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Publisher Jurnal Akuakultur Indonesia

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Noviati Rohmatul Khasanah, Nur Bambang Priyo Utomo, Mia Setiawati, Munti Yuhana
Jurnal Akuakultur Indonesia, Volume 16, pp 147-154; doi:10.19027/jai.16.2.147-154

Abstract:The study was conducted to evaluate the performance of catfish fry grown using different dietary protein levels in the biofloc-base aquaculture system. Experiments using a completely randomized design, consisted of four treatments and three replications. The treatment consisted of: protein 38% (A), 34% protein (B), 30% protein (C), and protein 26% (D). Catfish with initial weight of 0.83±0.01 g and length of 4.64±0.04 cm were cultured in 60 L tank with density of 90 fish each tank for 35 days. Inoculation of heterotrophic bacterial Staphylococcus lentus L1k were performed of 104 CFU/mL ratio of 15 was administrated once a day after two hours feeding in the morning. Feeding was conducted twice a day at 5% of the biomass weight. At the end of trial treatment (D) showed the highest survival rate (88.15±5.25%), the body lenght variance coefficient (9.58±0.51%) and protein retention (39.87±2.77%). Treatment (B) showed the highest growth rate (4.11±0.05%), total length (2.39±0.08 cm), and feed intake (318.76±4.63). Treatment (A) showed the highest feed efficiency (93.65±4.43%) while lowest lipid retention compared to others (22.20±1.20%.). Based on the results, it can be concluded that 34% protein feed (C) can replace 38% protein feed (B) catfish fry size 4−5 cm through biofloc-based system. Keywords: biofloc, fry, growth, protein, Staphylococcus lentus L1k ABSTRAK Penelitian bertujuan mengevaluasi kinerja pertumbuhan benih lele dengan menggunakan kadar protein pakan yang berbeda pada sistem bioflok. Percobaan dilakukan menggunakan rancangan acak lengkap, terdiri atas empat perlakuan dan tiga ulangan. Perlakuan terdiri atas protein 38% (A), protein 34% (B), protein 30% (C), dan protein 26% (D), terdiri atas empat perlakuan dan tiga ulangan. Benih lele dengan berat rata-rata 0,83±0,01 g dan panjang rata-rata 4,64±0,04 cm dipelihara di akuarium berukuran 90×50×40 cm3 dengan padat tebar 90 ekor/akuarium selama 35 hari. Inokulasi bakteri heterotrof berupa Staphylococcus lentus L1k dilakukan pada setiap perlakuan kepadatan 104 CFU/mL. Penambahan sumber karbon berupa molase dengan C/N (Carbon/Nitrogen) rasio 15 diberikan satu kali sehari setelah dua jam pemberian pakan di pagi hari. Pakan diberikan dua kali sehari sebanyak 5% dari berat biomasa. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan pemberian kadar protein pakan berbeda memberikan hasil yang positif. Perlakuan (D) menunjukkan tingkat kelangsungan hidup (88,15±5,25%), koefisien keragaman panjang (9,58±0,51%) dan retensi protein (39,87±2,77%) terbaik. Perlakuan (B) menunjukkan laju pertumbuhan harian (4,11±0,05%), panjang total (2,39±0,08 cm), dan jumlah konsumsi pakan (318,76±4,63) tertinggi. Perlakuan (A) menunjukkan efisiensi pakan (93,65±4,43%) tertinggi namun menunjukkan retensi lemak (22,20±1,20%) terendah. Berdasarkan hasil penelitian disimpulkan bahwa pemberian pakan dengan kadar protein 34% mempunyai performa pertumbuhan yang sama dibandingkan protein 38% pada benih ikan lele berukuran 4−5 yang dipelihara menggunakan sistem budidaya bioflok. Kata kunci: benih lele, protein, pertumbuhan, bioflok, Staphylococcus lentus L1k
Andi Nikhlani, Komsanah Sukarti
Jurnal Akuakultur Indonesia, Volume 16, pp 272-278; doi:10.19027/jai.16.2.272-278

