Journal Ethical Lingua: Journal of Language Teaching and Literature

26 articles
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Siti Hafsah
Ethical Lingua: Journal of Language Teaching and Literature, Volume 5, pp 83-94; doi:10.30605/ethicallingua.v5i1.696

Abstract:The object of this research is The Blade of the Youngest Princess folklore (which abbreviated KLPB – Kepala Lading Putri Bungsu) from East Kalimantan. The researcher uses an approach of Vladimir Propp’s Narrative Structure to analyze the folklore. This research aims to reveal the function of the system of structure in folklore. The research uses qualitative methods and narrative structure of Vladimir Propp is used as an approach to identify the function and the structure of the story to reveal various values in community in East Kalimantan especially the moral value and the educational value. From the analysis, researcher finds that from the perspective of characters’ function, the folklore is formed from fifteen function. Whereas the elements of value of the community especially in East Kalimantan as reflected from the folklore is that the king is wise, fair, and a good decision maker.
Taofeek Olaiwola Dalamu
Ethical Lingua: Journal of Language Teaching and Literature, Volume 5, pp 39-60; doi:10.30605/ethicallingua.v5i1.634

Abstract:This study focused on the Airtel’s Always On slogan to elucidate alternating choices constructed to build strong relationships with subscribers. The proceeding semiotic paradigms were strategic discourses communicated to dominate some facets of human endeavors serving, perhaps, as signals to operational capacities of Airtel®. Halliday’s concepts of the Paradigmatic Order and Circumstantial facilities of the Transitivity system were applied to seven ads of the Always On to assist in deriving both structural and semantic values from the switching linguistic elements. Tables and a graph provided supports for the analysis as indicators of the recurring components of the analyzed structural choices. The study showed that Always On is synonymous with Airtel in terms of operational consistency. It revealed further that creativity was not limited to the phrases proceeding Always On but that the choice inventions were extended to background images playing supportive roles in the persuasion. The Circumstantial functioned as cause, manner and role with reliable service provisions. The switches provided recipients avenues to generate diverse meaning potential that could naturally stimulate individuals to consumption. The study concluded that the alternating devices did not only fascinate persuasion but also demonstrated systemic creativity of enlightenment.
Akbar Akbar
Ethical Lingua: Journal of Language Teaching and Literature, Volume 5, pp 31-38; doi:10.30605/ethicallingua.v5i1.750

Abstract:Plagiarism has repeatedly occurred in Indonesia, resulting in focusing on such academic misbehavior as a “central issue” in Indonesian higher education. One of the issues of addressing plagiarism in higher education is that there is a confusion of defining plagiarism. It seems that Indonesian academics had different perception when defining plagiarism. This article aims at exploring the issue of plagiarism by helping define plagiarism to address confusion among Indonesian academics. This article applies literature review by firs finding relevant articles after identifying databases for literature searching. After the collection of required articles for review, the articles were synthesized before presenting the findings. This study has explored the definition of plagiarism in the context of higher education. This research found that plagiarism is defined in the relation of criminal acts. The huge numbers of discursive features used position plagiaristic acts as an illegal deed. This study also found that cultural backgrounds and exposure to plagiarism were influential in defining plagiarism.
Ratnawati Ratnawati, Wawan Tarwana
Ethical Lingua: Journal of Language Teaching and Literature, Volume 5, pp 72-82; doi:10.30605/ethicallingua.v5i1.759

Abstract:The present study aims at investigating blended learning effects towards students’ accomplishment in terms of participants’ literacies in terms of reading and writing score and their motivation for attending the model of learning. It employed experimental study which concerned on two groups pre-test post-test research design to find out students’ progress before and after blended learning application. Furthermore, two kinds of the test; reading and writing test also distributed to the experimental and control groups which is also supported to five Likert scale questionnaires. The data found indicates that the participants had got progress in both writing and reading tests, evenly positive perspectives also expressed toward applying blended learning in classroom practices. The study especially implies the recommendation for further pedagogical application in English classroom practices and educational context at the general.
Clara Unoalegie Bola Agbara
Ethical Lingua: Journal of Language Teaching and Literature, Volume 5, pp 1-15; doi:10.30605/ethicallingua.v5i1.679

Abstract:In every human interaction, interlocutors strive to maintain appropriate decorum and politeness in order to avoid undue feeling of not being ‘nice’ or being insensitive to co-participant’s self-esteem or image. This culture of being ‘nice’ is expressed not only through verbal codes, but also through non-verbal cues such as pitch, tone, voice modulation, facial expression and other forms of body language. Nigeria legislative House reflects the uniqueness of Nigeria as a multicultural nation with about two hundred and fifty ethnic groups. Each tribe has a unique way of expressing ‘nice’ (politeness). This paper examines how Nigerian legislators from different ethnic groups acknowledge the self-esteem of other legislators during senate debates. The study used Scollon and Scollon’s politeness principle which states that in every interaction there is a continuous ‘face’ (self-image) negotiation and this ‘face’ which is made up of two aspects - involvement and independent- must be balanced during interactions because ‘face’ is a paradoxical concept. The interest of this study is to identify and to explain how politicians, who though are in opposition, acknowledge the self-esteem of others. Six hansards were sampled from 2009 to 2010, one bill from each quarter of the year. It was discovered that speakers almost always punctuate their contributions to debate with different types of politeness indicators as a means of acknowledging both the involvement and dependent face wants of participants. The politeness indicators often used by senators include address forms which are used not only as vocative (to the presiding senator) but also as designative (for reference to a third person mentioned in the speech), first person plural pronouns, rhetorical (speech) politeness markers and ritualized utterances.
Tri Mulyati, Dhalia Soetopo
Ethical Lingua: Journal of Language Teaching and Literature, Volume 5, pp 95-109; doi:10.30605/ethicallingua.v5i1.697

