Journal IBDA

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18 articles
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Wildan Imaduddin Muhammad
IBDA, Volume 14, pp 157-171; doi:10.24090/ibda.v14i2.2016pp.157-171

Abstract:Celebrating of IndependenceDay became a part of symbol of honour from the citizenship for their country. In many places freedom is celebrated, including in Indonesia. The celebration is an annual event organized by goverment and citizen, both formal and informal. Formally, the goverment of Indonesia from local level to the centre celebrate this day by flag ceremony on the seventeent of August. Somehow in non-formal, citizen commemorate this day by various manner such aspanjatpinang contest etc. One form of celebration in Indonesia to celebrate the independence day is called “malam tirakatan” or “malam pitulasan”, especially in the area of Yogyakarta. Malam tirakatan is kind of acculturation from Moslem local tradition.This paper describe aboutmalam tirakatanas an acculturation between religious local traditions with a sense of nationalism. I use the method of triangulation for collect data which are participant observation, deep interview and documentation. The location of this research is focused on two different places, first in Dukuh the village of Bantul district and second in Ngaseman village, a part of village of Kulon Progo district. From this research known that Indonesian Moslems reinforce their nationality by their religious local tradition.
Sakirman Sakirman
IBDA, Volume 14, pp 172-187; doi:10.24090/ibda.v14i2.2016pp.172-187

Abstract:Islam masuk ke tanah Jawa dalam keadaan penduduknya telah memiliki tradisi dan budaya berupa kepercayaan adanya kekuatan pada benda-benda tertentu (dinamisme), adanya kekuatan pada arwah orang yang meninggal (animisme) dan kepercayaan adanya kekuatan pada binatang-binatang (totemisme). Tradisi ini telah diwariskan secara turun temurun, diyakini, dan diamalkan dalam kehidupan sehari-hari. Ketika Islam datang, keyakinan dan kepercayaan tersebut melebur dalam budaya Islam. Sehingga munculah apa yang disebut dengan sinkretisme Islam, yaitu akulturasi budaya Islam dengan tradisi lokal. Di antara bentuk akulturasi budaya lokal (Jawa) dengan Islam adalah tradisi yang dianut oleh komunitas Islam Aboge. Komunitas ini melaksanakan tradisi-tradisi Jawa dengan dibumbui tradisi Islam, maka munculah Islam dengan cita rasa lokal (islam lokal). Kekhasan dari komunitas ini adalah masih menggunakan model Penanggalan Islam Jawa yakni Penanggalan Aboge untuk menetapkan awal Ramadhan, Hari Raya Idhul Fitri dan Idhul Adha. Kata Aboge adalah singkatan dari Alip Rebo Wage yang mempunyai arti Tanggal 1 Muharram Tahun Alif akan jatuh pada hari Rebo (Rabu) pasaran Wage. Aboge adalah dasar perhitungan almanak (kalender) dalam satu windu atau delapan tahun, maka yang dimaksud Aboge adalah dasar suatu perhitungan. Penggunaan penanggalan dengan sistem Aboge mengakibatkan pelaksanaan ibadah puasa, perayaan Idhul Fitri, dan Idhul Adha yang dilaksanakan oleh komunitas Aboge selalu mengalami perbedaan dengan keputusan yang telah ditetapkan oleh pemerintah melalui sidang Itsbat.
Arnis Rachmadhani
IBDA, Volume 14, pp 225-240; doi:10.24090/ibda.v14i2.2016pp.225-240

Abstract:This qualitative research was conducted in the Islamic communities who base all its activities on Aboge calendar calculations in the village of Cikakak,Wangon, District of Banyumas. Data collected by interview, observation, and documentation. This study found an association between the role of the Wali, the ancient mosque and shrine in the spread of Islam in the village Cikakak. Jaro Rajab ritual or grave pilgrimage or nyadran held every 26th of Rajab as a symbol of respect to KyaI Mustolih who spread Islam in the 17th century. Kyai Mustolih built Saka Tunggal Mosque in 1288 AD. Social practices of mutual assistance and cooperation is reflected in Jaro Rajab ritual performed in the tomb and mosque complex. Jaro Rajab ritual functioning as a unity element for communities and faiths.
Arif Adi Wibawa
IBDA, Volume 14, pp 254-264; doi:10.24090/ibda.v14i2.2016pp.254-264

Abstract:Culture has been and always considered as soulful and interesting topic for its concern toward ideas, opinion and human being acts since classic ages until modern time. When traveling and trading have been used also as common activity since classic period of world and Islam history, the activities and achievements surely can be recorded and be analyzed and after that can be included and classified as human culture. Arabians and Chinese who known and famous for their traveling, world expedition and trading have arrived to Indonesian archipelagoes in many centuries ago. They stayed and finally have decided this place as the last land. Communities and civilizations have been built by them. This essay recorded the coming history of them, showed their Islamic and education acts and analyzed those in the big frame of culture term, and aimed to link them as culture construction process and emphasized a statement that Islamic religious and education acts can take the parts in.
Aslan Abidin
IBDA, Volume 14, pp 241-253; doi:10.24090/ibda.v14i2.2016pp.241-253

Abstract:Nama diri, yang merupakan identitas bagi seseorang, merupakan tanda bahasa tersendiri. Sebagai tanda bahasa, nama diri dapat merupakan bahasa dari kebudayaan sendiri maupun dari luar kebudayaan si pengguna nama. Semisal nama-nama kebanyakan suku Bugis –yang mayoritas beragama Islam— sebelumnya menggunakan bahasa Bugis, setelah kedatangan agama Islam di abad 17, berubah memakai nama dari bahasa Arab. Studi ini menggunakan pendekatan sejarah terhadap teks-teks nama diri orang Bugis yang berubah berdasarkan peristiwa keagamaan, politik, maupun sosial yang melatarinya. Rentetan peristiwa sejarah ternyata tercatat dalam runtutan perubahan nama-nama orang Bugis. Penaklukan suku Bugis oleh Kerajaan Gowa-Tallo dalam Perang Islam (Musu Selleng), penjajahan Belanda, Jepang, pemberontakan Kahar Muzakkar, kedatangan sekolah, sampai budaya populer, menjadi latar peristiwa berubahnya nama orang Bugis.
Yana Ervitaputri
IBDA, Volume 14, pp 188-203; doi:10.24090/ibda.v14i2.2016pp.188-203