Abstract:The survival rate of blue swimming crabs and the larval metamorphosis processes are still low in hatcheries. The objective of this study was to evaluate the effects of different phytoecdysteroids doses on both the survival and the rate of Blue swimmer crab larvae metamorphosis. The study consisted of four different phytoecdysteroids treatments, namely: control (0 mg/100 g of feed), 1 mg/100 g of feed, 2 mg/100 g of feed, and 4 mg/100 g of feed. Each treatment was replicated three times. The survival rate of the larvae was analyzed through analysis of variance, while the rate of larval metamorphosis was descriptively analyzed. The results showed that the dose of phytoecdysteroid of 2 mg/100 g of artificial feed resulted in the highest survival and the fastest metamorphosis speed of crab larvae for zoea-2 and zoea-3, and the dose of 4 mg/100 g of artificial feed for stadia megalopa and crablet. Keywords: phytoecdysteroids, survival rate, metamorphosis, blue swimming crab ABSTRAK Kelangsungan hidup rajungan dalam pembenihan masih rendah, dan proses metamorfosis larva masih lambat. Tujuan penelitian ini adalah untuk mengevaluasi pengaruh pemberian fitoekdisteroid dosis berbeda terhadap kelangsungan hidup dan kecepatan metamorfosis larva rajungan. Penelitian ini terdiri atas empat perlakuan dosis fitoekdisteroid yang berbeda, yaitu: kontrol (0 mg/100 g pakan), 1 mg/100 g pakan, 2 mg/100 g pakan, dan 4 mg/100 g pakan dengan masing-masing perlakuan dilakukan tiga kali ulangan. Kelangsungan hidup larva dianalisis menggunakan analisis sidik ragam, sedangkan kecepatan metamorfosis larva dianalisis secara deskriptif. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa dosis fitoekdisteroid sebanyak 2 mg/100 g pakan buatan menghasilkan kelangsungan hidup tertinggi dan proses metamorfosis larva rajungan tercepat untuk stadia zoea-2 dan zoea-3, serta dosis 4 mg/100 g pakan buatan untuk stadia megalopa dan crablet. Kata kunci: fitoekdisteroid, kelangsungan hidup, metamorfosis, rajungan
Wildan Nurussalam, Kukuh Nirmala, Eddy Supriyono, Yuni Puji Hastuti
Jurnal Akuakultur Indonesia, Volume 16, pp 155-164; doi:10.19027/jai.16.2.155-164

Abstract:Molting phase is one of many factors that can inhibit mudcrab growth. Recirculation system in culturing mudcrab has a weakness which is the decreasing of ions. Calcium and magnesium in the water can affect the molting phase. The aim of this study was to evaluate the best additional frequency of calcium and magnesium in recirculation system. This research used mudcrab seeds that have weight of 54.856±2.195 gram. This research used completely randomized design with four treatments and three replicates. The treatments were additional frequency of Ca and Mg, comprised of four levels, without additional Ca and Mg (A), additional 30 mg/L Ca and 30 mg/L Mg in every five days (B), additional 30 mg/L Ca, and 30 mg/L Mg in every 10 days (C), and additional 30 mg/L Ca and 30 mg/L Mg in every 15 days (D). The result showed that total of biomass in every treatments were A (379.99±86.16 gram), B (517.65±103.94 gram), C (808.68±59.29 gram), and D (1,054.41±73.54 gram). The highest final biomass was the D treatment (1,054,41±73.54), which was significantly different to others (P<0.05).Keywords: mudcrab, resirculation, calcium, magnesium, molting, productionABSTRAKSalah satu faktor penghambat pertumbuhan kepiting bakau adalah fase molting. Sistem resirkulasi budidaya kepiting bakau memiliki kelemahan yaitu berkurangnya ion-ion. Fase moting pada kepiting bakau sangat dipengaruhi oleh keberadaan ion kalsium dan magnesium dalam air. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk menentukan frekuensi waktu penambahan kalsium dan magnesium terbaik dalam sistem resirkulasi. Penelitian ini menggunakan benih kepiting bakau dengan berat rata-rata 54,856±2,195 gram. Penelitian ini menggunakan rancangan acak lengkap (RAL) dengan empat perlakuan dan tiga ulangan. Perlakuan penambahan Ca dan Mg sebanyak 30 mg/L terdiri atas empat macam frekuensi, yaitu tanpa penambahan Ca dan Mg (A), frekuensi lima hari sekali (B), frekuensi 10 hari sekali (C), dan frekuensi 15 hari sekali (D). Hasil penelitian menunjukkan jumlah biomassa masing-masing perlakuan adalah A (379,99±86,16 gram), B (517,65±103,94 gram), C (808,68±59,29 gram), dan D (1.054,41±73,54 gram). Perlakuan terbaik diperoleh pada perlakuan D dengan jumlah biomassa sebesar (1.054,41±73,54 gram) ini berbeda nyata (P<0,05) dengan perlakuan lainnya. Kata kunci: kepiting bakau, resirkulasi, kalsium, magnesium, molting, produksi