Abstract:Digital environment offers teachers and students with a plethora of information and resources for learning. Nowadays, students who are mostly digital natives are used to utilizing technology in their daily life. This condition should make teachers as technology leaders responsible to provide a good learning environment where the students are involved in their own learning and that best suits to them in in a particular context. Therefore, this study aimed at developing local culture based digital comics for narrative reading comprehension and inserting local culture of Banyuwangi in English language teaching. This study followed the research and development design adapting the pattern developed by Borg and Gall. Based on the result of need analysis administered to students in class VIII of SMPN 1 Kalipuro, Banyuwangi, the product were developed by inserting local culture content into narrative texts in the form of digital comics. The digital comics had two titles: The Dance Competition and The Legend of Banyuwangi. The product was validated by the experts and tried out to the students. The result showed that the local culture based digital comics were applicable to be used in the teaching and learning narrative text reading comprehension.
Hidayatul Avia, Yuli Astutik
Ethical Lingua: Journal of Language Teaching and Literature, Volume 5, pp 16-30; doi:10.30605/ethicallingua.v5i1.757

Abstract:Interactional strategies are very important especially for English as a foreign language learners which can help the learners negotiate of the meaning during the interaction in speaking activity. The aim of this research is to analyze the interactional strategies (ISs) utilized by three students at different levels (Low, Average, High) in speaking activity at the eighth grade students of SMP Islam As-Sakinah Sidoarjo. This research uses qualitative descriptive as a research design, which all of the data are obtained through observation and interview for three students at different level such as low level learner (LLL), average level learner (ALL) and high level learner (HLL). In brief, the results of this research show that LLL uses all aspects of interactional strategies in her speaking activity, average level learner (ALL) uses some aspects of interactional strategies and high level learner (HLL) almost never use the aspects of interactional strategies in his speaking activities.
Muhammad Iksan, Dirham Dirham
Ethical Lingua: Journal of Language Teaching and Literature, Volume 5, pp 110-121; doi:10.30605/ethicallingua.v5i1.737

Abstract:The aims of this research were: (1) to investigate the students’ motivations, (2) to investigate the language learning strategies (LLSs) that are used by the students, (3) to investigate the level of students’ LLSs usage, and (4) to investigate the influence of the students’ motivations and the level of students’ LLSs usage towards their English competence. This research gave descriptions about the students’ motivations, LLSs that are used by the students, and the level of students’ LLSs usage. The sample of this research was 111 students that were taken from three classes of the first year students from three study programs, i.e. Ilmu Ekonomi, Manajemen, and Akuntansi. This research revealed that the students were categorized into high motivated to learn English where 70 students (63%) had high motivation, 25 students (23%) had very high motivation, 13 students (12%) had medium motivation, and 3 students (3%) had low motivation. This research also found that the students were dominantly used metacognitive strategies (44%), followed by compensation strategies (18%), affective strategies (14%), social strategies (10%), cognitive strategies (8%), and the least used strategies were memory strategies (6%). For the level of the students’ language learning strategies usage, the researcher found that the students level were categorized into medium, where 78 students (70%) mediumly used the LLSs, 30 students (27%) highly used the LLSs, 2 students (2%) lowly used the LLSs, and 1 student (1%) very highly used the LLSs.
Nurul Azizah
Ethical Lingua: Journal of Language Teaching and Literature, Volume 5, pp 61-71; doi:10.30605/ethicallingua.v5i1.736

Abstract:This article discusses a language phenomenon currently occurring in Indonesia, which is related to borrowing English words with the addition of a prefix ng-/nge in the Indonesian. The purpose of this article is to show how some English words are borrowed in Indonesian and what changes occur within this borrowing process which will be seen on two linguistic levels (phonological and semantic). The data were collected through an observation either in writing forms found in social media as well as oral form used in daily conversations. The interim results show that phonologically, in general the loan words follow the Indonesian phonological rules with little divergence in certain cases. From the semantic analysis it was found that these Anglicism words can be divided into three categories based on their meanings: restriction, expansion and static.
Ali Wira Rahman
Ethical Lingua: Journal of Language Teaching and Literature, Volume 4, pp 127-138; doi:10.30605/ethicallingua.v4i2.625

Abstract:This research is aimed to find out the solution of the anxiousness phenomenon that always attacks the EFL Learners particularly in Indonesia. In the future, this research is expected as main information for all students and lecturer or teachers of English to decrease the students’ anxiety in performing speaking. In long time ago until now, it becomes a big problem for all beginner students of English. The implementation of this research starting by doing observation to all class in the sixth semester students to find out some good EFL Learners. Researchers then consulting with the lecturer in determining the students to be the subject of this research. After finding the subject, interview session will be conducted to find out several information about their anxiousness. The data will be collected until limit of saturation. The last step of this research is doing analysis of the data were taken from observation and interview. The researchers will apply data reduction for the first step, the second is data display and the last will be drawing conclusion and verification of the data. The conclusion that being made will be verify by triangulation to get the validity of the result of this research.
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