Journal Ajudikasi : Jurnal Ilmu Hukum-
Ajudikasi : Jurnal Ilmu Hukum, Volume 2, pp 199-210; doi:10.30656/ajudikasi.v2i2.687
Abstract:Behind the rapid advances in technology, especially the development of the Internet in Indonesia, there are a lot of negative things being targeted and harassed people who like the Internet that we usually hear as Internet surfers. For business and trade in the internet media is required understanding, seriousness, and the will of its own.In an agreement is often one of the parties / stakeholders have to face difficult conditions and ultimately contact / agreement that has been agreed can not walk / run well / as appropriate. Factors that make it difficult events that can occur due to deliberate or accidental. Default is a condition / situation that can be done by one of the parties or the parties to an engagement which can be generally described that the treaty was not executed properly and not in accordance with what has been agreed from the beginning. Plunge into the business of buying and selling online / transact electronically (e-commerce) is a rare move but it's a lifestyle and trend in this medern era, but must also watch out and be noticed. Among the things that can later be referred to as a form of default. Default in the purchase agreement online can take many forms and sometimes we experienced it and still not sensitized that this / these events can be called an act of default. For example: late payment, no payment, send the goods but not in accordance with what was agreed, but too late to send goods, which in turn raises certain legal consequences. Keywords: liability, breach of contract, buying and selling online.
Ajudikasi : Jurnal Ilmu Hukum, Volume 2, pp 117-126; doi:10.30656/ajudikasi.v2i2.697
Abstract:Dalam perkembangannya, tuntutan amandemen atau perubahan UUD NRI 1945 pada akhirnya menjadi kebutuhan bersama bangsa Indonesia. Selanjutnya, tuntutan itu diwujudkan secara komprehensif, bertahap dan sistematis dalam empat kali perubahan UUD NRI 1945 melalui mekanisme empat kali sidang Mejelis Permusyawaratan Rakyat (MPR) sejak tahun 1999 sampai dengan tahun 2002. Penelitian ini merupakan penelitian hukum normatif, yaitu penelitian hukum yang menitikberatkan pada telaah atau kajian hukum positif. Sesuai dengan karakter keilmuan hukum normatif, maka telaah hukum positif tersebut meliputi telaah dogmatika hukum, telaah teori hukum, dan telaah filsafat hukum. Dari telaah beberapa putusan MK bersifat ultra petita, ditemukan bahwa dalam pengambilan putusan atas perkara yang diajukan kepada MK, baik berkaitan dengan judicial review maupun penyelesaian perselisihan Pemilkada, secara teoritis Hakim MK dalam pertimbangannya, lebih condong menggunakan jenis penafsiran Kontekstualisasi nilai-nilai dasar (non original intent ) daripada jenis penafsiran tekstual atau penafsiran originalisme (original intent), sehingga terbuka ruang diskresi hakim MK begitu luas, yang berakibat mendistorsi kewenangan legislatif, terutama dalam hal hakim menciptakan dan merumuskan norma baru.
Ajudikasi : Jurnal Ilmu Hukum, Volume 2, pp 187-198; doi:10.30656/ajudikasi.v2i2.903
Abstract:Identitas nasional adalah suatu ciri yang dimiliki oleh suatu bangsa sebagai pengenalan dan penjelas kepribadian dari satu negara ke negara lain. Adapun Identitas nasional Indonesia dapat dirumuskan pembidangannya dalam tiga bidang sebagai berikut: Pertama, identitas fundamental, yakni pancasila sebagai filsafat bangsa, hukum dasar, pandangan hidup, etika politik, paradigma pembangunan. Kedua, identitas instrumental, yang meliputi UUD 1945 sebagai konstitusi negara, bahasa Indonesia sebagai bahasa persatuan, Garuda Pancasila sebagai lambang negara, Sang Saka Merah Putih sebagai bendera negara, Bhineka Tunggal Ika sebagai semboyan negara, dan Indonesia Raya sebagai lagu kebangsaan. Ketiga, identitas alamiah yang meliputi Indonesia sebagai negara kepulauan dan kemajemukan terhadap sukunya, budayanya, agamanya. Undang-Undang Dasar 1945 mengatur tentang Identitas nasional dalam bab 15 yang sudah mendapat amandemen atau perubahan sebanyak dua kali. Bab 15 ini memiliki 5 (lima) pasal yang mengatur simbol jati diri bangsa. Pasal-pasal tersebut membahas tentang Bendera, bahasa dan lambang negara, serta lagu kebangsaan yang terdiri dari pasal 35, 36, 36a, 36b, dan 36c. AdapunUndang-undang nomor 24 tahun 2009 tentang bendera, bahasa, dan lambang negara serta lagu kebangsaan. Undang-undang ini disahkan pada 9 Juli 2009. UU 24/2009 ini secara umum memiliki 9 Bab dan 74 pasal yang pada pokoknya mengatur tentang praktik penetapan dan tata cara penggunaan bendera, bahasa dan lambang negara, serta lagu kebangsaan berikut ketentuan – ketentuan pidananya. Setidaknya ada tiga hal tujuan dari dibentuknya UU no. 24 Tahun 2009 ini adalah untuk :a) memperkuat persatuan dan kesatuan bangsa dan Negara Kesatuan Republik Indonesia;b) menjaga kehormatan yang menunjukkan kedaulatan bangsa dan Negara Kesatuan Republik Indonesia; danc) menciptakan ketertiban, kepastian, dan standarisasi penggunaan bendera, bahasa, dan lambang negara, serta lagu kebangsaan.
