Publisher STIKES Aisyah Pringsewu Lampung-
Jurnal Aisyah : Jurnal Ilmu Kesehatan, Volume 3, pp 1-8; doi:10.30604/jika.v3i1.69
Abstract:The focus of this study was the decrease in blood pressure of systole and diastole in hypertension patients after administration of cucumber extract. The purpose of this study to determine the effect of herbal therapy (extract cucumber) against the decrease in blood pressure in patients with hypertension. Subjects in this study were all hypertensive patients at Puskesmas (Public Health Centre) Kedaton, Bandar Lampung, Indonesia with a total sample of 30 respondents. This research was conducted by giving cucumber extract for three days during morning, noon and night. The results showed that herbal therapy (cucumber extract) gives the effect of decreased blood pressure on hypertensive patients. The result of t test showed the decrease score of systole blood pressure with p value 0,001 (p <0,05) and at the decrease of diastole blood pressure obtained p value 0,001 (p <0,05). Based on the results of cucumber research can be used as an alternative trita in hypertensive patients using herbal medicine. It is expected that researchers next do research on herbal therapy with other types of plants.
Jurnal Aisyah : Jurnal Ilmu Kesehatan, Volume 3, pp 9-16; doi:10.30604/jika.v3i1.68
Abstract:One indicator to know the health status in a country can be seen from the high Infant Mortality Rate (IMR). The main cause of infant death is due to respiratory tract infections and diarrhea. According to the World Health Organization (WHO) that acute pneumonia cases, 55 percent of infant deaths due to diarrhea due to lack of exclusive breastfeeding in the first six months at the beginning of the baby's life. The success of exclusive breastfeeding programs can create a golden generation (golden Period) which at that age happens optimal growth process. This study aims to determine the description of the determinant of exclusive breastfeeding in the mother in Wonosari Village, Subdistrict of Gadingrejo. This research type is quantitative research by using descriptive method. The samples used were 92 mothers who had babies 6-24 months old. From the results of the study, it was found that the distribution of respondents who gave exclusive breastfeeding as many as 48 people (52.2 percent), and who did not give exclusive milk as many as 44 people (47.8 percent). Respondents have a good knowledge about exclusive breastfeeding as many as 63 people (68.5 percent). Respondents had a positive attitude toward exclusive breastfeeding of 33 people (35.9 percent). Respondents who received husband support in exclusive breastfeeding as many as 26 people (28.3 percent). Respondents who received the support of health officers to exclusive breastfeeding were 56 people (60.9 percent). The results of this study can be used as guidelines to formulate strategies in providing information about health, especially about the importance of exclusive breastfeeding in an effort to increase the achievement of exclusive breastfeeding coverage to 100 percent, so that by itself will reduce the IMR.
Jurnal Aisyah : Jurnal Ilmu Kesehatan, Volume 3, pp 29-38; doi:10.30604/jika.v3i1.79
Abstract:Psychomotor development is the result of environmental stimulation beyond the individuals associated with the motion and posture. Children who get a good stimulation will grow faster optimally according to age of development. The result of observation in Krajan Posyandu (Maternal & Child Health Centre), Dolopo village, Madiun region found 60 percent mothers who do not practicing Psychomotoric stimulation yet. It is because the lack of knowledge about the steps of improvement. This study aims to determine the relationship of mother's knowledge about the stages of development with the practice of psychomotor stimulation in infants 0-12 months. This research is a quantitative research using correlational method. Data were collected using questionnaire and check list on 25 respondents. Data were analyzed using Spearman Rank statistic test with significance value ρ <0,05. The results of this study showed ρ value of 0.028 (ρ <0.05). The coefficient correlation between the two variables shows the number 0.439 (Positive) so there is a significant and unidirectional relationship, it shows that there is enough, significant, and the same aim of relation. It is mean that the mothers who have knowledge about developmental stage, psychomotoric stimulation practice skill to infant 0 – 12 months will increase. Finally, the researcher gives suggestions. It is supposed there is increasing activity from health officer to mothers by giving information about developmental stage and practice training of psychomotoric stimulation in infant 0 – 12 months.
Jurnal Aisyah : Jurnal Ilmu Kesehatan, Volume 3, pp 17-28; doi:10.30604/jika.v3i1.80
Abstract:Adolescents are particularly vulnerable to the problem of the triad of adolescent reproductive health that includes sexuality, HIV/AIDS and drugs. Lack of knowledge among adolescents is one of the causes of risky behavior on reproductive health. Health education through peer teaching method and jigsaw method can improve knowledge and prevent adolescent reproductive health problems. The purpose of this research is to analyze the differences between the effects of peer teaching method with jigsaw method toward the level knowledge of reproductive health students SMPN 1 Cilegon. The research design is quasi-experiment with non equivalent control group. The research sample consisted of 42 respondents to the peer teaching group and 42 respondents to the jigsaw group which is chosen by stratified random sampling. The results of the analysis of statistical tests using t-dependent test shows that there is significant influence after being given health education with p value 0.001 (p <0.05) and the results t-independent test obtained p value 0.021 (p <0.05), which shows the differences in effect between peer teaching method with jigsaw method toward the level knowledge of reproductive health students SMPN 1 Cilegon. The suggestion of this research is to use the jigsaw method as an alternative method in providing adolescent reproductive health education.
