Journal Indonesian Aquaculture Journal

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Suprapti Suprapti
Indonesian Aquaculture Journal, Volume 12, pp 1-10; doi:10.15578/iaj.12.2.2017.1-10

Suprapti Suprapti
Indonesian Aquaculture Journal, Volume 12, pp 1-5; doi:10.15578/iaj.12.2.2017.1-5

Vitas Atmadi Prakoso, Kurniawan Kurniawan
Indonesian Aquaculture Journal, Volume 12, pp 53-58; doi:10.15578/iaj.12.2.2017.53-58

Abstract:In efficient feed management strategy in aquaculture will increase the fish production cost. One of the most effective strategies to solve this problem is through a better understanding of the compensatory growth of cultured fish. O. niloticus BEST tilapia strain (total length: 7.23 ± 0.11 cm mean ± SD; Body weight: 7.04 ± 0.08 g mean ± SD) were reared in aquariums at 26.3 ± 1.4oC for 10 weeks. During the experiment, the control group was fed twice a day. The other two groups were deprived of food for one and two weeks and then fed twice a day during refeeding period. At the end of the experiment, the fish deprived for one week had a body weight, biomass and specific growth rate that were not significantly different from the control group. The body weight, biomass and specific growth rate of fish deprived for two weeks were significantly lower than the other groups. This study revealed that concentrations of ash and lower concentrations of protein and lipid on the deprived groups were higher compared to those without feed deprivation. Mortality of fish was lower than 9% and not significantly different among the treatments. Fish aggressive behavior was the main reason for injuries and death. Given the results, BEST tilapia strain was only able to reach complete growth compensation not longer than one week deprivation period. The results of the present study could be applied as basic information for further research on feeding management of BEST tilapia strain.
Tri Heru Prihadi, Adang Saputra, Imam Taufik, Idil Ardi
Indonesian Aquaculture Journal, Volume 12, pp 83-91; doi:10.15578/iaj.12.2.2017.83-91

Abstract:Life Cycle Assessment (LCA) is an environmental analytical tool used for evaluating the environmental performance of products by compiling and evaluation of the inputs, outputs and potential environmental impacts of a product system throughout the life cycle of product.Sources of the decomposition at Cirata Reservoir are from industrial activities, household waste, agricultural waste, and the leftover from the activities of floating net fish cages. The wastes are in the form of fat, protein and carbohydrat. In decomposition process and the rate of destruction process of organic matters in the sediment is carried our by bacteria, resulting in the oxygen dissolved in the waters will decrease. This lessens the oxygen at Cirata reservoir so that decomposition process takes place anaerobically at the bottom of the waters. The methodology was conducted by water and sediment sampling, measuring water quality on location and laboratory analysis for samples of water and sediment. Analysis result showed that the data of water quality collected in every station was relatively homogeneous. The quality of water at measuring time approached critical treshold required for fish raising. The result showed that the level of decomposition Sediment Organic Metter, water quality in Cirata reservoir based on IKA_STORET valued class I, II, and III catagorized as worse. Valued DO, sulfide, Fenol, BOD, COD, Total Fosfat byone water quality standar. The destruction will occur by itself, depending on the availability of oxygen on the sediment and interface when there is bacteria serving as heterotraphic aerobic in line with the availability of dissolved oxygen for bacteria to do the decomposition activity in the sediment. The result would be confirmed on dendogram classification hierarchy, result revealed that stations of observation were divided into 2 groups according to affecting characteristics. Group 1 covering stasion 1 and 2, group 2 which covering station 3 was characterized by high concentration of nitrit and orto fosfat with c-organik.Sources of the decomposition at Cirata Reservoir are from industrial activities, household waste, agricultural waste, and the leftover from the activities of floating net fish cages. The wastes are in the form of fat, protein and carbohydrat. In decomposition process and the rate of destruction process of organic matters in the sediment is carried our by bacteria, resulting in the oxygen dissolved in the waters will decrease. This lessens the oxygen at Cirata reservoir so that decomposition process takes place anaerobically at the bottom of the waters. The methodology was conducted by water and sediment sampling, measuring water quality on location and laboratory analysis for samples of water and sediment. Analysis result showed that the data of water quality collected in every station was relatively homogeneous. The quality of water at measuring time approached critical treshold required for fish raising. The result showed that the level of decomposition Sediment Organic Metter, water quality in Cirata reservoir based on IKA_STORET valued class I, II, and III catagorized as worse. Valued DO, sulfide, Fenol, BOD, COD, Total Fosfat byone water quality standar. The destruction will occur by itself, depending on the availability of oxygen on the sediment and interface when there is bacteria serving as heterotraphic aerobic in line with the availability of dissolved oxygen for bacteria to do the decomposition activity in the sediment. The result would be confirmed on dendogram classification hierarchy, result revealed that stations of observation were divided into 2 groups according to affecting characteristics. Group 1 covering stasion 1 and 2, group 2 which covering station 3 was characterized by high concentration of nitrit and orto fosfat with c-organik.
Andi Parenrengi, Alimuddin Alimuddin, Andi Tenriulo
Indonesian Aquaculture Journal, Volume 12, pp 67-75; doi:10.15578/iaj.12.2.2017.67-75

