Journal Environment and Social Psychology-
Environment and Social Psychology; doi:10.18063/esp.v0.i0.896
Abstract:The concern for energy use and energy efficiency is a question of vital relevance and urgency in the current world. A search in Google Scholar with the term “energy use” produces more than 2 million results. If the search is restricted to the term “tourism”, more than 220,000 results are obtained and if we use together the terms “energy use” and “corporate social responsibility” (CSR) we get more than 19,000 results. Nevertheless, the authors have been unable to identify scientific studies centered on the problem of the energy use in the area of the tourist sector and CSR. The aim of this paper is identify the most usual subjects or topics which appear in the scientific literature analyzed, evaluate the documentary sources that show a greater degree of presence and which can be considered as more relevant and influential and to point out who the most relevant and prestigious authors are who are currently writing about the topics considered.
Environment and Social Psychology; doi:10.18063/esp.v0.i0.811
Abstract:Violence against women occurs in all latitudes, countries and cultures, and represents a public health problem. In Peru there is currently a wave of extreme violence against women, which must be understood as a very recurrent phenomenon, but not sufficiently reflected. Citizen movements from social networks and civil society have manifested the alarming number of occurrences of this problem and the media evidence more and more cases of women being violated and even killed with mechanisms as cruel as incineration. This article reflects on the role of the State and health institutions in the attention of violence against women and how through the discourse of hegemonic masculinity, as well as that of the pathologization of the victimizer, can even encourage its perpetuation. This analysis includes those components related to the professional training of health service providers and provides some ideas to improve the sociocultural understanding of the phenomenon of violence against women.
Environment and Social Psychology; doi:10.18063/esp.v0.i0.831
Abstract:Many well-established sociological studies pertaining to the salubrious link between social relations and mental health have been published. In particular, numerous researchers address the issue of how social isolation and lack of family support and social ties can adversely affect one’s mental well-being. In this paper, we seek to identify and explore the relationships between people who were clinically diagnosed with depression and the aspects of their social environment, namely their social and family circumstances in the UK adult population. One hundred and ten blogs mentioning depression as their main condition were selected from a mental health support website, Time-to-Change, for analysis. As not many studies have analysed such narratives, we expected the analysis to provide a fresher and deeper understanding of the experiences of those afflicted with depression. We observed that there is a consistent discourse emphasising the importance of social support from close loved ones, in particular friends and family members. There is evidence that social circumstances can be mediating factors in depression.
Environment and Social Psychology; doi:10.18063/esp.v0.i0.815
Abstract:Today, it is necessary to use bookless libraries due to the increasing addition of new scientific articles and documents to previous sources and other related problems. This study aimed to propose a model for introducing the environmental psychology indices of the bookless library for Art and Architecture faculties by studying a case study at the Faculties of Art and Architecture of the Islamic Azad University, Tehran South Branch. This research, based on its nature, subject and objectives, used quantitative method. Statistical population of the study was the students studying at abovementioned faculties. Stratified random sampling method was employed to select the participants. The study was carried out in eight steps. In the first step, library resources such as books and reputable scientific articles were used for collecting the basic data. In the second step, reputable articles were used to find scientific design indices. In the third step, some indices were selected from the obtained indices for the design, and a questionnaire was prepared based on them. In the fourth step, the opinion of the supervisor was used for assessing the validity of the questionnaire, and the Cronbach’s alpha coefficient was used for measuring the reliability of the questionnaire. In the fifth step, questionnaires were distributed among the students and their agreement to each index in the design was questioned. In the sixth step, the data obtained from the questionnaires was divided into three groups of variables: environmental psychology, internal architecture and digital equipment and furniture, then the data was analyzed by SPSS. The seventh step dealt with the hypotheses. Kolmogorov Smirnov Est, one-sample t-test, independent t-test and one-way variance analysis was used to test the hypotheses. In the final step, the results were obtained to prioritize the indices of internal space design. The results showed that indices with a mean more than 4 were mentioned as core indices, and indices with a score of more than 3.5 were considered as important indices. Finally, it can be concluded that the mentioned indexes will provide a desirable environment for designing a bookless library.
