Journal Journal of Media Critiques

140 articles
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Radu Silaghi-Dumitrescu
Journal of Media Critiques, Volume 3, pp 51-58; doi:10.17349/jmc117403

Abstract:A recent expansion of anticorruption campaigns in Romania finds such media coverage, that parts of the society appear to be oversaturated. Together with doubts raised on the legitimacy of several of the higher-profile cases put forth by the prosecutors, this has led to an ironic public proposal that prison terms be compulsory for all citizens as a means of public education – in an arguably kafkian parallel to the concept of compulsory military service.
Ivan Sciriha, Manwel Debono
Journal of Media Critiques, Volume 3, pp 31-50; doi:10.17349/jmc117402

Abstract:This qualitative research study investigates how cultural differences were tackled during two mergers and two acquisitions and the result that this had on employees and the smooth running of the organizations. Data derives from a sample of nine employees who experienced a merger or an acquisition during the previous five years. The results indicate that in two acquisitions and one merger, insufficient instrumental communication prevented a successful integration process leading to low synergy realization. Organizational culture gaps were also identified. On the other hand, one merger experienced a successful integration process which was supported by well-planned strategies combined with constant communication with all stakeholders. This study indicates that failure to manage cultural differences during mergers and acquisitions may result in flaws that slow down and threaten the integration process.
Banu Dagtas
Journal of Media Critiques, Volume 3, pp 139-156; doi:10.17349/jmc117408

Abstract:The history of journalism in Turkey, had moved in parallel to the history of modernization/Westernization which displays a top-down character. The first journalists (and novelists) after the Tanzimat of 1839 were state bureaucrats of the Ottoman administration. These “Young Ottomans”, or “Jenue Turks” as they were known, were in the vanguard of promoting a range of western ideas and concepts including : “journalism”, “public opinion”, “liberalism”, “constitutional monarchy”, “parliment”, “nation”, “nation-state”, and “modern family”. Most members of a group had tried to combine Western liberalism and Islam. This paper reviews the avaliable analysis and commentary on the Young Ottomans in order to re-assess their role in the process of Turkish Modernization/Westernization. A close reading of the work and careers of these key figures reveals the contested nature of negotiations around the relations between modernity (and its secular impetus) and understanding of the Islam of that time. The tensions between these two World views-which is still an ongoing problematic issue.
Alev Aslan
Journal of Media Critiques, Volume 3, pp 227-256; doi:10.17349/jmc117413

Abstract:Hate speech existed even before the world gained a digital dimension. But unlike the past, with the widespread use of the Internet this language that carries violent, racist, sexist and hostile notes acquired a plane that enables it to spread much faster over these networks. Extant literature shows us that groups that are exposed o this speech the most are women, LGBT individuals, racial and religious minorities, foreigners, immigrants and refugees. It is a well-known fact that the regions that experience that most immigrant mobility are South Sudan, Afghanistan and Syria. This study focuses on online hate speech directed at Syrian immigrants. The objective is to reveal the hate speech generated by users on Syrian immigrants and circulated on YouTube and to show through which speech practices this takes place. As a result of this study, it was observed that Syrians were stigmatized with negatives labels such as “traitors, a potential threat, overstepping, the sources of financial difficulties.”
Fatima Iyabo Abubakre
Journal of Media Critiques, Volume 3, pp 179-191; doi:10.17349/jmc117410

Abstract:This paper analyses how five Nigerian newspapers framed the fight against corruption embarked upon by the Buhari administration one year after his assumption of office (May 29, 2016). Using newspaper editorials published on Nigeria’s Democracy Day as unit of analysis, it draws on the methodological context of equivalent framing to demonstrate how the selected newspapers have framed the war against corruption which was the major thrust of the ‘Change’ campaign message articulated by Buhari as a Presidential aspirant and his political party (All Progressives’ Congress), during the build-up to the landmark 2015 general elections in Nigeria. Findings suggest that the Nigerian Press position on national issues, like the anti-corruption war, is subject to ethnic influence and political ownership as revealed by the ‘uncompromising frame’ and the ‘witch-hunting frame.’
Luciana Panke
Journal of Media Critiques, Volume 3, pp 101-119; doi:10.17349/jmc117406

Abstract:This paper aims to provide a typology proposal for the analysis of female candidates’ advertisement spots. The methodology is based on the results of a study about women candidates’ electoral campaigns for Latin America countries’ Government. It is clear that female candidates are placed into predetermined patterns. We can also verify that the female universe presented in the videos reflects similar stereotypes in all of the studied countries.
Bojan Blazhevski
Journal of Media Critiques, Volume 3, pp 77-99; doi:10.17349/jmc117405

Abstract:This paper is founded on the assumption that the reporting of international events by the Macedonian newspaper Nova Makedonija, the Slovenian newspaper Delo, and the Serbian newspaper Politika in the 2013 printed editions, is greatly influenced by the global media. We begin the study by using the method of quantitative content analysis. The data analyzed were gathered over a four month period from the year of 2013. Global media had heavy direct influence on international reporting only in photographic material of the newspapers Delo and Politika. In the matter of textual material, global media had a small direct role in shaping the reporting of these newspapers. The media coverage of all newspapers was mostly geared toward giving information about events that were happening on the northern continents and regions of the Earth. Military and political conflicts were the main topics of interest for covering the southern parts of the world.
Ayşenur Akyazı
Journal of Media Critiques, Volume 3, pp 271-289; doi:10.17349/jmc117415

Abstract:The importance and power of the media, which is expressed as the fourth great power today, is known in the information, education, guidance and even in the changing of value judgments of a society. The press, which guides individuals and societies in meeting their information needs, enabling them to express themselves, has very important duties and responsibilities. In this context, it is important that media employees comply with ethical codes in addition to their professional knowledge and experience when performing their duties.
Ersin Erkan
Journal of Media Critiques, Volume 3, pp 257-269; doi:10.17349/jmc117414

Abstract:This study examines the relationship between media and democracy within the framework of the characteristics of the hegemonic political economy of different eras. Thus, it is examined the way public sphere has been transformed by media (manuscripts-books, newspapers-radio-television, internet-new media respectively) in feudal, modern and late- or post-modern periods. Using this method it is elaborated on the effect of dominant media on the understanding and practice of democracy in certain periods through ‘the transformation of public sphere.’ Then it is questioned the relationship between the current new media and democracy using this historical model. It will be examined the relationship between democracy and media (information and communication tools) through the transformation of “public sphere” or, as it was called in Ancient Greece, the ‘agora.’
Michael S. Jeffress
Journal of Media Critiques, Volume 3, pp 291-309; doi:10.17349/jmc117315

Abstract:Joel Osteen is America’s most popular televangelist and pastor of the America's largest congregation, Lakewood Church in Houston, TX. The 54-year old has been preaching since 1999, and his sermons air in over 200 U.S. markets and over 100 around the world. This study provides a brief introduction to the man and his ministry and reports the results of a self-selective survey (N = 403), employing analysis of variance and correlation analysis to examine relationship between viewer exposure to Osteen and perceptions of him and his message through five measurement scales. Key demographic variables are also considered for interaction effects.
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