Fixed Points of Multivalued Mappings Useful in the Theory of Differential and Random Differential Inclusions
- 31 March 2023
- journal article
- Published by Erdal Karapinar in Advances in the Theory of Nonlinear Analysis and its Application
- Vol. 7 (1), 41-51
Fixed point theory is very useful in nonlinear analysis, diferential equations, differential and random differen- tial inclusions. It is well known that different types of fixed points implies the existence of specific solutions of the respective problem concerning differential equations or inclusions. There are several classifications of fixed points for single valued mappings. Recall that in 1949 M.K. Fort  introduced the notion of essential fixed points. In 1965 F.E. Browder ,  introduced the notions of ejective and repulsive fixed points. In 1965 A.N. Sharkovsky  provided another classification of fixed points but only for continous mappings of subsets of the Euclidean space R n . For more information see also: , -, , , , . Note that for multivalued mappings these problems were considered only in a few papers (see: -, , , , ) - always for admissible multivalued mappings of absolute neighbourhood retracts (ANR-s). In this paper ejective, repulsive and essential fixed points for admissible multivalued mappings of absolute neighbourhood multi retracts (ANMR-s) are studied. Let as remark that the class of MANR-s is much larger as the class of ANR-s (see: ). In order to study the above notions we generalize the fixed point index from the case of ANR-s onto the case of ANMR-s. Next using the above fixed point index we are able to prove several new results concerning repulsive ejective and essential fixed points of admissible multivalued mappings. Moreover, the random case is mentioned. For possible applications to differential and random di?erential inclusions see: , , -, , , .
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