Qorie Astria, Sri Nuryati, Kukuh Nirmala, Alimuddin Alimuddin
Jurnal Akuakultur Indonesia, Volume 16, pp 165-174; doi:10.19027/jai.16.2.165-174

Abstract:Outbreaks of infectious diseases due to Aeromonas hydrophila in catfish can cause high death rates (80–100%). Fish disease control can be done using phytopharmaceutical to prevent or treat diseases of fish. One of the phytopharmaceutical that known to prevent the fish diseases is ambon banana stem Musa cavendishii var. dwarf Paxton. This study was conducted to test the effectiveness of catfish immersion using banana stem juice as an immunostimulant against bacterial infections A. hydrophila. The observed parameters were a total performance of production, hematological test, and water quality. Immersion of catfish seeds with stem juice was performed at a concentration of 5 mL/L, 13 mL/L, and 21 mL/L for 30 minutes. Each treatment consisted of three replications. A total of 15 fishes were immersed in 1.5 L water. At day-9 after immersion, fish was infected by A. hydrophila bacteria at a dose of 104 cfu/mL. The results showed that fish treated with banana stem juice at a concentration of 13 mL/L had the survival rate of 53.33±6.67% which is higher than positive control (33.33±6.67%). Based on hematology observations on the 3rd day post-challenge test (H12) with A. hydrophila, total erythrocytes, hemoglobin, total leukocytes, phagocytic activity, differential leukocyte, and lysozyme activity was highest in treatment13 mL/L. Lower feed conversion ratio (1.08±0.04) were also obtained in treatment 13 mL/L. Thus Immersion of seeds in stem juice can boost the immune system against infections A. hydrophila. Keywords: Aeromonas hydrophila, ambon banana stem juice, soaking, catfish, immune system ABSTRAK Wabah penyakit akibat infeksi Aeromonas hydrophila pada ikan lele dapat menyebabkan tingkat kematian yang tinggi (80–100%). Penanggulangan penyakit ikan dapat dilakukan menggunakan fitofarmaka untuk mencegah ataupun mengobati penyakit ikan. Salah satu fitofarmaka yang dapat digunakan dalam upaya pencegahan penyakit ikan adalah batang pisang ambon lumut Musa cavendishii var. dwarf Paxton. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk menguji efektivitas perendaman benih ikan lele dengan menggunakan air perasan batang pisang ambon sebagai imunostimulan terhadap infeksi bakteri A. hydrophila. Parameter yang diamati selama penelitian adalah kinerja produksi, uji hematologi dan pengukuran kualitas air. Perendaman benih ikan lele dengan air perasan dilakukan pada konsentrasi 5 mL/L, 13 mL/L, dan 21 mL/L selama 30 menit. Pada hari ke-9 setelah perendaman, ikan diinfeksi bakteri A. hydrophila pada kepadatan 104 cfu/mL. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa perendaman ikan dengan air perasan pada konsentrasi 13 mL/L memiliki kelangsungan hidup yakni sebesar 53,33±6,67%, lebih tinggi bila dibandingkan dengan kontrol positif (33,33±6,67%). Berdasarkan pengamatan pada uji hematologi hari ke-3 pascauji tantang (H12) dengan bakteri A. hydrophila, total eritrosit, hemoglobin, total leukosit, aktivitas fagositik, dan aktivitas lisozim tertinggi terdapat pada perlakuan konsentrasi 13 mL/L. Rasio konversi pakan yang rendah (1,08±0,04) juga terdapat pada perlakuan 13 mL/L. Hal ini menunjukkan bahwa perendaman benih ikan lele pada air perasan dapat meningkatkan sistem imun terhadap infeksi bakteri A. hydrophila. Kata kunci: Aeromonas hydrophila, air perasan batang pisang ambon, perendaman, ikan lele, sistem imun
