Journal World Nutrition Journal

24 articles
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Husnah Husnah
World Nutrition Journal, Volume 2; doi:10.25220/wnj/v02.i1.0006

Abstract:Introduction: Dysmenorrhea is a common problem in women and can affect the quality of life of personal health and decreased status of quality of life. The risk of dysmenorrhea is age, age of menarche, nutritional status, marital status, family history, physical activity and food intake. Breakfast is an energy supplier that is needed in the first hour of activities. The purpose of this study was to know the relationship of breakfast with the degree of dysmenorrhea in high school students of SMAN 2 Banda Aceh, Indonesia. The SMAN 2 school is located in the coastal area where most of the students come from families with the job of fishermen and traders. People in that area often do the activity early with the habit of having breakfast after completing their activities. Students from SMAN 2 generally have breakfast during rest time after studying, this habit can cause problems such as dizziness, weakness, nausea, bloating, decreased concentration which will affect the health of the students.Methods: The design of the study was analytic observational with cross sectional approach. Sampling from 6th to 13th of January 2018 taken by nonprobability sampling with stratified random sampling method, obtained sample of 132 students. Inclusion criteria are all students of SMAN 2 Class X, XI, XII, have a history of dysmenorrhea since menarche, not suffering from chronic disease (DM, Hypertension, Hyperthyroidism, Ovarian Cyst, myoma) secondary dysmenorrhea, not taking NSAID medicines, unmarried, and not routine doing physical activity. Measurement of dysmenorrhea with Visual Analog scale (VAS) and breakfast using Frequency Food Questionnaire (FFQ) with interview technique.Results: The student with age of menarche most at the age of 10 year that is 43 student (32,6%), normal nutrition status 71 student (53,8%). Student who always eat breakfast is 24 students (18,2%), Student who eat breakfast sometimes is 36 students (27,2%) and student who rarely eat breakfast is 41 students (31,1%). The degree of dysmenorrhea is more on mild pain, 60 students (45,5%) unbearable pain 5 students (3,8%) and moderate pain 35 students (26,5%). Statistical analysis with spearman correlation rank with 95% confidence interval (CI) (α < 0.05) obtained p value = 0.022, it means there is a relationship between breakfast with degrees of dysmenorrhea with correlation coefficient r = 0.2 with the strength of a strong relationship.
Nurul Ratna Manikam, Nico I Pantoro, Karina Komala, Ayu Diandra Sari
World Nutrition Journal, Volume 2; doi:10.25220/wnj/v02.i1.0002

Abstract:Introduction Obesity is a nutritional disease which is still a health burden particularly in Jakarta. The main treatment for obesity is nutritional intervention. Nowadays, several dietary approaches have been developed, including ketogenic diet, which is still controversial. Methods Literature search had been done within 4 databases including PubMed®, Cochrane®, Google® Scholar, and Science Direct®, using keywords: obesity, ketogenic diet, low-fat diet, and weight loss. Then, Medical Sub Heading (MeSH) was used. The search resulted in two articles which were appraised according to aspects of validity, importance, and applicability Results A randomized-controlled trial study showed similar effect of weight loss with ketogenic diet compared to low-fat diet. On the other hand, a meta-analysis study showed ketogenic diet caused more weight loss than low-fat diet. Both studies showed an increased risk of cardiovascular disease from the ketogenic diet group, which were shown by a decrease of flow-mediated dilatation and an increase of LDL-C. Conclusion Ketogenic diet shows a better long-term effect for weight loss in obese patients than low-fat diet. However, ketogenic diet may increase the cardiovascular event risk significantly.
Leilani Muhardi, Eline M Van Der Beek, Marieke Abrahamse-Berkeveld, Hamid Jan B. Jan Mohamed, Ngee Lek, Wendy Oddy, V P Wickramasinghe
World Nutrition Journal, Volume 2, pp 22-25; doi:10.25220/wnj.v02.i1.0004

