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Journal The Indonesian Journal of Planning and Development

24 articles
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Tiara Sartika Worowirasmi, Artiningsih Artiningsih
The Indonesian Journal of Planning and Development, Volume 3, pp 44-55; doi:10.14710/ijpd.3.1.44-55

Abstract:Excessive utilization of coastal resources is threatening the livelihood of coastal dependent people. The current challenge is how to maintain and use coastal resources sustainably without reducing their potential benefits in the future. In response to coastal sustainability issues, many countries have implemented a policy to support marine protected areas. Until 2008, approximately 3.2 million hectares of marine protected areas conserved in Indonesia. One of them located in Ujungnegoro-Roban, Batang Regency of Central Java Province, Indonesia. This study aims to analyze fisherman livelihoods in Ujungnegoro-Roban, which may affect the fishermen’s conservation choices. This study employs questionnaire survey as the main data collection source, which was distributed to 60 fishermen randomly. The findings indicated some fisherman livelihood factors which have significant support for conservation activities, i.e. age, experience, income level and fisherman organization membership.
Eko Wahyudi
The Indonesian Journal of Planning and Development, Volume 3, pp 10-18; doi:10.14710/ijpd.3.1.10-18

Abstract:Climate change is a global issue that all governments have to encounter nowadays. In recent years, many governments are aware of the environmental issues necessary to agenda setting in their development objectives. Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) conducted by the United Nations gives guidelines for the governments to integrate both economic and environmental issues in a sustainable development framework. Meanwhile, the rural development has also become a global agenda in reducing the disparity between urban and rural areas. Many governments have conducted development strategies for ensuring economic prosperity along with ecological sustainability, yet for generating rural-urban equality as well. Low Carbon Green Growth Program is one of the strategies aimed to meet those objectives. The main purpose of the program is to reduce carbon dioxide emission to minimize the effects of greenhouse gasses (GHGs) as the main cause of climate change and global warming. An immediate action useful to implement the program is managing and utilizing biochar in agricultural process. Previous studies have proved that the biochar reduces CO2 emission and also restores soil fertility. One of the best applicable Low Carbon Green Growth Programs might be the pilot project conducted in Kameoka City of Japan called The Carbon Minus Project. The project’s main purpose is to reduce carbon emission by promoting a low-carbon lifestyle, yet economically profitable. Nganjuk Regency generates abundant biomass from agriculture products, livestock, plantation, and forestry. The solid biomass can be converted into biochar through a pyrolysis process. The result of this study is expected to be taken into consideration by the local governments to promote low carbon lifestyle, to combat climate change, and yet to reduce the rural-urban disparity.
Alfian Nurdiansyah
The Indonesian Journal of Planning and Development, Volume 3, pp 19-31; doi:10.14710/ijpd.3.1.19-31

Abstract:For several decades, Jakarta has witnessed massive urbanization that leads to urban slum problems. The problems have always been associated with urban kampung, the informal neighborhood which grows and tends to be more impoverished over times. The local government has implemented the Kampung Improvement Program (KIP) to reduce the problems. The program which included sites-and-services program, and resettlement policy was not entirely successful to overcome slum problems. In 2013, the Governor of Jakarta launched Kampung Deret Program (KDP) as an alternative to the on-site slum upgrading policy. However, the KDP was eventually postponed and removed from the local budget plan of Jakarta Province in 2015 due to some problems in the implementation. This article is aimed at explaining the effectiveness of the KDP program and analyzing alternative strategies for effective policy implementation of KDP. This study uses quantitative methods by applying observation, interview and documentation to collect the primary and secondary data. Petogogan and Pasar Minggu in South Jakarta were selected as cases. The study shows that there are technical difficulties faced by the authorities during the implementation of KDP. KDP Petogogan was quite successful comparing to the KDP Pasar Minggu in terms of installed housing, basic infrastructures-facilities, and security of tenure. The implementation was quite successful due to the application of some form of equal approaches which were based on the characteristic of policy object and the slum dwellers in every selected slum. Following the approach, KDP was implemented under three packages: KDP I, KDP II, and KDP III. It was finally found that the KDP packages were considered as an effective on-site slum upgrading policy that can minimize resistance and maximize participation from the slum dwellers.
Vita Elysia, Ake Wihadanto
The Indonesian Journal of Planning and Development, Volume 3, pp 32-43; doi:10.14710/ijpd.3.1.32-43

