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Journal Indonesian Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology

231 articles
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Junita Indarti, Sandy Prasetyo
Indonesian Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology pp 9-14; doi:10.32771/inajog.v7i1.638

Abstract:Objective: To investigate the knowledge of midwives about hypertensive disorders during pregnancy. Methods: The study design is cross-sectional by evaluating the knowledge of midwives regarding hypertensive disorders during pregnancy by using questionnaire. This study was conducted in Jakarta during the period between September and October 2017. The subject is a midwife member of Indonesian Midwives Association (IBI) practicing in DKI Jakarta, Indonesia. Results: Total respondents were 639 practicing midwives in Central, South, West and North Jakarta. A total of 323 (50.5%) of the respondents had a sufficient level of knowledge about the basic science of high blood pressure in pregnancy, 372 (58.2%) of respondents had a good level of knowledge related to clinical examination and early diagnosis of high blood pressure in pregnancy, and 385 (60.3%) of respondents had a good level of knowledge about the management of high blood pressure in pregnancy. The location of the clinic, physician attendance, the number of patients treated by the midwives, and the number of midwives attending the clinic had significant association with the knowledge level of the subjects (all P values < 0,05) Conclusion: The lowest knowledge level was about the basic science of hypertensive disorders during pregnancy. Factors affecting the knowledge levels of the midwives were location of the clinic, physician attendance, the number of patients treated by the midwives, and the number of midwives attending the clinic Keywords: knowledge, midwive, hypertensive disorders, pregnancy, preeclampsia
Nur Waqiah, David Lotisna, Nusratuddin Abdullah
Indonesian Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology pp 50-53; doi:10.32771/inajog.v7i1.830

Abstract:Background: Most of the stress urinary incontinence (SUI) occurs after first delivery and related to the mode of delivery. Objective: To determine the factors that affects the incidence of stress urinary incontinence post partum Methods: Women experienced with stress urinary incontinence 3 months after birth vaginally or section caesarean were enrolled in the present cross sectional study. The strength of the pelvic floor muscle measured with perineometer. All of women were assessed for SUI using Sandvix Severity Index (SSI) dan The three incontinence question (3IQ) questionnaire. A person chi-square test was used to analysis with p value
Juminten Saimin, Amalia N Azizah, Satrio Wicaksono
Indonesian Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology pp 5-8; doi:10.32771/inajog.v7i1.818

Abstract:Objective : To identify socio-demographic and nutritional determinant associated with birth weight in coastal areas. Method : A cross sectional study using simple random sampling method. Data of labour in coastal areas of Kendari City was analyzed. Total of 215 women who aterm delivery in Community Health Centre of Mata, Nambo and Abeli on January to December 2016 were included in this study. Birth weight was examined in association with independent variable as maternal age, education, occupation, husband’s job, parity, antenatal care, iron tablets consumption and upper arm circumference. Results : Most participants were aged 20-25 years old, primary education, as housewife, multiparity and husband work as self-employed. There was 8.9% low birth weight in coastal areas. Maternal age, education and ANC visits were significantly associated with birth weight (p < 0.05). Consumption of iron tablets and upper arm circumference were significantly associated with birth weight (p < 0.05). Conclusion :Maternal age, education and ANC visits were socio-demographic determinant that associated with birth weight. Iron tablets consumption and upper arm circumference were nutritional determinant that significantly associated with birth weight. Keywords : age, antenatal care, birth weight, education, iron tablets, upper arm circumference Abstrak Tujuan :Mengidentifikasi determinan sosio-demografik dan gizi yang berhubungan dengan berat badan lahir bayi di daerah pesisir. Metode :Penelitian potong lintangdengan pengambilan sampel secara simple random sampling. Dilakukan analisis terhadap 215 ibu hamil yang melahirkan bayi cukup bulan di wilayah kerja Puskesmas Mata, Nambo dan Abelipada bulan Januari sampai Desember 2016. Varia beli independen berupa usia ibu, tingkat pendidikan, pekerjaan, pekerjaan suami, paritas, antenatal care, konsumsi tablet besi dan ukuran lingkar lengan atas. Hasil :Responden terbanyak berusia 20-25tahun, berpendidikan rendah, bekerja sebagai ibu rumah tangga, multiparitas dan pekerjaan suami wiraswasta. Terdapat8,9% bayi BBLR. Terdapat hubungan yang bermakna antara usia ibu, tingkat pendidikan dan ANC dengan BBL (p < 0.05). Terdapat hubungan yang bermakna antara konsumsi tablet besi dan ukuran LILA dengan BBL (p < 0.05). Kesimpulan :Determinan sosio-demografik yang berhubungan dengan BBL adalah usia, tingkat pendidikan, dan ANC. Sedangkan determinan gizi yang berhubungan dengan BBL adalah konsumsi tablet besi dan ukuran LILA. Kata kunci: ANC, BBL, LILA, pendidikan, tablet besi, usia
Yulius Andriansyah, Amir F, Firmansyah B, Theodorus Theodorus
Indonesian Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology pp 54-60; doi:10.32771/inajog.v7i1.837