Nurin Dalilah Ayu Destianingrum, Munti Yuhana, Angela Mariana Lusiastuti
Jurnal Akuakultur Indonesia, Volume 16, pp 216-225; doi:10.19027/jai.16.2.216-225

Abstract:Streptococcosis is one of the diseases that often arise and can cause death by 100% in tilapia fish farming. This study aimed to determine the most optimal probiotics combination of cells Bacillus cereus P22, Bacillus subtillis ND2 and Staphylococcus lentus L1k through the feed for streptococcosis prevention. The experimental fish with initial body weight of (13.06±0.18 g), were randomly distributed at 25 fish per 60 L water, and reared for 21 days. The fish fed with supplemented feed (except controls) with FR 3%, about three times a day, for 14 days. The treatment of combination probiotics-supplemented feed on, K1 (P22 and ND2, density of 106 CFU/mL), K2 (ND2 and L1k, density of 105 CFU/mL), K3 (P22 and L1k, density of 105 CFU/mL), K4 (P22, ND2 and L1k, density of 106 CFU/mL), the negative and positive control treatment given feed without supplementation. On day 15, the experimental fish, (except negative control) were challenged with Streptococcus agalactiae via intraperitoneal injection 0.1 mL/fish (104 CFU/mL). The results indicated that the best combination was shown by K3 (the combination of Bacillus cereus P22 and Staphylococcus lentus L1k) with cells addition 1% (v/w). The result of K3 survival rate shown 89.33±6.11%, significantly different from the K + and K- wich were 66.67±4.62% and 88.00±8.00%. The highest increased immune value shown by K3 were wich phagocytic index value 64.00±2.65% and respiratory burst activity value 0.07±0.00 OD. Keywords: multispecies probiotics, Oreochormis niloticus, streptococcosis ABSTRAK Streptococcosis merupakan salah satu penyakit yang seringkali muncul dan dapat menyebabkan kematian hingga 100% pada budidaya ikan nila. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk menentukan kombinasi optimal dari probiotik Bacillus cereus P22, Bacillus subtillis ND2, dan Staphylococcus lentus L1k melalui pakan sebagai upaya pencegahan streptococcosis. Ikan uji berukuran (13,06±0,18 g), secara acak dipelihara dengan kepadatan 25 ekor/akuarium dengan volume air 60 L, dipelihara selama 21 hari dan diberi pakan yang disuplementasi probiotik (kecuali kontrol) dengan perkiraan FR 3% sebanyak tiga kali sehari, selama 14 hari. Perlakuan kombinasi probiotik yang disuplementasi pada pakan yaitu: K1 (P22 dan ND2, kepadatan 106 CFU/mL), K2 (ND2 dan L1k, kepadatan 105 CFU/mL), K3 (P22 dan L1k, kepadatan 105 CFU/mL), K4 (P22, ND2 dan L1k, kepadatan 106 CFU/mL), perlakuan kontrol negatif dan posistif diberi pakan tanpa suplementasi probiotik. Pada hari ke-15, ikan uji (kecuali kontrol negatif) diinjeksi dengan Streptococcus agalactiae dengan kepadatan 104 CFU/mL sebanyak 0,1 mL secara intraperitoneal. Hasil penelitian ini menunjukkan bahwa kombinasi probiotik multispesies terbaik adalah perlakuan K3 (kombinasi Bacillus cereus P22 dan Staphylococcus lentus L1k) dengan dosis 1% (v/w). Nilai kelangsungan hidup K3 didapat 89,33±6,11%, berbeda nyata dengan K+ (66,67±4,62%) dan K- (88,00±8,00%). Nilai respons imun dengan peningkatan tertinggi pada perlakuan K3 dengan nilai indeks fagositik 64,00±2,65% dan aktivitas respiratory burst 0,071±0,00 OD. Kata kunci: probiotik multispesies, Oreochormis niloticus, streptococcosis
Fajar Maulana, Harton Arfah, Mita Istifarini, Mia Setiawati
Jurnal Akuakultur Indonesia, Volume 16, pp 135-146; doi:10.19027/jai.16.2.135-146