Abstract:Local Government of Magelang Regency initiates the Sister Village Program after Mount Merapi Eruption in 2010. The idea of this program is to connect villages at risk from Merapi eruption to partner villages with less risk in the surrounding regions. This program is part of post-disaster recovery initiatives at the local level which includes planned evacuation routes, shelters, provision of food and other daily essentials. This paper aims to shed light on the role of sister village program in promoting community resilience after the volcanic eruption of Merapi. It is found that the system of sister village program can fulfill many aspects of community resilience components. Considering Indonesia is one of the most disaster-prone countries in the world, this program should be regarded as a good example to be replicated in other prone areas in the country.
Iwan Fahlevi, Agus Sutanto, Andiani Andiani, Saut Aritua Hasiholan Sagala, Sulamith Kastl
The Indonesian Journal of Planning and Development, Volume 3, pp 1-9; doi:10.14710/ijpd.3.1.1-9

Abstract:In 2015 and 2016, the Education and Training Center of Geology, Mineral, and Coal (Pusdiklat Geologi, Mineral dan Batubara) developed training of Introduction to Geology for Spatial Planning based on a new standard curriculum. The objective of this training is to prepare the participants in dealing with basic environmental geology data and its analysis for spatial planning, including data and information management and generation, basic knowledge in the geographic information system (GIS) as well as the data interpretation and obstacles within spatial planning regarding the geological factors. Furthermore, the training is meant to introduce participants to basic methods in spatial planning processes, such as participatory planning, scenario building, and conflict analysis for geologically-induced conflicts in spatial planning. One focus of the training is the issue of disaster prevention via spatial planning. For this topic, the training refers to the Guideline for the Implementation of Geological Hazard Information in Spatial Planning (Pedoman Penyusunan Informasi Bahaya Geologi untuk Penataan Ruang) developed by the Geological Agency of Indonesia in 2015, supported by the German Development Cooperation. The approach of the new training differs from the previous standard curriculum which focused on operational and more technical procedures and scoring of geological analysis. One problem of passed training is the effectiveness of the training due to different knowledge levels of the participants, outsourced training parts and the often-passive didactic method implemented during the training. The new training is using a blended learning system, combining between e-learning in the introductory phase of the training to harmonize the participant's background and a highly interactive approach with practical elements to encourage the participants to apply theoretical knowledge directly. Moreover, the training aims to improve the participants’ capabilities to implement their knowledge to real case studies, from which they are likely to become more competent to fulfill their office tasks for sure. The new curriculum and training setup is adaptive to the current development process, using methods of gap analysis and SWOT analysis, determined contents, didactical needs, and limitations. These methods help to compare the expected performance of the new curriculum, both internally and externally, with the performance of the previous curriculum. Furthermore, the whole process is accompanied by focus group discussions to acquire feedback, reviews, and considerations for the setup and content of the changes applied to the curriculum.
Novi Puspitasari, Djoko Santoso Abi Suroso, Saut Aritua Hasiholan Sagala
The Indonesian Journal of Planning and Development, Volume 2; doi:10.14710/ijpd.2.2.62-73

Abstract:West Java is an Indonesian Province which has a high risk of climate change impacts particularly in terms of increased exposure from many natural disasters. A natural disaster occurs frequently in the West Java Province, making the region vulnerable due to the biggest population in Indonesia it belongs to. Children are the most vulnerable population facing climate change impact because their physiological condition is not fully developed yet. They have a low adaptation ability towards the predicted changes. Therefore, mainstreaming climate change adaptation for children into development planning is important. It is also critical in order to induce more effective adaptation program. This paper analyzes how far the current development plan in the West Java Province reckons child adaptation mainstreaming to climate change. Data collection methods used in this research are the secondary method through the related development plan and the primary method through an in-depth interview to the related government institutions. Based on the analysis results using a content analysis, the region has a potential entry point to mainstream the adaptation of climate change into the development plan, involving seven government institutions. The opportunity of entry point from the West Java development plan is found in Badan Pengelolaan Lingkungan Hidup Daerah/BPLHD (the Regional Environmental Management Agency) work plan. However, among these institutions, it is only BPLHD and the Health Department which almost fulfill all of the institutional capacity components to mainstreaming the adaptation of climate change for children into the West Java development planning. Therefore, both institutions are potentially recommended acting for initiators to induce coordination between the seven government institutions to mainstream the adaptation of climate change for children into the West Java development planning.
Ambar Teguh Sulistiyani, Kristi Yuliani, Muammar Yuliana
The Indonesian Journal of Planning and Development, Volume 2; doi:10.14710/ijpd.2.2.94-107

