sustainable bakery ingredients: a study using fat and fat-free bakery food models

Melanoidins isolated from bakery by-products are proposed as new sustainable ingredients for bakery products. The colour, odour profile, texture, water activity, and antioxidant capacity of two bakery food models, fat and fat-free, enriched with 2% and 4% soft bread and common bread melanoidins, were analysed. The colour of the bakery food models with melanoidins was darker than that of the respective control; the fat-free models with melanoidins showed higher values of hardness than the control, while no significant effect was observed in the fat models; the water activity did not change compared to the control; the odour profile was significantly modified with different effects depending on the type of melanoidin quantity added and the food model (fat or fat-free); and the antioxidant capacity increased proportionally to the quantity of melanoidin added. In general, melanoidins from soft bread exhibited a higher effect than the melanoidins from common bread. The melanoidins isolated from both fat and fat-free bakery food models did not show cytotoxicity nor did they modify the levels of reactive oxygen species in Caco-2 cells. Therefore, the results seem to indicate the favourable potential of bread melanoidins as new sustainable ingredients for bakery products.
Funding Information
  • Junta de Castilla y León (BU243P18)