Abstract:Background : Pelvic organ prolapse (POP) is a condition in which interna genitalia protrude into vagina, or even out of vagina. This occur due to weaknesses of pelvic muscle, fascia and ligaments support. Sacrospinous ligament fixation (SSF) is an ideal vaginal procedure for POP repair with 90-95% success rate. This study aims to determine the effectiveness of SSF in patients with POP at dr. Mohammad Hoesin hospital (RSMH) Palembang Method: Randomized clinical trial (RCT) was performed at RSMH Palembang from January to September 2017. There were 30 samples of pelvic organ prolapse who met the inclusion criteria. Data frequency and distribution were described in table form and the effectiveness of SSF were analyzed by Wilcoxon / paired t-test while the effectiveness ratio was analyzed by Mann Whitney / independent t-test. Data were analyzed using SPSS version 16.0. Result: There were no differences in patient characteristics (age, parity, body weight, height, and occupation) between the two treatment groups (p
I Putu F I White, John J E Wantania, Maya E Mewengkang
Indonesian Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology pp 9-14; doi:10.32771/inajog.v7i1.820

Abstract:Objective:Uncovering the connection of serum lipid profile (total cholesterol, triglyceride, HDL, LDL, VLDL) with preeclampsia in pregnancy and postpartum, and its outcome. Method:This is a cross-sectional comparative analytic study Result:From 28 preeclampsia subject were found, mean value of systole 165.36 mmHg and 105.71 diastole. Serum lipid profile in pregnancy and postpartum has a significant differences and correlated with preeclampsia, total cholesterol 234.5 mg/dl and 192.71 mg/dl, p=0.000; medium positive in pregnancy with systole r=0.461; p=0.013, weak positive with diastole r=0.380; p=0.046; postpartum with systole medium positive r=0.615; p=0.001, and weak positive with diastole r=0.317; p=0.100. LDL 140.5 mg/dl and 102.5 mg/dl, p=0.000; pregnancy and systole r=0.446; p=0,017; and postpartum were medium positive r=0.546; p=0.003. HDL 51.5 mg/dl and 43.5 mg/dl, p=0.003; not correlated with BP. Triglyceride 268.89 mg/dl and 208.96 mg/dl, p=0.000; pregnancy r=0.516; p=0.005; postpartum r= 0.515; p=0.005 has medium correlation with systole. VLDL 53.78 mg/dl and 41.79, p=0.000; pregnancy r=0.461; p=0.013 systole medium positive; r=0.380; p=0.046 diastole weak positive; postpartum r=0,615; p=0,001 systole strong positive. Conclusion:All parameter of serum lipid profile in pregnancy and postpartum has significant differences and related with severe preeclampsia. Total cholesterol, LDL, triglyceride, and VLDL correlated with BP in severe preeclampsia. Key word:endothelial dysfunction, lipid profile, preeclampsia. Abstrak Tujuan: Untuk mengetahui hubungan profil lipid serum (kolesterol total, trigliserida, HDL, LDL, VLDL) dengan preeklampsia dan luarannya dalam kehamilan dan postpartum. Metode: Penelitian ini merupakan studi potong lintang analitik komparatif Hasil: Dari 28 subjek dengan preeklamsia, ditemukan rerata systole 165,36 mmHg dan 105,71 diastole. Profil lipid serum dalam kehamilan dan postpartum ditemukan berbeda bermakna dan berhubungan dengan preeklampsia berat, kolesterol total 234,5 mg/dl dan 192,71 mg/dl, p=0,000; kehamilan dengan sistole positif sedang r=0,461; p=0,013, diastole positif lemah r=0,380; p=0,046; postpartum dengan sistole positif sedang r=0,615; p=0,001, dan diastole postitif lemah r=0,317; p=0,100. LDL 140,5 mg/dl dan 102,5 mg/dl, p=0,000; dalam kehamilan dengan sistole r=0,446; p=0,017; dan postpartum positif sedang r=0,546; p=0,003. HDL 51,5 mg/dl dan 43,5 mg/dl, p=0,003; tidak berkorelasi dengan TD. Trigliserida 268,89 mg/dl dan 208,96 mg/dl, p=0,000; kehamilan r=0,516; p=0,005; postpartum r= 0,515; p = 0,005 korelasi positif sedang dengan sistole. VLDL 53,78 mg/dl dan 41,79, p=0,000; kehamilan r=0,461; p=0,013 positif sedang dengan sistole; r=0,380; p=0,046 positif lemah dengan diastole; postpartum r=0,615; p=0,001 positif kuat dengan sistole. Kesimpulan: Seluruh parameter profil lipid serum kehamilan dan postpartum ditemukan memiliki perbedaan bermakna dan berhubungan dengan preeklampsia berat....
Willy Akbar, Syahrul Rauf, Deviana S. Riu, St. Maisuri T. Chalid
Indonesian Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology pp 70-74; doi:10.32771/inajog.v7i1.817

