ATAVISME, Volume 20; doi:10.24257/atavisme.v20i2.396.237-249
Abstract:The research has an aim of documenting Sentani folklore, especially discussing the existence and functions of Sentani traditional proverbs and seeking to reexplore the values of wisdom they carry within. The proverbs were collected from Sentani region informants by close observation, recordings, interviews, transcription, translation and focus group discussions with the tribal chiefs (ondofolo/khote) as traditional authority holders of Sentani culture. Using the socio-cultural approach, the result shows that the primary values of Sentani wisdom is revealed from the traditional expressions, namely holei narei (build and maintain comradeship), hardwork, mutual cooperation, mutual respect, honesty, and loyalty to traditions that can be used as guidance for (1) education, (2) social life, (3) traditional norms, (4) ethical values, (5) aesthetics (6) economy, and (7) politics.
ATAVISME, Volume 20, pp 181-196; doi:10.24257/atavisme.v20i2.383.181-196
Abstract:The aims of this research are to interpret, analyze, as well as describe the form and problems of heroism in Surabaya City on Indonesian postcolonial poetry. Heroism is very essential for the life of anation therefore its also voiced out by the poets through their poetry. This research uses heroism concept and postcolonial literary theory in a qualitative method. The result concludes that heroism in Surabaya City on some postcolonial Indonesian poetries is expressed through war setting descriptions. On the other hand, heroism is also linked with reflections to interpret the independence and sincerity of the of heroes. Heroism and ambivalent situations are also voiced by the poets related to the development of Surabaya City which becomes more complex.
ATAVISME, Volume 20, pp 168-180; doi:10.24257/atavisme.v20i2.305.168-180
Abstract:This research aims to classify the Bangkalan poets into generations and trends on the themes of each generation. The underlying theories are those that affect the subdiscipline of literary history, especially the theories within the deconstructive paradigm. Data were obtained through interviews and study of literary work, namely the works of Bangkalan poets. From the analysis, generation of poets of Bangkalan can be divided into four generations based on tradition and common interests as manifested in the organization or forum where those poets gather. The first generation was in the Arts Council of Bangkalan (Dewan Kesenian Bangkalan or DKB), the second generation was raised in the Tera' Bulan Community, the third generation came from the campus theater communities around Bangkalan, and the fourth generation was in Masyarakat Lumpur Community and Bawah Arus Community. Metaphysical and social were dominant themes in the early generation, libidinal love theme was a theme that tended to appear in the second generation, local and lyrical themes tended to emerge in the third and fourth generation.
ATAVISME, Volume 20, pp 197-210; doi:10.24257/atavisme.v20i2.306.197-210
Abstract:This research aims to understand the meaning of the concept of a transformation work in the era of globalization, namely the novel Arok-Dedes that took the background of Pararaton folklore creation. The novel of Arok-Dedes fought against the characterization of the characters and events in the Pararaton folklore. Thus, the problem is the deconstruction of narrative structures or storytelling structures. The novel was analyzed using the intertextual theory with qualitative methods. The result of the research shows that Arok-Dedes novel is a social critic aimed at the New Order ruler. On the basis of the text of transformation, the state of Indonesia requires a wise leader figure, concerned with the welfare of the people, not self-interest or group interests alone. In the era of globalization, selecting a state leader must be selective, it means having to look at the back-ground of his life, his descendants, his behavior; a leader may not be selected through coup d’etat, treason or passing the buck.
ATAVISME, Volume 20, pp 138-154; doi:10.24257/atavisme.v20i2.405.138-154
Abstract:This research is conducted to elaborate discursive formations, formation and surveillance of discursive subject, and the subject’s struggle towards the discourse in Paolo Bacigalupi’s The Water Knife. Data that is successfully collected are analyzed using Foucault’s archeo-genealogy method in two steps: archeology reading and genealogy reading. The result shows that there four formations forming a discourse, namely object, enunciative, conceptual, and strategy formation. Then, there are also four mechanisms of discursive formation, which are centering individual from society, training of control the activity of the body, testing individual’s body in the certain degree, and creating subject as body-machine of discourse. The mechanism of surveillance is done through three ways, they are hierarchial control, norm forming, and examination as intensive control. The effect of the dominant discourse is the rebellion against the discourse. There are two rebellion ways in the novel, namely parrhesia as the discourse discontinuity and the care of the self as means against the discourse.
ATAVISME, Volume 20, pp 211-236; doi:10.24257/atavisme.v20i2.401.211-236
Abstract:This study aims to reveal and describe the ascetic morality of Sheikh Siti Jenar in the heptalogy novels of Shekh Siti Jenar by Agus Sunyoto using the content analysis method. The problem discussed in this research is the ascetic morality of Sheikh Siti Jenar. The data source is the heptalogy novels of Shekh Siti Jenar which is divided into seven volumes, which was the result of a philology research with primary data of approximately 300 manuscripts. The research result was published by LKiS Yogyakarta in the form of stories. The results of this study indicate that the ascetic morality used in the novels is in the form of morality conditioned by humanism and bound by asceticism because it reveals the real issues of human life inreligious issues and how they are socially constructed. The ascetic morality expressed through its main character, Sheikh Siti Jenar, has its own energy to convey the side of human life that is lived like other people live it.
