Journal Asian Journal of Social Sciences and Management Studies

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71 articles
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Nkhumeleni Mathobo, Mashupye Herbert Maserumule, Kabelo Boikutso Moeti
Asian Journal of Social Sciences and Management Studies, Volume 5, pp 87-90; doi:10.20448/journal.500.2018.53.87.90

Abstract:Budget management remains a challenge in public hospitals with regard to the delivery of cost effective health services. This article is based on a study undertaken to develop a budget management model for managers in public hospitals in the Limpopo Province of South Africa. The question is: How can the management of the budget in public hospitals be improved? The study investigates budget management in the public hospitals. The research methodology used for this study is both quantitative and qualitative research design to generate data required to achieve its aim and objectives. The targeted population for the study was all public hospitals in the Limpopo Province, which comprises 40 public hospitals. The findings showed that, as there is improvement in budget management, much needs to be done to improve budget management in the public hospitals. In this study a budget management model is recommended for consideration by managers.
Faiyaz Md Iqbal
Asian Journal of Social Sciences and Management Studies, Volume 5, pp 102-104; doi:10.20448/journal.500.2018.53.102.104

Abstract:The purpose of this research is to find out the impact that Artificial Intelligence (AI) is having on the recruitment, training, development and retention of workers in organizations. Although, a very recent phenomena in the Human Resource (HR) world, AI is already having significant impact in this sector and this paper focuses on those impacts in details. The research focuses on some external articles to demonstrate some of the findings of the impact of AI in modern day organizations. The study finds that AI is having positive impacts on the management of workers in companies and comes up with a recommendation to invest more in AI processes to take HR management to the next level.
António Abreu, Rúben Piedade
Asian Journal of Social Sciences and Management Studies, Volume 5, pp 72-81; doi:10.20448/journal.500.2018.53.72.81

Abstract:Based on exploration criteria, the Phase-Out of an asset comprises the operation end of that asset. However, given the high cost of some assets, decision makers are faced by the dilemma of developing policies that allow them to extend the exploration period or find alternative scenarios for their use. With the aim of creating value, in terms of maintenance planning, this paper proposes a decision support model based on a multi-criteria approach, with the objective of selecting the best alternative. The proposed model analyzes the exploration extension scenario of an asset, identifying the actions necessary to guarantee its operational availability in relation to other alternative scenarios. The model developed was applied to the Alpha Jet fleet of the Portuguese Air Force, which is in Phase-Out period and will cease to operate in January 2018, and there is no definite decision for its use.
Abdurrahman Kirtepe, Turan Çetinkaya, Fatih Mehmet Uğurlu
Asian Journal of Social Sciences and Management Studies, Volume 5, pp 60-64; doi:10.20448/journal.500.2018.52.60.64

Abstract:The aim of this study was to determine the factors that are effective in the non-preference of Park and recreation areas in the city center of Gaziantep Metropolitan municipality according to different variables. There were no significant differences between the income and the variables affecting participation in activities in parks and recreation areas (p> 0.05), and the absence of participation in activities in parks and recreation areas when women prefer park and recreation areas (p 0.05). Women in parks and recreation areas are more likely to be exposed to physical assault than men, and those who do not have the necessary spare time to participate in these areas are not very interested in recreation areas because of their family responsibilities they have not been able to use such areas.
Egzonis Hajdari, Fulya Erlüle
Asian Journal of Social Sciences and Management Studies, Volume 5, pp 32-39; doi:10.20448/journal.500.2018.51.32.39

Abstract:Divorce is an ancient institution of marital law that was born shortly after marriage. This institution is known by ancient laws, as well as by contemporary laws. In Kosovo the issue of divorce is regulated by Family Law. This law addresses besides principle divorce issues (divorce modalities, initiative and decision-making subjects, proceedings etc.), as well as the causes of divorces. Such issues, in an identical manner are regulated also by Turkish Civil Code. Modest results of this scientific paper indicate the fact that the issue of divorce in Kosovo constitutes a complicated and a relatively wide extent phenomenon. Consequently, in Kosovo society of these past five years (2010 – 2014) were recorded 6388 divorce cases. Divorce cases have manifested a different presence degree observing this in the context of causes determining this harmful phenomenon. Divorce whenever and wherever happens it causes numerous social and psychological consequences etc. which significantly hit spouses, their children but also society in general. During the preparation of this scientific paper we used historical-legal, legal, comparative, statistical and sampling methods.
Haitao Tang, Jimei Ma, Li Liu
Asian Journal of Social Sciences and Management Studies, Volume 5, pp 40-45; doi:10.20448/journal.500.2018.51.40.45

Abstract:As economic exchange has deepened in the international community, traditional Chinese drugs have gone global and gained a share in overseas markets. However, due to internal and external restrictions, only a small proportion of traditional Chinese drugs can gain access to mainstream drug markets in foreign countries. This article designs strategies and provides suggestions for globalizing the presence of traditional Chinese drugs based on an analysis of the current conditions and challenges of this globalization process.
Tulus Suryanto, Femei Purnamasari, Mohamad Kurniawan
Asian Journal of Social Sciences and Management Studies, Volume 5, pp 65-71; doi:10.20448/journal.500.2018.52.65.71