Abstract:Objective : To determine the conformity of HPV type 16 and 18 in cervical and oral/buccal specimens from cervical cancer patients. Methods :A cross-sectional study was conducted in March - September 2016 at several hospitals in Makassar. HPV 16 and 18 genotyping in cervical and oral fluid of 77 patients with cervical cancer performed with PCR method. Results : The prevalence of HPV type 18 infection both in the cervical and the oral fluid was higher than HPV type 16 [9(47.4%) vs 5(26.3%)]. The aggreement of HPV type 18 infection (r=0.328;p=0.000) in the cervical-oral sites was higher than HPV type 16 (r=0.194;p=0.042). Conclusion : HPV type 16 and 18 could infect both cervix and oral cavity although type-specific concordance is low. Keywords :Human papillomavirus,servix, oral cavity Abstrak Tujuan: Mengetahui tingkat kesesuaian hasil pemeriksaan HPV tipe 16 dan 18 antara spesimen serviks dan oral/buccal pada penderita kanker serviks. Metode: Penelitian cross sectional ini dilakukan pada Maret – September 2016 pada beberapa rumah sakit di Makassar. Pemeriksaan HPV 16 dan 18 pada cairan serviks dan oral dari 77 orang penderita kanker serviks menggunakan teknik PCR. Hasil: Prevalensi infeksi bersama pada serviks dan oral HPV tipe 18 lebih tinggi dibandingkan HPV tipe 16 [9(47,4%) vs 5(26,3%)]. Tingkat kesesuaian antara HPV tipe 18 (r=0,328;p=0,000) pada serviks dan oral lebih tinggi dibandingkan tipe 16 (r=0,194;p=0,042). Kesimpulan: HPV tipe 16 dan 18 dapat menginfeksi serviks dan oral meskipun tingkat kesesuaian kedua tipe ini lemah. Kata kunci : Human papillomavirus, serviks, kavum oral
Andree Hartanto, John J. E. Wantania, Joice M.M. Sondakh
Indonesian Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology pp 34-39; doi:10.32771/inajog.v7i1.827

Abstract:Objective: To determine the relationship of elevated serum cortisol levels in the mother with dystocia labor Methods :this study was a prospective cohort, with mother who had dystocia labor as case group and mother with normal delivery as control group at RSUP Prof.DR.RD Kandou, and affiliation hospitals from October 2016 until March 2017. Data were analyzed With SPSS version 2.0 to see the significancy level. Results: from 32 cases, 16 cases with dysocystia labor and 16 cases with normal delivery. Of all cases with abnormal postpartum serum cortisol levels, the most were housewives with 14 cases (70%), based on educational level, most of whom below bachelor degree were 18 cases (90%). While cases with EPDS(Edinburgh postpartum depresson scale) score ≥10, found the most patients who underwent a cesarean section as many as 11 cases (68.75%). In the Mann-Whitney statistical test, it showed that serum cortisol levels (p=0.007) and EPDS score (p=0.001) had a significant relationship for risk of postpartum blues in dystocia labor. Conclusions: there was a significant relationship between serum cortisol levels and EPDS score with risk of postpartum blues on dystocia labor. Keywords: dystocia labor, EPDS score, postpartum blues, serum cortisol level. Abstrak Tujuan : mengetahui adanya hubungan peningkatan kadar kortisol serum pada ibu dengan persalinan distosia. Metode : penelitian ini adalah jenis kohort prospektif (cohort prospective), dengan kelompok ibu yang melahirkan dengan persalinan distosia sebagai kelompok kasusdan ibu yang melahirkan tanpa komplikasi persalinan sebagai kelompok kontrol di Bagian Kebidanan dan Kandungan Rumah Sakit Umum Pusat (RSUP) Prof.DR.R.D Kandou, dan RS jejaring mulai Oktober 2016 sampai Maret 2017.Data dianalisa dengan SPSS versi 2.0 untuk melihat tingkat kemaknaannya. Hasil : dari 32 subjek penelitian, 16 subjek dengan persalinan distosia dan 16 subjek dengan persalinan normal. Dari seluruh subjek penelitian yang mempunyai kadar kortisol serum postpartum abnormal,berdasarkan jenis pekerjaan, paling banyak adalah ibu rumah tangga dengan 14 subjek (70 %).Berdasarkan tingkat pendidikan, didapatkan paling banyak adalah SD,SMP,SMA sebanyak 18 subjek (90%). Sedangkan subjek yang mempunyai skor EPDS ≥ 10, ditemukan paling banyak subjek yang menjalani prosedur bedah sesar sebanyak 11 pasien (68,75%). Dalam uji statistik Mann-Whitney, menunjukkan bahwa kadar kortisol serum .(p=0.007) dan skor EPDS (p=0.001) mempunyai hubungan yang kuat untuk terjadinya postpartum blues pada persalinan distosia. Kesimpulan : terdapat hubungan bermakna kadar kortisol serum dan skor EPDS dengan postpartum blues pada persalinan distosia. Kata kunci : kadar kortisol serum, persalinan distosia, postpartum blues, skor EPDS.
Ummu Hani, Fernandi Moegni
Indonesian Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology pp 61-64; doi:10.32771/inajog.v7i1.838