Ajudikasi : Jurnal Ilmu Hukum, Volume 2, pp 151-172; doi:10.30656/ajudikasi.v2i2.692
Abstract:The World Bank assistance in the education sector in Indonesia as a developing country faced with an interest in the fulfillment of the right to education in the perspective of Economy, Social, and Culture (ESC) rights for the society. For Indonesia, World Bank assitance must be in line with the national regulation, therefore harmonization into national law is necessary. The World Bank assistance is aimed at accelerating free trade, and the achievement of global education standards for the recipient countries. Thus, the alignment of the education sector with the interests of the economy and the free market may threaten the education rights of Indonesian citizen. This article will focus on the fulfillment of education right in Indonesia. Seeing the facts from the background, the formulation of the problems raised in this legal research are: (1). characteristics of educational assistance by the World Bank for developing countries. (2). Compatibility between World Bank assistance standards with the fulfillment of ESC rights in education in Indonesia. The purpose of this research is to analyze the characteristics of educational assistance by the World Bank for the third world countries and the suitability of the World Bank assistance to the fulfillment of ESC rights in education in Indonesia. This article based on the normative legal research method, and employs the statute and conceptual approach. It is found two results. First, the World Bank assistance to the education sector has been implemented in several countries, including Indonesia. The fulfillment of the right to education in developing countries have been experiencing an intervention and support from the World Bank. The World Bank asisstence is aim at achieving the goal of education, and to ensure the aid has been allocated for education projects, and to provide students with global education standards. Second, by employing the SABER standard with 4-a method to measure the suitability of the World Bank assistance in the fulfillment of the right to education in Indonesia, it is found that there remain a problem in the ‘acceptability’ standard. The World Bank should give more weights to the local wisdoms when providing asisstence in the recipient country.
Ajudikasi : Jurnal Ilmu Hukum, Volume 2, pp 137-150; doi:10.30656/ajudikasi.v2i2.972
Abstract:This writing aims to find out how land ownership rights for Foreign Citizens as regulated in the Agrarian Basic Law (UPPA) Number 5 of 1960, in the UPPA regulate the prohibition on land ownership for Foreign Citizens. This is to reduce the existence of ownership rights to land for foreigners. Because in addition to keeping the land of Indonesian citizens not controlled by the foreigners also helping Indonesian citizens to be able to use their land to support their lives. Prohibition of land ownership rights for foreign nationals as stipulated in Article 21 of the BAL there are also exceptions to the prohibition, foreigners can use the right to use to build buildings or open a business. The method used is the empirical normative legal research method, namely the incorporation of normative legal provisions (laws) with empirical elements (legal events in society/social elements).
Ajudikasi : Jurnal Ilmu Hukum, Volume 2, pp 127-136; doi:10.30656/ajudikasi.v2i2.902
Abstract:Legal protection provided by the state to investors is one of the considerations for foreign investors before investing in a country. This study aims to find out and analyze the legal protection of foreign investment in Indonesian law and implications itself. This research is a descriptive study, which analyzes and describes systematically, factually, and accurately the provisions relating to legal protection against foreign investment in Indonesia. Based on the results of the study, it is known that legal protection against foreign investment in Indonesian law is regulated in the Investment Law. This law has provided adequate protection for foreign investors for a variety of risks including non-commercial risks in foreign investment in Indonesia. Providing the widest opportunity for foreign investors to invest their capital in Indonesia has encouraged many foreign investors to invest in Indonesia.Keywords: Investor, Investment, Legal Protection.
