ATAVISME, Volume 21, pp 17-34; doi:10.24257/atavisme.v21i1.441.17-34
Abstract:The aim of the research is to find the elements of history from the kings of Malay in Riau, time of the power, and historic event in Hikayat Negeri Johor. The qualitative method was used with descriptive analysis and comparation study. Results of the study proved that Hikayat Negeri Johor contains many historical elements consisting of figure of the Malay kings, background place and time, and historical events related to their politics and their power. The politics pertain to the dominion of the kings related to some periods, from Sultan Abdul Jalil Syah until Sultan Mahmud. The historical elements can proved from comparation of many sources. The conclusion is that this work has highly historical value. This work can be considered to be used in compiling a local history. The content of the historical elements in this work includes six characters of Malay Kings in Riau, places and times of event, and historical events. Based on the comparation study, it was found that many historical events in Hikayat Negeri Johor are proven facts in history.
ATAVISME, Volume 21, pp 64-80; doi:10.24257/atavisme.v21i1.446.64-80
Abstract:This paper aims to explain the development of creative oral literature based on creative industries in Banyuwangi that develop autonomously along with traditional and modern art, such as janger, fashion, dance, and song. With the ethnographic method, the research begins with an inventory of library data and is equipped with field data collected through interviews, observation, and participation. The story of Sri Tanjung Sidopekso becomes the janger play and theme of Banyuwangi Ethno Carnival. The mantra of jaran goyang is transformed into dance and song. Various creative industries have the potential as a source of reconstructing oral literature. In coastal societies, there has developed oral literature related to maritime culture. In Muncar Banyuwangi, the rituals of petik laut use spells and maritime cultural symbols, such as mantras, pilgrimages to the tombs of the founders of the Muncar fishing village. While in Payangan Jember, the story of the founders of the fishing village is respected by singing macapat Babad Marsodo. All of those are meaningful when they become action, knowledge, experience, and appreciation of the supporting community. The results show that oral literature has the potential to inspire the creative industries. Re-versely, creative industries have the potential as a source for reconstructing oral literature that enriches their forms and versions.
ATAVISME, Volume 21, pp 35-49; doi:10.24257/atavisme.v21i1.440.35-49
Abstract:This research aims discuss one of the kana stories, Kana Inai Abang Nguak, using A. J. Greimas’ perspective. Kana Inai Abang Nguak is lyrical folklore of Dayak Desa community, recited in a specific kind of song with ritual formal language. Characters in kana usually relate heavenly life. The story, however, represent the philosophy and world view of Dayak Desa community. The theory used is the narratology of A. J. Greimas’ perspective. The Inai Abang Nguak narrative consists of seven sequels of (scene) story centered on Inai Abang as the subject of the story. From the analysis, the earth’s success in defeating the heaven is based on three main reasons; 1) although the heaven has some superior characteristics such as eternal life, the earth and the heaven have a close relationship as one family; 2) the act of heaven in arresting adat eldery of the earth is considered as a serious violation that deserves an act of resistance from the earth; and 3) the powers of the earth (humans, animals, spirits, and supernatural power) unite attact the heaven and bring back the earth harmony. It can be concluded that Greimas narratology can be used to comprehend the surface structure, deep structure, and discursive structure of a folkstory
ATAVISME, Volume 21, pp 108-120; doi:10.24257/atavisme.v21i1.428.108-120
Abstract:This study focuses on the study of the deconstruction towards the concept of character’s existentialism in Veronica Roth's Divergent which begins with the propagation of existentialism as a mainstream value in the novel but still raises problems and issues of freedom. Generally, this study has two main problems: (1) how deconstruction works on the existentialism of the characters in the novel, (2) what are the inherent values contained in the novel as a result of the deconstruction study of the concept of character’s existentialism. This study employs the theory and method of deconstruction as a framework of analysis and existentialism as a concept. The result of this study indicates that the existentialism echoed by the author as the primary value is deconstructed into character’s dehumanization who deals with the non-freedom of choice of life.
ATAVISME, Volume 21, pp 1-16; doi:10.24257/atavisme.v21i1.443.1-16
Abstract:This article strives to deconstruct the main characters’ cultural identity in Rishi Reddi’s short stories collection, entitled Karma and Other Stories, as the characters deal with their lives as Indian diaspora in the United States. The applied method is the close-reading technique. This article employs Jacques Derrida’s deconstruction by tracing the binary opposition found within the seven short stories; later they are to be disseminated so that the true meanign can be revealed. The article finds that (1) the emerging conflicts in the stories are caused by the strong ties of the protagonists toward Hinduism and Indian family tradition, with (2) their cultural identity has managed to align with modernity in the US, but (3) their ties to the core Hinduism and Indian principles will remain strong.
