JS, Volume 1, pp 105-120; doi:10.26639/js.v1i1.54
Abstract:The term arsipelago or “archivelago” in this paper literally means the assemblage of plural archives which have their contextual foundation, i.e. geographical significance in Indonesia as an archipelagic cultural sphere. Its chief principle connects to the value of diversity as revealed by the manifests of a variety of cultural expression. The principle cognates with the nature of archival survival in the country. There is no single island of an archive, but there are imaginative islands of archives. The tendency to fold archive as monotonous through the series of political repercussion should be provincialized, as the polyphonic voices of the arsipelago unfold the untold narratives of people. Within this articulation, archives related to Islam(s) and Muslims in Indonesia have to be rediscovered, after the long period of negation, partly because of the symbiosis between late colonial legacy and the perpetual ignorance of Indonesian elites to value archive as power/knowledge.
JS, Volume 1, pp 30-51; doi:10.26639/js.v1i1.51
Abstract:This paper is an effort to offer new information and analyses on the early periods of the so-called Indonesian national awakening in the first decade of the twentieth century. By taking into account the development of early nationalist movement in the colonial city of Surabaya, this paper showed an interesting but neglected role of H.O.S Tjokroaminoto as the leader of Boedi Oetomo chapter in Surabaya. Tjokroaminoto's role throws into a light the bridge that linked BO to SI movement. This paper argues rather than representing a separate development in the history of Indonesia's national movement, SI was in fact a continuation of BO movement with ideals about the progress and emancipation of native society that was common among the new generation of Indonesia's educated elite the time.
JS, Volume 1, pp 1-29; doi:10.26639/js.v1i1.50
Abstract:The conveyence of a collection of palm-leaf manuscripts , from Mt. Merbabu to Batavia in the middle of 19th century, must be seen in the context of the colonial government’s response to Islam after the Java War of 1825—1830. The Dutch authorities assumed that the manuscripts, which mostly use Buda script, came from a very old period, before Islam entered and spread throughtout Java. However, a few years after the manuscripts had been held in the Bataviaasch Genootschap library, it was realised that the manuscripts were produced at a time when Islam had become considerably entrenched in Java, around the 16th to 17th century. Nevertheless, although Islamic influence is clearly present, older cultural elements have still been preserved. Taking a Javanese text named Nabi Aparas as an example, it can be shown that the Islamic texts in this collection (as well as the other pre-Islamic texts in this collection), are concerned with the salvation of life.
JS, Volume 1, pp 81-104; doi:10.26639/js.v1i1.49
Abstract:This research seeks to elaborate the question of hygiene in its relation with the Islamic doctrine in Netherlands-Indie. In the colonial world, hygiene is inevitably related to the colonial politic in order to assure the well-being of the population and the good health of the workers. A number of projects since the mid-19th century, such as the creation of Dokter Djawa School in 1851 and the programme of vaccination, were the indicator of the attempt to improve the health status of the population, along with the hygiene program in the plantation to assure the health status of the workers. Physicians who were dealing with this question frequently encountered difficulties in socializing the idea of hygiene. Since the majority of the population was moslem, they were trying to use the Islamic doctrine which is in line with the principle of hygiene in their propaganda. This article will try to analyze how the physicians used the Islamic doctrine in their works; how physicians treat the image of Islam as a religion from a medical point of view.
JS, Volume 1, pp 52-80; doi:10.26639/js.v1i1.48
Abstract:On 1955, the Republic of Turkey sent their delegation to participate in the Bandung Conference. What is striking, before and during their participation, was persistent distrust and reservations of Turkish delegation to the aims and purposes of Bandung Conference. The convenational explanation about this attitude is mainly provided by analyses that put the rationale to Cold War environment and Turkey position as NATO member. By highlighting the discourse surrounding Turkey participation before and during the conference, and analyzed the issue into the framework of global historical context, this paper argues that the delegation's reservations and distrust toward Bandung Conference was not merely a product of her contemporary position as NATO member and Cold War politics, but had a deeper intellectual roots in the intellectual development of Turkey elite groups when it was stiil under Ottoman state. The main point of their position was because Turkey considered themselves not as Asian Muslim, but rather identifying themselves as Western Muslim. This position have become a crucial aspect that shaped the mental outlook of Turkish position in the conference.