Jurnal Aisyah : Jurnal Ilmu Kesehatan, Volume 3, pp 39-46; doi:10.30604/jika.v3i1.74
Abstract:The World Health Organization (WHO) recommends mothers with newborns infant to get colostrum from breast milk on the first and second day to protect and prevent various infections. Presurvey results showed from a total of 135 normal labor, there were 75 infants (55.6 percent) who did not do Early Initiation of Breastfeeding (IMD). This type of research is a quantitative research using analytical survey method, with cross sectional approach. The sample of research is 30 respondents. The result of chi square analysis showed the correlation of Early Initiation of Breastfeeding (IMD) with breastmilk production in post partum mother with p-value 0.009 (p <0.05) and OR = 19,000. The result of chi square analysis of baby sucking variable with lactation on post partum mother obtained p-value 0,031, (p <0,05) and OR = 12,667. Based on the results of the study can be concluded that the lactation in post partum mothers associated with Initiation of Early Breastfeeding (IMD) and baby sucking. Suggested on post partum mother to increase knowledge such as counseling with health worker about the importance of Early Breastfeeding Initiation and training so that mother's milk production remain smoothly.
Jurnal Aisyah : Jurnal Ilmu Kesehatan, Volume 3, pp 77-86; doi:10.30604/jika.v3i1.91
Abstract:Abstrak: Ruang perawatan intensif merupakan salah satu tempat yang paling menantang yang dapat menimbulkan gangguan emosional salah satunya yaitu kecemasan, apabila salah satu anggota keluarga yang sakit maka ikatan emosional anggota keluarga yang lain akan timbul yang diinterpretasikan dalam bentuk saling merasakan. Tujuan dalam penelitian ini adalah untuk mengetahui pengaruh pemberian intervensi yoga pernapasan (pranayama) terhadap kecemasan keluarga pasien kritis di Ruang ICU RSUD dr. Dradjat Prawiranegara. Desain dalam penelitian ini menggunakan Quasi eksperiment dengan pre test dan post test one-group, pengumpulan data dilakukan dengan menggunakan instrument ZRAS (Zung Rating Anxiety Scale). Sampel dalam penelitian ini yaitu sebanyak 25 responden, pengambilan sampel dalam penelitian ini menggunakan jenis non probability sampling dengan tehnik purposive sampling. Dari 25 responden menunjukan hasil terdapat pengaruh yoga pernapasan (pranayama) terhadap kecemasan keluarga pasien kritis dengan nilai p Value 0.000 (< 0.05). Hasil penelitian menyarankan penelitian ini dapat direkomendasikan sebagai sebuah media ataupun intervensi kepada keluarga pasien kritis dalam pemenuhan asuhan keperawatan secara holistik. Intensive care unit is one of the most challenging places that can cause emotional disorder, if one family member is sick then the emotional ties other family members will arise interpreted in the form of feel each other. The purpose of research is to determine the effect of respiratory yoga (pranayama) interventions to the critical patient's family anxiety in ICU RSUD dr. Dradjat Prawiranegara. The study design was quasi experiments pre-test andpost-test one-group. Research instrument was instrument ZRAS (Zung Rating Anxiety Scale). The sample in this research of 25 people. The sampling in this research using nonprobability sampling with purposive sampling technique. From the 25 respondents shown there respiratory yoga (pranayama) affected on critical patient's family anxiety with p value 0.000 (< 0.05). The results suggest this study can be recommended as a medium or intervention to the families of critical patients in the fulfillment of nursing care holistically.
Jurnal Aisyah : Jurnal Ilmu Kesehatan, Volume 3, pp 47-60; doi:10.30604/jika.v3i1.81
Abstract:The prevalence of Sexually Transmitted Infections (STIs) in Indonesia tends to increase. Recorded in 2011 were 11,280 cases consisting of 5,131 (45.4 percent) of ghonorrhea cases, 4725 (41.8 percent) of syphilis cases and 1424 (12.8 percent) of HIV-AIDS cases. In 2012 there was an increase of 13,043 cases consisting of 6003 cases of ghonorrhea (46 percent), syphilis as many as 5216 cases (40 percent) and HIV / AIDS as many as 1824 cases (14 percent). This study aims to provide an overview of risk factors associated with STI events in society objectively. This type of research is quantitative with crossectional approach, using primary data from interview result. The population is all patients who conduct examination at clinic of Voluntary Counseling Test (VCT) Bob Bazar Public Hospital Kalianda Lampung as many as 551 people. The sample of this study as many as 143 people. Sampling using Accidental sampling technique. Data analysis uses frequency distribution, chi square and logistic regression. The results showed that there was a correlation between STI event with age (p = 0,020, OR = 2,35), education level (p = 0,006; OR = 2,71), gender (p = 0,023; OR = 2,35) (p = 0,009; OR = 2,56), socioeconomic level (p = 0,015; OR = 2,43), and marital status (p = 0,001; OR = 0.001; OR = 5.35). Continuous monitoring and dissemination of appropriate and correct information on STIs can be done as a precaution by coordinating and collaborating with BKKBN, PKBI, NGOs and Ministry of Religious Affairs.