Abstract:The quality of white shrimp Litopenaeus vannamei broodstock can be improved through the addition of astaxanthin and vitamin E in the diet. This study aimed to determine the effect of administration of astaxanthin and vitamin E with different doses in the feed on the maturity gonad of prospective Pacific white shrimp broodstock. Supplementation of 0 mg/kg feed astaxanthin + 0 mg/kg feed vitamin E (control/A), 500 mg/kg feed astaxanthin (B), 350 mg/kg feed vitamin E (C), 500 mg/kg feed astaxanthin and 350 mg/kg feed vitamin E (D), and 250 mg/kg feed astaxanthin and 175 mg/kg feed vitamin E (E) were applied in feed formulation. Shrimp was fed 2% of body weight three times daily at 06.00 am, 13.00 pm, and 20.00 pm. The result showed that the optimum dose for survival, specific growth rate and maturity level of Pacific white shrimp broodstock was obtained in the combination of 175 mg/kg vitamin E and 250 mg/kg astaxanthin. The survival of shrimp by that treatment was 100.00±0.00%, specific growth rate 1.07±0.26%/day, the first level of gonad maturity growth was reached at day 14 (19.45±4.81%), the fourth level of gonad maturity was obtained at day 41, spawning rate 33.33±8.33%, fecundity 87,000±2,000 eggs, and hatching rate reached 49.00±1.53%. Keywords: astaxanthin, Litopenaeus vannamei, vitamin E ABSTRAK Peningkatan kualitas induk udang vaname Litopenaeus vannamei dapat dilakukan dengan penambahan vitamin E dan astaxanthin pada pakan. Tujuan penelitian ini adalah untuk mengevaluasi pengaruh pemberian astaxanthin dan vitamin E dengan dosis berbeda dalam pakan terhadap tingkat kematangan gonad calon induk udang vaname. Dosis yang digunakan adalah 0 mg/kg pakan astaxanthin + 0 mg/kg pakan vitamin E (kontrol/A), 500 mg/kg pakan astaxanthin (B), 350 mg/kg pakan vitamin E (C), 500 mg/kg pakan astaxanthin and 350 mg/kg pakan vitamin E (D), and 250 mg/kg pakan astaxanthin and 175 mg/kg pakan vitamin E (E). Pemberian pakan dengan penambahan vitamin E dan astaxanthin dilakukan sebanyak tiga kali, yaitu jam 06.00, 13.00, dan 20.00 WIB sebanyak 2% dari bobot udang. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa dosis optimum untuk sintasan, laju pertumbuhan spesifik, dan tingkat kematangan induk udang vaname diperoleh dengan kombinasi 175 mg/kg vitamin E dan 250 mg/kg astaxanthin. Kelangsungan hidup udang dengan perlakuan tersebut adalah 100,00±0,00%, laju pertumbuhan spesifik 1,07±0,26%/hari, tingkat kematangan gonad pertama dicapai pada hari ke 14 (19,45±4,81%), tingkat kematangan gonad keempat diperoleh pada hari ke 41, tingkat pemijahan 33,33±8,33%, fekunditas 87.000±2.000 telur, dan tingkat penetasan mencapai 49,00±1,53%. Kata kunci: astaxanthin, udang vaname Litopenaeus vannamei, vitamin E
Tatag Budiardi, Rona Albrettico Nemanita Ginting, Yani Hadiroseyani
Jurnal Akuakultur Indonesia, Volume 10, pp 144-153; doi:10.19027/jai.10.144-153

Abstract:Giant gourami Osphronemus goramy Lac. is one of the most important fresh water fish commodities with increasing production level every year. Water quality management through a proper water exchange both in quantity and quality can be one of the alternatives to support the elevating production. This research was conducted from July to August 2010 at the Aquaculture Production Technology and Management Laboratory, Department of Aquaculture, Faculty of Fisheries and Marine Science, Bogor Agricultural University. The juvenile used was 0.84±0.011 cm in length and 0.017±0.001 cm in weight which reared in nine units of aquaria with a size of 60×29×33 cm3. Silk worm was used as the feed and provided daily at satiation. Water exchange was performed twice a day at a level depending on the treatment, namely 75% (50% at morning and 25% at evening), 100% (50% at morning and evening) and 125% (75% at morning and 50% at evening) of total water volume. Water exchange at 75%, 100%, and 125%/day resulted in survival rates of 94.11±0.63%; 91.89±2.02%; and 