Integrated Lateral SBD Temperature Sensor of a 4H-SiC VDMOS for Real-Time Temperature Monitoring

The novel integrated temperature sensor of a power 4H-SiC MOSFET for precise real-time temperature monitoring is proposed in this article, in which a lateral Schottky barrier diode (SBD) is embedded. A physical model considering the influence of the lateral-distribution effect and interface states of the lateral SiC SBD is presented to explain the mechanism and direct the design of the sensor. A high degree of linearity ( $\textit{R}^{\text{2}}\text{)}$ is achieved, and the proposed sensor obtains high design and fabrication tolerance and integration flexibility, namely, a much smaller size is viable. Specifically, the $\textit{R}^{\text{2}}$ of the fabricated sensor is 0.9999 in the range of 15 $^{\boldsymbol\circ}$ –200 $^{\boldsymbol\circ}$ . Under the protection of the p-well, the crosstalk value ( $\textit{V}_{\text{cross}}\text{)}$ between the SiC vertical double-diffused metal-oxide-semiconductor field-effect transistor (VDMOS) and sensor is greatly suppressed, and $\textit{V}_{\text{cross}}$ is less than $\pm$ 1.87 $^{\boldsymbol\circ}$ when the VDMOS is switching. Self-heating tests are employed for comparison with the temperature-sensitive electrical parameter (TSEP) method and RC thermal resistance model method. The proposed sensor has the potential for integration into SiC modules and integrated circuits (ICs) to realize real-time temperature estimation with high precision and low noise.
Funding Information
  • Major Science and Technology Program of Anhui Province (2020b05050007)

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