Journal Jurnal Penelitian & Pengembangan Pendidikan Fisika

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106 articles
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Samsul Bahri, Fauzi Bakri
Jurnal Penelitian & Pengembangan Pendidikan Fisika, Volume 4, pp 35-46; doi:10.21009/1.04105

Abstract:This study aims to produce a problem-based learning (PBL) model to improve students' physics learning outcomes. The study was conducted from July to September 2016 at SMAN 59 Jakarta. The subjects of the study were students of class X IPA-4 which amounted to 36 people. The method used in this research is Collaboration Classroom Action Research (CCAR). The classroom action research model used is Carr & Kemmis model. The analysis of a learning is reflected in the next lesson. This study consists of three cycles, and each cycle consists of 2 to 6 meetings. From the result of research, the result of cognitive learning of students in cycle I obtained the average test value 56,2 with classical mastery 5,88%. In cycle II, the average value of 75.1 test with 55.88% classical completeness. In cycle III, the average score of 85.1 test with 91.8% classical completeness. Effective learning outcomes in cycle I, the average score 73.1 students with 20.59% complete learning. In cycle II, the average score of 77.1 students with 73.53% complete classical learning. In cycle III the average score 82.1 students with 100% complete learning. Psychomotor learning result in cycle I, average score 74,6 with 50% classical learning completeness. Cycle II, the average value of 80 with 100% complete classical completeness. Cycle III, the average value of 82.7 with 100% complete classical learning. It can be concluded that with the application of problem-based learning method can improve student learning outcomes of class X SMA Negeri 59 Jakarta Lesson Year 2015/2016.
Aniq Rif’Atun Najihah, Vina Serevina, Mutia Delina
Jurnal Penelitian & Pengembangan Pendidikan Fisika, Volume 4, pp 19-26; doi:10.21009/1.04103

Abstract:The aim of this research is to develop the High Order Thinking Skills (HOTS) test instrument. The instrument was presented into a valid and reliable questionary to get information of the XI grade student's HOTS on temperature and heat. The research was done at Universitas Negeri Jakarta. The instrument has been trialed to 41 respondences on April 2018 at SMAN 1 Kabupaten Tangerang. The research was adapted from ADDIE approach which consists of Analyze, Design, Develop, Implement and Evaluate. The instrument consisted of 15 essays which the coefficient of reliability was 0.568, the difficulties and discrimination average were 0.817 and 0.363. Therefore the test instrument is proper to measure the student's HOTS.
Bintang Ronauli Simanjuntak, Desnita Desnita, Esmar Budi
Jurnal Penelitian & Pengembangan Pendidikan Fisika, Volume 4, pp 1-10; doi:10.21009/1.04101

Abstract:This study aims to develop an Android app to support learning activities consisting of mobile applications and web server applications. Mobile applications have two applications: teacher apps and student applications, while web server applications are used by teachers and administrators. Mobile apps run on Android smartphones, while web server applications are in Chrome web browsers. In mobile applications, students can view material with pictures and videos, do online tests, perform tasks, view simulations, view announcements in the form of updates made by teachers, and see recap test scores, assignments, exams, and final score in a chapter. In a mobile application, the teacher can see how many times students access the material, view the student's time notice in performing tests and tasks, view the test scores, duties, exams and the final grade of each student who is registered on the web server. Administrator applications on the web server focus more on managing the data that will changes. This application can run on Android operating system Jelly Bean and above. The development used refers to the ADDIE model with the following stages: 1) Analysis, 2) Design (design / design), 3) Development (development), and 4) Evaluation (evaluation / feedback). The developed media has been validated by subject experts, media experts and high school physics teachers with average percentage of all aspects of subject experts is 85.50%, media experts 85.20% and physics teachers 90%, based on these results show that mobile learning android platform based on web service proper to use as a media of physics learning.
Irmawati Ibnah Muthi'Ik, Abdurrahman Abdurrahman, Undang Rosidin
Jurnal Penelitian & Pengembangan Pendidikan Fisika, Volume 4, pp 11-18; doi:10.21009/1.04102

