Journal World Nutrition Journal-
World Nutrition Journal, Volume 1; doi:10.25220/wnj.v01i2.0001
Abstract:The World Nutrition Journal was conceived on the premise of academic and clinical education for healthcare providers caring for patients that require nutritional support. The journal followed the open access (OA) methodology, allowing free access everywhere in the World. The main question that some asked was “why publish this journal electronically and not printed?”. Most of us are aware that one of the most important hallmarks of academic achievement in medicine and other areas, is publication of scholarly-written articles. When discussing publishing a manuscript, the primary question is whether the target journal should be electronic or printed version. The many advantages of having electronic publications have created a series of websites, journals, webcasts that are useful for practitioners.
World Nutrition Journal, Volume 1, pp 9-17; doi:10.25220/wnj.v01i2.0003
Abstract:Background and Objective:Insulin-like growth factor (IGF)-1 is one of the hormones that plays a role in the growth of adolescent girls. Its level will rise at puberty and begin to decline at the end of puberty. High IGF-1 levels in adult is associated with the incidence of breast cancer. This study aims to know the level of IGF-1 and investigates its relationship with dietary intake, nutritional status, and physical activity of adolescent girls aged 13-15 in Jakarta.Methods and Study Design:This cross-sectional study used secondary data from a previous study (titled "Determinant Factor Levels of Estradiol, IGF-1, and Early Menarche in Adolescent Girls Aged 13-15 in Jakarta: Nutritional Epidemiology Study Related to Breast Cancer Risk Factors") and primary data from stored blood serum to measure IGF-1 levels by colorimetric method. The secondary data such as dietary intake, anthropometric data, and physical activities were obtained from 178 subjects with a total population sampling method.Results and Conclusions:There was a positive correlation between IGF-1 levels and carbohydrate intake (p=0.041, r=0.153) and a negative correlation between IGF-1 levels and fat intake (p=0.042, r=-0.152). No correlation between IGF-1 and body mass index was found, but there was a tendency that IGF-1 values would increase in overweight and decrease in obesity. IGF-1 levels have nonlinear pattern by carbohydrates intake, fat intake and nutritional status. In conclusion, the adolescent girls should maintain their nutritional status by maintaining diet, choosing the right and balanced foods, as well as increasing physical activities.
World Nutrition Journal, Volume 1, pp 31-37; doi:10.25220/wnj.v01i2.0006
Abstract:Introduction: The aim of the study is to determine the correlation between carbohydrate, fat and protein intake with the serum C-Reactive Protein level in lung cancer patients stage IIIB – IV. The progression of lung cancer is influenced by immune system, genetic factors and inflammatory response, therefore CRP can be relied as one of the parameters for predicting cancer cell growth.Methods: The research with cross sectional design was conducted in Dharmais Cancer Hospital Jakarta. Subjects were recruited by consecutive sampling, 49 subjects with lung cancer stage IIIB- IV who currently not receving any treatment in Dharmais Hospital participating in this study A total of 49 subjects with lung cancer stage IIIB- IV who currently not receving any treatment were taken using consecutive sampling method. Results: The mean age of subject was 55,82 + 12,26 years old and 63,3% were male. The median value of CRP is 23,82 (0,30 - 207,29) mg/L.Conclusion: This study did not showed significant correlation between carbohydate, protein and fat intake with serum CRP level (p = 0,919; p = 0,257; p = 0,986, respectively). But on additional analysis we did found that there was a negative, non significant correlation between protein intake and serum CRP level in cancer patient stage IV, as well as fat intake and serum CRP level.
World Nutrition Journal, Volume 1, pp 38-52; doi:10.25220/wnj.v01i2.0007
Abstract:Background and ObjectivesWater and electrolyte balance is important to maintain cognitive and physical performance, especially in hot environment. This study aims to evaluate the effects of two different type of fluid intake at the workplace in preventing dehydration among male workers working in a hot and conveniently cool environment.Methods and Study DesignThis randomized double-blinded placebo controlled trial study was performed in two appointed factories in West-Java in January-February 2012. Seventy-eight healthy male subjects, age 25-45 years were selected and they were grouped based on their working environmental temperature, i.e. hot and conveniently cool environment. The subjects were randomly allocated in two intervention phases by using crossover approach, to have non-electrolyte beverage (plain water) and electrolyte drink in the workplace for 2 days, respectively. Hydration and electrolyte biomarkers were collected from blood and urine samples at before and after the intervention.Results and Conclusions:At baseline, subjects of the hot environment workplace had higher daily working hours, hemoglobin, hematocrit, blood viscosity, and blood sodium concentration as compared to those of conveniently cool environment (P
World Nutrition Journal, Volume 1, pp 1-8; doi:10.25220/wnj.v01i2.0002
Abstract:Compartment syndrome occurs when pressure within a closed muscle or bone compartment builds to dangerous levels. This pressure can decrease blood flow to nerve and muscle cells, leading to ischemia and organ dysfunction. Challenges in providing enteral nutrition for abdominal compartment syndrome (ACS) patients include the increase risk for developing gastrointestinal symptoms such as diarrhea, constipation and distention. There are limited reports available on the nutritional management of ACS patients in the ICU especially those with morbid obesity condition to guide dietitians in providing nutritional support for these patients. Here, we report the enteral nutrition management of a mechanically ventilated, morbidly obese patient with ACS in a critical care setting by adopting postpyloric feeding, using prokinetic agents and implementing PO2/FiO2 ratio calculation for prescription of most suitable enteral formula.