93.89±0.75%; specific growth rates of 7.43±0.15%, 8.58±0.24%, and 9.97±0.18%. Growth rate in length of 1.06±0.06 cm, 1.33±0.04 cm, and 1.55±0.01 cm; coefficient of variation in length of 11.31±1.43%, 9.35±1.46%, and 6.90±2.30%; feed efficiency of 12.47±0.30%, 14.32±1.05%, and 19.67±0.54%. The financial benefits resulted of the process were worth of IDR.351,903.00; IDR.402,302.00; and IDR.464,715.00; whereas R/C ratio of 1.71; 1.80; dan 1.90; BEP of 1,845 unit, 1,645 unit, and 1,517 unit; payback period (PP) of 0.97 years, 0.85 years, and 0.74 years; and the cost production as much as IDR.79.90; IDR.82.70; and IDR.82.90/individual, respectively. The treatments were significantly different on several parameters, such as specific growth rate, length of growth rate, feed efficiency at p0,05). Laju pertumbuhan dan efisiensi pakan tertinggi (p<0,05) diperoleh pada perlakuan pergantian air 125%, yaitu laju pertumbuhan bobot 9,97±0,18%, pertumbuhan panjang mutlak 1,55±0,01 cm, dan efisiensi pakan 19,67±0,54%. Kelangsungan hidup benih ikan gurami berkisar antara 91,89‒94,11. Pemeliharaan benih ikan gurami dengan mengganti air 125%/hari juga memberikan keuntungan tertinggi, yakni Rp464.715,-. Dengan demikian, pendederan benih ikan gurami sebaiknya dilakukan dengan pergantian air 125%/hari.Kata kunci: pergantian air, kelangsungan hidup, pertumbuhan, ikan gurami
Muliani Muliani, Endang Susianingsih
Jurnal Akuakultur Indonesia, Volume 17, pp 43-52; doi:10.19027/jai.17.1.43-52

Abstract:The experiment aimed to determine the effectiveness of mangrove leaves (Sonneratia alba and Bruguiera gymnorrhiza) extracts for prevention of WSSV infection in black tiger shrimp, Penaeus monodon. Mangrove leaves (S.alba and B. gymnorrhiza) were taken from Maros and Pangkep Regency, respectively. Mangrove leaves dried approximately for two weeks, made into flour, extracted using 80% methanol, and then evaporated. The yield partitioned using two types of solvents, theywere butanol and dietyleter. Anti WSSV activity test was done by injection method with the ratio of mangrove extract and WSSV was 2:1 as much as 100 µL/ind. The treatment were; A). Water fraction of S. alba + WSSV suspention; B). Butanol fraction of S. alba + WSSV suspention; C). Dietyleter fraction of S. alba+ WSSV suspention; D). Methanol extract of S. alba + WSSV suspention; E). Water fraction of B. gymnorrhiza + WSSV suspention; F). Butanol fraction of B. gymnorrhiza + WSSV suspention; G). Dietyleter fraction of B. gymnorrhiza + WSSV suspention; H). Methanol extract of B. gymnorrhiza + WSSV suspention; I). Positive control (WSSV suspention without mangrove extract). Each treatment was repeated three times with 10 days of rearing period. The results showed that the highest activity of anti-WSSV from S. alba was in dietyleter fraction and the methanol extract, while the highest activity of anti-WSSV from B. gymnorrhiza was in butanol fraction. The dietyleter fraction and the methanol extract of S. alba and the butanol fraction of B. gymnorrhiza were capable to stimulate immune response of shrimp and were effective in deactivating WSSV furthermore it increased the black tiger shrimp survival rateto 100%. Keywords: antiviral, white spot syndrome virus (WSSV), mangrove herbs, S. alba, B. gymnorrhiza, Penaeus monodon ABSTRAK Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui efektivitas ekstrak dari daun mangroveSonneratia. alba dan Bruguiera gymnorrhizauntuk pencegahan infeksi WSSV pada udang windu, Penaeus monodon. Daun mangroveS.alba dan B. gymnorrhiza masing-masing diambil dari Kabupaten Maros dan Kabupaten Pangkep. Daun mangrove dikering anginkan selama dua minggu, dibuat tepung, diekstraksi dengan metanol 80%, dan dievaporasi. Rendemen yang diperoleh dipartisi menggunakan dua jenis pelarut yaitu butanol dan