Abstract:Introduction Increased body fat deposition during early life predisposes to higher obesity and metabolic disorder risks in later life. This is particularly relevant in the Asia Pacific region where historically prevalent under-nutrition is now been paralleled or even overruled by over-nutrition over the last few decades. This overview aims to evaluate the potential of early detection of obesity (risk) among experts through addition of specific growth monitoring assessments in children during the first two years of life. Methods A discussion among experts from Malaysia, Singapore, Sri Lanka and Australia on infant growth and a qualitative evaluation of current practice highlighted the need to measure body composition to assess the quality of growth. Current tools are mainly directed towards simple anthropometric measures such as body weight, length and head circumference which do not adequately reflect concurrent changes in body composition to detect early life adiposity development. Recent findings have shown benefits of measurement such as the sum of four skinfold thickness (S4SFT) during the first two years of life for risk assessment of later overweight/obesity. We recommend this assessment for routine practice as a proxy for fat deposition in young children. Further studies to understand implementation hurdles and cost-effectiveness of S4SFT and health outcomes in young children in the Asia Pacific region are necessary. Conclusion Inclusion of four skinfold thickness measurements as part of routine growth monitoring assessment, in addition to weight and height, could be recommended to assess adiposity development in early life allowing identification of infants at risk for obesity.
Rachel M Riley, Daryelle S Varon, Joseph Varon
World Nutrition Journal, Volume 1; doi:10.25220/wnj.v01i2.0001

Abstract:The World Nutrition Journal was conceived on the premise of academic and clinical education for healthcare providers caring for patients that require nutritional support.[1] The journal followed the open access (OA) methodology, allowing free access everywhere in the World. The main question that some asked was “why publish this journal electronically and not printed?”. Most of us are aware that one of the most important hallmarks of academic achievement in medicine and other areas, is publication of scholarly-written articles. When discussing publishing a manuscript, the primary question is whether the target journal should be electronic or printed version. The many advantages of having electronic publications have created a series of websites, journals, webcasts that are useful for practitioners.[2]
Maretha Primariayu, Ririn Hariani, Saptawati Bardosono, Noorwati Sutandyo
World Nutrition Journal, Volume 1, pp 9-17; doi:10.25220/wnj.v01i2.0003

Abstract:Background and Objective:Insulin-like growth factor (IGF)-1 is one of the hormones that plays a role in the growth of adolescent girls. Its level will rise at puberty and begin to decline at the end of puberty. High IGF-1 levels in adult is associated with the incidence of breast cancer. This study aims to know the level of IGF-1 and investigates its relationship with dietary intake, nutritional status, and physical activity of adolescent girls aged 13-15 in Jakarta.Methods and Study Design:This cross-sectional study used secondary data from a previous study (titled "Determinant Factor Levels of Estradiol, IGF-1, and Early Menarche in Adolescent Girls Aged 13-15 in Jakarta: Nutritional Epidemiology Study Related to Breast Cancer Risk Factors") and primary data from stored blood serum to measure IGF-1 levels by colorimetric method. The secondary data such as dietary intake, anthropometric data, and physical activities were obtained from 178 subjects with a total population sampling method.Results and Conclusions:There was a positive correlation between IGF-1 levels and carbohydrate intake (p=0.041, r=0.153) and a negative correlation between IGF-1 levels and fat intake (p=0.042, r=-0.152). No correlation between IGF-1 and body mass index was found, but there was a tendency that IGF-1 values would increase in overweight and decrease in obesity. IGF-1 levels have nonlinear pattern by carbohydrates intake, fat intake and nutritional status. In conclusion, the adolescent girls should maintain their nutritional status by maintaining diet, choosing the right and balanced foods, as well as increasing physical activities.
Patricia Amanda, Diana Sunardi, Noorwati Sutandyo
World Nutrition Journal, Volume 1, pp 31-37; doi:10.25220/wnj.v01i2.0006

Abstract:Introduction: The aim of the study is to determine the correlation between carbohydrate, fat and protein intake with the serum C-Reactive Protein level in lung cancer patients stage IIIB – IV. The progression of lung cancer is influenced by immune system, genetic factors and inflammatory response, therefore CRP can be relied as one of the parameters for predicting cancer cell growth.Methods: The research with cross sectional design was conducted in Dharmais Cancer Hospital Jakarta. Subjects were recruited by consecutive sampling, 49 subjects with lung cancer stage IIIB- IV who currently not receving any treatment in Dharmais Hospital participating in this study A total of 49 subjects with lung cancer stage IIIB- IV who currently not receving any treatment were taken using consecutive sampling method. Results: The mean age of subject was 55,82 + 12,26 years old and 63,3% were male. The median value of CRP is 23,82 (0,30 - 207,29) mg/L.Conclusion: This study did not showed significant correlation between carbohydate, protein and fat intake with serum CRP level (p = 0,919; p = 0,257; p = 0,986, respectively). But on additional analysis we did found that there was a negative, non significant correlation between protein intake and serum CRP level in cancer patient stage IV, as well as fat intake and serum CRP level.
Ermita Isfandiary Ibrahim Ilyas, Juwalita Surapsari, Hans-Joachim Freisleben, Saptawati Bardosono
World Nutrition Journal, Volume 1, pp 38-52; doi:10.25220/wnj.v01i2.0007