World Nutrition Journal, Volume 1, pp 23-30; doi:10.25220/wnj.v01i2.0005
Abstract:The optimal healthy microbiota during early life still needs further evaluation. Pre- and probiotics are commonly used as supplementation in infant formula.Prebiotic oligosaccharides stimulate the growth of bifidobacteria aiming to mimic the gastrointestinal microbiota of breastfed infants. In general, results with prebiotics in therapeutic indications are disappointing.Studies suggest that probiotic supplementation may be beneficial in prevention and management of disease such as e.g., reducing the risk of necrotizing enterocolitis in preterm infants, prevention and treatment of acute gastroenteritis in infants, etc. Although many studies show promising beneficial effects, the long-term health benefits and eventual risks of probiotic supplementation during early life are not clear.It is likely that ongoing research will result in the use of specific probiotic organisms and/or prebiotic oligosaccharides during the first 1,000 days of life, with the goal to develop a healthy microbiota from conception over birth into the first two years of life with a lowered risk of infections and inflammatory events.
World Nutrition Journal, Volume 1, pp 18-22; doi:10.25220/wnj.v01i2.0004
Abstract:Dislipidemia is a lipid metabolic disorder which marked by raised of total cholestrol ratio, LDL, and Trigliserida also reduction HDL ratio. Dislipidemia is risk factor of coronary heart disease, arterio sklerosis, acute miokard infark, Diabetes Melitis, Hipertension, and Chronic Kidney Disease. The aim of this study is knowing the association of central obesity and RLPP with dislipidemia in interna policlinic patient at RSUD Meuraxa. The design of the study is analytic observational with cross sectional approach. Sampling was conduct with purposive sampling with 64 samples. Rate the central obesity and RLPP with measurement while dislipidemia gained from patients registration book formed in laboratorium result. The result was based on age the biggest portion was more than 45 years old (78,1 %) , women more dominant (70,35 %) with central obesity (76,6%) and high RLPP (85,5%). High cholestrol 56,3 %, high LDL 78,1%, high Trigliserida 59,4 and low HDL 62,5%. The result of spearman correlation there was association between of central obesity with dislipidemia P = 0,046 and and RLPP with dislipidemia P = 0.029. We can conclude that there was association between central obesity and RLPP with Dislipidemia.Key words : Dislipidemia, Central Obesity, Waist/Hip Circumference, RLPP
World Nutrition Journal, Volume 1, pp 59-65; doi:10.25220/wnj.v01i2.0009
Abstract:Introduction: Breastfeeding pattern is a form of mother's behavior in giving breast milk to her baby. Breast milk supports the growth and development of the baby. The most common immunoglobulin in breast milk is secretory immunoglobulin A (sIgA). SIgA levels can be evaluated, one of the ways, from saliva samples examination. The purpose of the research were to determine the breastfeeding pattern and its association with nutritional status and salivary secretory immunoglobulin A level in 3-to 6-month-old infants.Methods: The research with cross sectional design was conducted in Kiara Social Pediatric-Growth and Developmental Polyclinic, Cipto Mangunkusomo Hospital Jakarta. A total of 54 healthy infants subjects aged 3–6 months old were taken using consecutive sampling method. Descriptive analysis, Chi Square, and Mann-Whitney test were used. P-values 0.145), and no significant differences regarding to salivary sIgA level between good breastfeeding pattern group and poor breastfeeding pattern group (P> 0.34).Conclusion: Despite its un-significant results, this study showed that normal nutritional status tended to be more prevalent in group with good breastfeeding pattern than in poor breastfeeding pattern. Re-encouragement, socialization, and education to the breastfeeding mothers is needed to improve the good breastfeeding pattern.
World Nutrition Journal, Volume 1, pp 73-79; doi:10.25220/wnj.v01i2.0011
Abstract:Background and Objective In Indonesia, homebrew, commercial powder and ready-to-use enteral formula have been used in hospital and at home. However, the decision to choose enteral formula is influenced by various things and often does not based on evidence-based practice. This study aims to compare macronutrient accuracy and microbial contamination status of homebrew, commercial powder and ready-to-use enteral formula. Furthermore, this result was expected to become a reference in deciding the enteral formula to use..Methods The design was a cross sectional comparative study. We collected 63 enteral nutrition samples from 7 different ICUs, wards and homes, in Jakarta from April to June 2012. Macronutrient accuracy was assessed by comparing energy, carbohydrate, protein and fat to their nutritional fact labels. The macronutrient accuracy was considered to be good if the deviation was 10%. Microbial contamination was considered to be acceptable if the contamination in enteral formula by coliform was
World Nutrition Journal, Volume 1, pp 66-72; doi:10.25220/wnj.v01i2.0010
Abstract:Background and Objectives:Early menarche predicts higher body mass index (BMI) and adiposity in adult life, and it has been associated with risk factors of cardiometabolic diseases such as elevated triglycerides and waist circumferences also higher risk of adult diabetes. This study aims to explore early-menarche as determinant factor for metabolic-risks among adolescent girls aged 13-15 years old.Methods and Study Design:This cross-sectional study was undertaken in adolescent girls aged 13-15 years in all five municipalities in Jakarta-Indonesia, from January 2014 to Mei 2016. Data collected by using standardized measures for dietary intake, nutritional status indicators, physical activity level, blood pressure, blood glucose and lipid profile, and statistically analyzed by independent-t or Mann-Whitney test, and Pearson or Spearman correlation test.Results and Conclusions:A total of 194 adolescent girls were participated in this study. Early menarche was found in 22.68% of all subjects. There was no association between menarche status and daily macronutrients intake pattern and physical activity level score. Early menarche subjects had significantly higher BMI (p