Abstract:This research aimed to determine the effectiveness of STEM learning approaches to self efficacy and student learning outcomes in Newton Law material. The design of this research is Quasi-Experiment with One Group Pretest-Posttest Design. The data obtained in this study are self efficacy data and student learning outcomes. Self efficacy result data was obtained through self efficacy scale is given before and after learning using STEM approach. While the data of student learning outcomes obtained through the question of the form of plural choices and essays given to students before and after learning using the STEM approach. Based on the research above, the average value of N-gain in self efficacy and students’ learning outcomes before and after being taught through learning using STEM approach. The average gain of n-gain in self efficacy and students' learning outcomes have increased with moderate category The result showed that STEM learning approach was effective to improve self efficacy and student’s learning outcomes.
Zainul Mustofa
Jurnal Penelitian & Pengembangan Pendidikan Fisika, Volume 4, pp 27-34; doi:10.21009/1.04104

Abstract:Different from the classical mechanic topic, student’s understanding related to matter elasticity has got less attention in research. This study aimed to expose student’s understanding related to conceptual problems in matter elasticity with descriptive quantitative research method. Subject consisted of 48 students of engineering with the computer and network competence in 2016/2017 academic year. The data was gathered using multiple choices test. The study concluded that student’s understanding related to elastic and plastic matter was good, but most students did not well understand about Hooke laws, the relationship in elasticity formula, and composition elastic matter. The study suggested further research to explore the causes of student’s difficulties.
Nurhayati Nurhayati, Lia Angraeni
Jurnal Penelitian & Pengembangan Pendidikan Fisika, Volume 3, pp 119-126; doi:10.21009/1.03201

Abstract:This study aims to describe the ability of higher order thinking students in solving the problem of the concept of optics after given the learning with problem-based learning model. This research uses a descriptive method with quantitative approach. The subjects of the research are students of the second semester of physics education study program, amounting to 19 people. Data collection techniques used are two tier multiple choice shaped test consisting of eight questions include the level of analyzing, evaluating and creating. Based on the results of data analysis, it is known that the ability of high-level thinking of students in optical learning has enough categories with the following details: (1) The percentage of students who have excellent high-level thinking skills is 15.79%, good category of 31.58%, enough category of 42.11%, and category less than 10.53%; (2) The percentage of student ability in answer about level of analyze equal to 68.42%, student ability in answer about evaluation level 57.89% and equal to 53.51% for student ability in answer level question create. Keywords: higher order thinking, optics, problem-based learning model Abstrak Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mendeskripsikan kemampuan berpikir tingkat tinggi mahasiswa (higher order thinking) dalam menyelesaikan soal konsep optika setelah diberikan pembelajaran dengan model problem based learning. Metode penelitian yang digunakan adalah metode deskriptif dengan pendekatan kuantitatif. Subjek penelitian yaitu mahasiswa semester II program studi pendidikan fisika yang berjumlah 19 orang. Teknik pengumpulan data yang digunakan adalah tes berbentuk two tier multiple choice yang terdiri dari delapan soal meliputi tingkatan menganalisis, mengevaluasi dan mencipta. Berdasarkan hasil analisis data, diketahui bahwa kemampuan berpikir tingkat tinggi mahasiswa dalam pembelajaran optika memiliki kategori cukup dengan rincian sebagai berikut: (1) Persentase mahasiswa yang memiliki kemampuan berpikir tingkat tinggi kategori sangat baik adalah sebesar 15,79%, kategori baik sebesar 31,58%, kategori cukup sebesar 42,11%, dan kategori kurang sebesar 10,53%; (2) Persentase kemampuan mahasiswa dalam menjawab soal tingkatan menganalisis sebesar 68,42%, kemampuan mahasiswa dalam menjawab soal tingkatan mengevaluasi sebesar 57,89% dan sebesar 53,51% untuk kemampuan mahasiswa dalam menjawab soal tingkatan mencipta. Kata-kata Kunci: kemampuan berpikir tingkat tinggi, optika, model problem based learning
Duden Saepuzaman, Yustiandi Yustiandi
Jurnal Penelitian & Pengembangan Pendidikan Fisika, Volume 3, pp 145-150; doi:10.21009/1.03204