Environment and Social Psychology; doi:10.18063/esp.v0.i0.735
Abstract:This review aims to show the current state of the knowledge in the area of the visual quality of landscapes in urbanized areas and their influence on people’s mental health and well-being. This falls under the passive recreation and passive exposure to the environmental stimuli present in our cities (such as walking in nature, quiet contemplation) as opposed to active interactions with the landscapes such as horticulture therapy, meditation, etc. Passive exposure to natural or built environments can shape our mental health patterns throughout the life cycle.Although we know that the quantity of green spaces in the cities can improve the well-being of city inhabitants and contact with natural environments can alleviate various psychological disorders, it is also likely that the quality of green spaces, including seemingly irrelevant landscape design nuances, can play a more important role for our mental health.Currently, one can observe a strong demand from policy makers for generating scientific evidence-based knowledge to provide recommendations for urban design and the maintenance of green spaces. The Contemplative Landscape Model (CLM) is an operationalised construct which includes aesthetic, environmental and mental health values of landscapes, and could serve as a useful tool to assist in the current need for knowledge. However, more research with an emphasis on causal relationships is needed.
Environment and Social Psychology; doi:10.18063/esp.v0.i0.824
Abstract:African American emerging adulthood is an understudied area of research. Adapting consensual qualitative research methods, we explored discussions across 702 emerging adults in the African American Student Network (AFAM). AFAM is an educational/counseling intervention designed to support Black students in school. Over an 11-year time period, discussions centered on five psychosocial tasks: navigating college life, understanding racism, exploring identity, standing up for justice, and finding love. Intersectionality was a meta-struggle, where students questioned how their individual identities intersected with a Black collective identity. Highlighting the centrality of race in African American emerging adulthood, this study illuminates the ways in which college students grappled with the racialized contexts in which they found themselves.
Environment and Social Psychology; doi:10.18063/esp.v0.i0.801
Abstract:Wellbeing is a complex combination of physical, psychological, emotional, and social health factors of a person. Feeling of wellbeing is essential for the overall health of a person, and enables them to be successful and achieve what they want in life. There is paucity of study on the wellbeing of older adults in Bhutan. This study attempted to assess how older adults in Bhutan perceive their wellbeing and determine its socio-demographic correlates. World Health Organization Five Wellbeing Index was applied to measure wellbeing. Findings indicated above average wellbeing score with nature of relationship with children, education level, and employment status as an independent correlates. Efforts to enhance relationship between family members could be more relevant for the wellbeing of older adults. Further research on wellbeing is required to incorporate determinants other than socio-demographic variables.
Environment and Social Psychology; doi:10.18063/esp.v0.i0.712
Abstract:This week, more than half of the Malay communities throng social media spaces to voice 'jihad' efforts, calling into condemnation towards the largest commercial fast food company, McDonalds, in their outrage against the cruelty of the Israelis. It has caused a major uproar so much so that the Ministry of Youth and Sports, Khairy Jamaluddin has operationalized such hostility towards Israelis as "Gaza solidarity," inculcating the spirit of brotherhood among Muslims.
Environment and Social Psychology; doi:10.18063/esp.v0.i0.333
Abstract:Behaviour plays an important role in advancement of sustainable development. It is a classical social dilemma of what is common good in long run is not necessarily the best for individual utility maximization. Reassuringly, individuals are increasingly concerned with sustainability and are highly aware of environmental impact of their own behaviours. But there lies a discrepancy in actual behaviours and the intended concern for environment. The discrepancy has attracted researches from diverse scientific disciplines. The paper explores the importance of individual over group by traversing through theoretical paradoxes.
Environment and Social Psychology; doi:10.18063/esp.v0.i0.707
Abstract:Following neoclassical growth model, people became deeply interested in the factors that lead to economic growth, characterized by diminishing marginal returns, exogenously determined technical progress and substitutability between the factors of production, namely capital and labour. The new or endogenous growth theory enunciated different sets of factors for economic growth as human capital and innovation capacity. New wave of empiricists with the use of cross-sectional and panel econometrics identified the determinants of economic growth with better precision and confidence. The study is aimed at finding the institutional determinants of economic growth in ECOWAS countries. The panel data analysis – using data collected form Quality of Governance (QoG), (1946 – 2012) - suggests that countries are heterogeneous, controls for heterogeneity and collinearity, from whose result shows that for all the countries studied, institutions matter for growth except for political stability. It is also evident from the results that the institutions matter for economic growth, while integration does not among ECOWAS Economies.