Jurnal Aisyah : Jurnal Ilmu Kesehatan, Volume 3, pp 61-76; doi:10.30604/jika.v3i1.86
Abstract:Losing is a condition who has ever been in individual a long life. The objective of the research was to find the meaning of parents losing for adolescent of social home at Bina Remaja. It was important in adolescents respon to have parents losing process and also adaption in Life Phase Qrowth. The Qualitative research used Phenomenology Study with Indepth Interveiw and Field Notes by involved six informans. The result of the study found there were five themes losing parents such as : The deep sadness in different scale, losing parents figure, lack of affections, there is no one to share, and the unbreakable family condition. The losing Phases were denial, anger, and acceptance. In conclusion the deep sadness in adolescentt was found hey can accept it. Hoping and Praying of adolescent is kind of their love to them.
Jurnal Aisyah : Jurnal Ilmu Kesehatan, Volume 3, pp 87-94; doi:10.30604/jika.v3i1.87
Abstract:Scope of sewerage for Belimbing Village in 2014 was eligible amount to 30,71 percent of 127 families (KK) having Sewers Waste (SPAL), in 2015 amounted to 35,67 percent of the 127 families who have SPAL, and in 2016 amounted to 37,71 percent of the 127 families who have SPAL. Based on the coverage of data, the number of households that have SPAL in Belimbing village is still low. The purpose of this study was to determine the factors associated with the ownership of sewerage households. The research is descriptive analytic research with a cross-sectional design. This study population around the head of the family in the village of Belimbing amounted to 127 households. Samples using total sampling. Place of research conducted in the District Supplied Belimbing Village Ogan Komering Ulu. Data were analyzed by univariate and bivariate analysis. The statistical test using chi-square test. From the results, there was a significant relationship between knowledge with SPAL ownership with p-value 0,000; no significant association of education with SPAL ownership with p-value 0,000; there is a significant relationship between the length of working with SPAL ownership with p-value 0,002; there is a significant relationship between earnings by ownership SPAL with p-value of 0,015.
Jurnal Aisyah : Jurnal Ilmu Kesehatan, Volume 3, pp 95-100; doi:10.30604/jika.v3i1.95
Abstract:Abstrak: Komplikasi kehamilan merupakan salah satu penyebab masih tingginya angka kematian ibu (AKI) di Indonesia sampai saat ini, yaitu perdarahan sebanyak 28% dan keracunan kehamilan (eklampsi) sebanyak 24%. Tanda-tanda bahaya pada kehamilan merupakan suatu pertanda telah terjadinya masalah yang serius pada ibu hamil atau janin yang dikandungnya. Berdasarkan penelitian, telah diakui saat ini bahwa setiap kehamilan dapat memiliki potensi dan membawa resiko bagi ibu.Pada analisa univariat, didapatkan dari 48 responden dengan kunjungan ANC sesuai standar sebanyak 24 responden (33,8%) dan yang sesuai standar sebanyak 47 responden (66,2%), responden dengan pengetahuan baik sebanyak 35 responden (49,3%), pengetahuan cukup sebanyak 26 responden (36,6) dan pengetahuan kurang sebanyak 10 responden (14,1%). Pada analisa bivariat didapatkan Ada hubungan antara pengetahuan ibu hamil tentang tanda bahaya kehamilan dengan kunjungan ANC di Klinik Bidan Desi Fitriani Baturaja Kabupaten Ogan Komering Ulu tahun 2017 dengan p value 0,001.Ada hubungan antara pengetahuan ibu hamil tentang tanda bahaya kehamilan dengan kunjungan ANC. Complications of pregnancy is one cause of still high maternal mortality (MMR) in Indonesia, namely bleeding as much as 28% and pregnancy poisoning (eklampsi) as much as 24%. The signs of danger in pregnancy is a sign of a serious problem in pregnant women or the fetus they contain. Based on research, it has been recognized today that every pregnancy can have potential and bring risks to the mother. The purpose of this research is to know the relationship of pregnant mother knowledge, pregnancy alarm, and visit of ANC. This study uses crossectional method with the number of respondents as much as 71 pregnant women. Statistical analysis using chi square to determine the relationship between independent with dependent variables on 95% confidence level. The results showed that there was a correlation between pregnant mother knowledge about pregnancy alert with visit of ANC at Desi Fitriani Clinic of Baturaja Regency of Ogan Komering Ulu with p value 0,001. The higher the level of knowledge of pregnant women about antenatal care will improve compliance in antenatal care visits.Kata Kunci: Pengetahuan ibu hamil, tanda bahaya kehamilan, kunjungan ANC