ATAVISME, Volume 21, pp 93-107; doi:10.24257/atavisme.v21i1.436.93-107
Abstract:This research aims to describe the text structure of Qashīdah Huwa an-Nūr based on Badr's structural theory and explain word form of and type of qāfiyah used in this qashīdah based on Masykuri theory. This research used qualitative method with analysis descriptive technique. The results of this research found that the main idea of the text structure of Qashīdah Huwa an-Nūr is 'love of the Rasululllah SAW’. The feature of using figure of speech metaphor and hyperbola is expressed in simple and familiar vocabulary. Based on the research of the word form and types of qafiyah, Qashīdah Huwa an-Nūr has one word form, that is qāfiyah some words. While the word type of qāfiyah is qāfiyah muthlaqah variety. The alphabets of qafiyah are rawiyy, washl, khurūj, and ridf. The Vowels of qāfiyah are majrā, nafādz and chadwu. The name of qafiyah is a mutadārik. The lack of qāfiyah is not found in this Qashīdah.
ATAVISME, Volume 21, pp 81-92; doi:10.24257/atavisme.v21i1.426.81-92
Abstract:This paper aims to show the issues of bullyingin Let’s Sing With Me (2013) written by KKPK (Kecil-Kecil Punya Karya). The acts of bullying are conducted by female characters towards her female peers. The bullying caused by envious feeling among characters takes forms of discrediting, insulting, and name calling. Narrative strategy theories proposed by Mieke Bal (2009), Fludernik (1997), and Priyatna (2010) were used to discuss the issues of bullying. The focalisator’s analysis shows the existing issues of bullying represented through the attitudes of female characters as the perpetrators and victims of bullying. The results of this study indicate the presence of harassment that is portrayed specifically through female characters. The acts of bullying described are parts of the verbal, physical, and social categories of bullying. This research also found that the narrator takes neither sides, the victims nor the perpetrators. Thus, it can be argued that the novel takes a passive stance against bullying in a way that it even lets bullying to occur.
ATAVISME, Volume 21, pp 50-63; doi:10.24257/atavisme.v21i1.407.50-63
Abstract:This paper aims to analyze the reinterpret the story of Bambang Sumantri in Sujiwo Tejo’s graphic novel Serat Tripama: Gugur Cinta di Maespati. The meaning of heroism in this novel was reexamined through various doubts, unawareness, and wonder of Bambang Sumantri. The data were collected through reading, observing, and taking notes. The data were analyzed with the semiotic method. The interpretation is done by interpreting changes through looking at the relationship between the signifier and the signified within which the implicit, indirect, and uncertain meanings operate, by interpreting the meanings hiddeng behind the words, phrases, and sentences that are called connotative meanings (second layer) by semiotics. The reinterpretation on this graphic novel shows that in addition to Bambang Sumantri depicted as truly heroic, there are many other “hands” who helped him become a figure and hero. The heroism of Bambang Sumantri is not the center of this book. Instead, there are also other figures who made him a hero. Therefore, the author reinterpreted the heroism of Bambang Sumantri from different point of view.
ATAVISME, Volume 21, pp 121-132; doi:10.24257/atavisme.v21i1.439.121-132
Abstract:This study aims to disclose the cultural reflection of post-colonialism in F. Scott Fitzgerald’s novel, The Great Gatsby. This research uses analytical approach of post-colonial literature in the form of colonial behavior passed down to the weak, namely the colonized who consciously or unconsciously becomes the object of ideological oppression and power hegemony. The data collection techniques were reading, identifying, classifying, interpreting, inferring. The results of the analysis of events in the novel suggest that the descriptions of the colonized ideology are in the forms of hybrid ideology, mimicry, ethnicism, racism, sexism, and classism. The author describes that Gatsby has reflected ideology of hybrid, mimicry, racism, and ethnicism in his struggle to change his social status to be a rich man designated as the Jazz to attract Desy, his former girlfriend who has left him to marry Tom who has reflected ideology of classism and sexism to the colonialized native inhabitant.
ATAVISME, Volume 20, pp 155-167; doi:10.24257/atavisme.v20i2.404.155-167
Abstract:This research aims to reveal the depiction of formation of the new identity of immigrant characters in four short stories written by two immigrant authors in contemporary German literature, Wladimir Kaminer and Dilek Güngӧr. This study discusses how the immigrant characters build their new identities and their self-subjectivities in four short stories, namely “Schlechte Vorbilder”, “Deutsch-russisch Kulturjahr”,” Geld oder Leben” and “Blondes Barbie”. This study applies Hall’s (1990) identity theory and Bhabha’s (1994) hybridity theory. This study uses the qualitative approach with the descriptive-analytics method. The result of this study argues that the identity formation of immigrant characters is performed by imitating other cultures and presenting the past memory of the immigrant characters in their present lives as an effort to liberate the immi-grant characters from their otherness and to build their self-subjectivities. In addition, the depiction of formation of the immigrant characters’ new identities also shows that identity is a fluid concept, and a means of rejection of the two immigrant authors towards the essentialism concept of identity.