A Study on Pharmacognostical Approach on Taraxacum officinale
The dandelion, or Taraxacum officinale, is a perennial herb that forms a rosette leaf and has golden yellow flowers that bloom all year long. It is a member of the Asteraceae family and is typically found in the temperate zone of the Northern hemisphere. Many conventional and modern herbal medical systems use dandelion leaves, roots, and flowers. According to a phytochemical analysis, dandelion herb contains one or more important phytochemical components. Similarly, one of the most significant dandelion compounds contains bitter sesquiterpene lactones, particularly taraxacin and taraxacerin, which play a key role in the mechanism of liver functions associated with hepatoprotective action. Additionally, the results of the phytochemical investigation showed the presence of sterols, phenolic acids, and flavonoids, all of which have been linked to a variety of pharmacological effects, including antioxidants and anti-inflammatory effects. Keywords: Taraxacum officinale, sesquiterpene lactone; hepatoprotective; anticancer; antioxidant; anti-inflammatory.