Abstract:Background and ObjectivesWater and electrolyte balance is important to maintain cognitive and physical performance, especially in hot environment. This study aims to evaluate the effects of two different type of fluid intake at the workplace in preventing dehydration among male workers working in a hot and conveniently cool environment.Methods and Study DesignThis randomized double-blinded placebo controlled trial study was performed in two appointed factories in West-Java in January-February 2012. Seventy-eight healthy male subjects, age 25-45 years were selected and they were grouped based on their working environmental temperature, i.e. hot and conveniently cool environment. The subjects were randomly allocated in two intervention phases by using crossover approach, to have non-electrolyte beverage (plain water) and electrolyte drink in the workplace for 2 days, respectively. Hydration and electrolyte biomarkers were collected from blood and urine samples at before and after the intervention.Results and Conclusions:At baseline, subjects of the hot environment workplace had higher daily working hours, hemoglobin, hematocrit, blood viscosity, and blood sodium concentration as compared to those of conveniently cool environment (P
Nurul Huda Razalli, Sa'ida Munira Johari, Nancy Park
World Nutrition Journal, Volume 1, pp 1-8; doi:10.25220/wnj.v01i2.0002

Abstract:Compartment syndrome occurs when pressure within a closed muscle or bone compartment builds to dangerous levels. This pressure can decrease blood flow to nerve and muscle cells, leading to ischemia and organ dysfunction. Challenges in providing enteral nutrition for abdominal compartment syndrome (ACS) patients include the increase risk for developing gastrointestinal symptoms such as diarrhea, constipation and distention. There are limited reports available on the nutritional management of ACS patients in the ICU especially those with morbid obesity condition to guide dietitians in providing nutritional support for these patients. Here, we report the enteral nutrition management of a mechanically ventilated, morbidly obese patient with ACS in a critical care setting by adopting postpyloric feeding, using prokinetic agents and implementing PO2/FiO2 ratio calculation for prescription of most suitable enteral formula.
Yvan Vandenplas, Koen Huysentruyt
World Nutrition Journal, Volume 1, pp 23-30; doi:10.25220/wnj.v01i2.0005

Abstract:The optimal healthy microbiota during early life still needs further evaluation. Pre- and probiotics are commonly used as supplementation in infant formula.Prebiotic oligosaccharides stimulate the growth of bifidobacteria aiming to mimic the gastrointestinal microbiota of breastfed infants. In general, results with prebiotics in therapeutic indications are disappointing.Studies suggest that probiotic supplementation may be beneficial in prevention and management of disease such as e.g., reducing the risk of necrotizing enterocolitis in preterm infants, prevention and treatment of acute gastroenteritis in infants, etc. Although many studies show promising beneficial effects, the long-term health benefits and eventual risks of probiotic supplementation during early life are not clear.It is likely that ongoing research will result in the use of specific probiotic organisms and/or prebiotic oligosaccharides during the first 1,000 days of life, with the goal to develop a healthy microbiota from conception over birth into the first two years of life with a lowered risk of infections and inflammatory events.
Husnah Husnah
World Nutrition Journal, Volume 1, pp 18-22; doi:10.25220/wnj.v01i2.0004

Abstract:Dislipidemia is a lipid metabolic disorder which marked by raised of total cholestrol ratio, LDL, and Trigliserida also reduction HDL ratio. Dislipidemia is risk factor of coronary heart disease, arterio sklerosis, acute miokard infark, Diabetes Melitis, Hipertension, and Chronic Kidney Disease. The aim of this study is knowing the association of central obesity and RLPP with dislipidemia in interna policlinic patient at RSUD Meuraxa. The design of the study is analytic observational with cross sectional approach. Sampling was conduct with purposive sampling with 64 samples. Rate the central obesity and RLPP with measurement while dislipidemia gained from patients registration book formed in laboratorium result. The result was based on age the biggest portion was more than 45 years old (78,1 %) , women more dominant (70,35 %) with central obesity (76,6%) and high RLPP (85,5%). High cholestrol 56,3 %, high LDL 78,1%, high Trigliserida 59,4 and low HDL 62,5%. The result of spearman correlation there was association between of central obesity with dislipidemia P = 0,046 and and RLPP with dislipidemia P = 0.029. We can conclude that there was association between central obesity and RLPP with Dislipidemia.Key words : Dislipidemia, Central Obesity, Waist/Hip Circumference, RLPP
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