ATAVISME, Volume 20, pp 224-236; doi:10.24257/atavisme.v20i2.372.224-236
Abstract:The purpose of this study is to explain the Madurese principles towards life using folktales perspectives. The focus of this study is to describe how Madurese principles are reflected in Ma-durese folktales. The data of this study were 32 legends obtained from informants living in several regencies in Madura. The method used to collect the data was interview. The method used to analyze the data was the Miles and Huberman’s interactive data analysis model. From the data analysis, it has been found that the 32 legends contain 10 Madurese principals which have not been revealed before. The principles are: the appreciation towards water, the appreciation towards trees, the protection of self-esteem, the ownership of the provision of life, the respect for women, the precaution attitude, the belief in the purification of the inner self, the belief in the importance of religious knowledge, and the respect for kiai.
ATAVISME, Volume 20, pp 155-167; doi:10.24257/atavisme.v20i2.404.155-167
Abstract:This research aims to reveal the depiction of formation of the new identity of immigrant characters in four short stories written by two immigrant authors in contemporary German literature, Wladimir Kaminer and Dilek Güngӧr. This study discusses how the immigrant characters build their new identities and their self-subjectivities in four short stories, namely “Schlechte Vorbilder”, “Deutsch-russisch Kulturjahr”,” Geld oder Leben” and “Blondes Barbie”. This study applies Hall’s (1990) identity theory and Bhabha’s (1994) hybridity theory. This study uses the qualitative approach with the descriptive-analytics method. The result of this study argues that the identity formation of immigrant characters is performed by imitating other cultures and presenting the past memory of the immigrant characters in their present lives as an effort to liberate the immi-grant characters from their otherness and to build their self-subjectivities. In addition, the depiction of formation of the immigrant characters’ new identities also shows that identity is a fluid concept, and a means of rejection of the two immigrant authors towards the essentialism concept of identity.
ATAVISME, Volume 20, pp 123-137; doi:10.24257/atavisme.v20i2.391.123-137
Abstract:This research aims at conyeving the representation of monstrous feminine in novel Man-tra Lilith by Hendri Yulius (2017). The issue discussed is how the representation of monstrous femi-nine in Mantra Lilith. The theory used in this research is the monstrous feminine theory proposed by Creed (2003) and the abject theory of Kristeva (1982). This research used analytical descriptive method. The data from the novel is described to obtain an overview of the representation of monstrous feminine. The results show that female sexuality is a monstrous that it is represented as a snake in a novel narrative. Monstrosity is also constructed to two mother figures who refused to live in the confines of patriarchal ideology by choosing to be widows. In addition, the representation of monstrous feminine is presented through allusion to stories that have been known before such as the stories of Red Riding Hood, Timun Mas, and The Little Mermaid
ATAVISME, Volume 20; doi:10.24257/atavisme.v20i1.257.1-13
Abstract:Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengungkap ambivalensi dan resistensi yang dipresentasikan tokoh perempuan terhadap kolonialisme Belanda dalam teks drama Karina Adinda. Adapun masalah yang dianalisis adalah ambivalensi, resistensi, dan kuasa perempuan terjajah yang terefleksi dalam teks drama Karina Adinda karya Liauw Giok Lan. Teori yang digunakan untuk menganalisis adalah teori feminisme pascakolonial yang berhubungan dengan budaya-budaya dari bangsa yang mengalami imperialisme Eropa dan cara elite pribumi dan peranakan melestarikan pola-pola kekuasaan atau dominasi kolonialisme. Metode yang digunakan dalam penelitian ini adalah metode kualitatif yang menghasilkan data deskriptif berupa kata-kata tertulis. Dari hasil analisis diketahui bahwa praktik penjajahan/kolonialisasi selalu menghasilkan kontak budaya dan interaksi antara kaum penjajah dan kaum terjajah. Dalam teks drama Karina Adinda, kontak bu-daya dan interaksi tersebut berupa hibriditas, mimikri, ambivalensi, dan resistensi yang diperlihat-kan oleh tokoh-tokoh perempuan, yakni Karina dan Raden Ajoe. [Title: Ambivalence and Power of Colonized Woman in Karina Adinda: Lelakon Komedie HindiaTimoer dalem Tiga Bagian]. This research aims to reveal the ambivalence and resistance presented by female character against colonialism in the text of Karina Adinda drama. The issues analyzed in this research are ambivalence, resistance, and the power of colonized women reflected in Liauw Giok Lan’s drama, Karina Adinda. The theory used in this study is postcolonial feminism that is associated with the cultures of people who experienced European imperialism and t he way native elite and peranakan preserved patterns of power and colonial domination. The method used in this study is the qualitative method that produces descriptive data in the form of written words. The analysis results show that the practice of colonization always produces cultural contacts and interactions between the colonizers with the colonized. In the Karina Adinda text drama, those cultural contacts and interactions are in the forms of hybridity, mimicry, ambivalence and resistance which demonstrated by figures of women, namely Karina and Raden Ajoe.