Abstract:Objective: To know the difference of recovery time and the urinary residual volume between group of patient with different time of urinary residual collecting. Method: A randomized controlled trial was held at Dr. Cipto Mangunkusumo central general hospital and central Karawang hospital between March and Desember 2017. Postpartum women with urinary retention risks, willing to contribute to the trial, and diagnosed as post partum urinary retention were divided into 2 groups. Urinary residual volume was measured in 4th hour and 6th hour in each group. Patient then treated according to RSCM guideline, and the time of recovery was documented. Result: Both group have similar characteristic. The median length of recovery in the group which the urinary residual was measured in 4th hour was 30 hours, 21 hours shorter than 6th hour group, 51 hours (p< 0.001). The median of urinary residual volume of the 4th hour group was 600 ml, 400 ml lesser than the 6th hour group, 1000 ml (p< 0.001) Conclussion: time of recovery are shorter in the 4th hour group and the urinary residual volume are less in the 4th hour group compared to the 6th hour group. Keywords: post partum urinary retention, urine residual, urinary residual collecting time Abstrak Tujuan: untuk mengetahui lama pemulihan dan volume residu urin pada kelompok pasien dengan retensio urin pascapersalinan dengan beda waktu pengukuran, Metode: Penelitian ini menggunakan desai uji klinis acak di RSUPN Dr. Cipto Mangunkusumo dan RSUD Karawang bulan Maret-Desember 2017. Perermpuan pascasalin dengan risiko retensio urin pasca persalinan, bersedia mengikuti penelitian, dan terdiagnosis retensio urin dibagi menjadi dua kelompok. Kelompok pertama diukur residu urinnya dalam 4 jam, kelompok kedua dalam 6 jam. Pasien lalu diberikan tatalaksana retensio urin sesuai protokol RSUPNCM dan dicatat waktu pulihnya. Hasil: Karakteristik pasien pada kedua kelompok dianggap setara. Median lama pemulihan pasien retensio urin yang diukur residu urin 4 jam adalah 30 jam, berbeda 21 jam dengan pasien yang diukur resiudnya 6 jam, yaitu 51 jam (p
Johanes C Mose
Indonesian Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology pp 3-4; doi:10.32771/inajog.v7i1.986

Noroyono Wibowo, Peby M Lestari
Indonesian Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology pp 27-33; doi:10.32771/inajog.v7i1.826

Abstract:Objective: To identify the differences of hemodynamic profile and morphometric changes of maternal heart in normotensive and severe preeclampsia (early-onset and late-onset) pregnant women. Method: Cross-sectional study on consecutively selected 34 pregnant women which divided into three groups: normotensive group (n = 12), early-onset group (n = 11), and the late-onset group (n = 11). Conducted in the ER and inpatient care unit of Obstetrics and Gynecology Department, Faculty of Medicine Sriwijaya University / Dr. Moh. Hoesin Hospital Palembang, from April 2015 - June 2015. Results: There are significant differences in CO and SVR among three groups. In early onset groups, CO values ​​are lower (3.4 + 0:27, p 0.05). Conclusions: In severe preeclampsia there are changes in hemodynamic, ventricular morphometry, and left ventricular function. But the changes that occurred seems to be more evident in the early onset preeclampsia group of compared than late-onset preeclampsia. Keywords: Normotensive, early onset PEB, PEB late-onset, hemodynamic profile, cardiac morphometry.
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