Ajudikasi : Jurnal Ilmu Hukum, Volume 2, pp 173-186; doi:10.30656/ajudikasi.v2i2.958
Abstract:The existence of Micro, Small and Medium Enterprises (MSMEs) has a big contribution in advancing the economy of this nation. The growth and development of these MSMEs is able to drive the pace of the creative economy in the real sector and can be felt very beneficial in terms of the distribution of people's income. Especially if the product of the MSME product already has legal Intellectual property rights in its protection. Utilization of role of Intellectual Property by business actors towards UMKM products not yet maximal. The uneven understanding that Intellectual Property as the need for Protection makes many MSME products not yet registered. In addition, cost constraints and access difficulties are also considered as other causes. The research was made to answer the problem: 1) How is the Implementation of Intellectual Property Protection (KI) on the products of Micro, Small and Medium Enterprises (MSMEs)? 2) What is the role of the Government of Intellectual Property Protection (KI) on MSME products? The research method is carried out qualitatively with Descriptive-Normative analysis where Law acts as Norm / Rule / Legislation. Techniques Data collection by searching the literature and keeping in mind the prevailing reality. Result of the Research that in order to provide Legal Protection against UMKM products, the Government should play a role in facilitating the registration, relief and easy access to registration and socialization of Intellectual Property
Ajudikasi : Jurnal Ilmu Hukum, Volume 2, pp 97-115; doi:10.30656/ajudikasi.v2i1.599
Abstract:Law Number 37 Year 2004 concerning Bankruptcy and Postponement of Debt Payment Obligation (PKPU) is enacted in good faith to protect the rights of creditors who have receivables on the insolvent party, since in general the assets left by the insolvent party is less than the amount of the debt . So that the condition is very potential to cause chaos if the number of creditors more than one, because they each will fight each other to control the assets left behind as compensation for the settlement of receivables, and eventually among the creditors will apply: "who fast/strong he can, and who is slow / weak he bit the finger". With the stipulation of bankruptcy provisions in this law, congruent lenders will no longer fight each other because each will get the compensation of debt repayment proportionally according to the principle of "pari pasu pro rata parte".
Ajudikasi : Jurnal Ilmu Hukum, Volume 2, pp 55-66; doi:10.30656/ajudikasi.v2i1.575
Abstract:The settlement of criminal cases by using the punishment method for the perpetrators (retributive) is not effective enaough and it is not become deterrent for the perpetrators but they more expert in doing criminal acts, moreover the perpetrators are children under the age that they are unstable in psychiatric and very easy to imitate the negative behavior gained in jail. Many methods of punishment offered by experts to change conventional punishment methods one of them is using the Restorative Justice, theÂ concept of punishment is by involving the victim's family efforts not only focus on giving suffering to the perpetrator but also healing the injuries suffered by the victim and the victim's family. This study focuses on the concept of Restorative Justice for children involved in criminal acts of murder in Islamic criminal studies, and find the differences in the application of Restorative Justice in the provision of a positive legal system in Indonesia with Islamic criminal law.
Ajudikasi : Jurnal Ilmu Hukum, Volume 2, pp 43-54; doi:10.30656/ajudikasi.v2i1.574
Abstract:Article 2 paragraph Â (1) of Law Number 1 Year 1974 contains provisions that marriage shall be considered valid if done according to the law of their respective religion and belief. The above provision implies no marriage outside the law of each of his or her religion and belief. Intermarriages between people of different religions will obviously cause problems as a result of the law of their marriage, most of which include the rights and duties of each husband and wife, property in marriage, as well as the position of the child in a marriage relationship. Problems will arise when the child has been born starting from the pattern of upbringing until when the child is adult and ably performs legal acts such as marriage, inheritance, and so forth. This research is intended to get answers to the problems: (1) How the position of the Child from Marriage parents of different religions? 2) How does the child's relationship with her parents' parent if the child chooses a religion differently from both parents? The invention of the answer to this question is pursued by the Empirical Normative Legal Research Method. The law acts as a Norm (Legislation), with due regard to social reality. The results of the study are: (1) The marriage of religious differences according to the Marriage Law is considered invalid as well as the child born of the Marriage. (2) A child born of a different religious marriage only has a nasab with his mother.