Abstract:White spot syndrome virus (WSSV) has caused mass mortality on tiger shrimp (Penaeus monodon) culture and adversely affects prawn industry worldwide including Indonesia. It is well known that the protein structure of WSSV plays an important role in the virus infection and morphogenesis process. A viral protein structure called VP-15 is located in the nucleocapsid of virion virus. The protein structure involves in the life cycle of WSSV in host cells. A gene encoding VP-15 could be involved in constructing the RNA interference (RNAi), so it is needed to isolate and characterize for RNAi technology purpose. The study was aimed to isolate and characterize the VP-15 from the infected WSSV tiger shrimp. The characterization of VP-15 was undertaken through assessment of nucleotide sequence, amino acid deduction, alignment nucleotide/protein searches using Genetyx and BLAST program, and dendrogram construction analysis. The results showed that VP-15 was successfully isolated in form of ORFDNA with a fragment size of 243 bp. The phylogenetic tree analysis revealed three clusters corresponding to the time (year) of isolates collection. The VP-15 consisted of 80 amino acids, two start codons (ATG), one stop codon (TAA), and one Kozak context (AAAATGG). Hydrophilic amino acid was the highest composition (44.2%), followed by neutral (31.2%) and hydrophobic (24.6%) amino acid groups. The VP-15 was rich in amino acid of lysine (21.3%), arginine (22.9%) and serine (24.6%). The successful isolation of VP-15 is a very important step in providing a basic yet suitable material in constructing the dsRNA vaccine to control shrimp diseases in aquaculture.
Asda Laining, Ike Trismawanti, Kamaruddin Kamaruddin, Makmur Makmur
Indonesian Aquaculture Journal, Volume 12, pp 59-66; doi:10.15578/iaj.12.2.2017.59-66

Abstract:Carotenoids, besides as a natural pigment, may have vital roles in the growth of crustacean. The aim of this study was to clarify the influence of combined carotenoids given since pre-maturation stage on the growth performances, pigmentation and biochemical composition of the whole body of pond-reared tiger shrimp, Penaeus monodon. Two experimental diets were supplemented with or without carotenoid mixture consisting of astaxanthin, canthaxanthin and other carotenoids contained in Spirulina. The carotenoid mixture was supplemented in the commercial diet normally used as a starter feed for tiger shrimp, re-pelleted and fed to tiger shrimp with an initial body weight of 31.7±1.3 g. Shrimp were stocked in four 1,000 m2 concrete ponds with a density of 1 shrimp/m2 and fed until the shrimp reached maturation stage (broodstock size). Variables observed were growth performances and pigmentation properties during the pre-maturation stage and total carotenoid content in several tissues of the female broodstock after being fed with the diets until maturation stage. After 16 weeks, shrimp fed with carotenoid-enriched diet (PC) diet produced significantly (P
Sulaeman Sulaeman, Ravi Fotedar
Indonesian Aquaculture Journal, Volume 12, pp 43-51; doi:10.15578/iaj.12.2.2017.43-51

Abstract:The experiments investigated the reproductive performance of the domesticated broodstock of the silver perch and the relationship between various degrees of oil globule fragmentation and egg quality. Six years old of second generation broodstock (n=3) were evaluated based on the fecundity, fertilisation rate, hatching rate, the degree of oil fragmentation of egg, and the quality of embryos and larvae produced. The fragmentation were grouped into three categories: un-fragmented (cat-1), moderately fragmented (cat-2), and highly fragmented (cat-3). The results showed that the broodstock had a relatively high fecundity (132,400 ± 7,22), fertilization rate (94.27 ± 1.28%), and hatching rates (87.94 ± 1.23%). The survival rate of larvae at 12 days post hatching (dph) in cat-1 (71.3 ± 0.9%) was higher than cat-2 (66.7 ± 0.9%) whereas cat-2 was higher than cat-3 (61.3 ± 0.3%). The eggs was dominated by cat-1 (78.11 ± 2.44%) which was significantly higher than cat-2 (21.26 ± 2.45%) and cat-3 ones (0.40 ± 0.21%). The survival rate of embryo at 20 hours post spawning (hps) and hatching rate of cat-1 (95.33 ± 0.00% and 93.33 ± 0.00%) and cat-2 (90.00 ± 0.00% and 85.00 ± 0.00%) were significantly higher than cat-3 (72.33 ± 1.76% and 60.33 ± 0.00%). The total length (TL) of the larvae of cat-1 and cat-2 (8.44 ± 0.21 mm and 8.35 ± 0.23 mm respectively) were significantly higher than larvae of cat-3 (7.09 ± 0.14 mm). No significant difference was found in the larval deformities among any categories. In conclusion, the reproductive performance of six year-old broodstock silver perch showing acceptable performance and egg categorisation based on oil globule fragmentation can be used as a useful tool to indicate eggs quality of silver perch.
Noviana Dewi, Isti Koesharyani
Indonesian Aquaculture Journal, Volume 12, pp 77-82; doi:10.15578/iaj.12.2.2017.77-82