dietileter. Uji aktivitas anti WSSV dilakukan metode penyuntikan dengan perbandingan ekstrak mangrove dengan WSSV 2:1sebanyak 100 µL/ekor. Perlakuan yang diujikan adalah; A). Fraksi air S. alba + suspensi WSSV; B). Fraksi butanol S. alba + suspensi WSSV; C). Fraksi dietileter S. alba+ suspensi WSSV; D). Ekstrak metanol S. alba+ suspensi WSSV; E). Fraksi air B. gymnorrhiza + suspensi WSSV; F). Fraksi butanol B. gymnorrhiza + suspensi WSSV; G). Fraksi dietileter B. gymnorrhiza + suspensi WSSV; H). Ekstrak metanol B. gymnorrhiza + suspensi WSSV; I). Kontrol positif (suspensi WSSV tanpa ekstrak mangrove). Masing-masing perlakuan diulang tiga kali dengan lama pemeliharaan 10 hari....
Rio Yusufi Subhan, Eddy Supriyono, Widanarni Widanarni, Daniel Djokosetiyanto
Jurnal Akuakultur Indonesia, Volume 17, pp 53-60; doi:10.19027/jai.17.1.53-60

Abstract:The aim of this research was to determine optimum stocking density for growing-out of spiny lobster Panulirus sp. in controlled tanks that conducted for 30 days. The experimental spiny lobsters have the initial average weight of 130.39 ± 0.32 g and initial average total length of 140.70 ± 0.06 mm. This study used completely randomized design with three different stocking densities (KT10: 10 ind/m3; KT18: 18 ind/m3; and KT26: 26 ind/m3) and two replications. The parameters observed in this study included water quality (temperature, pH, salinity, dissolved oxygen, and total ammonia nitrogen), physiological responses (total haemocyte count, haemolymph glucose, and frequency of molt), and production performances, such as growth, specific growth rate, feed conversion ratio, and survival rate. The results showed that the spiny lobster could be reared in high stocking density in controlled tanks. Water quality during the study in each treatment was; temperature 26.56–28.65oC, salinity 29.7–33.6 g/L, pH 7.5–8.5, dissolved oxygen 6.15–6.58 mg/L, and total ammonia nitrogen 0.11–0.34 mg/L. The best stocking densities for spiny lobster was 18 ind/m3 (KT18) with 2.5‒3.5×106cells/mL total haemocyte counts, 24.6‒28.3 mg/dL haemolymph glucose, and 38.37 ± 3.20% frequency of molt. The final average body weight and length were 145.06 ± 0.42 g and 142.77 ± 0.19 mm, respectively. The survival rate reached 86.11 ± 3.92% with a specific growth rate 0.35 ± 0.01%/day, and feed conversion ratio 7.87 ± 0.31.Keywords: high stocking density, Panulirus sp., physiological responses, productivity. ABSTRAKTujuan dari penelitian ini adalah untuk menentukan kepadatan terbaik dalam pembesaran lobster laut Panulirus sp. yang dipelihara dalam bak terkontrol selama 30 hari. Lobster laut yang digunakan pada awal penelitian memiliki bobot 130,39 ± 0,32 g dan panjang total 140,70 ± 0,06 mm. Penelitian dilakukan menggunakan rancangan acak lengkap dengan tiga perlakuan kepadatan berbeda, yaitu: 10 ekor/m3(KT10), 18 ekor/m3(KT18), dan 26 ekor/m3(KT26) dan dua ulangan. Parameter uji yang diamati dalam penelitian ini meliputi kualitas air (suhu, salinitas, pH, DO, dan TAN), respons fisiologis (total hemosit/THC, glukosa hemolim, dan frekuensi pergantian kulit), dan kinerja produksi meliputi pertumbuhan, laju pertumbuhan spesifik, rasio konversi pakan, dan tingkat kelangsungan hidup. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa lobster laut dapat dibesarkan dengan kepadatan tinggi dalam bak terkontrol. Pengukuran nilai kualitas air pada setiap perlakuan selama pemeliharaan adalah suhu berkisar 26,56–28,65oC, salinitas 29,7–33,6 g/L, pH 7,5–8,5, DO antara 6,15–6,58 mg/L dan TAN antara 0,11–034 mg/L. Perlakuan terbaik selama penelitian adalah dengan kepadatan 18 ekor/m3 (KT18) dengan nilai THC berkisar antara 2,5–3,5×106 sel/mL, glukosa hemolim 24,6–28,3 mg/dL,dan frekuensi pergantian kulit 38,37±3,20%. Bobot dan panjang lobster akhir rata-rata pada perlakuan...