Abstract:This research is motivated because it found students' difficulties when experimenting to determine the magnitude of restitution coefficient. First, the determination of the initial height, the height of the second reflection and so on is not appropriate because it must observe something in a very short time. Second, the initial high determination is too high. Third, the object is oversize. Allegedly, existing worksheets do not facilitate students to experiment properly. This study aims to improve the experimental worksheet and redesign the experimental tool, so students will more easily understand how to experiment properly. This research is a classroom action research. Students' experimental abilities were obtained by comparing the answers of student worksheets before reconstruction and student answers after reconstruction. The results show that reconstructed worksheets can improve students' ability to experiment. Keywords: Redesigning the appartures, Worksheets, Restitution Coefficients, Experimenting Skills. Abstrak Penelitian ini dilatarbelakangi karena ditemukan kesulitan siswa ketika melakukan percobaan untuk menentukan nilai koefisien restitusi. Pertama, penentuan tinggi awal, tinggi pantulan ke dua dan seterusnya tidak tepat karena harus mengamati sesuatu dalam waktu yang sangat singkat. Kedua, Penentuan tinggi awal yang terlalu tinggi. Ketiga, ukuran benda yang terlalu besar. Diduga kuat, lembar kerja yang ada kurang memfasilitasi siswa untuk melakukan percobaan dengan benar. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk memperbaiki lembar kerja percobaan dan mendesain ulang alat percobaan, sehingga siswa akan lebih mudah memahami cara melakukan percobaan dengan benar. Penelitian ini merupakan penelitian tindakan kelas. Kemampuan siswa bereksperimen diperoleh dengan cara membandingkan jawaban lembar kerja siswa sebelum direkonstruksi dan jawaban siswa setelah direkonstruksi. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa lembar kerja yang telah direkonstruksi dapat meningkatkan kemampuan siswa dalam bereksperimen. Kata-kata Kunci: Pengembangan Alat Peraga dan Lembar Kerja Percobaan, Koefisien Restitusi, kemampuan bereksperimen.
Syarif Rokhmat Hidayat, Anggi Hanif Setyadin, Hermawan Hermawan, Ida Kaniawati, Endi Suhendi, Parsaoran Siahaan, Achmad Samsudin
Jurnal Penelitian & Pengembangan Pendidikan Fisika, Volume 3, pp 157-166; doi:10.21009/1.03206

Abstract:Problem-solving is one of the fundamental skills in the 21st century. Students’ problem-solving skill is defined as students’ abilities to use their knowledge to solve the daily life problems. This study main goal is to develop a test instrument of junior high school students’ problem-solving skills on oscillation, wave, and sound concepts. The test items are arranged based on problem-solving skills indicator that proposed by Doctor and Heler (2009), there are problems visualization/description, physics approach, mathematic procedure, and logically conclusion. This study used 4D (define, design, develop, and disseminate) model of research and development method. Fifteen test sets are designed based on five problem-solving skill indicators that grouped to each oscillation, wave, and sound sub concept. The result of instrument development shows all test items are valid through Pearson moment correlation coefficient test. Alpha Cronbach test the instrument shows the instrument reliability is 0.88 with the criteria of reliability is high. Based on expert judgment and data collections, the test instruments were well developed and could be used to measure students’ problem-solving skills on oscillation, wave, and sound wave concepts. Keywords: problem solving skills; problem solving skills instrument; oscillation, wave, and sound concept. Abstrak Pemecahan masalah adalah salah satu keterampilan yang penting di abad ke-21. Keterampilan pemecahan masalah siswa adalah kemampuan siswa menggunakan pengetahuan-pengetahuan yang dimilikinya untuk memecahkan masalah dalam kehidupan sehari-hari. Penelitian ini bertujuan mengembangkan instrumen tes untuk mengukur keterampilan pemecahan masalah pada siswa SMP terkait materi getaran, gelombang, dan bunyi. Instrumen tes disusun berdasarkan indikator keterampilan pemecahan masalah yang dikembangkan oleh Doctor dan Heler (2009) yaitu visualisasi/deskripsi masalah, pendekatan fisika, prosedur matematika, dan kesimpulan logis. Penelitian ini menggunakan metode penelitian dan pengembangan model 4D (define, design, develop, and disseminate). Sebanyak lima belas soal dibuat berdasarkan lima indikator keterampilan pemecahan masalah yang dikelompokkan menjadi tiga pokok soal materi getaran, gelombang, dan bunyi. Hasil pengembangan menunjukkan keseluruhan item tes bersifat valid dengan menggunakan uji koefisien korelasi momen Pearson. Uji alpha cronbach pada instrumen tes menunjukkan bahwa tingkat reliabel instrumen tes adalah 0,88 dengan kriteria reliabel tinggi. Berdasarkan hasil penilaian ahli dan uji coba pada beberapa sampel, instrumen tes yang telah dikembangkan dapat digunakan untuk mengukur keterampilan pemecahan masalah siswa pada materi getaran, gelombang, dan bunyi. Kata-kata Kunci: keterampilan pemecahan masalah; instrumen tes keterampilan pemecahan masalah; materi getaran, gelombang, dan bunyi.
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