Abstract:This study was performed to detect Aeromonas hydrophila infection in wild and cultured elver eel (Anguilla bicolor). In total, 20 live elvers (10 wild and 10 cultured) were collected and subjected to Aeromonas hydrophila tests. Polymerase chain reaction (PCR) was done for an accurate identification of Aeromonas hydrophila using a universal primer and detection of the aerolysin gene in A. hydrophila using a specific primer. The virulence of A. hydrophila was determined using a pathogenicity test injection. The results showed that A. hydrophila could be detected using PCR and amplification of 685bp DNA. A. hydrophila could also be confirmed to contain the aerolysin gene of 290 bp DNA which could be a virulence indicator. Pathogenicity test revealed that LC50 was estimated to be 10.9 x 10 6.33. Histopathological changes were found in the abdominal and wounded muscles. Those changes were mainly in tissue ephitel cell hyperplasia. Based on the present study, A. hydrophila is a virulent bacteria in elver eel. A. hydrophila disease preventive measures need to be formulated. Elver eels should be tested for the A. hydrophila before restocking into farms.
Asep Sopian, Alimuddin Alimuddin, Imron Imron, Harry Krettiawan, Fajar Anggraeni, Desy Nurul Astuti
Indonesian Aquaculture Journal, Volume 12; doi:10.15578/iaj.12.1.2017.7-13

Abstract:High size variation of giant freshwater prawn was found in harvest and resulting in low productivity. Marker assisted selection may be useful to generate broodstock that produces progeny with high growth and homogeneity. This study was conducted to obtain growth related molecular marker in giant freshwater prawn. Genomic DNA was extracted from swimming leg (pleiopods) of 10 giant freshwater prawns fifth Generation for existence of SNP identification, consisted of 5 fast growth (FG) and 5 slow growth (SG). While for SNP confirmation and resolving power of specific primer studies. The pleiopods sample was taken from six generation of 201 giant freshwater prawns, consisted of 129 fast-growth (FG) with 16.06 ± 2.48 g body weight and 72 slow-growth (SG) with 6.05 ± 0.90 g body weight. Oligonucleotide primers were designed according to Gene Bank database of crustacean hyperglycemic hormone (CHH) gene sequence. The amplified DNA fragment was then sequenced. The results of sequencing showed there was one base different in nucleotides of FG and SG prawns. Six set of primers were designed based on those CH gene sequence. PCR analysis resulted one set of primers which showed a specific amplification product of 280 bp for growth. The result of sequence analysis using the basic local alignment search tools showed that the nucleotide sequence of those PCR products had similarity of 99%-100% with CHH gen of M. rosenbergii. Thus, a candidate of growth related molecular marker have been identified for giant freshwater prawn.
Ofri Johan, Agus Budianto
Indonesian Aquaculture Journal, Volume 12; doi:10.15578/iaj.12.1.2017.37-42

Abstract:Coral disease surveys were conducted in Bintan, Kepulauan Riau Province. The purpose was to identify the abundance of corals showing signs of Yellow Syndrome (YS) disease and to describe similar pathological signs to that of AYBD throughout Bintan District. Three belt transects (2 m x 50 m in size) were set up to determine the abundance of coral reef attacked by YS disease. Line intercept transects were used to determine the percentage of live corals in the surveyed areas. The survey showed that the YS disease syndrome attacked 8 different genera i.e. Acropora, Montipora, Porites, Pavona, Turbinaria, Favia, Platygyra, and Favites. The highest attack happened at Mapur Island (0.06 kol/m2) on Porites lutea, Turbinaria peltata, T. mesenterina, Acropora bruggemanni, and Pavona frondifera. The survey also indicated that there may have been at least two types of YS i.e. the first type caused by a boring and/or over-growing sponge species and the second type caused by a kind of pathogenic microbe. Regardless the causal agent of YS, the severity of YS attack on coral urged immediate action to be undertaken and should include initial microscopic and histology examinations. Based on this initial microscopic and histology examinations it was found out that YS bears a close resemblance to the Arabian Yellow Band Disease. This study, however, argued that the word “disease” may have been incorrectly used without identifying a specific causal agent.
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