Abstract:This paper contains a study of oral tradition or folklore and context with the Islamization of Java, Central part of the period of the eleventh century to the fifteenth century in former Perdikan Cahyana which is geographically located in District Karangmoncol (13 villages) and the District of Rembang (8 Village) in Purbalingga Province Central Java. Philosophically this paper tried reassembling the historicity of archaism oral tradition is very important in establishing the meaning interpretation thus making present as values (spirit). The discussion in the socio-cultural studies methodically parsed based on the spatial chronology of the historical and narrative.The viewpoint of reviews using the analytical tools of philosophy, hermeneutics, sosioantropologis and geohistoris. A verification study using literary techniques either in the form of collection of published sources and interviews with sources and the practice of direct experience through observations.
Muhammad Yafiz
IBDA, Volume 14, pp 277-292; doi:10.24090/ibda.v14i2.2016pp.277-292

Abstract:This article describes about negotiation space between worship and economics on Friday prayer at Masjid Ulul Albab (MUA) Medan. The main focus on this research is the appearance of pedagang kagetan (sudden traders) on Friday pray laying down their merchandises such as worship equipments, Moslem clothing, meal, snack, mineral water, etc around the mosque. The findings of this articles is the phenomenon where there is there is a change function of the mosque becomes a market. To understand the phenomenon, there are two questions appear: what are the factors that contribute to the negotiations of worship and the economy and how the practice of economic progress. This paper explains that the factors pushing this situation because there is “blurring” between the room of worship and economic boundaries. Thus there is dominance of economic in the worship space. It happens because there is mutual need between merchants and pilgrims. It is done to meet the needs of the merchant family.
Edi Susanto
IBDA, Volume 14, pp 293-306; doi:10.24090/ibda.v14i2.2016pp.293-306

Abstract:This article is about to describe Tembhang Macapat in the tradition of Madurese people, particularly in the village of Larangan Luar that is located in Larangan district of Pamekasan regency. It has been stated that Tembhang Macapat appears as cultural treasure that its existence needs to conserve. However it is as well claimed as out of dated culture since its noble and gallant values have been decreased. Hence structured and thoughtful attempts must be designed to promote Tembhang Macapat and the other traditional treasures in form of local content curriculum. Furthermore the department in charge, The Youth, Sport, and Cultural Affairs (Disporabud), must get optimally involved to look after and develop the local tradition by supporting any events of tradition development. As a result it could raise and fertilize the local tradition everlastingly or at least it is able to survive in the future time.
M Misbahul Mujib
IBDA, Volume 14, pp 204-224; doi:10.24090/ibda.v14i2.2016pp.204-224

Abstract:This study discusses the grave pilgrimage traditions that have long made the Java community in particular through a phenomenological approach with increasing pilgrim graves in 1 the last decade, although the level of jurisprudence still reap the pros and cons. The study revealed several factors causing the increase in the grave pilgrims. The survey results revealed that there are many aspects that influence the increased pilgrim grave. In addition, the grave pilgrimage as a tradition that has existed since before Islam, it’s recognized that it has aspect of religious ritual worship (piety) with the normative arguments as an amplifier. Efforts of pilgrims who actually aimed at showing religious identity or religious symbols as the persistence of the abangan are still not understood in the perspective of religious pilgrimage and the orthodox clergy who rejected the implementation of the pilgrimage also affect many pilgrims. Another dimension is an important factor increasing the pilgrims grave is none other than the commercial factor, because many pilgrims could significantly increase the economic level of the community around the shrine grave, grave pilgrimage organizers and it can even be a source of local revenue. So that the improvement of infra structure grave shrine is also an important factor increasing the grave pilgrims.
Arif Hidayat
IBDA, Volume 14, pp 265-276; doi:10.24090/ibda.v14i2.2016pp.265-276

Abstract:Tulisan ini berusaha untuk mengungkap budaya konsumen di masyarakat modern Indonesia. Tulisan ini mengacu pada sistem tanda (semiotika) yang berusaha untuk membongkar tanda-tanda baik secara visual maupun mitos yang hidup dalam tatanan masyarakat modern. Sementara itu, pemikiran Jean P Baudrillard memberikan sumbangan yang sangat besar terkait dengan wacana simulasi dalam promosi, juga pandangannya tentang masyarakat konsumsi. Praktik analisis dari cultural studi sendiri mengacu pada kerangka multi-interdisipliner atas satu objek karena objek tersebut terhubung dengan beberapa komponen entitas yang harus ditelusuri. Ini menjadikan kerja bolak-balik untuk melihat sistem budaya konsumen dalam balutan wacana agama yang harus dikembalikan pada esensi dari agama tersebut. Dalam cultural studi, analisis tidak hanya membedah atau membongkar makna saja, melaikan harus sampai pada menjahit kembali atau merekonstruksi bangunan kembali. Hasilnya, ada usaha untuk membentuk kesadaran mengenai konsumsi yang baik dalam bulan ramadhan berdasarkan keimanan dalam mencapai nilai kemanusiaan. Kesadaran itu berupa pengetahuan kepada masyarakat tentang kesadaran untuk tidak mengonsumsi barang dari permainan simbol dan tanda.
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