Rahim Rahim, Gede Suantika, Harish Muhammad
Jurnal Akuakultur Indonesia, Volume 17, pp 137-146; doi:10.19027/jai.17.2.137-146

Abstract:This research aimed to obtain the performance of super intensive white shrimp rearing using zero water discharge (ZWD) system. This study consisted of four steps, (1) activation and cultivation of nitrifying bacteria, microalgae C. calcitrans and B. megaterium; (2) acclimatization of Pacific white shrimp PL10 with 30 g/L of salinity and decreasing salinity at 2–3 g/L/day; (3) conditioning of ZWD system; (4) white shrimp rearing in 400 L of tank for ten weeks. The experiment used three treatments, (a) shrimp reared without any addition of microbial agent with water exchange conducted every week as much as10–20% of total rearing volume as control (K); (b) ZWD systems with the applications of nitrifying bacteria, (C. calcitrans and B. megaterium) without water discharge (P1); and (c) ZWD system with the application of microalgae C. calcitrans and B. megaterum without water discharge (P2). According to the results, application of nitrifying bacteria, microalgae C. calcitrans and B. megaterium were able to improve the performance of ZWD system performance of white shrimp rearing at low salinity. In addition, the ZWD system was also able to increase the growth rate and survival rate of shrimp when it compared to control. The best rearing performance was found in ZWD system with application of microalgae C. calcitrans and B. megaterium. Keywords: Litopenaeus vannamei, ZWD, low salinity, microalgae, nitrification bacteria. ABSTRAKPenelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui kinerja budidaya udang putih super intensif bersalinitas rendah menggunakan sistem zero water discharge (ZWD). Penelitian ini terbagi dalam tiga, yaitu (1) aktivasi dan kultur bakteri nitrifikasi, mikroalga C. calcitrans dan B. megaterium; (2) aklimatisasi udang putih PL10 salinitas 30 g/L dan penurunan salinitas 2–3 g/L/hari; (3) pengondisian dari sistem ZWD; (4) pemeliharaan udang putih selama 10 minggu di bak bervolume 400 L. Penelitian ini menggunakan tiga perlakuan ; (a) perlakuan kontrol tanpa penambahan mikroba dan pergantian air setiap minggu sebanyak 10–20% (K) ; (b) sistem ZWD dengan bakteri nitrifikasi, mikroalga C. calcitrans dan B. megaterium tanpa pergantian air (P1); (c) sistem ZWD dengan mikroalga C. calcitrans dan B. megaterum tanpa pergantian air (P2). Berdasarkan hasil yang didapat, aplikasi bakteri nitrifikasi, mikroalga C. calcitrans dan B. megaterum mampu meningkatkan kineja sistem ZWD pada budidaya udang putih L. vannamei bersalinitas rendah. Selain itu, aplikasi bakteri nitrifikasi, mikroalga C. calcitrans dan B. megaterum pada sistem ZWD juga mampu meningkatkan laju pertumbuhan dan sintasan udang putih dibanding dengan kontrol. Kinerja pemeliharaan terbaik dijumpai pada sistem ZWD dengan aplikasi mikroalga C. calcitrans dan B. megaterum. Kata kunci: bakteri nitrifikasi, Litopenaeus vannamei, mikroalga, salinitas rendah, ZWD
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