Abstract:Tax revenue and income disparity Becomes attention and important study that need to be Analyzed, this is how tax revenues continue to increase it were an effect on income inequality in Indonesia. The magnitude of per capita income in Indonesia is the medium category with poor people have continued to rise in the last ten years. This research is to find out how the effect on the tax revenue with income disparity in Indonesia. Typically, the data that the data used is the panel that combines with a cross section of data and time series, starts from 2014 - 2016. Analysis that will uses in this research is double semi-log linear regression through Pooled Least Square with Fixed Effects Model (FEM) analysis, in conclusion the research finds that tax revenues has positive correlation with income disparity and will be reviewed restaurants by an Islamic perspective. Tax policy in the Islamic perspective gives important input to implement tax policy in Indonesia. In Islam's view, the tax for Muslims has been applied for reviews their own responsibilities and regulations, Islamic Also has been implement how the source and the collecting system, the system should have secured or make a guarantee that the rich people and the welfare people get bigger proportion (to pay tax) because welfare social order. The cost of the tax burden in society that will show equal and not too give strength if the cost that applied based on people's ability follows the tax system in Islam. Indeed, it can be a reason for decreasing inequality and poverty in each region.
Uzooba Hureem, Zainab Butt
Asian Journal of Social Sciences and Management Studies, Volume 5, pp 8-15; doi:10.20448/journal.500.2018.51.8.15

Abstract:In the arid parts of Pakistan, the farmers are socially excluded owing to their lack of access to technology and unaffordability of farm inputs. Two thirds of Pakistan is arid and dependent on rain. Irregular patterns of rainfall also play havoc with agricultural productivity and ultimately affects GDP & food security. The purpose of this research was to observe the existence of social exclusion of the small farmers from different dimensions and to study their neutral relationship. Case studies of 15 farmers were conducted to get information about social exclusion from different dimensions and their relationship. Analysis of the data supports the hypothesis of farmers’ social exclusion along a host of dimensions such as education, infrastructure and technological access. The extent of social exclusion is significantly more in the case of farmers living in disadvantaged areas. Most of the farmers do not have enough means to enhance their yield; lack of education, lack of access to adequate water resources and unawareness about modern technologies which is the major contributor to their exclusion.
Zhaohui Hong, Jianfeng Jin
Asian Journal of Social Sciences and Management Studies, Volume 5, pp 23-31; doi:10.20448/journal.500.2018.51.23.31

Abstract:Addressing the digital and spatial study of the Protestant market in Taiwan and mainland China is pioneering attempt to enhance the Christian study in Asia. The article selects Taipei and China's five additional provincial capital cities in the southeast coast to calculate and map the supply-side and demand-side of the Protestant market in the early of 21st century. Utilizing the digital and spatial methods, the article provides a comparative perspective in measuring the Protestant density, accessibility and availability of Taipei and five capital cities in China's southeast coast. The article concludes that in light of a democratic society with a religious freedom policy, Taipei has enjoyed a healthy Protestant market demonstrated by its better Protestant density, accessibility and availability.
Irteja Hasan, Israt Sultana, Ali Adnan, Md. Delwar Hossain, Md. Abdur Rouf Talukder, Md. Tareq Jubayer, Md. Mostafizur Rahman, Md. Sagirul Islam Majumder
Asian Journal of Social Sciences and Management Studies, Volume 5, pp 105-113; doi:10.20448/journal.500.2018.53.105.113

Abstract:Bangladesh is a disaster affected country due to its geographical location and anthropogenic causes. Every year thousands of people are impacted by different kinds of climate induced environmental stressed. Social Safety Nets (SSNs) are non-contributory programmes that helps the poor and vulnerable community and also to reduce poverty and inequality to cope with disasters. Bangladesh government has taken initiative to alleviate poverty including the most vulnerable segment and poor people under different Safety Net Programmes. This study has been undertaken to assess the impacts of these allowance programs for increasing social and economic resiliency in household level. Both primary and secondary data were used to conduct this study. Primary data were collected through questionnaire survey, focus group discussions, and case study. Secondary data were collected from different sources including books, journals and websites related to the study. This study has also investigated how the allowance allocated to extreme poor widows, elders and disabled people can facilitate their disaster resiliency. It compares the situation of allowance receivers to the situation when they were not getting the allowance. The study found that the program has a positive impact on the basic needs like food, cloth, medicine accessibility of the beneficiaries which make them economically resilient. It also founds that although the allowance amount is relatively small and insufficient to significantly contribute to household’s graduation, it often enables recipients to stabilize their earnings. The study has suggested the need to develop a number of strategies especially for the local government to facilitate successful SSN program including increasing the amount of allowance, distributing money through mobile banking system, proper monitoring in selection process are most urgent in the study area.
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