Abstract:Yogyakarta City is passed by three rivers, i.e. Winongo River, Code River, and Gajahwong River. Due to that geological condition, Yogyakarta City is prone to annual flood more often than the other types of disaster. Dealing with the risk, the Yogyakarta City Government introduces Kampung Tangguh Bencana or disaster resilient villages (DRV). DRV is a village which has an ability to identify hazards in its environment and is able to organize the human resources in reducing the susceptibility as well as increasing the capacity to reduce the disaster risks. These abilities are carried out in development planning and capacity enhancement in restoration after the emergency condition. Thus, it is important for DRVs to understand the responsiveness and the ability to become autonomous in flood counter-measurement in Yogyakarta City. In order to find out the responsiveness of DRVs in handling the flood, a research using qualitative approach was performed through a set of interviews with key persons. Information was gained from related stakeholders, such as the local government officers, community, and local agency for disaster management (Badan Penanggulangan Bencana Daerah or BPBD) as the organizer of the program. Triangulation method was performed to find out the synchronization between stakeholders. The villages observed in this research were Karanganyar, Warungboto, and Wirobrajan which were located on the river bank. The result of this research covered the description in handling flood through DRVs, the form and identity of DRVs, the contract-expand model action in the management phases of disaster, as well as the advantages and weaknesses of DRVs. The data gained was analyzed in depth by comparing the responsiveness and the ability to become autonomous in the three villages. The recommended formulation was given to the DRVs, the local government, and the local community to carry out the DRVs effectively and sustainably.
Balqis Febriyantina Gunari, Citra Persada, Zulqadri Ansar
The Indonesian Journal of Planning and Development, Volume 2; doi:10.14710/ijpd.2.2.87-93

Abstract:The purpose of this research is to identify priority factors for community participation in the planning stage of Neighborhood Upgrading Shelter and Sector Project (NUSSP) in Bandar Lampung. The analytical method used is Analytical Hierarchy Process (AHP) to obtain the priority factors gathered from nine key informants, and factor analysis method to analyze data taken from 101 participating communities in Kota Karang settlement as the case. The result shows that the priority factors causing community participation are: 1) a good cooperation among the key stakeholders involving the local government, the village head, the chairman of the neighborhood association, the community’s public figures, and non-governmental organization (NGO) represented in the community self-reliance organization (Lembaga Keswadayaan Masyarakat/LKM); 2) community inclusion by the NGO In the LKM; 3) community’s cooperative behaviour in the neighborhood; 4) clarity of the program socialization by the local government with an easy-to-understand language; 5) the low-income community in decent life; 6) proper acknowledgement to community opinion; 7) community freedom to speak in the public meeting.
Nila Ardhyarini H. Pratiwi, Yovi Dzulhijjah Rahmawati, Ivo Setiono
The Indonesian Journal of Planning and Development, Volume 2; doi:10.14710/ijpd.2.2.74-86

Abstract:Climate change will greatly affect many aspects of Indonesia’s economy, society, and environment. The vulnerability of individuals to climate change will depend on their adaptive capacity and manifestations of gender inequality can affect this capacity. It is generally acknowledged that women may be more vulnerable to climate change impact than men. Therefore, gender inequality becomes the critical issue on climate change adaptation. However, it is not yet mainstreamed into climate change adaptation program in Indonesian cities. With regard to such circumstance, this study assessed the gender dimensions in the context of climate change vulnerability, and how to mainstream gender-sensitive into climate change adaptation program at the local level with a case of Cirebon, Indonesia, in urban and rural areas. Mixed methods were employed for this study by combining quantitative and qualitative analysis through explanatory and comprehensive analysis. We examined the gender differences on socio-economic condition by using the socio-ecological model with various variables consisting of literacy and education, livelihood, access to and control over resources, health, mobility, female-headed household, and roles in decision-making. The results highlight that there are different gender’s adaptive capacities between urban and rural areas to climate change, and gender mainstreaming in climate change adaptation in an urban area is easier to be implemented than in a rural area which influenced by the level of society and policymakers ability and awareness.
Hanief Adrian, Rohmad Supriyadi, Diah Lenggogeni
The Indonesian Journal of Planning and Development, Volume 2; doi:10.14710/ijpd.2.2.51-61

Abstract:Since the enactment of Law No. 23 Year 2014 about Local Government, there is a mechanism shift in service delivery from the local government to central government, especially related to infrastructure management in border areas. This shift has reversed the policy of decentralized service delivery mechanism to centralized one. This policy has confused the local governments in adjusting their policies to the central government policies. Thus, an asymmetric policy needs to be implemented in order to accelerate border areas development. This paper intends to propose the alternative options in dealing with the new policy and to design a better way how the central government may intervene asymmetrically the sub-national governments in accelerating development and service delivery mechanism in border areas. The descriptive analysis is used as the main method for this paper.
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